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Bevis. O miserable age! Virtue is not regarded seven half-penny loaves sold fora penisy: the threcin handycrafts-men.

hoop'd pot shall have ten hoops ; and I will make Hol. The nobility think scorn to go in leather it felony to drink small beer : all the realm Thall aprons.

be in common, and in Cheapside thall my palfry Bevis. Nay more, the king's council are no good go to grass. And, when I am king (as king I workinen.

will be) Hol. True ; And yet it is said,--Labour in thy Ail. God save your majesty! vocation : which is as much to say as,-let the Cade. I thank you, good people :-there shall magistrates he labouring men; and therefore should be no money; all thall eat and drink on my score; we be magistrates.

and I will apparel them all in one livery, that they Bevis. Thou hast hit it: for there's no better may agree like brothers, and worthip me their lord. sign of a brave mind, than a hard hand.

Dick. The first thing we do, let's kill all the Hot I see them! I fee them! There's Best's lawyers. fon, the tanner of Wingham.

Cade. Nay, that I mean to do. Is not this a Bivis. Ho fhall have the skins of our enemies, lamentable thing, tliat of the skin of an innocent to make dog's leather of.

lamb thould be made parchment ? that parchHol. And Dick the butcher,

ment, being scribbled o'er, thould undo a man? Bevis. Then is fin struck down like an ox, and some say, the bee stings : but I say, 'tis the bee's iniquity's throat cut like a calf.

wax; for I did but seal once to a thing, and I wa Bol. And Smith the weaver :

never my own man since. How now ? who's Bevis. Argo, their thread of life is spun.

there? Hol. Come, come, let's fall in with them.

Enter fome, bringing in the Clerk of Chatham. Enter Cude, Dick the butiber, Smith obe

Smith. The clerk of Chatham : he can write weaver, and a lawyer, with infinite numbers.

and read, and cast accompt. Corde. We John Cache, fo term'd of our supposed

Cade. O monstrous ! father,

Smith. We took him setting of boys copies. Dick. Or rather, of stealing a cade of herrings.

Cade. Here's a villain !

Smith. H'as a book in his pocket, with red let Cads. For oir enemies thall fall 2 before us,

ters in 't. inspired with the spirit of putting down kings and

Cade. Nay, then he is a conjurer. princes.-Command filence.

Dick. Nay, he can make obligations, and write Dink. Silence !

court-hand. Cadi. My father was a Mortimer,

Cade. I am forry for 't : the man is a proper Dick. He was an honett man, and a good b:icklayer.

man, on mine honour ; unless I find him guilty, be [fide.

thall not die.-Come hither, firrah, I must examine livit. My mother a Plantagenet, -

thee : What is thy name? Dich. I knew her well, she was a midwife. [Afide.

Clerk. Emanuel. C!. My wife descended of the Lacies,

Dick. They usc to write it on the top of leta Diok. Sie was, indeed, a pedlar's daughter, and

ters + ;-"Twill go hard with you. fold many laces.


Cade. Let me alone :-Doft thou use to write Smi:b. But, now of late, not able to travel with her furr'd pack 3, the wathes bucks here at home. thy name? or halt thou a mark to thyself, like au


honest plain-dealing man?

Clerk. Sii, I thank God, I have been so well Cade. Therefore am I of an honourable house.

brought up, that I can write my name. Dick. Ay, by my faith : the field is honourable ;

All. He hath confess'd : away with him ; he's and there was he born, under a hedge ; for his fa

a villain, and a traicor. ther had never a house, but the cage. [-Alide.

Cade. Away with him, I say : hang him with Cud. Viliant I am.

his pen and inkhorn about his neck. Smuik. 'Ainult needs ; for beggary is valiant.

[Exit Oni suitbebe Clarke Cudz. I am able to endure much.

Enter Micbail.
Dick. No question of that ; for I have seen Mich. Where's our general ?
him whipp'd three market-days together. [-!lide. Cade. Here I am, thou particular fellow.
Cade. I fear neither fword nor fire.

Mich. Fly, fly, fiy! Sir Humphrey Stafford and Sm16. He need not fear the sword, for his coat his brother are hard by, with the king's forces. is of proof.

Cade. Stand, villain, stand, or I'll fell thee down : Dirk. But, methinks, he should stand in fear of He shall be encounter'd with a man as good as himfire, being so often burnt i' the hand for itealing of lelf : He is but a knight, is a'? Theep.

[silide. Mich. No. Cudi. Be brue then ; for your captain is brave, Carte. To equal him, I will make myself a and vows reformation. There ihall be, in England, knight presently ; Rise up Sir Join Mortimer.

I That is, a barrel of herrings. Perhaps the word keg, which is now used, is cade corruptid. ? He alludes to his name Cuds, from cado, Lai in full. 3 A wall c or knapsack of skin with the bair outward. 4 i. e. of letters inillive, and such like public acts.


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Now have at him. Is there any more of them Y. Staf. Well, seeing gentle words will not prethat be knights?

Asia:) them with the army of the king.

(vail, Mich. Ay, his brother.

Siaf. Herald, wway: and, throughout ererytowny
Cade. Then kneel down, Dick Butcher ; Proclaim them trators that are up with Cade ;
Rise up Şir Dick Butcher. Now found up the drum. That those, which fly before the battle ends,
Enter Sir Humphrey Strifiord, and bis Brother, with May, even in their wives' and children's fight,
dium and soldiers.

Be hang'd up for example at their doors :-

tiuat be the king's friends, follow me. Sauf. Rebellious hinds, the filth and scum of Kent, Mark'd for the gallows,-lty your weapons down,

[Hacknt ihe tavo slejrds, with ibeir train.

Code. And you, that love the commons, fol. Home to your cottages, fortake this groom :

1011 m.The king' is merciful, if you revolt.

Now shew yourselves men, 'tis for liberty. 1.S:af. But angry, wrathful, and inclin'd to blood,

We will not leave one lord, one gentleman :
If you go forward : thercfore vield, or die. [1r0t';
Cadi. As for these filken-coated flaves, I pafs Spure none, but such as go in clouted moon;

For they are thrifty honest men, and such
It is to you, good people, that I speak,

As would (but that they dare not) take our parts. O'er whom, in time to come, I hope to reign; For I amn rightful hcir unto the crown.

Dick. They are all in order, and march toward us.

Cade. But then areweinorder, when we are inoit Staf. Villain, thy father was a plailterer ;

out of order. Come, march forward. [Exern. And thou thyself, a shearman, Ait thou not ? Cude. And Adam was a gardener.

S CE N E III. 1. Sulf. And what of that?

Arceber part of the Field. The parties fight, and Cade. Marry, this :--Edmund Mortimer, ear!

buth the Suffords are jiirin. of March,

[not ?

Re-enter Cade and the ref. Married the duke of Clarence' daughter ; Did he

Cade. Where's Dick, the butcher of Ashford ? Siof. y, fir. Crdi. By her lie had two children at one birth.

Dich. Here, lir. 1.56f. That's false.

(true :

Ciade. They fell before thee like theep and oxen, Cadi. Ay, there's the question ; but, I diy, 'tis and thou behav'dnt thyself as if thou hadit been in The elder of them, being put to nurse,

thine own Naughter-houle: therefore thus I will Was by a beggar-woman stol'n away ;

reward theeThe Lent shall be as long again as it And, ignorant of his birth and parentage,

is ; and thou shalt have a licence to kill for a hun

dred lacking one. Became a bricklayer, when he came to age :

Dick. I defire no more.
His fon am l; deny it, if you can.
Dick Nay, 'tis too true; therefore liefallbe king.

Cade. Ane, to speak truth, thou deserv'ft ne less." Sintl. Sir, he made a chimney in my father's This procument of the victory 2 will I bear; and house, and the bricks are alive at this day to tettify the bodies shall be dragg'd at my horse' heels, 'till it ; therefore, deny it not.

I do come to London, where we will have the Staf. And will you credit thisbale drudge's words, mayor's sword borne before us. That speaks he knows not what ?

Dick. li we mtan to thrive and do good, break Ail. Ay, marry, will we; therefore get you gone. open the gavls, ani let out the prisoners. 7. Staf. Jack Cade, the duike of York hath

Cude. Fear not that, I warrant thee. Come, let's taught you this.

march towards London.

[Exeunt. Cade. He lies, for I invented it myself. [Afd.

SCENE 1V. Go to, firrah, Tell the ling from me, that--tor bis

Black-Ileaib father's fake, Henry the nith, in whose time boy's went to span-counter for French crown5,-I am Enter King lens with a lapplication, and Quran content he shall reign; but I'll be protector over Nararet with Sufola's bead; the Duke of Buckhim.

inghum and obe Lord Say. Dick. And, furthermore, we'll have the lord 2. Mür. Oft have I heard that grief softens Say's lead, for selling the dukedom of Maine.

the mind, Cuds. And good reason; for thereby is England | And makes it fearful and degenerate ; maim'i, and fain to go with a Starf, but that my Think therefore on revenge, and cease to weep. puiffance holds it up. Follow kings, I tell you, But who can cease to weep, and look on this? that that lord Say hath gelded the common-wealth, Here may his head lie on my throbbing breast: and made it an eunuch: and more than that, lie can But where's the body that I should embrace ? speak French, and therefore be is a traitor.

Buck. What answer makes your grace to the reStaf. O gross and miferabie ignorance ! bels' fupplication ?

Cade. Nay, answer, if you can: The Frenchmen K. Henry. I'll send some holy bishop to entreat: are our enemies : go to then, I aik but this ; Can For God forbid, so many simpie souls He, that speaks with the tongue of an enemy, be a Shouk perish by the sword! And I myself, good counsellor, or no?

Rather than bloody war should cut them short, dll. No, no ; and therefore we'll have his head. I will parly with Jack Cade their general.1i. c. I pay them no rogard. 2. Here Cade niult be supposed to take off Stafford's armour.


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Lut stay, I'll read it over once again. [face

i Cit. No, my lord, nor likely to be fain ; for 9. Mar. Ah, barbarous villains ! hath this lovely they have won the brige, killing all those that Rul'd, like a wandering planet, over me ;

withftand them: The lord mrror craves aid of And could it not enforce them to releat,

your honour from the Turvor, to defend the city That were unworthy tu bchold the same? froin the rebels.

{mand ; X. Henry. Lord Szy, Jack Cade hath sworn to Scales. Such aid as I can share, you firall ccmhave thy head.

But am troubled here with them myleif,
Say. Ay, but I hope, your highine's ihall have his. The rebels have aliay'd to win the Tower.
K. Henry. How now, madan?

But get you into Smithficid, rather head,
Lamenting still, and mourning Sulo!k's death? And thither will I lead you Matthew Gough? :
I fear, my lore, if that I frad been dead,

Fight for your king, your country, and your lives; Thou wouldest not have mourn'd fo much for me. And so farewel, for I must lence again. Lá xtimi. 2. Mar. No, my love, I thould not mourn, but

dic for thee.
Enter a Mellenger.

K. Henry. How now' ! what news ? why com'it Enter Jack Cade, and the reji. He firikes bis fiaff
thou in tuch hafte?

on London-fione. Mrs. The rebels are in Southwark: Fly, my lord ! Cade. Now is Mortimer lord of this city. And Jack Cade proclaims himself lord Mortimer,

here, fitting upon London-stone, I charge and Descended from the duke of Clarence' house ; command, that, of the city's coit, the piliing-conAnd calls your grace usurper, openly,

duit run nothing but claret wine the firit year of And vows to crown himself in Westminster.

our reign. And now, henceforward, it Thall be His army is a ragged multitude

treason for any that calls me other than-Lord
Of hinds and peatants, rude and merciless : Mortimer.
Sir Humphrey Sta tord and his brother's death

Enter a Soldier running.
Hath given them heart and courage to proceed :
All scholars, lawyers, courtiers, gentlemen,

Sol. Jack Cade! Jack Care !
They call----falte caterpillars, and intend their death.

Cade. Knock him down there. [They kill him.

Smith. If this fellow be wise, he'll never call K. Henry. O gracelets men ! they know not what they do.

you Jack Cade more; I think, he hath a very fair Buck. My gracious lorid, retire to Kenelworth,

warning. Until a power be rais'd to put them down.

Dick. My lort!, there's an army gather’d toge

ther in Smithfield.
9. Mar. Ah! were the duke of Suffolk now alive,
Theie Kentish rebels should be foon appeas'd.

Cade. Come then, let's go fight with them :
K. Henry. Lord Say, the traitor hateth thee,

But, first, go and set London-bridge on fire ; and, Therefore away with us to Kenelworth.

if you can, burn down the Tower too. Come,

Say. So might your grace's perfon be in danger ;
The light of me is odious in their eyes :

And therefore in this city will I itay,
And live alone as secret as I may.

Enter anorber Molenger.

-Alarum. Enter Jack Cudi witbl.is company. T?ng 2 Mef. Jack Cade hath gotten London-bridge; fight with ibe King's fortes, ard Mailber Gouzs The citizens tiy him, and forsake their houses :

is lain. The rascal people, thirtting after prev,

Cade. So, firs :-Now go fome and pull dow'n Join with the traitor ; and they jointly swear, the Savoy; others to the inits of court; dovn with To spoil the city, and your royal court.

them all. Buck. Then linger not, my lord; away, take horse.

Dirk. I have a fuit unto your lordship. K. Hürry. Coms, Margaret ; God, our hope, Cade. Be it a lordship, thou that have it for will succour us.

that word.
R. Mar. My hope is gone, now Suffolk is de Dick. Only, that the laws of England may come

(rebels. out of
K. Henry. Farewel, my lord: trust not to Kentish John. Mass, 'twill be forc law then; for he was
Buck. Trust no body, for fear you be betray'd. chrust in the mouth with a spect, and 'tis nnt
Suy. The trust I have is in mine innocence,

whole vet.
And therefore am I hold and reiolute. Excunt. Smith. Nay, John, it will be thinking law ; for

his breath stinks wiih cating tould cikeie. (Hide.

Cade. I have thought upon it, it shall be so.
Irter Lord Scales, and other's, on the walls of the mouth Mall be the parliament of England.

Away, burn all the records of the realm ; my
Tower. Tbonents a two or toree Citizens beicw.

Fobn. Then we are like to have biting Itatutes, Scales. How now? is Jack Cade fain? unless his teeth be pull’d out.


let's awdy.

your mouth,

1 According to Holiathed, Matthew Gough was “a man of great wit and much experience in feats of chivalrie, the which in continuall warres had spent his iime in service of the king and his faiker."

R 2



Cade. And henceforward all things shall be in Kents to maintain, the king, the realm, and your

Large gifts have I bestow'd on learned clerks, Enter a Messenger.

Because my book preferr'd me to the king: Mell. My lord, a prize, a prize! here's the lord And-seeing ignorance is the curse of God, Say, which fold the town in France; he that male Knowledge the wing wherewith wefy to heaven, us pay one-and-twenty fifteens, and one thilling to Unless you be potless'd with devilith fpirits, the pound, the last subfidy.

You cannot but forbear to murder me. Enter George Beris, with the Lord Say. This tongue hath parly'd unto foreign kings Code. Well, he shall be beheaded for it ten times. For your behoof,

[field? -Ah, thou say', thou serge, nay, thou buckram Cade. Tut! when struck'st thou one blow in the lord ! now art thou within point-blank of our ju Suy. Great men have reaching hands : oft have risdiction regal. What canst thou answer to my

I ftruck majesty, for giving up of Normandy unto inonfieur Those that I never faw, and struck them dead. Bafimecu, the Dauphin of France ? Be it known

George () monstrous coward! what, to come unto thee by these presence, even the presence of

beliind folks!

[your good lord Mortimer, that I am the belom that must Say. These cheeks are pale with watching for sweep the court clean of such filth as thou art. Cade. Give him a box o' the ear, and that will Thou hast most traitorously corrupted the youth of

make 'em red again. the realm, in erecting a grammar-school : and

Sury. Long fitting to determine poor men's causes whereas, before, our fore-fathers had no other Hath male me full of sickness and diseases. books but the score and the tally, thou haft cauled Cade. Ye shall have a hempen caudle then, and printing 2 to be us’d; and, contrary to the king, the help of a hatchet. his crown, and dignity, thou hast built a paper-mill. Dick. Vi'hy dost thou quiver, man? It will be proved to thy face, that thou haft men Say. The pally, and not fear, provokes me. about thee, that usually talk of a noun, and a verb ; Cade. Nay, he nods at us; as who Thould say, and such abominable words, as no christian ear can I'll be even with you. I'll see if his head will endure to hear. Thou haft appointed justices of ftand steadier on a pole, or no: Take him away, peace, to call poor men before them about matters and behe.id him. they were not able to answer. Moreover, thou Say. Tell me, wherein have I offended most! hast put them in prison ; and, because they could Have I affected wealth, or honour ? ipe.ik. not read?, thou hast hang d them ; when, indeed, Are my chests fill'd up with extorted gold? only for that cause they bave been most worthy to Is my apparel sumptuous to behold ? live. Thou doft ride on a foot-clotho, dost thou Whom have I injur'd, that ye seek my death?

Thele hands are free from guiltless blood-thedding, Sav. What of that?

This breatt from harbouring foul deceitful thoughts. Cade. Marry, thou ought'st not to let thy horse , let me live ! wear a cloak, when benetter men than thou


Cade. I feel remorse in myself with his words : their hose and doublets.

but I'll bridle it; he shall die, an it be but for pleadDiik. And work in their Thirt too ; as myself, ing so well for his life. Away with him! he has for example, that am a butcher.

a familiar under his tongue ; he speaks nii Say. You men of Kent,

God's name. Go, take him away, I lav, and Dick. What say you of Kent ?

1trike off his head presently ; and then break into Say. No ng but this : 'Tis bona terra, inala gens. his son-in-law's house, Sir James Cromer, and

Cade. Away with him, away with him! he speaks trike of his head, and bring them both upon two Latin.

(will. poles hither. Say. Hear me but speak, and bear me where you ill. It shall be done.

(prayers, Kent, in the Commentaries Cælar writ,

Say. Ah, countrymen ! if when you make your Is term’d the civilit place of all this isle : God ihould be so obdurate as yourselves, Sweet is the country, because full of riches ; How would it fare with your departed souls? The people liberal, valiant, active, wealthy ; And therefore yet relent, and save my life. Which makes me hope you are not void of pity. Cude. Away with him, and do as I command ye. I sold not Maine, I loft not Normandy ;

(Exeunt fome, wirb Lord Saj. Yet, to recover them, would lose my life.

The proudest peer of the realm thall not wear a Justice with favour have I always done ;

head on his Thoulders, unless he pay me tribute ; Prayers and tears have mov'd me, gifts could never. there shall not a maid be married, but she hall pay When have 1 aught exacted at your hands ? to me her maidenhead 7 ere they have it : Meu


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i Say

' was the old word for filk; on this depends the series of degradation, from say to ferge, from Serge to buckram. 2 Shakipeare is a little too early with this accutation.

3 That is, they were hanged becaule they could not claim the benefit of clergy. 4 A footcloth was a horse with housings which reached as low as his fect. s Dr. Johnson is inclined to think that Rexi flipped into this pallage by chance, and would read : “ When have laught exacted at your hand, But 10 maintaintie king, the realm, and you ?" Mr. Steevens proposes to read, “ Beat to maintain," &c.i.e. ftrenuerfly 7cfolved to the utmol, 10,&c. 6 A familiar is a da mon who was supposed to attend at cail. 1 Al lading to an ancient ulage during the exilience of the frudal tenures.


frall hold of me in capile; and we charge and will be conduct you through the heart of France, command, that their wives be as free as heart can And make the meaneat of you earls and dukes : with, or tongue can tell.

Alas, he hath no home, no place to fly to; Dick. My lord, when shall we go to Cheapfide, Nor knows he how to live, but by the spoil, and take up commodities upon our bills !? Unless by robbing of your friends, and us. Cade. Marry, presently.

Wer't not a shame, that, whilft you live at jar, All. O brave!

The fearful French, whom you late vanquiihed, Re-enter one with be beads.

Should make a Itart o'er seas, and vanquish you? Cade. But is not this braver --Let them kiss Methinks, alrea:ly, in this civil broil, one another, for they lovd well, when they I see them lording it in London streets, were alive. Now part them again, left they con- Crying--Villageois ! unto all they meet. fult about the giving up of some more towns in Better, ten thousand base-born Cades miscarry, France. Soldiers, defer the spoil of the city until Than you should ftoop unto a Frenchman's mercy. night : for with these borne before us, inttead of To France, to France, and get what you have lott; maces, we will ride through the streets ; and, at Spare England, for it is your native coast : every corner, have them kifs --Aw.y. (Exeunt. Henry hath money, you are strong and manly ;

God on our side, doubt not of victory.

All. A Clifford ! a Clifford! we'll follow the

king, and Clifford.

Gade. Was ever feather so lightly blown to .flarun, ard retreat. Enter again Code, and all bis and fro, as this multitude ? the name of Henry the rabllement.

fifth bales them to an hundred mischiefs, and Cuis. Up Filh-street! down Saint Magnus' cor- makes them leave me desolate. I see them lay their ner! kill and knock down ! throw them into heads together, to surprize me : my sword make Thames !

[.- parley founded.

way for me, for here is no staying.--In despight What noise is this I hear? Dire any be so bold of the devils and hell, have through the very midst w found retreat or parley, when I command them of you ! and heavens and honour be witness, that kill?

no want of resolution in me, but only my folEnter Bucking bami, and old Clifford, attended. lowers' base and ignominious treasons, makes Buck. Ay, here they be that dare, and will di- me betake me to my heels.

[Exit. fturb thee :

Buck. Wha!, is he fled: go fome, and follow him; Know, Cave, we come amb:ssadors from the king and he, that bringe his head unto the king, Unto the commons, whom thou hast mii-led; Shall have a thousand crowns for his reward, And hese pronounce free pardon to them all,

[Exeunt forne of them. Tjiat will forsake thee, and go home in peace. Follow me, soldiers ; we'll devise a mean

Clif. What lay ye, countrymen? will ye relent, To reconcile you all unto the king. [Excunt. And yield to mercy, whiltt 'tis ufurd you; Or let a rabble lead you to your deaths ?

SCENE IX. Who loves the king, and will embrace his pardon,

Kenelworth Cafle. Fling up his cap, and fay-God save his majetty! Sound trumpets. Enter King Henry, Queen Margaret, Who hateth him, and honours noo his father,

and Somerset,

on the Terras. Henry the fifth, that made all France to quake, K. Henry. Was ever king, that joy'd an earthly Shake he his weapon at us, and pass by.

throne, All. God save the king! God lave the king ! And could command no more content than I ?

Cade. What, Buckingham, and Clifford, are ye No fooner was I creat out of my cradle, fo brave --And you, base peasants, do.ye believe But I was made a king, at nine months old ; him ? will you needs be hang 'd with your pardons was never subject long'd to be a king, about your necks ? Hath my sword therefore broke As I do long and wish to be a subject. through London gates, that you Thould leave me at

Inter Buckingham, and Clifforda the White-hart in Southwark? I thought, ye Buck. Health and glad tidings, to your majesty! would never have given out these arms, 'till you K. Henry. Why, Buckingham, is the traitor Cade had recover'd your ancient freedom : but you are

surpriz'd ? all recreants, and daftards; and delight to live in Or is he but retir'd to make him strong? Navery to the nobility. Let them break your Enter below, multisudes, with halters about their necks. backs with burdens, take your houses over your Clif. He's fled, my lord, and all his powers do heads, ravish your wives and daughters before your

yield; faces : For me, I will make thift for one ; and And humbly thus with halters on their necks foGod's curse light upon you all!

Expect your highness' doom, of life or death. All. We'll follow Cadde, we'll follow Cade. K. Henry. Then, heaven, set ope thy everlarClif. Is Cade the son of Henry the fifth,

ing gates, That thus you do exclaim--you'll go with him ? To entertain my vows of thanks and praise !

1 A pun, perhaps alluding to the bro-vn bills, or halberds, with which the commons were anciently armcd. 2 This fact is recorded by Holinshed, p. 634: " and as it were in a {pite caused them in cvery street to kife together."

Qя 3


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