« הקודםהמשך »
THE LAMENTATIONS OF JEREMIAH. 1. 1. How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people ? how is she become as a widow ! she that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary !
Woe is me for Jerusalem! How woefully is the case altered with her! She, that was of late exceeding populous, and thronged in her streets with men, is now left alone, like a solitary widow: she, that of late was a commander of many provinces, is now become a tributary to an usurping commander.
I. 2. She weepeth sore in the night, and her tears are on her cheeks.
No time gives her any respite from her mourning : night and day doth she pour out her tears.
1. 3. Judah is gone into captivity because of affliction, and because of great servitude : she dwelleth among the heathen, she findeth no rest ; all her persecutors overtake her between the straits.
Many Jews, to avoid the miserable servitude of the Chaldees, have betaken themselves to a voluntary transmigration to other nations, hoping there to find rest; but even there, have these Babylonion persecutors overtaken them, so that they are surprised in those straits, which could no way be avoided.
I. 5. Her adversaries are the chief.
1. 9. Her filthiness is in her skirts ; she remembereth not her last end ; therefore she came down wonderfully : she had no comforter.
She cannot hide her shame any longer: that loathsome annoyance of hers, which she would fain have concealed, appears even in her very outward garments; and so faithless is she grown, that she will not apprehend the assurance of her final deliverance.
I. 12. Is it nothing to you, all ye that pass by ? behold, and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow.
O all ye passengers, that travel this way, stay awhile, and behold my miserable ruins; and indeed, can ye pass by, and not view them, and not seriously consider of them? And, if ye do seriously think of them, say then, was there ever city or people in so woeful a plight as I am ?
I. 13. From above hath he sent fire into my bones, and it prevaileth against them.
God hath seemed from above to cast firebrands into my towers and palaces, whereby my goodly buildings are consumed.
I. 14. The yoke of my transgressions is bound by his hand.
That yoke of my grievous servitude under the Chaldees, which my sins have justly called for, is bound about my neck by his punishing hand.
I. 17. Jerusalem is as a menstruous woman among them.
and it woke of my called for
Jerusalem is counted as an abomination unto them, as loathsome and unclean.
I. 19. I called for my lovers, but they deceived me.
I called for the aid of my associates and allies, but they deceived me.
I. 21. Thou wilt bring the day that thou hast called, and they shall be like unto me.
Thou wilt bring upon them the judgments, which thou hast threatened; and then, they shall be in the like plight that I am in.
II. 1. And remembered not his footstool in the day of his anger.
And remembered not his temple, the place of his former abode, in the day of his anger.
II. 3. He hath cut off in his fierce anger all the horn of Israel.
He hath, in his anger, weakened and cut off all the strength of Israel.
II. 6. And he hath violently taken away his tabernacle, as if it were of a garden ; he hath destroyed his places of the assembly.
That tabernacle of his, which he had settled amongst us for our comfort and protection, he hath now turned up, as if it were a garden, fit to be digged up for the use of plantation.
II. 7. They have made a noise in the house of the LORD, as in the day of a solemn feast.
As we had wont, in our solemn feasts, to make a noise of joy and thankful acclamations in thy temple, so now they make no less noise of tumult and insultation over us.
II. 8. He hath stretched out a line.
With what example of like misery shall I go about to comfort thee?
II. 14. But have seen for thee false burdens and causes of banishment.
They have seen false visions ; and pretended to bring those messages from God, which were never sent; and, by this means, have wronged thee, and have been the causes of this thy captivity.
II. 22. Those that I have swaddled and brought up hath mine enemy consumed.
Those, whom I have borne and bred up with all care and anxious diligence, hath mine enemy consumed.
III. 1. I am the man that hath seen affliction by the rod of his wrath.
I, Jeremiah, am the man, that have seen this great affliction, which the Lord hath, in just anger, brought upon his people.
III. 2. He hath led me and brought me into darkness, but not into light.
He hath brought me into the gloomy darkness of affliction, and hath given me no glimpse of comfort.
III. 4. My flesh and my skin hath he made old.
III, 5. He hath builded against me, and compassed me with gall and travail.
He hath besieged me with evils, and compassed me about with misery and grief.
III. 6. He hath set me in dark places, as they that be dead of old.
He hath shut me up under discomfort and heaviness; and laid me aside in the dungeon, as a dead man out of sight.
III. 9. He hath inclosed my ways with hewn stones, he hath made my paths crooked.
He hath laid in my way unremovable impediments, and hath crossed me in my designs. So also verse 11.
III. 16. He hath also broken my teeth with gravel stones, he hath covered me with ashes.
He hath beaten me down with such force, as that my teeth are broken; and my mouth, being dashed against the ground, is full of gravel with the fall.
III. 21. This I recall to my mind, therefore have I hope.
I recall to my mind these following meditations, and there. upon I receive hope and comfort.
III. 27. It is good for a man that he bear the yoke in his youth.
It is good for a man to be exercised early with afflictions, and to acquaint himself with God's chastisements.
III. 28. He sitteth alone and keepeth silence, because he hath borne it upon him.
Such a one will sit silently alone; and patiently bear that hand of God, which is upon him ;
III. 29. He putteth his mouth in the dust ; if so be there may be hope.
“And humbles himself under that good hand to the very dust, if there may be hope, by his true humiliation and fervent prayers, to obtain favour from God.
III, 30. He giveth his cheek to him that smiteth him : he is filled full with reproach.
In the mean time, he meekly yields over himself to the oppressing hand of a persecutor, and patiently bears his reproach.
III. 34. To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the earth.
For, however the wicked impatience of men may suggest, it is not the manner of God to crush under his feet those, that are already humbled ;
III. 35. To turn aside the right of a man before the face of the Most High. VOL. III.
Or, to shift off the trial of any man's cause, that he should not have a full hearing of his plea, before his great and righteous tribunal. So verse 36.
III. 37. Who is he that saith, and it cometh to pass, when the Lord commandeth it not?
Who is he, that will undertake to effect any thing without the Lord; or will say, that ought can be done, which he willeth not?
III. 38. Out of the mouth of the Most High proceedeth not evil and good.
It is only good and just, which can proceed from the mouth of God: there is no unrighteousness in his decrees and proceedings.
III. 39. Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins ?
Why then doth any living man complain of God's hand? Why doth he murmur, when he suffers the due punishment for his sins?
III. 47. Fear and a snare is come upon us. See Isaiah xxiv. 17.
III. 63. I am their music.
IV. 7. Her Nazarites were purer than snow, &c. While Jerusalem stood upright with God, her votaries were holy and innocent.
IV. 14. They have wandered as blind men in the streets, they have polluted themselves with blood, so that men could not touch their garments.
For this their cruelty, they are stricken with the hand of God; so, as that they are driven to wander in the streets, without habitations ; groping for the way, like blind men; being so defiled with innocent blood, as that men could not touch their very garments, without uncleanness.
IV. 15. They cried unto them, Depart ye ; it is unclean : depart, depart, touch not : when they fled away and wandered, they said among the heathen, They shall no more sojourn there.
No part of the city was free from very foul pollution : on all sides might be heard that cry, appointed to the lepers, Depart, depart; I am unclean: at last, there was no way but to flee away from that defiled city; they fled therefore at uncertains, and wandered they knew not whither; so much as it was said among the heathen, There will be no more hope of their return, to dwell in Jerusalem.
IV. 17. In our watching we have watched for a nation that could not save us.
We depended upon hope and aid from the Egyptians, which could not succour us, nor preserve themselves.
IV. 18. They hunt our steps, that we cannot go in our streets.
They hunt and chase us up and down in our streets ; they follow us at the heels, so as we cannot so much as look out of our doors.
IV. 19. Our persecutors are swifter than the eagles of the heaven, &c.
These Chaldean persecutors are so swift, that it is vain to hope for an escape from them.
IV. 20. The breath of our nostrils, the anointed of the LORD, w as taken in their pits.
Yea, which makes up the measure of our sorrow and misery, our king Zedekiah, the anointed of the Lord, who was dear to us as our very breath and life, was taken by them in their pursuit.
IV. 21. Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom, that dwellest in the land of Uz; the cup also shall pass through unto thee ; thou shalt be drunken, and shalt make thyself naked.
Rejoice, 0 thou ancient enemy, the posterity of Esau, that dwellest in the land of Uz; rejoice thou in our ruin and desolation, as thou pleasest ; but this cup of the Lord's vengeance shall come, in due time, unto thee also; and thou shalt drink deep of it, and the shame of thy wickedness shall be discovered.
V. 7. Our fathers have sinned, and are not ; and we have borne their iniquities. See Jer. xxxi. 29.
V. 8. Servants have ruled over us.
Not only the princes and great commanders of Chaldea have ruled over us, but even their very slaves insult upon us, and exercise cruelty upon us.
V. 9. We gat our bread with the peril of our lives because of the sword of the wilderness.
Even before this destruction, during the time of the siege, we were fain to get our bread with the peril of our lives, because of the sword of the enemy, that lay encamped about us.
V. 12. Princes are hanged up by their hand.
Our princes were driven to make their own hands their executioners.
V. 13. They took the young men to grind, and the children fell under the wood.
They put our young men to all the servile and base drudgeries, that could be devised; and compelled our children to undergo those burdens, which they were not able to carry.
V. 16. The crown is fallen from our head : woe unto us, that we have sinned!
All our glory is quite gone, and utterly cast down to the ground.
V. 18. Because of the mountain of Zion, which is desolate, the foxes walk upon it.