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XLVIII. 13. And Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh, as the house of Israel was ashamed of Beth-el their confidence.

And Moab shall be ashamed of his god Chemosh, as the house of Israel was ashamed of their calves in Dan and Beth-el, wherein they vainly trusted.

XLVIII. 17. How is the strong staff broken, and the beautiful rod!

How is this strong and glorious nation, on whom we leaned, as the staff of our confidence, broken in pieces, &c.

XLVIII. 18. Thou daughter that dost inhabit Dibon, come down from thy glory, and sit in thirst ; for the spoiler of Moab shall come upon thee, and he shall destroy thy strong holds.

And thou, O Dibon, the fair city of Moab, come down from thy glory, and take up with the lot of thy neighbours ; thirst, distress, destruction.

XLVIII. 19. O inhabitant of Aroer, stand by the way, and espy; ask him that fleeth, and her that escapeth, and say, What is done ?

And ye inhabitants of Aroer, who durst not trust to your walls, but are fled into the desert, run to the wayside, and ask of the still-fleeing passengers, even of the women that have escaped, what the Chaldees have done to your forsaken walls and houses.

XLVIII. 21. And judgment is come upon the plain country ; upon Holon, and upon Jahazah, and upon Mephaath.

And judgment is come upon all the parts of the land of Moab, both the mountainous tracts thereof and the plains ; upon all the several cities that appertain thereunto, as upon Holon, Jahazah, Mephaath, &c. So verse 22, 23, 24.

XLVIII. 25. The horn of Moab is cut off, and his arm is broken, saith the LORD.

The pride of Moab is cut off, and the strength of it is broken, saith the Lord.

XLVIII. 26. Make ye him drunken : for he magnified himself against the Lord: Moab also shall wallow in his vomit, and he also shall be in derision.

Lay deep and grievous afflictions upon him, O ye Chaldees : let him drink largely of your vengeance, for he lifted himself up against the Lord : let him be overfilled with sorrow and anguish, and be exposed to the scorn and derision of the world.

XLVIII. 27. For was not Israel a derision unto thee? was he found among thieves ? for since thou spakest of him, thou skippedst for joy.

For was not Israel a scorn and derision unto thee? yea, was he not causelessly so? for what had he offended thee? however guilty he were in his carriage to mewards, yet to thee he was inoffensive; notwithstanding thou insultedst in his fall, and joyedst in his miscarriage.

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XLVIII. 28. O ye that dwell in Moab, leave the cities, and dwell in the rock.

O ye Moabites, run from your cities and defenced places, and hide yourselves in the holes of the rocks.

XLVIII. 30. I know his wrath, saith the LORD; but it shall not be so; his lies shall not so effect it.

I know his great stomach and his proud brags, but it shall not be so with him, as he imagineth: his great words and presumptuous undertakings shall not carry it.

XLVIII. 32. O vine of Sibmah, I will weep for thee with the weeping of Jazer: thy plants are gone over the sea, they reach even to the sea of Jazer.

O thou city and religion of Sibmah, famous for the excellency and fruitfulness of thy vines, I will weep for thy destruction, as I wept before for the vastation of Jazer thy neighour: thy citizens are transplanted, and carried over the sea ; they are carried down to be shipped at the port of Jazer.

XLVIII. 34. From the cry of Heshbon, even unto Elealeh.As an heifer of three years old : for the waters of Nimrim shall be desolate. "See Isaiah xv. verse 4, 5, 6.

XLVIII. 37. For every head shall be bald, and every beard clipped: upon all the hands shall be cuttings, and upon the loins sackcloth.

There shall be all the signs and effects of an extreme mourning, all over the coasts of Moab: every head shall be shaven, every beard clipt, every skin slashed, and every of their loins covered with sackcloth.

XLVIII. 38. There shall be lamentations generally upon all the housetops, &c. See Isaiah xv. verse 8.

XLVIII. 40. For thus suith the Lord; Behold he shall fly as an eagle, and shall spread his wings over Moab.

The Chaldean shall come swiftly upon him, as an eagle upon his prey, and shall spread his wings over Moab.

XLVIII. 43. Fear, and the pit, and the snare, shall be upon ther, &c. See Isaiah xxiv. verse 17.

XLVIII. 45. They that fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon because of the force : but a fire shall come forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and shall devour the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.

They that fed, thought they should find good shelter in the strong forts of Heshbon, but they shall be deceived; for, so far shall Heshbon be from being able to defend itself, that the destruction, which shall begin there, shall reach unto all the utmost parts of the dominions of Moab, and shall light upon the head of those insolent undertakers that were the cause of these wars and tumults.

XLVIII. 16. The people of Chemosh perisheth.
The people, that worshipped their false god Chemosh, perisheth.

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XLIX. 1. Hath Israel no sons ? hath he no heir ? why then doth their king inherit Gad, and his people dwell in his cities?

Hath Israel no posterity at all to inherit his lands? How comes it then that the Ammonitish king takes upon him to inherit Gad, the possession of one of his tribes, and causeth his people to dwell in the cities of Israel?

XLIX. 2. Then shall Israel be heir unto them that were his heirs, saith the LORD.

Then shall Israel come to take possession of the land of the Ammonites, which had usurped the possessions of Israel.

XLIX. 3. Howl, O Heshbon, for Ai is spoiled : cry, ye daughters of Rabbah.

Howl, O Heshbon, the chief city of the Gadites, usurped by Ammon, for Ai, the neighbouring city, is spoiled; and let Rabbah the great city of the Ammonites mourn.

XLIX. 4. Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter ?

Wherefore dost thou glory in thy rich and fruitful valleys, O thou proud and rebellious issue of Ammon?

XLIV. 7. Concerning Edom, thus saith the LORD of hosts ; Is wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent ? is their wisdom vanished ?

Those of Teman, in the land of Idumea, had wont to be accounted wise men : what, is there no wisdom now left amongst them? hath their wit utterly failed them, that they cast not how to be freed from the danger of the Chaldeans?

XLIX. 8. Flee ye, turn back, dwell deep, O inhabitants of Dedan; for I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, &c.

Let the inhabitants of Dedan, a city of Edom, flee; for I will bring upon them that calamity, which is justly owing to the sons of Esau whom I have rejected.

XLIX. 10. I have uncovered his secret places, and he shall not be able to hide himself: his seed is spoiled.

But I have wholly despoiled Edom, and have left him no hiding place: I have stripped him of all his forces; his seed is destroyed.

XLIX. 11. Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve them alive ; and let thy widows trust in me.

If thou have any orphans or any widows left, I will take order for them, saith the Lord ; yea, I will take order that thou shalt have none left alive.

XLIX. 12. For thus saith the LORD; Behold they whose judgment was not to drink of the cup have assuredly drunken ; and art thou he that shall altogether go unpunished ?

For thus saith the Lord; Behold, even my people the Jews, which, in comparison of thee, had no reason to be put to these extremities of judgments, they have been plagued severely by my just hand; and shalt thou think to go unpunished ?

XLIX. 13. For I have sworn by myself, saith the LORD, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse ; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes.

I have firmly and irrevocably decreed, that thy prime city, Bozrah, shall be perpetually desolated; and the daughter cities, that appertain to it, shall be laid waste for ever.

XLIX. 14. I have heard a rumour from the Lord, and an ambassador is sent unto the heathen, saying, Gather ye together, and come against her, and rise up to the battle.

I have certain and infallible revelation from the Lord, and summons is gone out from him unto the Chaldeans and Assyrians to that purpose, that God will send a powerful and irresistible enemy against Edom: he calls together the dreadful forces of these great kings to set upon it.

XLIX. 16. O thou that duellest in the clefts of the rock, that holdest the height of the hill : though thou shouldest make thy nest as high as the eugle, I will bring thee down from thence, saith the Lord.

O thou, that hast wont to brag of thy strong and impregnable forts and situation, that thy towers are high and invincible, know, that if thou shouldest build as high as the eagle makes his nest, I will bring thee down thence, saith the Lord.

XLIX. 19. Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the sucelling of Jordan against the habitation of the strong : but I will suddenly make him run away from her ; and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her ? for who is like me ? and who will appoint me the time ? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me?

Behold, the proud Edomite comes up against the Chaldean, like some fierce lion, that is driven by the swelling of the streams of Jordan to change his den, and to seek his prey in the mountains; but I will suddenly make him to run away from that mighty enemy: and who is the man, whom I shall chuse out to be the leader of this great design ? even Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon : I have thus decreed it, and who shall alter my determinations? Who will take upon him, either to direct or to oppose me?

XLIX. 20. Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out.

Surely the very meanest and basest of the Chaldean army shall discomfit and overthrow the proud inhabitants of Teman.

XLIX. 21. The earth is moved at the noise of their fall, at the cry the noise thereof was heard in the Red Sea.

So great shall be the noise of the fall of those walls, and the shouts and shrieks of the people, as that it shall be heard very far off, even as far as the Red Sea, which is very remote from it.

XLIX. 23. Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad : for they have heard evil tidings : they are faint-hearted ; there is sorrow on the sea ; it cannot be quiet.

Concerning Damascus. Antiochia and Arpad, cities of Syria, are dismayed and confounded; for they have heard the fearful rumours of the Chaldean preparation, and are faint-hearted; and the isles, that lie near about, are extremely affrighted.

XLIX. 25. How is the city of praise not left, the city of my joy!

How is it, that so goodly and famous a city as Damascus, so praised, so admired, hath not the favour to be spared from sacking and vastation?

XLIX. 27. And I will kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus, and it shall consume the palaces of Benhadad.

I will cause a fire to be kindled in the wall of Damascus, which shall consume the palace of Benhadad, that ancient and cruel enemy of Israel.

XLIX. 28. Arise ye, go up to Kedar, and spoil the men of the east.

Arise, O ye Chaldeans, go up against those of Kedar or Arabia ; and spoil those, that dwell towards the eastern coast.

XLIX. 31. Arise, get you up unto the wealthy nation, that dwelleth without care, saith the LORD, which have neither gates nor bars, which dwell alone.

Arise, get ye up unto the wealthy nation of the Kedarenes, that dwell without care in their tents; abounding with flocks and herds in the desert, where they dwell apart without cities or towns.

. XLIX. 35. I will break the bo:v of Elam, the chief of their might.

I will overthrow the archers of the Parthians, and their confines, on the sea coasts; and break their bows, wherein their chief strength consisteth.

XLIX. 36. And upon Elam will I bring the four winds from the four quarters of heaven, and will scatter them toward all those winds.

And I will bring upon them enemies from all the coasts of heaven, which shall prevail against them, and scatter them to all the coasts of the world.

XLIX. 37. For I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their enemies, and before them that seek their life: and I will bring evil upon them, even my fierce anger, saith the LORD; &c.

* And I will be known to triumph over those Parthians, and will erect amongst them a throne for that king whom I have designed to it; having utterly destroyed all their native kings and princes.

XLIX. 39. But it shall come to pass in the latter days, that I will bring again the captivity of Elam, saith the LORD.

But, at the last, under the reign of the Messiah, will I call these Elamites into my Church, saith the Lord. See Acts ii. 9.

L. 2. Say, Babylon is taken, Bel is confounded, Merodach is broken in pieces ; her idols are consumed, her images are broken in pieces.

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