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many people : and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks. · And thetrue Messiańshall, by his spiritual government, rule over many nations, and hold many several kinds of people in an awful subjection, and shall so calm and quiet them, that they shall be altogether composed to peace; and therefore shall turn their swords, whereof they shall have no further use, into instruments of husbandry, &c. · II, 5. O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in the light of the LORD.
Yea, those new-converted Gentiles shall be ready to provoke and incite Israel to a holy and conscionable obedience, and say, O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk together in the clear and glorious light of the Gospel, to the praise and honour of him that hath called us.
II. 6. Therefore thou hast forsaken thy people the house of Jacob, because they be replenished from the east, and are soothsayers like the Philistines, and they please themselves in the children of strangers.
O God, while thou admittest of the Gentiles, thou findest too just cause to cast off thine own people ; for that they are full of the superstitions and idolatries of the Syrians; and are given to magical practices, like the Philistines; and take pleasure rather to imitate the false worship of foreign nations, than to keep close to thy holy prescriptions. : II. 7. Their land also is full of silver and gold, neither is there any end of their treasures ; their land is also full of horses, neither is there any end of their chariots.
They give themselves over to the immoderate desire and pursuit of wealth ; neither is there any end of their covetous endeavours, to heap up ill gotten treasures : they do also, in a proud or distrustful affectation, lay for abundance of horses of war ; neither can they be satisfied with the number of chariots ; as if these were the strength wherein they trusted. · II. 9. And the mean man boweth down, and the great man humbleth himself : therefore forgive them not.
O God, since they are so vile, and will not be reclaimed from their idolatry, spare them not, but make them examples of thy justice.
II. 10. Enter into the rock, and hide thee in the dust, for fear of the Lord, and for the glory of his majesty.
And now, Othou wilfully idolatrous and rebellious people, since thou wouldst not prevent these judgments, see if thou canst withdraw thyself from them : go, hide thee in the rock, or shroud thyself within the earth, from his vengeance, &c.
II. 12. For the day of the LORD of hosts shall be upon every one that is proud and lofty.
For in that terrible day, the fierce judgments of the Lord of Hosts shall seize upon every one, that hath proudly and stubbornly resisted his word and ordinance, &c.
II. 13. And upon all the cedars of Lebanon, that are high and lifted up, and upon all the oaks of Bashan.
And upon all those proud and lofty potentates, which bear themselves as high as the cedars of Lebanon, and as stiff as the oaks of Bashan.
II. 15. And upon every high tower, and upon every fenced wall.
And all those high towers and strong forts, wherein vain men have wont to put their trust, shall be cast to the ground:
II. 16. And upon all the ships of Tarshish, and upon all pleasant pictures.
And all that rich traffic, which you were wont to have with Cilicia and the countries round about, shall be cut off: and those pleasant and costly tapestries and pictures, which you had wont to bring home, shall fail and disappoint you:
HI. 20. In that day a man shall cast his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which they made each one for himself to worship, to the moles and to the bats.
And those idolaters, which had wont to pride themselves in the glory of their false worship, shall now be ashamed of their fopperies ; and, in a just indignation, shall hide up their puppets in blind corners, from the view of men.
II. 22. Cease ye from man, whose breath is in his nostrils : for wherein is he to be accounted of?
I see, it is your vain self-confidence, that hath deceived you; if ye therefore regard your own safety and peace, cast off this false trust upon so poor and impotent a thing as man, whose breath is in his nostrils; for what can he avail you, or how can he give you any protection from the wrath of the Almighty?
III. 1. For, behold, the Lord, the Lord of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of water.
That, whereby the life of man is supported and sustained, even bread, and whatsoever necessary food, will I take away from Jerusalem;
III. 2. The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient.
And whatsoever else you are wont to put confidence in, the mighty and strong warrior, the awful judge, the holy and learned prophet, the prudent councillor, the ancient and experienced senator.
III. 6. When a man shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father, saying, Thou hast clothing, be thou our ruler, and let this ruin be under thy hand.
Whereas men usually are wont to affect pre-eminence and authority among their neighbours, ye shall be driven to that strait, that ye shall be fain to force honour upon your brethren, where ye see but means to subsist and live ; and a man shall take hold of his brother, and importune and constrain him, saying, Thou hast clothing; be thou our ruler ; and let the reparation of this miserable ruin, if it be possible, be thy work.
III. 7. In that day shall he swear, saying, I will not be an healer ; for in my house is neither bread nor clothing : make me not a ruler of the people.
In that day he shall resist the motion, and disclaim the government with an oath, saying, It is not for me to meddle with the command of you, or to undertake the repairing of your ruins, for I have neither bread nor clothing.
III. 9. And they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide it not. .
They do impudently make open profession of their sin, even as Sodom did, without all fear or shame, &c.
III. 12. As for my people, children are their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they which lead thee cause thee to err, and destroy the way of the paths.
As for my people, they have brought themselves to that pass, as that even very children trample upon them by proud oppressions, and they lie down willingly under them; and every effeminate usurper domineereth over them at pleasure; and which is worse, those spiritual guides, which should lead them in the way of life, mislead them unto utter perdition.
III. 15. What mean ye that ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces of the poor? saith the Lord God of hosts.
What mean ye, O ye governors, which should be the only refuge and protection of my people, to offer this cruel violence unto them? How dare ye thus unmercifully oppress the poor?
III. 16. Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth necks ;
Neither only are the men thus vicious, but the women also are given over to a proud new-fangleness; even the dames of Jerusalem go in a haughty fashion, &c.
III. 17. Therefore the Lord will smite with a scab the crown of the head of the daughters of Zion, and the Lord will discover their secret parts.
As all the parts of their body are tainted with their disguise, so the Lord will, in his justice, punish them in all parts, from the crown of the head to the sole of their feet; and will lay open this their loathsome and deformed nakedness, to the eyes of the world.
III. 24. Instead of beauty shall be burning.
Instead of beauty, which they had wont so curiously to preserve, that they would not so much as look forth into the heat of the sun, shall be a vehement burning and scorching of the skin.
IV. 1. And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man,
saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel : only let us be called by thy name, to take away our reproach.
Upon that slaughter and vastation, there shall be so few men left, as that seven women shall lay hold and hang upon one man, with importunate suit to yield but to their protection and cohabitation, saying, It shall cost thee nothing ; we have food and raiment of our own ; only do thou bear the name of our husband, and take from us the reproach of our widowhood and sterility. .
IV. 2. In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.
In that day, the day of the blessed restoration of the Church, shall the Messiah, as the Branch of the Lord, sprout out gloriously and happily, out of the seemingly-dead stock of Judah, and excellent and pleasant fruits of his appearance shall glad the hearts of those, that are the faithful remainders of Israel.
IV. 3. And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even every one that is written among the living in Jerusalem.
And it shall come to pass, that those, who pertain to the true Church of Christ, shall be holy ; even every one, that shall be a lively member of the mystical body of Christ :
IV. 4. When the LORD shall have washed away the filthof the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning.
When the Lord shall, by his severe judgments, have washed and wiped away the blemishes and grievous sins of his Church ; and shall have delivered his Jerusalem from all the pollutions, wherewith she was tainted, by the power of his Spirit, and the sharpness of his chastisements.
IV. 5. And the Lord will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory shall be a defence.
There shall be no corner of his Church, wherein the grace of God shall not marvellously appear; and wherein he will not manifest himself, and his merciful presence and protection, as he did to his ancient people of Israel, by a cloud and smoke by day, and by the shining of a flaming fire by night.
IV. 6. And there shall be a tabernie.cle for a shadow in the day time from the heat, and for a place of refuge, and for a covert from storm and from rain.
And whereas the Church shall be still subject to the scorching heats and tempestuous storms of persecution, God shall erect a safe tabernacle for her, to shade her from the heat, and shelter her from those violent tempests.
V. 1. Now will I sing to my well beloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My beloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill, · I will sing a song to Christ, the dear Bridegroom of his Church, concerning his vineyard of Israel. My God, and Saviour had planted his Church of Israel, in a very fruitful soil ; with the greatest advantage of place, even in the highest eminence, where he might be likely to receive the most generous fruit of obedience.
V. 2. And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein : and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.
He fenced it about, with his gracious protection and good laws: he removed out of it all the apparent impediments of growth and fruitfulness : he furnished it with choice persons, and those persons with excellent graces : he gave to it proofs of his vigilant care over it, and means to express and make use of that sweet fruit, which it should yield: and now, he made account that it should return unto him the pleasant clusters of holy obedience ; and behold, it runs forth into miserable disorder, and yields nothing but the sour and distasteful fruits of sin and wickedness.
V. 3. And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.
And now, O my people, I dare appeal to yourselves, and make you judges of this case betwixt you and me; say whether you can choose but condemn yourselves.
V. 9. In mine ears said the LORD of hosts, Of u truth many houses shall be desolate, even great and fair, without inhabitant.
Thus hath God pleased to reveal his will unto me, saying, Whereas these oppressors affect to join house to house, certainly, I will cause their houses to be desolate ; and, as they dispeopled towns and houses, their houses, though great and fair, shall be without inhabitants.
V. 10. Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.
Yea, so will I curse that ground with barrenness, which they have wrung from the poor owners, as that ten acres of vineyard shall yield but six gallons of wine ; and so much ground, as seven bushels is able to sow, shall yield but three parts back again to the owner,
V. 14. Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure; and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.
Neither shall the wrath of God stay here, and take up with their captivity and famine ; but he hath prepared further judgment for these merciless oppressors, for he shall cause the insatiable gulf of hell to devour them, and to swallow up all their pomp and jollity,
pomp, and here, and their enlarged herself, and,