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over his imagination, and upon whom nothing ever has been charged but imprudent piety, an intemperate and misguided zeal for the propagation of popery.

However faithful Granville might have been to the king, or however enamoured of the queen, he has left no reason for supposing that he approved either the artifices or the violence with which the king's religion was insinuated or

obtruded. He endeavoured to be true, at once, to the king - and to the church.

Of this regulated loyalty he has transmitted to posterity a sufficient proof, in the letter which he wrote to his father, about a month before the prince of Orange landed.

“ Mar, near Doncaster, Oct. 6, 1688. To the honourable Mr. Barnard Granville, at the earl of

Bathe's, St. James's. “ SIR, “ Your having no prospect of obtaining a commission for me, can no way alter or cool my desire at this important juncture to venture my life, in some manner or other, for my king and my country. .

“I cannot bear living under the reproach of lying obscure and idle in a country retirement, when every man who has the least sense of honour should be preparing for the field.

You may remember, sir, with what reluctance I submitted to your commands upon Monmouth's rebellion, when no importunity could prevail with you to permit me to leave the academy: I was too young to be hazarded ; but, give me leave to say, it is glorious at any age to die for one's country; and the sooner, the nobler the sacrifice.

“ I am now older by three years. My uncle Bathe was not so old when he was left among the slain at the battle of Newbury; nor you yourself, sir, when you made your escape froin your tutors, to join your brother at the defence of Scilly.

“ The same cause is now come round about again. The king has been misled ; let those who have misled him be msverable for a Snoes a cient but be s samais hus own person : anri I set honest man's duty fend it.

“You are pieased o r is et doubtful if tre H landers are rasb enogass make such an attempt; ms that as it wil, I beg leare siis upon it, that I wat presented to his maiests, as we shose utmosi ambao is to devote his Life to los service, and my country's, at the example of all my ancestors.

"The gentry assembled at York, to agree upon the BE of representatives for the coast, have prepared an dress, to assure his majesty they are ready to sacrilice hives and fortunes for him upon this and all other occasions. but, at the same time, thes humbls beseech him to F* them such magistrates as may be agreeable to the las the land; for, at present, there is no authority to which they can legally submit.

They have been beating up for volunteers at lot and the towns adjacent, to supply the regiments at H but nobody will list.

" By what I can hear, every body wishes well to king; but they would be glad his ministers were banged.

"The winds continue so contrary, that no landing can be so soon as was apprehended; therefore I may bope, with your leave and assistance, to be in readiness before funny action can begin. I beseech you, sir, most hamby and most earnestly, to add this one act of indulgence more To so many other testimonies which I have constantly received of your goodness; and be pleased to believe

e me

always, with the utmost duty and submission, sir,

“ Your most dutiful son,
"and most obedient servant,

Geo. GRANVILLE." Through the whole reign of king William he is supposed to have lived in literary retirement, and indeed had, 101 Home time, l'ew other pleasures but those, of study in power. The was, as the biographers observe, the younger

[graphic]

of a younger brother; a denomination by which our restors proverbially expressed the lowest state of penury

d dependence. He is said, however, to have preserved 22 nself at this time from disgrace and difficulties by eco:: *imy, which be forgot or neglected in life more advanced, 15:52d in better fortune. 22 About this time he became enamoured of the countess

.f Newburgh, whom he has celebrated with so much ardour 3 y the name of Mira. He wrote verses to her, before he Te was three-and-twenty, and may be forgiven if he regarded

T the face more than the mind. Poets are sometimes in too Teemuch haste to praise. *1. In the time of his retirement it is probable that he com

posed his dramatick pieces, the She-Gallants, acted 1696, e which he revised, and called Once a Lover and always a = Lover; the Jew of Venice, altered from Shakespeare's Mer

chant of Venice, 1698; Heroick Love, a tragedy, 1701; the British Enchanters, 1706, a dramatick poem; and Peleus and Thetis, a mask, written to accompany the Jew of Venice.

The comedies, which he has not printed in his own edition of bis works, I never saw; Once a Lover and always a Lover, is said to be, in a great degree, indecent and gross. Granville could not admire without bigotry ; be copied the wrong, as well as the right, from bis masters, and may be supposed to have learned obscenity from Wycherley, as he learned mythology from Waller.

In his Jew of Venice, as Rowe remarks, the character of Shylock is made comick, and we are prompted to laughter, instead of detestation.

It is evident that Heroick Love was written, and pre-
sented on the stage, before the death of Dryden. It is a
mythological tragedy, upon the love of Agamemnon and
Chryseis, and, therefore, easily sunk into neglect, though
praised in verse by Dryden, and in prose by Pope.
It is concluded by the wise Ulysses with this speech:

Fate holds the strings, and men like children move
But as they're led; success is from above.

At the accession of queen Anne, having his fortune improved by bequests from his father, and his uncle the earl of Bath, he was chosen into parliament for Fowey. He soon after engaged in a joint translation of the Invectives against Philip, with a design, surely weak and puerile, oć turning the thunder of Demosthenes upon the head of Lewis.

He afterwards, in 1706, had his estate again augmented by an inheritance from his elder brother, sir Bevil Granville, who, as he returned from the government of Barbadoes, died at sea. He continued to serve in parliament; and, in the ninth year of queen Anne, was chosen knight of the saire for Cornwall.

At the memorable ehange of the ministry, 1710, he was made secretary at war, in the place of Mr. Robert Walpole.

Next year, when the violence of party made twelve peers in a day, Mr. Granville became lord Lansdowne baron Bideford, by a promotion justly remarked to be pot invidious, because he was the heir of a family in which two peerages, that of the earl of Batb, and lord Granville of Potheridge, had lately become extinct. Being now high in the queen's favour, he, 1712, was appointed comptroller of the household, and a privy counsellor; and to his other honours was added the dedication of Pope's Windsor Forest. He was advanced, next year, to be treasurer of the household.

Of these favours he soon lost all but his title ; for, at the accession of king George, bis place was given to the earl Cholmondeley, and he was persecuted with the rest of his party. Having protested against the bill for attainting Ormond and Bolingbroke, he was, after the insurrection in Scotland, seized, Sept. 26, 1715, as a suspected man, and confined in the Tower, till Feb. 8, 1717, when he was at last released, and restored to his seat in parliament; where, 1719, he made a very ardent and animated speech against the repeal of the bill to prevent occasional conformity, which, however, though it was then printed, he has not inserted into his works.

Some time afterwards, about 1722, being, perhaps, embarrassed by his profusion, he went into foreign countries, with the usual pretence of recovering his health. In this state of leisure and retirement, he received the first volume of Burnet's History, of which he cannot be supposed to have approved the general tendency, and where he thought himself able to detect some particular falsehoods. He, therefore, undertook the vindication of general Monk from some calumnies of Dr. Burnet, and some misrepresentations of Mr. Echard. This was answered civilly by Mr. Thomas Burnet, and Oldmixon; and more roughly by Dr. Colbatch.

His other historical performance is a defence of his relation, sir Richard Greenville, whom lord Clarendon has shown in a form very unamiable. So much is urged in this apology to justify many actions that have been represented as culpable, and to palliate the rest, that the reader is reconciled for the greater part; and it is made very probable that Clarendon was by personal enmity disposed to think the worst of Greenville, as Greenville was also very willing to think the worst of Clarendon. These pieces were published at his return to England.

Being now desirous to conclude his labours, and enjoy his reputation, he published, 1732, a very beautiful and splendid edition of his works, in which he omitted what he disapproved, and enlarged what seemed deficient.

He now went to court, and was kindly received by queen Caroline; to whom and to the princess Anne, he presented his works, with verses on the blank leaves, with which he concluded his poetical labours.

He died in Hanover-square, Jan. 30, 1735, having a few days before buried his wife, the lady Anne Villiers, widow to Mr. Thynne, by whom he had four daughters, but no

son.

Writers commonly derive their reputation from their works; but there are works which owe their reputation to the character of the writer. The publick sometimes has its favourites, whom it rewards for one species of excellence with the honours due to another. From him whom we re

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