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Religion and Government.] Mahometanism, in its worst form, prevails throughout the states of Barbary. The emperor of Morocco is an arbitrary prince. Algiers is governed by a Prince, called the Dey, ele&ted by the army. The sovereign of Tunis and Tripoli, called Beys, are not so independent as the former. These three states may be looked upon as republics of soldiers under the protection of the Grand Seignior. Algiers belongs to the Spaniards, and is a nest of pirates. On thisco stood the famous city of Carthage, which was destroyed by the Romans. Among the great men Africa has produced, are Tertullian, Cyprian, Julius Asricanus, Arnobius, Laëtantius and St. Austin, all bishops of the church. The warriors of note are Hamilcar, Hannibal, and Asdrubal. Among the poets are, Terence and Apuleius. -
ZAARA, or the DE SER T.
IT has Barbary north; Egypt and Nubia east; Negroland and Guinea
south; and the Atlantic west; 25oo miles long, and 5oo broad.
The air of this country is very hot, but wholesome to the natives. The soil is generally sandy and barren, insomuch that the caravans crossfing this country, to and from Negroland, are often reduced to great extremities. The inhabitants of this country are wild and ignorant, They have a number of petty princes, but for the most part, have few figns of any government at all. The Mahometan religion is professed throughout the country.
UNo. the general name of Ethiopia is included all the remaining
part of Africa; containing an extent of 3600 miles from north to south, and 200 from east to west. The air of this country is generally excessive hot, and the soil barren, though on the banks of the rivers it is fertile, and produces rice, citrons, lemons, sugar canes, &c. The Ethiopians are an ignorant, uncivilized, superstitious people. Their government is absolute, ledged in the hands of a great number of princes, the small ones are tributary to the greater. The Mahometan and Pagan religions prevail in Ethiopia.