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The Danes have settlements at Coromandel in Asia, on the coast of Guinea and other places in Africa, and in Greenland in America. Greenland is divided into East and West Greenland, a very extenfive country, but thinly inhabited. Crantz reckons only 957 stated, and 7000 wandering inhabitants in West Greenland. The Danes are the only nation who have settlements in West Greenland; where, under their protećtion, the Moravian brethern have missionaries, and very useful establishments.
Wealth and Commerce..] If the cold and barren kingdom of Norway did not require large supplies of corn from Denmark, the latter could export a confiderable quantity of it. Sleswick, Jutland, Seeland, and Leland, are very rich corn countries, and abound in black catttle. The ehief produce of Norway is wood, timber, and a great variety of peltry. The mines of Norway are very valuable, as well as its fisheries. Only one fourteenth part of it is fit for agriculture. The balance of trade is in favour of Norway, and against Denmark. The whole of the exports of Denmark and Holstein amounted, in 1768, to 1,382,681 rix
dollars; the imports to 1,976,8oo. The exports of Norway, to
Divisions. Sq. Mil. Population. Capital. Inhab. ENGLAND and Wales 54,112 7,ooo,000 London, 8oo,ooo Scotland, - - 25,600 1,300,ooo Edinburgh, 80,000 Ireland, - - 21,216 2,161,514 Dublin, 160,000 Counties. Counties. England is divided into 40 Scotland 31 and 2 stewardships. Wales - - i. 2 Ireland 32 in 4 provinces.
The chief articles of its produce are cattle, sheep, hogs and flax ; large quantities of excellent salted pork, beef and butter, are annually exported. * The Irish wool is very fine The principal manufacture of Ireland is that of linen, which, at present, is a very valuable article of exporta tion, Fifteen hundred persons are employed in the silk manufactures at Dublin. - - With the increase of liberty and industry, this kingdom will soon rise to the commercial consequence to which it is entitled by its fertility and situation. * * * * The total of the exports from Ireland to Great Britain, in 1779 and 1780, at an average, was £2,300,000. The balance is greatly in fa. vour of Ireland. . ' ' '. The manufactures of England are confessedly, with very few exceptions, superior to those of other countries. For this superiority they are nearly equally indebted to national chara&er, to the situation of their country, and to their excellent constitution. The English government, favourable to liberty, and to every exertion of genius, has provided, by wise and equitable laws, for the secure enjoyment of preperty acquired by ingenuity and labour, and has removed obstacles tdoadustry, by prohibiting the importation of such articles from abroad which could be manufactured at home f.
* Scotland, from the time of its (a) union with England in 1707, har been gradually rising in wealth, commerce and agriculture.
+ For one of the best looks relating to Ireland, we cannot refrain from referring our readers to a volume in 8vo. of Historical Tracts, by Sir John Davies, Aitorney General, and speaker of the House of Commons in Ireland. Conssling of, 1st. A Dystove y of the true Cause why Ireland was never brought under Obedience to the crown of Englind. 2d. A Letter to the Earl of Srlsbury on the State of Ireland in 1607. 34. A Letter to the Earl of Salisbury in 1610, giving an Account of the Plantations in Ulfter. 4th: 4-Speech to the Lord Deputy in 1613, tracing the ancient Constitution of Ireland. To which is prefixed, A new Life of the Author, fom au. thentic Documents. By George Chalmers, Esq.
t See A Colle&tion of Treaties between Great-Britain and other Powers. By George Chalmers. Esq.
T HE principal islands of Europe, are Great Britain and Ireland in . the north. In the Mediterranean sea, are, Yvica, Majorca, and Minorca, subjećt to Spain. Corsica, subječt to the French. Sardinia is subjećt to its own king ; and Sicily is governed by a viceroy under the king of Naples, to whom the island belongs. The islands of the Baltic, the Adriatic and Ionian seas are not worthy of notice. The principal seas, gulphs, and bays in Europe, are the Adriatic Sea, between Italy and Turkey; the Baltic Sea, between Denmark, Poland, and Sweden ; the Bay of Biscay, between France and Spain , the Engo's Channel, between England and France; the Euxine or Black Sea, bet: een Europe and Asia ; the German Ocean, between Germany and Britain ; and the Mediterranean Sea, between Europe and Africa. The chief mountains in Europe, are the Alps, between France and Italy; the Apennine Hiiis in Italy; the Pyrenean Hilis, that divide France from Spain ; the Carpathian Mountains, in the south of Poland; the Peak in IJerbyshire; the Plinlimmon in Wales: besides the terrible Volcanos, or Burning Mountains, of Vesuvius and Stromboli, in Na. oples; Etna, in Sicily, and Ecla, in the cold island of Iceland.