תמונות בעמוד
PDF

versities, and to confer academical degrees. The Diet, which is come posed of the emperor, and of the immediate states of the empire, have power to levy taxes, give laws, make war, and conclude treaties of peace, by which the whole empire is bound. The states of the empire which are differently constituted and governed, considered in their separate capacity, enjoy sovereign power in their respective dominions, limited only by the above mentioned laws. Religion I Since the year 1555, the Roman Catholic, the Lutheran, and the Calvinist, generally called the Reformed Religion, have been the established religions of Germany. The first prevails in the south of Germany, the Lutheran in the north, and the reformed near the Rhine. Capital.] VIENNA, on the Danube is the capital of Austria, and of the whole German empire; and is the residence of the Emperor. Improvements.] The Germans can boast of a greater number of useful discoveries and inventions of arts and sciences than any other EuroPean nation. They have the honor of inventing the art of printing, about. the year 1450. History, &c.] Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, king of France, was the founder of the German empire, in 8oo. Leopald II. the preisent emperor, was elected upon the death of his brother Joseph II. The German empire, when considered as one single power or state, with the emperor at his head, is of no great political consequence in Europe ; because, from the inequality, and weak connection of its parts, and the different nature of their government, from the insignificancy of its ill composed army, and above all from the different views and interests

[ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Divided into seven provinces.

Provinces. Chief Towns. Inhab. Provincer. Chief Towns. Gelder, Nimeguen, 12,000 Friesland. Leuwarden. Holland, Amsterdam, 212,000 Overyssel, Deventer. Utrecht, Utrecht, 30,000 Groenigen Groenigen.

Zeeland, Middleburgh, 24,000

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

three

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
« הקודםהמשך »