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Military and marine strength.] The land forces of the European states, in the year 1783, were as follows:

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Including the parts of Europe omitted in this calculation, the armies of all the countries of Europe, amount to two millions of men; so that sup. posing one hundred and forty millions of inhabitants in Europe, no more than rye of the whole population are soldiers.

Number of Ships of the Line, Frigate" Cutters, Sloops, &c.

England - - - 465 Russia - - - 63. France - - - 266 Sardinia - - - 34 Spain - - - H3O Venice se - - - 3o Holland - - - 95. Sicily - - - 25 Sweden - - - 85 Portugal - - - 24 Denmark - - – 6o -

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best calculations, is about 90,000,ooo; the number of Protestants only

24,000,ooo, which is a proportion of nearly 4 to 1. A concise view of the several countries of Europe, proceedingfrom south

to north, follows. My authorities are Zimmermann and Guthrie.

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try which draws annually upwardsof £1,500,000 sterling, or 36 millions

of livres, from the mines of Peru. Since the discovery of these mines, that is, within 60 years, Portugal has brought from Brasil about 2400 millions of livres, or 4.1oo,ood,ooo sterling. Governmet and Religion.] Since the council of the three estates, viz. the clergy, the nobility, and the cities, the members of which are nominated by the king, was substituted in the room of diets, or meetings of the states (which event took place the latter end of the last century); the government of the kingdom of Portugal has been absolutely monarchical. The E. of the courts of justice are slow and arbitrary, and the numr of lawyers and law officers is exceedingly great. T he

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Boundaries.] B OUNDED west, by Portugal and the Atlantic; north by the Bay of Biscay and the Pyrenean mountains, which divide it from France ; east and south, by the Mediterranean sea, and the Straits of Gibraltar. Spain is divided into 14 distrićts, in which are 139 towns, and 21,083 villages and boroughs. Rivers.]... The Deuro, the Tagus, the Guadiana the Guadalquiver, all which fall into the Atlantic ocean, and the Ebro, the ancient Iberus, which falls into the Mediterranean. Capital.] MADRIP, situated on a branch of the river Tagus, containing 14oooo inhabitants. CAD1z, situated on the Atlantic; a little

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