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gees from the United States of this province. They have built several

new towns, the largest of which is Shelburne, which is said to contain 90oo inhabitants.

History and Government.] Notwithstanding the forbidding aspect of this country, it was here that some of the first European settlements were made. The first grant of land in it, was made by James I, to his secretary William Alexander, who named it Nova Scotia, or New Scotland.— Since that time it has frequently changed from one private proprietor to another, and repeatedly from the French to the English. At the peace of Utrecht it was confirmed to the English, under whose government it has ever fince continued.

sp A NISH Do MINIONs.

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into the Gulf of Mexico. . . .
Climate.] Very little different from that of Georgia.
Soil and productions.] There are, in this country, a great variety of
soils.—The eastern part of it, near and about St. Augustine, is far the
most unfruitful; yet even here two crops of Indian corn a year are pro-
duced. The banks of the rivers which water the Floridas, and the parts
contigious, are of a superiour quality, and well adapted to the culture of
rice and corn, while the more interiour country, which is high and plea-
sant, abounds with wood of almost every kind; particularly white and
red oak, pine, hiccory, cypress, red and white cedar. The intervals be-
tween the hilly part of this country are extremely rich, and produce spon-
taneously

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Audiences. Chief Towns.
Galicia, or Guadalajarra, Guadalajarra.
Mexico, N. Lat. 19° 54';
Mexico Proper. { Acapulco.
Vera Cruz.
Guatimala, Guatimala.

Climate, soil and produāions.] Mexico, lying principally in the torrid zone, is excessively hot. This country is mountainous in the interior parts, but along the eastern shore it is flat and marshy, and is overflowing in the rainy seasons, which renders it very unhealthy. The trees are clothed with perpetual verdure, and blossom and bear almost the whole year round. The cotton and cedar-trees, and those which bear the cocoa, of which chocolate is made, abound here. Mexico, like all the tropical countries, is rather more abundant in fruit than in grain. Pine-apples, pomegramates, oranges, lemons, citrons, figs, &c. are here in great plenty and perfečtion. Mexico produces also a great quantity of sugar, especially towards the Gulf of Mexico.

The chief mines of gold are in Veragua and New Granada, bordering upon llarien and Terra Firma. Those of filver, which are much

more rich, as well as numerous, are found in several parts, particularly

in the province of Mexico. -
The mines of both kinds are always found in the most barren and
mountanous parts of the country; nature making amends in one respect
for defects in another. -
Of the gold and filver which the mines of Mexico afford, great things
have been said. Those who have enquired most into the subjećt compute
the revenues at twenty-four millions of money; and this account is pro-
bably just, since it is well known that this, with the other Spanish pro-
vinces is South America, supply the whole world with silver.
The Spanish commerce in the article of cocoa is immense. It grows
on a tree of a middling fize, which bears a pod about the fize of a cu-
cumber, containing the cocoa. It is said that a small garden of cocoas,
produces to the owner zo,ooo crowns a year. -
Inhabitants, charasier and government.] The present inhabitants of
Mexico may be divided into whites, Indians and negroes. The whites

are born in Old Spain, or they are creoles, that is, natives of Spanish A

merica. The former are chiefly employed in government and trade, and Have nearly the same charaster with the Spaniards in Europe; ‘. 3. - - -- arger

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