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gees from the United States of this province. They have built several
new towns, the largest of which is Shelburne, which is said to contain 90oo inhabitants.
History and Government.] Notwithstanding the forbidding aspect of this country, it was here that some of the first European settlements were made. The first grant of land in it, was made by James I, to his secretary William Alexander, who named it Nova Scotia, or New Scotland.— Since that time it has frequently changed from one private proprietor to another, and repeatedly from the French to the English. At the peace of Utrecht it was confirmed to the English, under whose government it has ever fince continued.
sp A NISH Do MINIONs.
into the Gulf of Mexico. . . .
Audiences. Chief Towns.
Climate, soil and produāions.] Mexico, lying principally in the torrid zone, is excessively hot. This country is mountainous in the interior parts, but along the eastern shore it is flat and marshy, and is overflowing in the rainy seasons, which renders it very unhealthy. The trees are clothed with perpetual verdure, and blossom and bear almost the whole year round. The cotton and cedar-trees, and those which bear the cocoa, of which chocolate is made, abound here. Mexico, like all the tropical countries, is rather more abundant in fruit than in grain. Pine-apples, pomegramates, oranges, lemons, citrons, figs, &c. are here in great plenty and perfečtion. Mexico produces also a great quantity of sugar, especially towards the Gulf of Mexico.
The chief mines of gold are in Veragua and New Granada, bordering upon llarien and Terra Firma. Those of filver, which are much
more rich, as well as numerous, are found in several parts, particularly
in the province of Mexico. -
are born in Old Spain, or they are creoles, that is, natives of Spanish A
merica. The former are chiefly employed in government and trade, and Have nearly the same charaster with the Spaniards in Europe; ‘. 3. - - -- arger