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. . ; Article 4th. The said territory and the estates which may be formed

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population, it shall be divided into states. The eastern state, that is thus provided to be made, is bound by the Great Miami on the west, and by the Pennsylvania line on the east. The center of this state will fall be. tween the Sioto and the Hockhocking. At the mouth of one of these rivers will probably be the seat of government for this state: And, if we may indulge the sublime contemplation of beholding the whole territory of the United States settled by an enlightened people, and continued under

one extended government—on the river Ohio, and not far from this spot,

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danger of this, provided they are not provoked to withdraw their friendship. The emigrants will be made up of citizens of the United States. They will carry along with them their manners and customs, their habits of government, religion, and education; and as they are to be indulged with religious freedom, and with the privilege of making their own laws, and of condućting education upon their own plans, these American habits will undoubtedly be cherished. If so, they will be Americans in fact, though nominally the subječts of Spain. It is true Spain will draw a revenue from them, but in return they will enjoy peculiar commercial advantages, the benefit of which will be experienced by the United States, and perhaps be an ample compensation for the loss of so many citizens as may migrate thither. In short, this settlement

if conduited with judgment and prudence, may be mutually serviceable - both

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the improvements of former ages, is to be exerted in humanizing man

kind—in expanding and enriching their minds with religious and philoso

phical knowledge, and in planning and executing a form of government, which shall involve all-the excellencies of former governments, with as

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Counties. Chief Towns. Countier. Chief Towns,
Bennington, Benningrom. Chittendon.
Rutland. Orange.
Addison. Windsor.
Windham.

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by the rive Lamoil, over which is a natural stone bridge, seven or eight o by Onion river and Otter Creek, which empty by one mouth into Lake Champlain, zo or 30 feet south of St. John's. Otter : Creek is navigable for boats 50 miles. The lands adjacent are of an excellent quality, and are annually enriched by the overflowing of the wa

ter, occasioned by the melting of the snow on the Green Mountains. ... Mountains.] Achain of high moutains, running north and south, divides ... this state nearly in the center between Connecticut river and Lake Chamo plain. The height of land is generally from 20 to 30 miles from the ... river, . same distance from the New-York line. The na...tural growth upon this mountain is hemlock, pine, spruce, and other <vergreens; hence it has always a green appearance, and on this account has obtained the descriptive name .# Per Mons, Green Mountains. On some high parts of this mountain, snow lies till May, and sometimes till Face of the country, Soil and produćions.] The country is generally hilly, but not rocky. It is fincly watered, and affords the best of pasturage for cattle. On the banks of the lakes, rivers and rivulets, are many fine tracts of rich interval land. The heavy growth of timber, which is common throughout the state, evince the strength and fertility of the soil. Elm, black birch, maple, ash and bass-wood, grow in the moist low ground; and the banks of the rivers are timbered principally with white pine, intermingled with vales of beech, elm and white oak. The inhabitants cultivate wheat, 25 and 3e bushels of which grow on an acre, rye, barley, oats, Indian corn, &c. The corn, however, is frequently cut off by * the early frosts, especially on the mountains and hills. That which grows *on the banks of the rivers is not so frequently injured. Flax is raised in confiderable quantities, and the soil is good for hemp. Potatoes, pump‘kins, and garden roots and vegetables, grew hereinsgreat plenty. Large Quantities of sugar, of a good quality and flavour, are made from the

fugar maple.” - - - - - . . . . . . . - - -

Climate.] None in the world more healthy, Snow begins to fall commonly in the beginning of November, and is generally gone by the middle of April. During this season, the inhabitants genérally enjoy a serene sky, and a keen cold air. The ground is seldom frozen to any great depth, being covered with a great body of snow, before the o: fosts

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