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6,450 Cases ditto,
358 Pieces cane wood, Pipes brandy, 91 Pieces elephants teeth,
15 Caiks ditto, 88 Tons iron,
225 Cases gin, 1,561 Bars ditto,
229 Hogsheads and casks porter, 324
Tons coal, Bushels salt, 16,332 Tons Ruflia hemp,
7 Hogsheads molafías,
11,200 Hogsheads sugar,
Cables, Chests ditto,
Coils cordoge, Calks ditto,
10,000 Hogsheads coffee,
Anchors, Casks ditto,
Hogsheads goods of different Bags ditto,
kinds exported, Pounds ditto, 5,500 Casks ditto,
552 Hogsheads cocoa,
30 Bales ditto, Calks ditto,
Trunks ditto, Bags ditto, 106 Cases and boxes ditto,
490 Bags pimento,
Crates ditto, Tons logwood, 2203 Bundles ditto,
51 Quintals ditto, 300 Jugs and jars ditto,
209 Pieces ditto, 598 Kegs ditto,
477 Tons fustick,
47} Loose pieces duck andOsnaburg, 185 Pieces ditto, 2,078 Iron pots,
512 Tons lignum vitæ,
50% Grind and queen stones, 45 Pieces ditto, 300 Logs mahogany,
2,967 Pieces yellow fanders, 449 Feet ditto,
18,638 VESSELS cleared out at the custom-house, Charleston, from November, 1786, to November, 1787, belonging to the following nations:
A M E R I CA.
252 ditto. 9,824 ditto. 11,650 ditto.
ditto. 46 Brigs, ditto,
ditto. 35 Sloops, ditto,
ditto. 28 Schooners, ditto,
SPA I N.
101 ditto. Vessels.
319 Tons. Ship, Altona,
164 ditto. I Brig, Austria,
127 ditto. 947 Vessels, measuring
The amount of the above exports in sterling money, has been estimated at £.505,279 19.5. In the most successful seasons there have been as many as 140,000 barrels of rice, and 1,300,000 pounds of indigo, exported in one year. The average price of rice, since the peace, has been from 12 to 14 shillings sterling the hundred; and of indigo, of the different forts, 3 shillings and nine pence. Since the peace of 1783, in consequence of the depopulation of labourers, the bad state of the fields, and from a succession of bad seasons, the planters have made yearly but little more than half a common crop.
The following abstract from a gentleman accurately informed on the subject, contains much useful information, and demands a place under this head.
GENERAL ABSTRACT of the Debt of the State of South CAROLINA,
14,246,613 511,650,000 1,856,000 8737/352,537 19/212,330 13
N. B. Vaft quantities of goods imported in the above years, were, on account of foreigners, and sold at verdue and otherwise, greatly under their first cost in Europe, and many bad debts were contracted, both which ought to be deducted from the above balance of 6.1,626,761 16, which deducted, it is computed, will reduce the balance to about 4.1,400,000.-It is compated that the goods now left in ftores, will amount to at least £;:500,000 ; but as there was likewise a considerable value at the evacuation, as well as debts contracted during the time the British held the city as a garrison, no deduction can, with propriety, be made on that account. Statement of the supposed future trade of the state (allowing an aunual impor.
of the private debts of the State,
from 14 January, 1783, to 1/4 January, 1787, both inclusive.
355,471 1 880,471 11783 to 1784 178,370 134,696 745,775 966,411 181,749,475 141784 to 1785 466,564 373,251 41,376,224 10 550,438 161,995,574 101785 to 1786 463,570 370,860 161,624,613 14
336,466 42,042,310 12 1786 to 1787 519,436 415,548 161,626,761 16 2,208,787 196,667,731 13
1,617,9461,294,356 165,373,375 N. B. The above exports are the produce of South-Carolina, and are exclufive of dry goods, rum, sugar, salt, coffee, &c. shipped to North Carolina, Georgia,
East-Florida, Bahamas and Savannah, neither are the ex-
In the exports, specie is not included, though it is thought that the fum
One years interest on the
Totals, including intereft on last balance.
Supposedval.of exports here
Supposed neat proceeds of exports.
1,577,500 1 Jan. 87 to 1 Jan. 88 53,875 1,396,375 1 Jan. 88 to 1 Jan. 89 44,818 15 1,206,193 15 1 Jan. 89 to 1 Jan. 90 35,309 13 91,006,503 8 9: Jan. go to i Jan. 91 25,325 3 3 796,828 i 21 Jan. 91 to 1 Jan. 92 14,841 8
576,670 1 Jan. 92 to 1 Jan. 93|
500,000 1,077,505 500,000 896,375 500,000 706,193 15 500,000 506,503 8 9 500,000 296,828 12 500,oool 76,670
The balance of £5,500,000 sterling is the supposed amount of the foreign private debt of this state at the commencement of the late war.
The foregoing calculations were made during the period the inftalment act was in progress in the legislature, and is more unfavourable to the state of the debt, than any cther that was produced at that time, except fome that were calculated with a view to extend the instalments as far as possible ; but as the importation of negroes is prohibited for three years, the balance of debt at the end of that time, say March 1790, will be reduced to [.580,093
It is to be observed that the value of exports in this calculation, are not rated higher than the nominal value here in the late bad seasons ; fo that a few successful crops would decrease the debt in a much greater degree.
Practice of the Law, Courts, &c.] From the first settlement of this country in 1669, to the year 1769, a fingle court, called the Court of Common Pleas, was thought sufficient to transact the judicial business of the stage. This court was invariably held at Charleston, where all the records were kept, and all civil business transacted. As the province increased, inconveniences arose, and created uneasiness among the people.
To remedy these inconveniences, an act was passed in 1769, by which the province was divided into seven districts, which have been mentioned. The Court of Common Pleas (invested with the powers of the same court in England) fat four times a year in Charlelton. By the above mentioned act, the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas were empowered to fit as Judges of the Court of Sessions, invested with the powers of the Court of King's
Bench, in England, in the criminal jurisdiction. The act likewise directed the Judges of the Courts of Common Pleas and Sessions in Charleston dittrict, to divide, and two of the Judges to proceed on what is called the Northern Circuit, and the other two on the Southern Circuit, distributing juftice in their progress. This was to be done twice in the year. This mode of administering justice continued till 1785, when, by the unanimous exertions of the two upper difricts, an act was passed, establishing county courts in all the counties of the four districts of Camden, Ninety-Six, Cheraws and Orangeburg ; in the two last, however, the law has not taken effect. The County Courts are empowered to fit four times in a year. Before the altablishment of county courts, the lawyers all refided at Charleston, under the immediate eye of government; and the Carolina bar was as pure and genteel as any in the United States. Since this establishment, lawyers have flocked in from all quarters, and fettled in different parts of the country, and law-suits have been multiplied beyond all former knowledge.
Hiftory.] The reformation in France occafioned a civil war between the Protestant and Catholic parties in that kingdom. During these domestic troubles Jasper de Coligni, a principal commander of the Protestant army, fitted out two fips, and sent them with a colony to America, under the command of Jean Ribaud, for the purpose of securing a retreat from perfecution. Ribaud landed at the mouth of what is now called Albemarle river, in North Carolina. This colony, after enduring incredible hardships, was extirpated by the Spaniards. No further attempts were made to plant a colony in this quarter, till the reign of Charles II. of England. Mention is, however, made of Sir Robert Heath's having ob