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miles. miles.
- From Nashville to Stony river 9 From Grovet's creek - 7
Big Spring - - 6 The foot of Cumberland
Cedar Lick - - 4. Mountain - 2
Little Spring - - 6 Through the mountain
Barton’s creek - - 4 to Emmeries river, a
Spring creek - - 5 branch of the Pelison 11
Martin's Spring - 5 To the Pappa Ford of
Blair’s Spring - - S the Pelison or Clinch
Buck Spring - - I 2 river - - 12
Fountaines - - 8 To Campbell's station
Smith’s creek - 6 near Holstein - I O
Coney river - - I I To the Great Island IOO
Mine Lick - - 9 To Abingdon in Wash-
Falling creek - - 9 ington county - 35
War Path - - 7 To Richmond in Virgi-
Bear creek - - 18 nia - - 28o
Camp creek - - 8 --
King’s Spring - 16 Total 605

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by a number of Palatines from Germany, who had been reduced to cir

cumstances of great indigence, by a calamitous war. The proprietors of Carolina, knowing that the value of their lands depended on the strength of of their settlements, determined to give every possible encouragement to such emigrants. Ships were accordingly provided for their transportation —and instructions were given to governor Tynte to allow an hundred acres of land for every man, woman and child, free of quit-rents for the first ten years; but at the expiration of that term, to pay one penny per acre, angual rent for ever, according to the usages and customs of the province. Upon their arrival, Governor Tynte granted them a tract of land in North-Carolina, since called Albemarie and Bath precincts, where they settled, and flattercd themselves with having found, in the hideous wilderness, a happy retreat from the desciations of a war which then raged in Europe. In the year 1712, a dangerous conspiracy was formed by the Coree and Tuscorora tribes of Indians, to murder and expel this infant colony. The foundation for this conspiracy is not known. Probably they were of. fended at the encroachments upon their hunting ground. They managed their conspiracy with great cunning and profound secrecy. They surrounded their principal town with a brest-work to secure their families. Here the warriors convened to the number of 1200. From this place of rendezvous they sent out small parties, by different roads, who entered the fettlement under the mask of friendship. At the change of the full moon, all of them had agreed to begin their murderous operations the same night. When the night came, they entered the houses of planters, demanding provisions, and pretending to be offended, fell to murdering men, women and children without mercy or distinction. One hundred and thirty-seven settlers, among whom were a Swiss baron, and almost all the poor Palatines that had latey come into the country, were slaughtered the first night. Such was the secrecy and dispatch of the Indians in this expedition, that none knew what had befallen his neighbour, until the barbarians had reached his own door. Some few, however, escaped, and gave the alarm.—The militia assembled in arms, and kept watch day and night, until the news of the said disaster had reached the province of South-Carolina. Governor Craven lost no time in sending a force to their relief. —The assembly voted s.4000 for the service of the war. A body of 6co militia, under the command of Colonel Barnwell, and 366 Indians of cłłferent tribes, with different commanders, marched with great expedition through a hideous wilderness, to their assistance. In their first encounter with the Indians, they killed 300, and took Ioo prisoners. After this defeat, the Tuscororas retreated to their fortified town—which was ihortly after surrendered to colonel Barnwell. In this whole expedition it was computed that near a thousand Tuscororas were killed, wounded and taken. The remainder of the tribe soon after abandoned their country, and joined the Five Nations, with whom they have ever since remained. After this the infant colony remained in peace, and continued to flourish under the general government of South-Carolina, till about the year 1729, when seven of the proprietors, for a valuable confideration *, vested their property and jurisdiction in the crown, and the colony, was erected into a foperate province, by the name of North-Carolina and its present limits

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