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Mines and Mineral.] I knew a fingle instance of gold found in this fate. It was interspersed in small specks through a lump of ore, of about four pounds weight, which yielded seventeen penny-weights of gold, of extraordinary dućtility. This ore was found on the north fide of Rappahannock, about four miles below the falls. I never heard of any other indication of gold in its neighbourhood. ‘On the Great Kanhaway, opposite to the mouth of Cripple creek, and about 25 miles from our southern boundary, in the county of Montgomery, are mines of lead. The metal is mixed, sometimes with earth, and sometimes with rock, which requires the force of gunpowder to open it; and is accompanied with a portion of silver, too small to be worth separation under any process hitherto attempted there. The proportion yielded is from 50 to 80 lb. of pure metal from 100 lb. of washed ore. The most common is that of 60 to the lb. The veins are at sometimes most flattering; at others they disappear suddenly and totally. They enter the fide of the hill, and proceed horizontally. Two of them are wrought at present by the public, the best of which is loo yards under the hill. These would employ about 50 labourers to advantage. We have not, however, more than 30 generally, and these cultivate their own corn. They have produced 60 tons of lead in the year; but the general quantity is from 20 to 25 tons. The present fürnace is a mile from the ore bank, and on the opposite fide of the river. The ore is first wo. to the river, a quarter of a mile, then laden on board of canoes, and carried across the river, which is there about zoo yards wide, and then again taken into waggons, and carried to the furnace. This mode was o: adopted, that they might avail themselves of a good situation on a cree for a pounding mill: §. it would be easy to have the furnace and pounding mill on the same fide of the river, which would yield water, without any dam, by a canal of about half a mile in length. From the furnace the lead is transported 130 miles along a good road, leading through the peaks of Otter to Lynch’s ferry, or Winston's on James river, from whence it is carried by water about the same distance to Westham. This land carriage may be greatly shortened, by delivering the lead on James river, above the Blue Ridge, from whence a ton weight has been brought in two canoes. The Great Kanhaway has confiderable falls in the neighbourhood of the mines. About seven miles below are three falls, of three or four feet perpendicular each ; and three miles above is a rapid of three miles continuance, which has been compared in its descent to the great fall of James river. Yet it is the opinion, that they may be laid open for useful navigation, so as to reduce very much the portage between the Kanhaway and James river. * A valuable lead mine is said to have been lately discovered in Cumberland, below the mouth of Red river. The greatest, however, known in the western country, are on the Missisippi extending from the mouth of Rock river 150 miles upwards. These are not wrought, the lead used in that country being from the banks on the Spanish fide of the Misfifippi, opposite to Kaskaskia. * A mine of copper was once opened in the county of Amherst, on the north fide of James river, and another in the oposite county, on the south side. However, either from bad management, or the poverty of the B. b - WeinS,

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