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The Friends or Quakers, have
The Swedish Lutherans, it The Presbyterians,
6 The Moravians, The Episcopalians
The Universal Baptists,
A house of correction,
A public factory of linen, cotton and
A public observatory,
A public gaol,
The ftate-house is in Chesnut-street, between Fifth and Sixth streets, and was erected in 1735. The building is rather magnificent than elegant. The state-house yard is a neat, elegant, and spacious public walk, ornamented with rows of trees; but a high brick wall, which encloses it, limits the prospect.
In 1787, an elegant court-house was erected on the left of the statehouse ; and on the right a philosophical hall. These add much to the beauty of the square.
South of the state-house is the public gaol, built of stone. It has a ground half story, and two stories above it. Every apartment is arched with 'stone against fire and force. It is a hollow square, 100 feet in front, and is the most elegant and secure building of the kind in Ameri
To the gaol is annexed a work-house, with yards to each to separate the sexes, and criminals from debtors.
The hospital and poor-house, in which are upwards of 300 poor people, whether we consider the buildings, or the designs for which they were erected, are unrivalled in America.
The German church, lately erected, is one of the most elegant churches in America. Mr. D. Taneberger, one of the united brethren's fociety at Litiz, a great mechanical genius, is erecting a large organ, of more than thirty Itops, for this church.
In Market-street, between Front and Fourth-streets, is the principal market, built of brick, and is 1500 feet in length. This market, in respect to the quantity, the variety and neatness of the provisions, is not equalled in America, and perhaps not exceeded in the world.
The Philadelphians are not so social, nor perhaps to hospitable as the people in Boston, Charleston and New-York. Various causes have con
* One of these houses is for those Quakers who took up arms in defence of their country, in the late war, contrary to the established principles of the Friends. They call themselves Free Quakers.
✓ This is the oldest church in or near the city, and has lately been annexed to the Episcopal order.
tributed to this difference, among which the most operative has been the prevalence of party spirit, which has been, and is carried to greater lengths in this city than in any other in America: Yet no city can boast of lo many useful improvements in manufactures, in the mechanical arts, in the art of healing, and particularly in the science of humanity. The tradesmen and manufacturers have become so numerous, that they are beginning to associate for mutual improvement, and to promote regularity and uniformity in their several occupations. The carpenters, the cordwainers, the taylors, the watch-makers, the joiners, and hair-dressers, have already affociated, and others are forming into companies upon the fame plan.
The Philadelphians have exerted their endeavours, with happy and growing success, to prevent the intemperate use of spirituous liquors. In accomplishing this benevolent purpose, on which so much of the profperity and glory of our empire depend, every good citizen in the union will cheerfully lend his aid and influence. As one important step towards effecting their design, they are discountenancing distilleries, which are of course declining, and encouraging breweries, which are fast increafing. The increate of the consumption of beer, in the course of a few years past, in every part of America, and particularly in Pennfylvania, has been astonishing. It has become a fashionable drink, and it is not improbable but that in a few years it will come into universal use among all clafles of people. In proportion as the use of beer increases, in the same proportion will the use of spirituous liquors decrease. This will be a happy exchange.
In short, whether we consider the convenient local situation, the fize, the beauty, the variety and utility of the improvements in mechanics, än agriculture and manufactures, or the industry, the enterprize, the humanity and the abilities of the inhabitants of the city of Philadelphia, it merits to be viewed as the capital of the flourishing EMPIRE OF UNITED AMERICA.
LANCASTER is the largest inland town in America. It is the seat of justice in Lancaiter county, and stands on Coneftogo creek, 66 miles, a Jittle to the north of the west from Philadelphia. Its trade is already Jarge ; and must increase in proportion as the surrounding country populates. It contains about 900 houles, besides a most elegant courthouse, a number of handsome churches and other public buildings, and about
4,500 fouls. CARLISLE is the seat of justice in Cumberland county, and is 120 miles weltward of Philadelphia. It contains upwards of 1500 inhabitants, who live in near 300 ftone houses, and worship in three churches. 'They have ako a court-louse and a college. Thirty-four years ago, this pot was a wilderness, and inhabited by Indians and wild beasts. A like anitance of the rapid progreis of the arts of civilized life is scarcely to be found in history.
PITTSBURGH, on the western side of the Allegany mountains, is 320 ailes westward of Philadelphia, is beautifully situated on a point of land between the Allegany and Monongahela rivers, and about a quarter of á mile above their confluence, in lat. 40° 26' north. It contained in +787, 140 houses, and 700 inhabitants, who are Prefbyterians and Epif
copalians. The surrounding country is very hilly, but fertile, and well
This town is laid out on Penn's plan, and is a thoroughfare for the
Trade, manufactures and agriculture.] On the subject of exports nothing
1765 | 1771 1772 1773 1784 1787
5,867 5,141 4,083 4,333
2,1141 1,93711,765 5,254
1,695 2,358 2,205 1,564 1,144 1,197
1,644 2,9363,231 3,743 1,733 1,544
902 1,200 40
29,261 50,140 64,546 46,585 1,347 Firkins of lard,
732 507 2,532
63 204 79 Tons of lignum vitæ,
24 42 30 Feet of mahogany,
108,441 142,962 63,255 Tons of logwood,
3 Cwt. brown sugar,
1,185) 5,198 2,5781 Pounds of loaf sugar, 79,116 51,408 84,240 Gallons of melasses,
52,61119,681 39,403 Tons of wine,
11765 | 1771
1772 1773 1784 1787 Barrels of fish,
5,128 5,776 6,430 Boxes sperma, candles,
683 1,004 5141 Boxes tallow candles, 1,202 873 1,078 1,165 1,288 702 Boxes of chocolate,
479 385 306
629 Cwt. of coffee,
296 1,639 Bushels of salt,
64,468 42,803 39,192 Pounds of cotton wool, 2,200 5,840 25,070 Pounds of leather,
25,970 40,725 31,6967,080 Packages of ditto,
377 Sides of ditto,
970 Pounds of rice,
1258,3761834,794998,400 2,610,825 In the year 1787, besides the above articles, the following were exported: Barrels of ship stuff, 1,443 Pounds of cheese,
29,472 Barrels of rye meal, 162 Barrels of herrings,
610 Calks of oat meal, 23 Barrels of mackerels,
174 Kegs of bread, 25,152 Quintals of dry fish,
4,718 Barrels of Indian meal, 14,710 Kegs of sturgeon,
363 Bushels of rye, 1,140 Barrels of salmon,
17 Bushels of barley, 306 Barrels of manhadden,
236 Bushels of oats, 7,421 Barrels of honey,
91 Barrels of peas and beans 919 Kegs of oysters,
48 Barrels of apples, 2,555 Packages of cyder,
225 Barrels of dried apples, 24 Barrels of porter,
262 Bushels of potatoes,
8,656 Hogsheads of country rum, 1,266 Bushels of turnips, 195 Oxen,
4 Bushels of onions, 4,373 Cows,
4 Barrels of beets, 12 Sheep,
145 Barrels of nuts,
185 Hogs, Barrels of cranberries, Boat boards, 740 Tons of steel,
62 Windsor chairs, 5,731 Tons of castings,
16 Shaken hogsheads, 4,775 Stoves,
66 Sets of wheel timbers, 1,056 Anchors,
37 Pairs of wheels,
84 Stills and worms, Qars,
423,469 Handspikes, 396 Bushels of lime,
468 Mafts and spars, 355 Barrels of glue,
8 Barrels of manufactured tobacco, 78 Chariots,
535 Phaetons, 9 Casks genseng,
1,168 Carriages of different kinds, 36 Bags of farsaparilla,
40 Calks of indigo, Kittareens,
Tierces of tallow, Sulkeys,
Calks of linseed oil, Waggons,
40 Calks of spirits of turpentine, 119 Wheelbarrows, 96 Boxes of hair powder,
Barrels of ditto,
Bushels of bran,
173 24 62
2,481 Boxes of mustard,
42 Packages of paste-boards, 62 Barrels of ship-bread, 26,953 Box of parchment, Pumps, 4 Barrels of varnish,
15 Boxes of trees and plants,
14 Packages of seeds and plants,
26 Chests and calks of snake-root, 34 Spinning-wheels, 30 Casks of pink-root,
3 Corn-mills, * Boxes of effence of spruce,
250 Settees, 38 Bags of hops,
30 Dutch fans,
55 Calks of clover seed,
7 Tons of oak bark,
45 Packages of harness,
286 Casks of horn-tips,
13 Sheets of iron,
1,233 Tons of nail-rods,
133 A quantity of cedar & earthen ware.
The following remarks of a well informed citizen of Philadelphia, are given as a proper illustration of the foregoing accounts.
It is well known, that a considerable part of the southern states have been in the habit of receiving their supplies of foreign commodities through this city; and that, of consequence, the transportation of these articles must have formed a considerable part of the commerce of this port. Many of these articles might be ascertained with accuracy ; whilst the value and quantity of others could not, from their nature, be estimated, under our present export laws. But as the object here chiefly regards articles of American produce or manufacture, all others are excluded from the list of exports for 1787. It will be sufficient to enumerate a few of the foreign articles, from which it will appear, that the observations on this head are ill founded. From Europe we import, among other articles, wines, brandy, geneva, salt, fruit, drugs, and dry goods of every kind; from the West-Indies, rum, sugar, coffee, cotton, and falt; and from the East-Indies, teas, spices, China ware, and dry goods ; all of which articles are again exported to other parts of this continent, and the West-Indies, to a very considerable amount.
On a comparison of the exports of the last year, with those of the former years in the foregoing table, it will appear,
many articles, of which a considerable value is now exported, were either not shipped at all, or to a very small amount, in those years, whilt some others are considerably short of the quantity then exported. The first of these
be attributed to the great improvements recently made in the agriculture and manufactures of this state ; whilst the latter is in many instances to be accounted for, from causes rather beneficial than injurious to the prosperity of this country.
Much of the provisions which were in the period antecedent to the late contest, shipped to foreign markets, is now consumed by the numerous