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DIVISIONS OF NORTH AMERICA.
Thirteen United States, lying
along the sea coast from north-
Names of States
No. of in- cenfus distance and bearing
chief towas. length breadth. and Colonies.
from Philadelphia. Philadel.
habitants. taken. New Hampshire,
60 43,5 38,54 E. Portsmouth. 408
102,000* 1787 Massachusetts, 450 164 42,25
3,39 E. Bolton.
E. N E.
51,896 | 1783 Connecticut,
81 57 41,19 1,56 E. Hew-Haven. 181
209,150 1782 New-York,
350 300 40,40 1,5
95 E. N. E.
238,897 New Jersey,
52 40,15 0,23 E. Trenton.
92 16 39,10 100,25 W.Dover.
72 S. S. W.
37,000* 1780 Maryland,
758 224 37,40 2,42 W. Richmond.
276 S. W.
758 IIO 36,04 1,52 W. Edenton.
442 S. S. W.
270,000* 1787 South-Carolina,
125 32,35 5,00 W. Charleston.
98,000* 1787 A Vermont,
N. E. Separate 100,000* 1788
gov'ts in the 6,000* 1789 Kentucky. included in Virg. 38,25 10,00 W, Lexington.
1947 by water. W. United States. 100,000* 1788
N. N. E. Grcat-Britain.
do. E. and W. Floridas 600
130 29,51 6,30 W: Augustine. - 1146 S. S. W.
S W. do,
3,32 W.St. Fee.
W. St. Juan.
unknown, Old Mexico, 2700 250 20,0 126 w. Mexico. 3021
S. W. do.
unknown. N. B. In the column containing the number of inhabitants, the number marked (*) are as reckoned in the Convention at Plailadelphia in 1787, excepting North-Carolina, Vermont, Western-Territory, and Kentucky; the others are taken from adual cnunucration.
The distances of the several capitals from Philadelphia are reckoned as the roads run.
SITUATION and EXTENT. miles. Length 1250
S31° and 46° North Latitude.
Between Breadth 10405
8° E. and 24° W. Long. from Philadelphia. Boundaries.] In the treaty of peace, concluded in 1783, the limits of
the United States are thus defined. « And that all disputes which might arise in future on the subject of the boundaries of the said United States may be prevented, it is hereby agreed and declared, that the following are and shall be their boundaries, viz. From the northwest angle of Nova-Scotia, viz. That angle which is formed by a line drawn due north from the source of St, Croix River to the Highlands, along the faid Highlands, which divide those rivers that empty themselves into the river St. Lawrence, from those which fall into the Atlantic Ocean, to the north-westernmost head of Connecticut river; thence down along the middle of that river to the forty-fifth degree of north latitude; from thence by a line due west on said latitude, until it strikes the river Iroquois or Cataraquy; thence along the middle of the said river into Lake Ontario, through the middle of laid Lake, until it strikes the communication by water between the lake and Lake Erie; thence along the middle of said communication into Lake Erie, through the middle of said Lake Huron ; thence through the middle of said lake to the water communication between that lake and Lake Superior; thence through Lake Superior northward of the Isles
. Royal and Phillipeaux to the Long Lake; thence through the middle of said Long Lake, and the water communication between it and the Lake of the Woods to the said Lake of the Woods ; thence through the said lake to the most northwestern point thereof, and from thence, on a due west course, to the River Miffimppi; thence by a line to be drawn along the middle of faid River Miflislippi, until it shall interfect the northernmost part of the thirty-first degree of north latitude. South, by a line to be drawn due cast from the determination of the line laft mentioned, in the latitude of thirty-one degrees north of the equator, to the middle of the River Apalachicola, or Catahouche; thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint River; thence strait to the head of St. Mary's River ; and thence down along the middle of Şt. Mary's River to the Atlantic Occean ; eaft, by a line to be drawn along the middle of the River St. Croix, from its mouth in the Bay of Fundy, to its source; and from its fource directly north, to the aforesaid Highlands, which divide the rivers that fall into the Atlantic Occean, from those which fall into the River St. Lawrence, comprehending all islands within twenty leagues of any part of the shores of the United States, and lying between lines to be drawn due east from the points where the aforesaid boundaries between Nova-Scotia on the one part, and Eaft-Florida on the other, shall respectively touch the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Occean, excepting such Inands as now are or heretofore bare been, within the limits of thc said province of Nova-Scotia."
The following calculations were made from a&ual measurement of the best
maps, by THOMAS HUTCHINS, Esquire, geographer to the United States.
The territory of the United States contains by computation a million of square miles, in which are
640,000,000 of acres. Deduct for water
Acres of land in the United States,
589,000,000 That part of the United States comprehended between the west temporary line of Pennsylvania on the cast, the boundary line between Britain and the United States, extending from the river St. Croix to the northwest extremity of the Lake of the Woods on the north, the river Misliffippi, to the mouth of the Ohio on the west, and the river Ohio on the south to the aforementioned bounds of, Pennsylvania, contains by computation .about four hundred and eleven thousand square miles, in which are
263,040,000 acres. Deduct for water
To be disposed of by order of Congress, 220,000,000 of acres.
.The whole of this immense extent, of unappropriated western territory, containing, as above stated, 220,000,000 of acres, has been, by the ceffion of some of the original thirteen states, and by the treaty
peace, transferred to the federal government, and is pledged as a fund for sinking the continental debt. It is in contemplation to divide it into new ftates, with republican constitutions similar to the old ftates near the Atlantic Ocean.
- Eftimate of the number of acres of water, north and westward of the river Ohio, within the territory of the United States.
Acres. In Lake Superior,
21,952,780 Lake of the Woods,
1,133,800 Lake Rain, &c.
165,200 Red Lake,
551,000 Lake Michigan,
10,368,000 Bay Puan,
1,216,000 Lake Huron,
5,009,920 Lake St. Clair,
89,500 Lake Erie, western part
2,252,800 Sundry small lakes and rivers,
43,040,000 Estimate of the number of acres of water within the Thirteen United States.
In Lake Erie, weltward of the line extended from the north-west corner of Pennfylvania, due north, to the boundary between the British territory and the United States,