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, which was to be the signal for them to begin the attack. As foon therefore as Myantonomo had hinished his laconic ipeech, Uncas dropped-his men instantly obeyed the signal, and poured in a shower of arrows upon the unsuspecting Narraganletts, and rushing on with their horrid yells and savage' fierceness, put them to flight. Many were killed on the spot- the rest were closely pursued, and foine were precipitately criven down craggy precipices, and dashed in pieces. At a place called, from this event, Sacheni's Plain, Uncas overtook and feized Myantonomo by the shoulder. They sat down together ; and Uncas with a hoop called in his men, and the battle ceased. Doubtful whai to do with the royal prisoner, Uncas and his warriors, in council, cetern.ined to carry him to ihe governor and council at Hartford, and be advised by them. Thither he was accordingly conducted. The governor having advised with his council, told Uncas, That the English were not then at war with the Narragansetts, and of course that it was not proper for them to inter sneddle in the matter, Uncas was left to do with him as he pleased. Myantonomo was conducted back to the plain where he was taken, ard pui to death by Uncas himself. The tragic scene did not end with his death. Uncas, after the manner of the Indians, with his tomahawk, cut vif a large piece of flesh from the shoulder of his faughtered enemy, broiled and ate it, saying, with an air of savage triumph, * It is the sweeteit meat I ever ate-It makes ļne have a stout heart.' His body was afterwards buried, and a pillar erected over it, the remains of which are visible to this day.
Some historians have infinuated, that the governor and council fecretly advised Uncas to put Myantonono to death-and others, more bold, have declared that they ordered him (Myantonomo) to be carried out of their jurisdiclion, and to be sain ;' but that they kindly added that he should not be tortured ; and sent soine persons to see execution done, who had the fatisfaction to see the captive king murdered in cool blond *.' I know of no foundation for this unfavourable reprefentation of the affair.
Myantonomo was one of the most potent Indian princes in New-Eng. land. Seven years before this he had affilted the Englith in their wars with the Pequots.
The Narragansetts were greatly enraged at the death of their princé, and resolved to take vengeance on the Mohegans. The united colonies interposed to prevent a war between them, but in vain. The Narragan, letts resolutely declared, they would continue the war until they had Uncas' head. But as Uncas had ever been a friend to the English, they joined him against his enemies, and were victorious. Such, however, was the enmity of the Narraganfetts to the English, that they afterwards fent some of their inen to Uncas, with large presents, to induce him to join with thein in a war with the colonies. Uncas replied, “Go tell your king that I will go to Norwich, and advise with Major John Mason and Mr. Fitsh; if they tell me to join him and fight againft the English, I will join him.' In the war that happened soon after, Uncas atlifted the English, and the Narraganfetts were fubdued, and never after were formidable.
* Hift. of Providence, &c. published in the Providence Gazette, 1765, No. 128.
În confuleration of the fuccess and increase of the New England colo. nies, and that they had been of no charge to the nation, and in profpect of their being in future very serviceable to it, the English parliament, March 10th, 1643. granted them an exemption from all customs, fubfidies and other duties, until further order.
To write a connected, progrelli ve history of any of the states, is not within the limits of my design. This; as I have before observed, is left to the professed historian * Some of the mott remarkable and interelting events, related in a detached and luminarý manner, is all that must be expected.
In 1644, the Connecticut adventurers purchased of Mr Fenwick, agent for Lord: Say and Seal, and Lord Brook, their right to the colony of Connecticut, for £.1600.
The history of Connecticut is marked with traces of the same fpirit, which has been mentioned as characteristic of the Maffachusetts, in different stages of their history. Indeed, ds Massachusetts was the stock whence Connecticut proceeded, this is to be expected.
The colony of Connecticut expressed their disapprobation of the use of tobacco, in an act of their general affeinbly at Hartford, in 1617, wherein it was ordered, · That no perfon under the age of twenty years, not any other that hath already accustomed bimfelf to the use thereof, shall take any tobacco, until he shall have brought a certificate, from under the hand of some who are approved for knowledge and skill in physic, that it is useful for him ; and also that he hath received a licence from the court for the same. All others who had addicted themselves to the use of too bacco were, by the fame court, prohibited taking it in any company, or at their labours, or on their travels, unless they weré ten miles at least from any house t, (I fuppote) or inore than once a day, thougli not int company, on pain of a fine of fix-fence for each time ; to be proved by one fubitantial evidence. The constable in each town to make presenta ment of such tranfgreftions to the particular court, and, upon convica tion, the fine to be paid without gainfaying.'
Nor were the Connecticut fetulers behind their brethren in Masachus fetts in regard to their severity against the Quakers ; and they have the fame apology I. The general court of New Haven, 1658, pasféd a fevere law againit the Quakers. They introduced their law with this preamble.
Whereas there is a curfed feet of hereticks lately sprung up in the world; commonly called Quakers, who take upon them that they are immedia ately fent from God, and infallibly affifted by the Spirit, who yet speak and write blafphemous opinions, defpife government, and the order of God in church and commonwealth, speaking evil of dignities, &c.
* The Rev. Mr. Benjamin Trumbull, of North-Haven, bas for several years, with in:efatigable industry, been makinis collections for a history of Connecticut: His abilities as a writer, and his accurary as a historian, the public already know. It is hoped the public tvill fborily be favoured with his kifiory. Through his indu'gence in permitting me to felelt from his manu scripis, I am enabled to publish most of the above facts.
There is a defect in the copy.
: • Ordered - That whosoever shall bring, or cause to be brought, ängt known Quaker or Quakers, or other blasphemous hereticks, fhali forfeit the fun of £.50.' Allo,
· Ifa Quaker come into this jurisdiction on civil business, the time of his itay shall be limited by the civil authoriy, and he shall not use any means to corrupt or seduce others. On his first arrival, he shall appear before the magiitrate, and from him have license to pass on his bufiness. And (for the better prevention of hurt to the people) have one or inore to attend upon them at their charge, &e. The penalties in case of difobedience were whipping, imprisonment, labour, and deprivation of all converse with any perion.
· For the second offence, the person was to be branded in the hand with the letter H-to suffer imprisonment- and be put to labour. For the Third, to be branded in the other hand, imprisoned, &c. as before. For the fourth, the offender was to have his tongue bored through with a red hot iron-imprisoned—and kept to labour, until fent away at their own
Any person who should attempt to defend the sentiments of the Quakers, was, for the third offence, to be sentenced to banishment.'
Had the pious framers of these laws paid a due attention to the excelient advice of that fagacious doctor of the law, Gamaliel, they would, perhaps, have been prevented from the adoption of such fevere and unjustifiable meatures. This wise man, when his countrymen were about to be outrageous in perfecuting i he apostles, addressed them in the fo!lowa ing words, which merit to be engraved in letters of gold: ' REFRAIN FROM THESE MEN, AND LET THEM A LONE: FOR IF THIS
BE OF MEN, IT WILL COME TO NOUGHT : PUT
Of God, CANNOT THROW IT; LEST HAPLY YE
TO FIGHT AGAINST GOD*. This divine maxim was but little attended to in times of persecution. Our ancestors seem to have left it to posterity to make the important discovery, that perfecution is the direct method to multiply its objects.
But these people, who have been so much censured and ridiculed, had, peabaps, as inany virtues as their potterity; and had they an advocate to defend their cause, he no doubt inight find as broad a field for ridicule, and as just a foundation for censure, in the furvey of modern manners, as bas been afforded in any period since the sertlement of America. It would be wife then in the moderns, who stand el-vated upon the shoulders of their ancestors, with the book of their experience spread before them, to improve their virtues, aud veil their faulis.
The colonies of Connecticut and New-Haven, from their first settlement, increafed rapidly; tracts of land were purchased of the Indians, and new towns settled from Sramford to Stonington, and far back into the country, when, in 1661; Major John Mafon, as agent for the colony, bought of the natives all lands which had not before been purchased by particular towns, and made a public surrender of them to the colony, in the presence of the general afsembiy. Having done thefe i hings, the colonists petitioned king Charles II. for a charter, and their petition was granted. ' His ma
BE FOUND EVEN
th a red
would aand un
sht, ato jefly on the 23d of April 1662, issued his letters patent under the great Et forfeit leal ordaining that the colony of Connecticut, Thould forever hereafter
be one body corporate and politic; in fact and in name, confiraring 10 time of them their ancient grant and purchase, and fixing their boundaries as fol
lows, (viz): All that part of his Majesty's dominions in New England, arpei!
in America, bounden east by Narraganfett river, commonly called Narrabureks gansett bay, where the river falleth into the sea, and on the north by the
line of Maffachusetts plantation, and on the south by the sea, and in lonof di gitude as the line of the Massachusetts colony, running from eart to well. of all that is to say, from the said Narragansett bay on the easi, to the south sex
on the west part, with the illands thereunto belonging. This charter has nd with ever since remained the basis of the government of Connecticut. For the Such was the ignorance of the Europeans, tespecting the geography of re. For America, when they first assumed the right of giving away lands which
the God of nature had long before given to the Indians, that their patents extended they knew not where, many of them were of doubtfuk
construction, and very often covered each other in part, and have produced de Quas innumerable disputes and mischiefs in the colonies, some of which are
not settled to this day. It is not my business to touch upon these difputes. I bave only to obferve, that Connecticut construed her charter literally, and pafling over New York, which was then in poffeffion of the subjects of a Christian Prince, claimed, in latitude and breadth mentioned therein, to the south sea. Accordingly purchases were made of the Indians on the Delaware river, west of the western bounds of New York, and within the supposed limits of Connecticut charter, and settlements were made thereon by people from, and under the jurisdiâion of, Consecticut. The charter of Pennfylvania, granted to Williain Penn, in 1681, covered these settlements. This laid the foundation for a dispute, which, for a long time, was maintained with warmth on both sides. The inatter was at lait submitted to gentleinen chosen for the purpose, who
decided the dispute in favor of Pennsylvania. Many, however, ftill aflet ethod to
the justice of the Connecticut claim.
The tiate of Connecticut, has lately ceded to Congress all their lands west of Pennsylvania, except a reserve of twenty miles square. This cef fion, Congress has accepted, and thereby indutiably established the righe of Connecticut to the reserve.
But to return, The colony of New Haven, though unconnected with the colony of Connecticut, was comprehended with the limits of their charter, and, as they concluded, within their jurisdiction. But New Haven remonstrated against their claiin, and refused to unite with thein until they thould hear from England. It was not until the year 1665, when it was believed that the king's commisfioners had a defign upon the New England charters, that these two colonies formed a union, which has ever since amicably lubfisted between them.
In 1672, the laws of the colony were revised, and the general court ordered them to be printed ; and also that' every family fhould buy one of the law boksam such as pay in filver, to have a book for welve pence. such as pay in wheat, to pay a peck and a half a book; and such as pay in peale, io pay two shillings a book, the pease at three shillings the bushel. Perhaps it is owing to this early and universal spread of law
ed, had ocate ! ridicule Janoe's jca. I thround
books, that the people of Connecticut are, to this day, so fond of the law.
In 1750, the laws of Connecticut were again revised, and published in a small folio volume, of 258 pages. Dr. Douglass observes, that they were the mott natural equitable, plain and concise code of laws, for plantations, hitherto extant.'
There has been a revision of them since the peace, in which they were greatly and very judiciously sinplified,
There years 1675 and 1676, were distinguished by the wars with Philip and his Indians, and with the Narraganfetts, by which the Colony was thrown into great distress and confulion. The inroads of the enraged favages were marked with cruel murders, and with fire and devastation.
In 1684, the charter of Massachusetts bay and Plymouth were takeni away, in consequence of Quo warrantos which had been issued against them. The charter of Connecticut would have fhared the same fate, had it not been for Wandsworth, Esq. who, having very artfully procured it when it was on the point of being delivered up, buried it under an oak tree in Hartford, where it remained till all danger was over, and then was dug up and reaffumed.
Connecticut has ever made rapid advances in population. There have been more emigrations from this, than from any of the other States, and yet it is at present full of inhabitants. This increase, under the divine benedi&ion, may be ascribed to several causes. The bulk of the inhabitants are industrious fagacious husbandmeti. Their fatins surnisli 'them with all the necessaries, most of the conveniencies, and but few of the fuxuries of life. They of course must be generally temparate, and if they choose, can subsist with as much independance as is consistent with happiness. The subsistence of the fatmer is fubitantial, and does no: depend on incidental circunstances, like that of most other professions. There is no necessity of serving an apprenticeship to the business, nor of a large tock of inoney to commence it to advantage. Farmers, who deal muchi in barter, have less need of money than any other class of people. The eafe with which a comfortable subsistence is obtained, induces the hufbandman to marry young. The cultivation of his farm makes him strong and healthfül. He toils cheerfully through the day- eats the fruit of his own labour with a gladfome heart--at night devoutlý thanks his bounteous God for his daily blessings-retires to relt, and his feep is sweet. Such circumftances as these have greatly contributed to the amazing increafe of inhabitants in this state.
Besides, the people live under a free government, and have no fear of # tyrant. There are no overgrown eftates, with rich and ambitious landfords, to have an undue and pernicious influence in the election of civil officers. Property is equally enough divided, and must continue to be fo, as long as estates descend as they now do. No person is prohibited from voting, or from being elected into office, on account of his poverty. He ivho has the most merit; not he who has the most money, is generally chofen into public office. As instances of this, it is to be observed, that many of the citizens of Connecticut, from the humble walks of life, have arisen to the first offices in the state, and filled them with dignity, and re