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Chief Towns.] There are a great number of very pleasant towns, both maritime and inland, in Connecticut. It contains five incorporated town's or cities. Two of these, Hartford and New-Haven, are the capitals of the state. The general assembly is held at the former in May, and at the latter in October, annually

HARTFORD (city) is situated at the head of navigation on the west side of Connecticut river, about fifiy miles from its entrance into the found. Its buildings are a state-house-two churches for congregationalists - a distillery, besides upwards of 300 dwelling-houses, a number of which are handsomely built with brick.

The town is divided by a finall river, with high romantic banks. Overthis river is a bridge connecting the two divisions of the towns. Hartford is advantageously situated for trade, has a very fine back country, enters largely into the manufacturing business, and is a rich flourishing commercial town.

New-HAVEN (city) lies round the head of a bay, which makes up about four miles north from the found. It covers part of a large plain, which is circumscribed on three fides by high hills or mountains. Two small rivers bound the city east and weit. The town was originally laid out in squares of fixty rods. Many of these squares have been divided by cross streets. Four streets run north-west and south-east, these are crossed by others at right angels-Near the centre of the city is the public {quare ; on and around which are the public buildings, which are a statehouse, college and chapel, three churches for Congregationalists, and one for Episcopalians. These are hall handsome and commodious buildings. The college, chapel, state-house, and one of the churches are of bricka The public square is encircled with rows of trees, which render it both convenient and delightful. Its beauiy, however, is greatly diminishied by the burial ground, and several of the public buildings, which occupy à considerable part

of it. Many of the streets are ornamented with two rows of trees, one cn each fide, which give the city a rural appearance. The prospect from the steeples is greatlý variegated, and extremely beautiful. There are about 500 dwelling-houses in the city, principally of wood, and well built, and some of them elegint. The streets are fandy, but neat and cleanlý. Within the timits of the city, are berücen 3 and


fouls: About one in feventy die annoally ; this proves the healthfulness of its climate. Indeed as to pleasantness of fituation, and falubrity of air, NewHaven is not exceeded by any city in America. It carries on a confidera able trade with New-York, and ihe West-India Islands, and is flourish; ing *

New-LONDON (city) stands on the west side of the river Thames, near its entrance into the sound, in latitude 41025'. It has two places for public worship, one for Episcopalians and one for Congregationalists, and about zoo dwelling-houses. Its harbour is the best in Connecticut, and as good as any in the United States ; and is defended by fort Trumbull


* The following account of the number of inhabitants in the city of


and fort Griswold, the one in New-London, the other in Groton. A Considerable part of the town was burnt by the infamous Benedict Arnold, in 1781. It has since teen rebuilt.

NORWICH (city) stands at the head of Thames river, 12 or 14 miles north from New-London. It is a commercial citò, has a rich and extenfive back country, and avails itself of its natural advantages at the head af navigation. Its fituation upon a tiver which affords a great number of convenient seats for mills and water machines of all kinds, render it very eligible in a manufactural view.

The inhabitants are not neglectful of the advantages, which nature has fo liberally given them. They manufacture paper of all kinds, ftockings,

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New-Haven, and their different ages, together with the number of buildings of different kinds, is the result of an accurate enumeration, September 20th, 1989. As it may furnish fufficient date from which, at any future enumeration, several valuable and instructive calculations may be mades it is thought proper to preserve it.

Age No.

Age No. 173 23


24 55




47 34 69

4 119


9 go 6
5 107


6 190

50 35






53 16

54 12

70 33


34 33
56 18




3 14 95

50 15 071

59 16 103

60 23 62



62 8



9 20 33

86 21 77 43 29 65 13 54 44 66. 8

88 Total number of souls 3339 Number of Families Seventeen years and under 1636

Dwelling-houses 466 Upwards of seventeen 1703


103 Number of students

Barns and Shops 324

1645 i Total buildings of all kinds

1694 1 In

1724 there were 163 buildings of all kinds, from which we may concluide, the number of souls and bilildings has doubled since that time, in periods of about twenty years,



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Bean-hill ;

clocks and watches, chaises, buttons, stone and earthen ware, wire, oila chocolate, bells, anchors, and all kinds of forge work. The city con tains about 450 dwelling-houses, a court-house, and two churches for Congregationalists, and one for Episcopalians. The city is in three detached, compact divisions ; viz. Chelsea, at the landing, the town, and

in the latter division is a flourishing academy, and in the town is a school fupported by a donation from Dr. Daniel Lathrop, de ceased. The executive courts of law are held alternately at New-London and Norwich.

MIDDLETON (city) is pleasantly fituated ởn the western bank of Connecticut river, fifteen miles south of Hartford. It is the principal town in Middlesex county-has about 300 houfes—a court-house-one church for Congregationalists--one for Episcopalians--a naval officeme and carries on a large and increasing trade.

Four miles south of Hartford is WE THERS FIELD, a very pleasant town of between two and three hundred houfes situated on a fine foil, with an elegant brick church for Congregationalists. A fair is held here twice a year. This town is noted for raising onions.

Windsor, Farmington, Litchfield, Milford, Stratford, Fairfield and Guilford, are all considerable and very pleasant towns.

Curiofities:] Two miles west of New-Haven is a mountain, on the top of which is a cave, remarkable for having been the residence of generals Whaley and Goff, two of the judges of Charles I. who was beheaded. They arrived at Boston July 20th, 1660, and came to New-Haven the March followinig. May 11th, 1661, they retired and concealed themselves behind Weft-mountain, three miles from New-Haven; and the 19th of August, they removed to Milford, where they lived concealed until the 13th of @aober, 1664 ; when they returned to New-Haven, and immediately proceeded to Hadley, where they remained concealed for about ten years, in which time Whaley died. Goffe foon after abdicated. In 1665, John Dixwell, Esq another of the king's judges, visited them while at Hadley, and afterwards proceeded to New Haven, where he lived many years, and was known by the name of John Davis. Here he died, and was buried in the public burying-place, where his grave-stone is ftand: ing to this day, with this infcription, J. D Esq. deceased March 18th, in the 82d year of his age, 1688.'

In the town of Pomfret is a cave tendered remarkable by the humorous adventure of General Putnam. This cave is defcribed, and the story elegantly told by Colonel Humphreys, in his life of that hero. The story and the description I fhall infert in his own words.

Soon after Mr. Putnam removed to Connecticut, the wolves, then verynumerous, broke into his sheep-fold; and killed seventy fine sheep and goats, befides woundiug many lambs and kids. This havoc was committed by a she-wolf, which, with her annual whelps, had for several years infefted the vicinity. The young were commonly destroyed by the vigilance of the hunters, but the old one was too fagacious to come within reach of gun-shot : upon being clofely pursued, she would genetally fly to the western woods, and return the next winter with another

hinter of whelps.

By this

This wolf, at length, became fuch an intolerable nuisance, that Mr. Putnam entered into a combination with five of his neighbours to hunt alternately until they could destroy her. Two, by rotation, were to be constantly in pursuit. It was known, that, having lost the toes from one foot, by a steel trap, she made one track shorter than the other. veftige, the pursuers recognized, in a light fnow, the route of this pernicious animal. Having followed her to Connecticut river, and found the had turned back in a direct course towards Pomfret, they immediately returned, and by ten the next morning the blood-hounds had driven her into a den, about three miles distant from the house of Mr. Putnain : the people foon collected with dogs, guns, straw, fire and sulphur, to attack the common enemy. With this apparatus feveral unsuccessful efforts were made to force her from the den. The hounds came back badly wounded, and refused to return. The finoke of blazing straw had no effect. Nor did the fumes of burnt brimstone, with which the cavern was filled, compel her to quit the retirement. Wearied with such fruitless attempts (which had brought the time to ten o'clock at night) Mr. Putnam tried once more to make his dog enter, but in vain ; he proposed to his negto man to go down into the cavern and shoot the wolf: the negro declined the hazardous service. Then it was that their master, angry at the disappointment, and declaring that he was ashamed to have a coward in his family, resolved himfelf to destroy the ferocious beast, left she fhould escape through fome unknown fissure of the rock. His neighbours strongly remonstrated against the perilous enterprize : but he, knowing that wild animals were intimidated by fire, and having provided several strips of birch-bark, the only combustible material which he could obtain, that would afford light in this deep and darksome cave, prepared for his descent. Having, accordingly, diverted himself of his coat and waistcoat, and having a long rope' fastened round his legs, by which he might be pulled back, at a concerted signal, he entered head foremost, with the blazing torch in his hand.

The aperture of the den, on the east side of a very high ledge of rocks, is about two feet square į from thence it descends obliquely fifteen feet, then running horizontally about ten more, it afcends gradually sixteen feet towards its terinination. The sides of this subterraneous cavity are composed of fmooth and folid rocks, which seem to have been divided from each other by some former earthquake. The top and bottom are also of stone, and the entrance, in winter, being covered with ice, is ceedingly il fpery. It is in no place high enough for a man to raise himfeli upright: nor in any part more than three feet in width.

Having groped his passage to the horizontal part of the den, the most terrifying darkness appeared in front of the dim circle of light afforded by his torch, It was silent as the house of death. None but monsters of the desert had ever before explored this solitary mansion of horror. He, cautioutly proceeding onward, came to the ascent: which he flowly mounted on his hands and knees until he discovered the glaring eye-balls of the wolf, who was sitting at the extremity of the cavern. Startled at the fight of fire, she gnafhed her teeth, and gave a fullen growl. As foon as he had made the necessary discovery, he kicked the rope as a signal for pulling him out. The people, at the mouth of the den, who had


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lilitered with painful anxiety, hearing the growling of the wolf, and fupposing their friend to be in the most inminent danger, drew him forth with such celerity, that his shirt was stripped over his head, and his skin feverely lacerated. After he had adjusted his cloaths, and loaded his

gun with nine buck-shot, holding a torch in one hand, and the musquet in the other, he descended a second time. When he drew nearer than before, the wolf, assuming a ftill more fierce and terrible appearance, howling, rolling her eyes, înapping her teeth, and dropping her head between her legs, was evidently in the attitude, and on the point of springing at him. At the critical instant he levelled and fired at her head. Stunned with the thiock, and suffocated with the finoak, he immediately found himself drawn out of the cavë. But having refreshed himself, and permitted the finoke to dissipate, he went down the third time. Once more he came within fight of the wolf, who appearing very passive, he applied the torch to her nose ; and perceiving her dead, he took hold of hër ears, and then kicking the rope, (still tied round his legs) the people above, with no small exultation, dragged them both out together

. Another bold and almost presumptuous deed, in this veteran hero; has rendered remarkable a precipice at Horseneck, in this state. The ftory is this. • About the middle of the winter 1778, general Putnam was on a visit to his out-post at Horseneck, he found governor Tryon advancing upon that town with a corps of fifteen hundred mento oppose these, general Putnam had only a picket of one hundred and fifty men, and two iron field-pieces, without horse or drag-ropes. He, however, planted his cannon on the high ground by the ineeting-house, and retarded their approach by firing several times, until, perceiving the horse (supported by the infantry) about to charge, he ordered the picket to provide for their safety by retiring to a swamp inaccessible to horse ; and secured his own by plunging down the steep precipice at the church upon a full trot. This precipice is fo steep, where he descended, as to hate artificial stairs composed of nearly one hundred stone steps for the accommodation of foot passengers. There the dragoons, who were but a sword's length from himi, stopped short. For the declivity was so abrupt, that they ventured not to follow : and, before they could gain the valley by going round the brow of the hill in the ordinary road, he was far enough beyond their reach.'

Tetoket mountain in Branford, latitude 41° 20', on the north-west part of it, a few feet below the surface, has ice in large quantities in all seasons of the year.

Colleges, Academies, and Schools.] In no part of the world is the education of all ranks of people more attended to than in Connecticut. Almoit every town in the state is divided into distries, and each diitrict has a public school kept in it a greater or less part of every year. Somewhat more than one third of the monies arising from a tax on the polls and ratable estate of the inhabitants, is appropriated to the support of schools, in the several towns, for the education of children and youth. The law directs that a grammar-fchool shall be kept in every country town throughout the state.

There is a grammar-school at Hartford, and another at New-Haven, supported by a donation of governor Hopkins. This venerable and be


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