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A Su MMARY Account of the first Discoveries and Settlements of North AMERICA, arranged in Chronological Order.
ORTH AMERICA was discovered in the reign of Henry VII. a period when the Arts and Sciences had made very confiderable progress in Europe. Many of the first adventurers were men of genius and learning, and were careful to preserve authentic records of such of their proceedings as would be interesting to posterity. These records afford ample documents for American historians. Perhaps no people on the globe ran trace the history of their origin and progress with so muchy precificn as the inhabitants of North America; particularly that part of them who inhabit the territory of the United States. The fame which Columbus had acquired by his first discoveries on this western continent, spread through Europe, and inspired many with 1496 the spirit of enterprize. As early as 1496, four years only after the first discovery of America, John Cabot, a Venetian, obtained a commission from Henry VII. to discover unknown lands and annex them to the crown. In the spring he sailed from England with two ships, carrying with him his three sons. In this voyage, which was intended for China, he fell in with the north fide of Terra Labrador, and coasted northerly as far as the 67th degree of latitude. 1497.] The next year he made a second voyage to America with his son Sebastian, who afterwards proceeded in the discoveries which his father had begun. On the 24th of June he discovered Bonavista, on the north-east fide of Newfoundland. Before his return he traversed the coast from Davis's Straits to Cape Florida. o 15oz.] Sebastian Cabot was this year at Newfoundland; and on his return carried three of the natives of that island to Henry VII. 1513. In the spring of 1513, John Ponce sailed from Porto Rico northerly, and discovered the continent of 30° 8 north latitude. He landed in April, a season when the country around was covered with verdure, and in full bloom. This circumstance induced him to call the country Florida, which, for many years, was the common name for North and South America. 1516.] In 1516, Sir Sebastian Cabot and Sir Thomas Pert explored the coast as far as Brazil in South America. This vast extent of country, the coast whereof was thus explored, remained unclaimed and unsettled by any European power, (except by the Spaniards in South America) for almost a century from the time of its discovery " -
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