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Number of Supposed nuniber of
Congregations. each denomination. Congregationalists,
11,104 Friends or Quakers,
The number of congregational churches in 1749 was 250.
In 1760, the number of inhabitants in this state, was about 268,850,
fouls of each sect. Congregationalists,
225,426 Friends meetings,
268,850 The congregational ministers in this state, have an annual meeting at Boston, the Thursday following the last Wednesday in May, on which occasion a sermon is preached, and a collection made for the relief and support of such of their society as are in needy circumstances. This collection is chiefly applied to the support of the widows of deceased minif ters.
Civil Divisions.] The commonwealth of Massachusetts is divided into fourteen counties, and sub-divided into 355 townfhips. The following table exhibits a comparative view of the population-agricultural improvements-military strength, &c. of the several counties, together with their fea-ports and principal trading towns.
Berkshire, 24,544 87,028
234,497 6762 18,3 8 4909 Total 357,5111,087,3733,185,857 49,417! 286.990 70,648
* This valuation was taken in 1784, and supposed to be less than the reality,
+ This eft male is very imperfect -No account having been taken for near twelze years.
Population, Character, &c.] The above table exhibits ari accurate account of the population of this state.
The nioit populous parts of the ftate are included between the fea-coall, and a line drawn parallel to it at the distance of ten or twelve miles; and between two lines drawn parailer fó Connecticut river on each Gue, at the distance of live or fix miles.
Claadier, &c. fee New-Englad.
Literary and humane Societies.] The literary, humane and charitable inftitutions in Massachusetts, exhibit a fair trait in the character of the inhabitants. Among the firtt literary institutions in this state, is the AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ARTS AND SCIENCE s, incorporated May 4th, 1980. It is declared in the act, that the end and design of the inftitution, is to promote and encourage the knowledge of the antiquities of America, and of the natural history of the country, and to determine the uses to which the various natural productions of the country may be applied. Allo to promote and encourage medical discoveries, mathematical difquifitions, philofophical enquiries and experiments; astronomical, meteorological and geographical observations; improvements in agriculture, arts, manufacture, commerce, and the cultivation of every science that may tend to advance a free, independent, and virtuous people. There are never to be more than two hundred members, nor less than forty. This fociety has four ftated annual meetings.
The MASSACHUSETTS CHARITABLE SOCIETY, incorporated December 16, 1779, is intended for the mutual aid of themselves and families, who may be distressed by any of the adverse accidents of life, and for the comforting and relieving of widows and orphans of their deceased members. The members of this fociety meet annually, and are not to exceed an hundred in number.
The BOSTON EPISCOPAL CHARITABLE SOCIETY, first insti. tuted in 1924, and incorporated February 12, 1784, has for its obje&t, charity to such as are of the episcopal church, and to luch others as the society Thall think fit ; but more especially the relief of those who are members of, and benefactors to the society, and afterwards become suitable objects of its charity. The members of this society nieet annually, and are not to exceed one hundred in number.
The MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAL SOCIETY, was incorporated November 1, 1981. The design of this institution is, to promote medical • and surgical knowledge ; enquiries into the animal economy, and the properties and effects of medicine, by encouraging a free intercourfe with ihe gentleme of the faculty throughout the United States of America, and a friendly correspondence with the eminent in those professions throughout the world ; as well as to make a just discrimination between such as are duly educated and properly qualified for the duties thereof, and those who may ignorantly and wickedly adminifter medicine, whereby the health and lives of many valuable individuals may be endangered, and perhaps loft to the community.
Further to evidence their humanity and benevolence, a number of the medical and other gentlemen, in the town of Boston, in 1785, formed a society, by the name of the HUMANE SOCIETY, for the purpose of recovering persons apparently dead, from drowning, fuifocation, Itrangling, and other accidents. This Humane Society have erected three huts, fure nished with wood, tinder boxes, blankets, &c. one on Lovel's Island in Bufton harbour, one on Nantasket beach, and another on Situate beach near Marflifield, for the comfort of ship-wrecked feamen. Huts of the faine kind are erected on Plumb-INand, near Newbury, by the Marine Society of that place; and there are also some contiguous to Hampton and Salifbury beach.
At their semiannual meetings, a public discourse is delivered by some person appointed by the trustees for that purpose, on fome medicat subject connected with the principal object of the society; and as a ftipulus to investigation, and a reward of merit, a medal is adjudged annually, by the president and trustees, to the person who exhibits the most approved differtation.
The SOCIETY FOR PROPAGATING THE GOSPEL amo:g the Indians and others in North America, was incorporated November i
19,1787. They are enabled 10 receive subfcripiions of charitably difpored perions,
any personal ettate in succession. All donations to the fociety, either by subicriptions, legacy or otherwise, excepting such as may be differently appropriated by the donors, to make a part of, or be put into the capital stock of the fociety, which is to be put out on interelt on good security, or otherwise improved to the best advantage, and the income and profits are to be applied to the purpofes aforesaid, in luch manner as the society shall judge most conducive to answer the design of their institution.
This Society is formed into a board of commissioners from the Scot's Society for promoting Christian Knowledge among the Indians in America.
Next to Pennsylvania, this state has the greatest number of societies for the promotion of useful knowledge and human happiness ; and as they are founded on the broad basis of benevolence and churity, they cannot fail to prosper. These inttitutions, which are fait encreasing in almost every state in the union, are fo many evidences of the advanced and advancing tate of civilization and improveinent in this country. They prove, likewile, taat a free republican government, like ours, is of all others the most happily cal culated to promote a general diffusion of useful knowledge, and the most favourable to the benevolent and humane feelings of the human heart.
Literature, Colleges, Academies, &c.] According to the laws of this Commonwealth, every town having fifty housholders or upwards, is to be conitantly provided with a school-mater, to teach children and youth to read and write ; and where any town has 100 families, there is also to be a grammar-school set up therein, and fome discreet person, well instructed in the language, procured to keep the fame, and be fuitably paid by the inhabitants.
These laws respectirg fchools, are not so well regarded in many parts of the state, as the wife purposes which they were intended to answer, and the happiness of the people, require.
Next in importance to the Grammar Schools are the Academies, in which, as well as in the Grammar Schools, young gentlemen are fitted for admission to the University.
DUMME R ACADEMY, at Newbury, was founded many years since, by means of a liberal donation from the Honourable Williain Dummer, formerly Lieutenant Governor, and a worthy man, whose name it has ever fince retained. It was incorporated in 1782, and is under the superintendence of fourteen respectable trustees.
PHILLIP's's ACADEMY, at Andover, owes its existence to the benefaétions of the Honourable Samuel Philips, Esq; of Andover, in the