« הקודםהמשך »
sistance from the benevolence of particu- is rapidly forming, especially among the lar individuals, which, under the Divine rising generation, which it is regarded as blessing, has in various ways tended to very important to promote. It is the ansforward the great object in view. After ious desire of our Missionary friends to specifying some of those services, the direct the youths of their charge in the Committee of the Bengal Society say pursuit of useful knowledge; and for this they cannot speak too highly of those purpose to provide them, as they may be liberal and zealous individuals whose con- able, with supplies of suitable books in duct bears so striking a resemblance to the native language: while the commit. the spirit which animated the bosoms of tee of the Tract Society are as desirous the first disciples of our Lord, and so to furnish the different classes of the reademinently characterized the best and ear. ing population with adequate supplies of liest days of Christianity.”.
religious tracts. Such, briefly, are some of the chief “'The district has, for the last two or grounds for grateful acknowledgments to three years, been largely supplied with God, afforded by the more recent history parts of the Sacred Volume, in the naof the Society's mission at Calcutta; tive language, by the bounty of the Briwhere, we rejoiced to know, missionaries tish and Foreign Bible Society, through from various other Societies also labour, the medium of the Jaffna Branch Society: and we are happy to say, harmoniously and with religious tracts, through means labour, in different spheres, for the pro- of the Jaffna Tract Society. motion of the same general object. The
On the effect of these distributions the success with which it has pleased the Al Missionaries statemighty to crown their efforts, is, in com. "By the publications of the Tract Somon with that which has attended the bre. ciety, heathenism has received a shock, threnimmediately connected with our own during the year, the effects of which will, Society, calculated to excite feelings of it may be hoped, soon be more apparent. common gratitude and thanksgiving; to The adherents of the system are driven stimulate to fervent and persevering to adopt many different expedients : prayer for future blessings; to encourage some, by the exposure which have been the hope of still greater
measures of suc- made of their sacred mysteries, are greatcess, and of the ultimate triumph of the ly enraged, and utter sad imprecations Gospel over ignorance, idolatry, impos. on the unknown informants, who, if they ture, and every species of superstition were known, would probably be severely and false religion, in those parts of the treated: others, infuenced by similar Eastern world; and eventually over every feelings, positively assert that the incanregion of the world itself.
tations of which we have obtained infor. London, 20th April, 1831.
mation are not genuine, and that we have been imposed on: while a great number admit that they are genuine;
but, ashamed at the disclosure, and wishing to avoid CEYLON,
disgrace, disavow all confidence in them, The Church Missionary Society has or profess to have discontinued the use of seven Missionaries in Ceylon, who have them.” had schools in operation about eight years. They have a press at Nellore, of which
CAFFRARIA. the Missionaries say:
Mr. Kay, of the Wesleyan Mission to “One printing press has been kept in South Africa, after mentioning the bapactive employment most of the year, on tism of several natives at Butterworth, account of the Jaffna Tract Society, the
says: American Missionaries, and our own so « Three of the persons (one man and ciety: the number of Tracts printed for two women) baptized on this occasion, the Tract Society, as appears from their belong to the class of people to whom the last report, is 34,947; of Tracts and Ca. Caffres have given the name of Amafingu, techisms for our American brethren, 6490; because poor; and poor indeed they are; and 3650 copies of some of the same work for excepting those who have become refor ourselves: making a total of 45,087 sident on the mission stations, few if any copies, or 629,362 pages printed during of them can command any kind of pro
perty that can be called their own. Most “Very inadequate, as yet, are the of them are the complete vassals of those works, either of a religious or literary who may entertain them, and to this state character, printed for the district. Å of servile subjection they submit, for the taste for reading in books of both classes sake of a mere subsistence. They are,
in short, strangers in a strange country, • Printed Report of the Bengal Aux. having for years been beaten about by iliary Missionary Society, for 1829-30. the enemy, and the perpetual wars of the Vol. IX.Ch. Adv.
interior. Ask them respecting their own D. D. Professor of Didactick Theoland, and the place of their nativity, and logy and Ecclesiastical History, in they almost invariably reply, Far, far the Seminary. By the death of this these destitute esiles should have been eminent man, religion and learning literally driven into this quarter, by a bave met with a loss which will not train of uncontrollable occurrences, at easily be supplied. The American the very time when Christianity was be. church has numbered among its micoming established in the land, and when nisters few that were so highly disthe Gospel was pushing its way onward, as if to meet then, that a strange variety tinguished for erudition, piety and of circumstances should have attended to usefulness as Dr. Rice. The State scalier such numerous groups of them in which he lived, was probably inround our respective stations, and that in debted to no individual more than creasing numbers are now to be found amongst the inhabitants of every mission to him, for exertion and influence village in Caffraria, are facts of the most in promoting all the interests of pleasing kind; and facts too in which not knowledge and science; and the only the missionary, but every pious mind, Union Theological Seminary unis constrained to recognise the band and questionably owed its very existnot all. They are not merely thrown ence, and its opening prospects of within the range of missionary operation; proving a rich blessing to the whole but, by a distinguished and remarkable Christian community, to his persereadiness, both to hear and to receive the vering zeal and labours-We begospel, they are obviously becoming lieve, indeed, that he fell a martyr special objects of missionary attention. Although equally, if not more supersti- to his incessant solicitude and extious than the Caffre, in general they ap. hausting efforts to serve the Semipear to be much less influenced by that nary, and to promote, in various sceptical spirit which he so frequently ways, the cause of pure and undemanifests. It is clear that Jehovah, ac
filed religion. We mourn in his cording to one of their own significant figures of speech, is placing them under death the loss of a much loved the missionary's wing. Our stations are friend and brother; but we must evidently becoming their asylums; and I leave to others the delineation of verily believe that the period is not far his character and the eulogy of his distant when many of them will be added excellence. He is gone-We are unto the church of our God.
“ Whilst I reminded the candidates, admonished to be prepared to folwhen standing before the congregation, low him; to “work while it is day of the goodness and mercy of God, who the night cometh when no man had brought them out of a distant land, a land of total darkness, who had preserved Southern Religious Telegraph” the
can work”-We add from « The them in the desert, and kept them alive amongst the dead, who had prevented following account of bis sickness their falling a prey to the enemy, or pe. and death. risbing in the field, and who had, at length " Throughout a sickness of nearbrought them to his “tabernacle, and to ly nine months, Dr. Rice had, with his holy hill,' the tears trickled down their sable cheeks, and the whole assem.
various changes in external sympbly was deeply affected. The most dis. toms, been gradually and steadily tinguished individual amongst them was declining: By an examination the son of an Amazizza chief; and a per. made at his own instance, several son who would have become a powerful extensive strictures were discoverruler in that tribe, had it not, like many ed in the bowels, in which, no others, been dispersed, and in a great measure destroyed, by the invaders." doubt, the disease originated, and
which precluded the possibility of
“ The sickness of this servant of Died, at the Union Theological God was attended with great sufSeminary, in Prince Edward Coun- fering. The disease itself and the ty, Virginia, on the third of Sep- highly nervous character which it tember, ult., the Rev. John H. Rice, put on, caused not only much bo
dily suffering, but great mental de- vicious, who in return eagerly empression. Yet to the last, his mind brace his sentiments. was collected and perfectly itself. The Christian religion offers Saturday morning he revived from proof of its divine origin in the cona death-like stupor, and sensible duct of its disciples. It is a testithat the band of death was upon mony which can never be misunderhim, he remarked that there were stood, and which there can be no a few things which he wished to excuse for rejecting. Though sursay. He then bid those who stood rounded with crime, and beset like round his bed an affectionate fare other men by the distractions of well; commending his now deeply life, the believer constantly looks afflicted partner to the blessing and forward to another and a better protection of heaven; and express-world; and in those moments which ing, with regard to all his friends, the living seldom realize, he overan undiminished affection. He comes the natural horror of dissospoke about fifteen minutes, and lution, and reposes with humble found himself unable to proceed faith upon the bosom of his Father farther. During the day, he said and his God. Instances of consistvery little, and was evidently in ent piety are, therefore, to be regreat bodily suffering. This in-' corded as parts of this important creased towards night. At nine, yet simple testimony. Such an ocrousing himself again, he said casion is presented by the recent “ Mercy is triumphant.”—The last death of Charles Chauncey, the word died upon his lips-He gasp only son of Charles Chauncey, Esq. ed for a few moments and expired. It was his rare fortune that a view
“ Dr. Rice was born Nov. 28th, of the past and of the future should 1777. Not yet 54 years of age,
alike afford to him sources of unthere was room to hope that he mingled gratification. The mild would long be spared to labour on purity of his life, with the exact earth in the cause of his Lord and discharge of its duties; had giver Master. But he who knows what him much tranquil enjoyment, is best, and who loves the church while the successful improvement better than we, had decided other- of talents, which the shrinking mowise. Our part is to bow with sub- desty of his character could not mission to the Divine determina- hide, seemed an assurance that he tion."
should accomplish all his hopes. He was, however, soon to die. The
rapid progress of a mortal disease COMMUNICATED.
brought desolation to many affecThe opposition of man to a reli- tionate hearts, but shed a holy calm gion which would persuade him to over his own. Though the apconsider the end of his being is a proaches of death were attended by mournful shade of his character. sufferings which wasted and enfeeDeath is ever in the world. Human bled a frame unable to endure their hopes sink quickly into silence and severity, his mind remained peacedarkness-each day multitudes en- ful and clear. The certainty that ter upon a state of existence which in a little while he was to be senseis separate from sense, and where less to every thing around him was all that is happy must be pure and not appalling. And in passing from true. The infidel is not moved by the midst of all that could endear these changes. His sceptical phí. life, his prevailing feeling was gralosophy, while it relieves him from titude to the Power which had perthe restraints of virtue, places him mitted him to live, with a trembling beyond the influence of fear. He confidence in his mercy, is the deliberate apologist of the The sorrow of those from whom
he has gone would indeed be bitter, der circumstances like these, while were not the anguish of bereave- his heart is wrung with unavailing ment soothed, and the cold gloom grief, he feels the more deeply the of the grave lighted up by a bright sufficiency of the faith which he has and pervading hope. So strong is chosen, and the firmest conviction the Christian's consolation, that un- of its truth.
View of Publick Affairs.
EUROPE. The latest advices from Europe are from Britain, of the 24th of August, and from France about three days later.
Britain.—The publick affairs of Britain are in a high degree interesting; as the political reforms which have begun to take place, and the spirit which gave rise to them, and which they cherish, will, we doubt not, lead to measures that will give a new aspect both to the religious and civil arrangements of the whole empire-Yet in the month past we have noticed nothing new, of much interest to others than the inbabitants of the British isles. We rather think that the English and French in general, cherish towards each other more friendly feelings at present, than at any other period for centuries past. The Reform Bill is still before Parliament, and recently, it is said, the opposition have gained some advantages. When it will pass, as pass it must, we know not-The people murmur at the delay, but there is real difficulty and much embarrassment in making out the details of the bill—The Commons were unanimous lately in one act-the grant of £100,000 “for her majesty's personal expenses.” On this occasion, the queen in person, and in great state, went to the Parliament House. She appears to be a favourite with the nation at large; and if report says true, she is worthy of the love and respect which she commands. We were glad to see that the conduct of the king in raising one of his bastards to a peer. age, received the pointed censure of the Christian Observer-The prospect of an unusually good harvest, both in Britain and Ireland, was said to be flattering-Still there is great suffering, especially in the latter island, for want of the necessaries of life; in some places there appears to have been deaths from absolute starvationThe latest accounts state, that there is the prospect at present of the united interference of Britain, France, Austria and Prussia, in favour of the magnanimous Poles. We rather wish the report true than believe it. We are not of the opinion that the government of any of these countries has been really gratified by the late Polish revolution. But a large portion of the subjects of all, have been enthusiasts in its favour, and the governments have learned that the spirit which is abroad renders it unsafe for them wholly to disregard the popular feeling.
FRANCE. The apprehension that the féle of the three great days would be productive of disorder, and perhaps of another revolution, which we mentioned last month, has been happily disappointed—The whole celebration was conducted with order, and the result has been highly favourable to the establishment of the government. The king and his ministers appear to have managed the matter with much address. At the time appointed, a few days before the celebration, the Chambers assembled, and were opened with a speech by king Philippe,--his whole family attending-his sons on his right hand, and the queen, with her younger children, in a gallery prepared for her reception. The king was dressed in the uniform of the national guards, and his sons in the uniform of the corps in which they are colonels. The king, it is said, delivered his speech with a firm voice-It is so long, and refers to so many different topicks, that we cannot give it even in epitome. It was most art. fully composed, and was received with great acclamation. It did not contain all that the liberals wished, but still it announced so much that was gratifying to them, that they joined in the acclaim. In the part in which he said that the Austrian troops had, at his request, been withdrawn from Italy, he has since been charged with saying the thing that was not-and to us it appears that this charge is true. The parts in which he spoke favourably of the Belgic and Polish revolutions, and of " preserving the bonds of friendship which unite France and the United States of America,” were hailed by the liberals with great applause The arrangements for the celebration of the three great days, were made with extreme caution and much prudence—The first day was devoted to mourning--the second to rejoicing--and the third to rewards. A report, on the last day of the celebration, was circulated in Paris--whether got up by the government or not, we cannot say, but it was generally believed—that the Poles had obtained a great victory, in a general battle wilh their invaders. This bad
a wonderful effect, especially on the military-who, in defiling before the king, shouted “long live the brave Poles-long live the Polish revolution"-with the greatest animation. The Chamber of Deputies had a long and animated debate on the reply that should be made to the king's speech. The liberals thought that enough had not been said in favour of Poland ; and General La Fayette proposed an amendment to that part of the reply to the speech which related to this point in which he wished the chamber should express an unequivocal opinion, that the independence of Poland ought to be immediately recognised by France. When this was overruled, another member brought forward a modification of the same ideas in different language, and in a softer tone. The debates on these motions produced an excitement of feeling, which proceeded to such a length that all order was destroyed, and it became necessary to adjourn the chamber till the following day. On the following day, however, order and harmony were restored; and eventually the reply to the royal address was carried, much as it had been prepared by the ministry at first—and the ministers, who at one period it was thought must resign, became triumphant, and found them. selves sustained by a far larger majority of the chamber than they had dared to expect.
The French fleet, under admiral Roussin, agreeably to his orders, forced its way into the Tagus, and stationed itself with the broadsides of every ship under the quays of Lisbon, and in front of Don Miguel's palace. In this position "the admiral summoned the Portuguese government to accede, within two hours, to all the propositions made, previous to his entrance into the T'agus." These propositions were promptly accepted ; and thus the city was saved from bombardment, the tyrant frightened and humbled, the honour of France asserted, and her citizens indemni. fied. The whole was a most brilliant navad exploit, on the part of the French.—Their fleet passed under the fire of all the Portuguese batteries, with very little loss, and compelled all the Portuguese ships of war in the barbour, consisting of one ship of the line, three large frigates, two sloops and two brigs, to strike their colours.
Shortly after the three great days, a demand was made from Belgium of the stipu. lated interposition of France, to repel a military invasion of the Dutch. The bearer of the demand reached the palace of king Philippe at midnight-His majesty rose immediately, and gave orders for the equipment and march of the requisite troops ; and they were on their way to Belgium in a few hours. The king's two sons had each a command in the detachment, which was entrusted to general Girard, as commander in chief. In the address of the Chamber of Deputies, in reply to the king's speech, the zeal and martial spirit of the French princes on this occasion was warmly commended–The result of this expedition has been fortunate to all the parties concerned— The French troops were about to return to their country at the date of the last accounts, and the state of France was said to be tranquil.
BELGIUM AND HOLLAND.—The king of Holland-taking ground on the alleged nonfulfilment on the part of Belgium of the protocol of the five great powers, as the condition of their independence-declared war against that part of his former dominions "ordered a solemn meeting of all his people in the churches, to make appeal to the Almighty," and gave the commaand of his army to his son, prince William. The Dutch troops marched into Belgium in four divisions. The Belgians, who had been vaunting of their prowess for several months, so as to be considered as braggarts by all Europe, and had even threatened to drive the Dutch into the sea, came only twice in contact with the Dutch troops, and in both instances acted the part of the most errant cowards—Aeeing without fighting, deserting their new made monarch, Leopold, who acted bravely, and even throwing away their arms, that they might not be encumbered in their flight. In a word, their dastardly behaviour has made them the scorn of England and France. They lost, according to the account we have seen, 50 killed, 300 wounded, and about 500 prisoners, and did not kill a single Dutchman. Within about 12 miles of Brussels, the Dutch balted, as the French had arrived in that city; a treaty was commenced which (without any conflict beyond a slight squabble between two small parties) issued in an agreement that the Dutch should evacuate Belgium. This has since iaken place, in a manner entirely honourable to the Dutch. It seems to us that the king of Holland had it for his prin. cipal object in this war, to humble the Belgians, and to show that be was neither des. titute of the means nor the fortitude to make resistance to unlawful claims. We give the address of prince William to his army, as it states truly the principal events of his sbort campaign.
“ Louvaine, Aug. 13. “ Brothers in Arms:-You have satisfied my expectations. I trusted to your unflinching courage and bravery. I value the patience with which you have borne all the fatigues and privations which always accompany the neighbourhood of the enemy. Great is your reward; the blessing to our arms is perfect. After a campaign of hardly ten days, we stand in the heart of Belgium. Twice have we measured arms with the