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cule is not directed against religion moral impression of the scene be or virtue, but only against hypocrisy doubtful?' Some, however, may and mean and odious vices under a profess to doubt it; and may adsanctified garb. But does not every duce their own case in proof that the man of common understanding per- effect is not so practically evil as is ceive what is the real, and we scru represented. To such persons we ple not to say meditated, effect of fear we must reply with our author, this alleged wholesome reprobation that and ridicule. Mr. Best truly de

“ They give a very plain proof that scribes it:

they must have already sustained no small “I do not mean that God and the Bible, injury; since their moral sensibilities are and the awful realities of eternity, are

become so far blunted, as to permit them openly and avowedly set at nought, and to witness the scenes and listen to the senscorned and insulted. Blessed be God, timents, which they must hear and see, such is the influence and ascendency at any evening's performance, in any which religion has gained in this country, theatre, without feeling with indignant that, perhaps, a large promiscuous as

shame, that their better principles had sembly could no where be collected, in been outraged, and their sense of propriwhich this could be done without calling ety,grossly insulted, and painfully offendforth a general expression of disgust and ed." p. 254. reprobation. But, at the theatre, the ef

“I might confidently appeal to the refect is produced, more indirectly indeed, collections of those females who may but not less really. Religion is safely ri- have formerly frequented the theatre, diculed under the name of hypocrisy. A

whether the pleasure which they expepreacher of God's word, is, perhaps, rienced, on their first attendance, was not exhibited in strong caricature, with af. often mingled with an involuntary sense fected gravity and absurd grimace. A ser.

of shame, a secret and painful consciousmon is delivered in burlesque imitation.

ness of impropriety and evil; while, at A religious character is introduced, for the the same time, through the influence of purpose of being placed in the most ludi. example and the force of custom;--- from crous points of view, and exposed as a want of due consideration, or sufficient person of weak intellect and of pitiable firmness of mind;-and perhaps from credulity. His conscientiousness and fear never having had their attention especially of sinning are made contemptible by be and seriously called to the sinful nature ing displayed only in petty and punctilic and injurious tendency of such amuseous scrupulosity. His purity of mind is ments ;-they allowed themselves to be connected with circumstances of exqui. present at exhibitions which their consite absurdity. His meekness under in. sciences condemned; and to be spectators sult is made to appear only as mean and of scenes, and hearers of sentiments, unworthy timidity. His simplicity and against which the quick sensibilities of a sincerity of beart are represented as ren.

modest and delicate mind so painfully re. dering him the dupe of every designer, volted as to cover them with confusion; and the butt for every dart which malice and which scenes and sentiments they or mirth may choose to throw. And, would not, on any consideration, have while he is thus set forth as a laughing: either ventured to describe and repeat, or stock, many a scoff and jest is uttered re

endured to hear described and repeated, specting over-righteousness and puritani- in private company, or in the society of cal zeal. The words saint' and holy' their personal friends.” pp. 262, 263. are used only in sneer and sarcasm. • Heaven' and 'hell,' and terms of equally aw

Mr. Best states, that the attendful meaning, are employed with levity ance of respectable women at the and laughter. And thus, while religion Sheffield theatre has, he underin the general is, perhaps, complimented stands, greatly diminished; and with some unmeaning expression of re we doubt not the effect has been gard; its sanctity is profaned.—its cha- caused in no slight degree by his racter is degraded,-its authority and its influence are undermined, and its several ownindefatigable

exertions in pointparts and its conscientious professors are ing out to his flock and fellowbrought into derision and contempt." pp. townsmen, the evils of this “inno189, 190.

cent amusement." Let him not And while religion is thus sneer- then be weary in his useful labours. ed at, sin is dressed out in colours It is very important that while the the most attractive. Can then the great body of the ministers of

Christ are occupied for the most forced the subject upon the pubpart in the general duties of their lick attention in other places: and holy calling, there should be indi so of Mr. Herbert Smith's laviduals among them, who are de- bours for the suppression of Sunday voting much of their thoughts and travelling; and in various other inefforts to soune particular point or stances. We always rejoice in layquestion. By this division of la- ing before our readers, for the gebour, facts and arguments are ac- neral benefit, the result of such cumulated, attention is aroused, isolated efforts, and in the present zeal is excited, one works for instance shall feel thankful if our all; and his brethren and the notice of Mr. Best's volume shall world are benefited by his labours. awaken the attention of his . breThus Mr. Close, by his exertions thren to the subject, in places where at Cheltenham, in reference to their exertions might be locally the evils of the race-course, has useful.

Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc.

The Barometer. Of the advantage der came to prepare with all haste for a arising from the use of this instrument, storm. The Barometer had begun to fall on board of ships, for the purpose of de- with appalling rapidity. As yet, the oldnoting approaching changes in the wea est sailors had not perceived even a threat. ther, we have been favoured by a scien. ening in the sky, and were surprised at tifick friend with the following communi. the extent and burry of the preparations ; cation.-Nantucket Inquirer.

but the required measures were not comNot long since I noticed an article il. pleted, when a more awful hurricane lustrating the use and the importance burst upon them than the most experiof the Barometer in foretelling storms. enced had ever braved. Nothing could This communication forcibly reminded withstand it; the sails already furled and me of a similar circumstance, related by closely bound to the yards, were riven Arnott in the excellent work on Physics. away in tatters; even the bare yards and As the subject is of immense importance masts were in great part disabled ; and to every mariner, and to all concerned in at one time, the whole rigging had nearly navigation, I forward an extract for inser- fallen by the board. Such, for a few tion. It is more interesting from the fact hours, was the mingled roar of the hurthat the learned author was himself a wit. ricane above, of the waves around, and ness of the sublime scene which he so the incessant peals of thunder, that no huelegantly portrays, and which, but for the man voice could be heard; and, amidst almost miraculous warning of the little the general consternation, even the trumtube of mercury, would have left no one pet sounded in vain. On the following to tell the tale.

morning the wind was at rest, but the The day is probably not distant when a ship lay upon the yet heaving waves, an Barometer will be considered as essential unsightly wreck.in the equipments of a voyage as are now the quadrant and the compass. Its indi. Origin of Newspapers. After the decations have for many years afforded to feat of the Spanish Armada, intended by the meteorologist, the most satisfactory Philip II. of Spain, for the invasion of prognosticks of the changes of the wea- England, great interest being excited in iber. When adapted to the motion of the every class, which gave rise to a very imsea it is called the Marine Barometer, and portant invention--that of Newspapers. differs from that used on shore, in having Previous to this period, all articles of inits tube contracted in one place to a very telligence had been circulated in manunarrow bore, so as to prevent that sudden script, and all political remarks which the rising and falling of the mercury which government found itself interested in ad. every motion of the ship would else oc dressing the people, had issued in the casion.

shape of pamphlets. But the peculiar “The sun had just set with placid ap- convenience at such a juncture, of unitpearance, closing a beautiful afternoon, ing these two objects, in a periodical and the usual mirth of the evening watch publication, becoming obvious to the miwas proceeding, when the captain's or- nistry, there appeared, some time in the


month of April, 1588, the first number of ted States, 828, is liable in England to a the English Mercury, a paper resembling charge of $900.-Boston Telegraph. the present English Gazetie, which must have come out almost daily, since No. 50,

Staunton, (Virginia,) Sept. 9. the earliest specimen of the work now A Horn-Snake was killed a few days extant, is dated July 23d, of the same year. since in the neighbourhood of this town. This interesting article is preserved in the We bad regarded the existence of such a British Museum.

snake as fabulous ; and as others may be

under the same impression, a brief de. Dissection in Slave States.-In a pros. scription of this one may be acceptable to pectus of the South Carolina Medical

many. The snake measures nearly six School, says the London Mechanic's Ma.

feet in length, and is somewbat slenderly gazine, we meet with the following pas.

proportioned; its scales are quite hard, sage:-" Some advantages of a peculiar and form along the back large dark character are connected with this institu

brown spots set in a broad chain of tion, which it may be proper to point out. white : along the sides there is a slight No place in the United States offers so mixture of red. The horn is in the tail, great opportunities for the acquisition of and appears rather insignificant; but when anatomical knowledge, subjects being ob the snake is enraged no doubt it enlarges tained among the coloured population in

considerably. This reptile is said to strike a sufficient number for every purpose, over its head, by throwing itself in the and proper dissections carried on without

form of a hoop. The black man who offending any individual in the communi

killed the one just described, says it ty!!”—The coloured population, then, struck at him in this manner, but missing According to the faculty of South Ca.

its aim, the horn entered a stump, and rolina, form no part of their “commu held it fast until he despatched it.-Spec. nity.” They have no feelings to be respected or offended! They are but blacks, and no more to be regarded than

Fine Grapes.-A waggon load of deany other beasts of the field. Of a truth,

licious Pennsylvania Grapes were exposed

for sale in Market street, between Eighth slavery must have a most debasing influ. ence on all around it, when men of a li.

and Ninth, during Friday and Saturday of beral profession can talk thus of beings vineyard of Mr. Amos Garrett, of London

last week. They were the product of a created with like feelings, affections and rights as themselves. It is singular to

Grove Township, Chester County. The think, that notwithstanding the white

vineyard occupies an acre of ground, and skin pride of birth, they should have

bas been three years in cultivation. The found out that, after all, a dead black

crop of the present year is the first, but it man is quite as good as a dead white man

is liberal, and the grapes are very fine. for every purpose of anatomical inquiry

We are glad to learn that many of our -has the same bones and sinews-the

citizens evidenced their satisfaction at same veins and arteries-has the self-same

this agricultural enterprise, by purchasing sort of vital fluid-and (perhaps) all but

liberally of Mr. Garrett, who, we trust, the same sort of-heart. Death is, in.

will fully and profitably succeed in rendeed, a great teacher- a mighty leveller

dering his vineyard valuable. of distinctions !

Patrick Henry left in his will the fol. English and American Newspapers.- lowing testimony in favour of the ChrisAt a meeting lately held by the London

tian religion. “I have now disposed of Literary and Scientific Institution, on the

all my property to my family; there is subject of the restrictions on the British

one thing more I wish I could give them, Press, it was stated in debate that in

and that is the Christian religion. If they America, where newspapers are not tax

had that, and I had given them nothing, ed, 1,555,416 advertisements were insert.

they would be rich; and without it, if I ed in eight newspapers in New York,

had given them all the world, they would where 400 English and Irish papers con

be poor.tained, in the same space of time, only Parasitick Plant.-There is found 1,105,000—that the twelve New York growing upon, and firmly united to the daily papers contain more advertisements roots of the black oak, in this vicinity, a than all the newspapers of England and plant, which we are not aware of having Ireland—that the numbers issued annual. seen particularly described by any Amely in America is 10,000,000, while in Great rican botanist. This plant attains the Britain it is less than one-tenth of that height of about six inches, and the thicknumber. Advertisements which in Eng ness of from half to three quarters of an land cost $17, are inserted in America inch, without leaves, the stalk thickly set for about $1.50; and an article which with seed vessels, which are two valved, costs annually for advertising in the Uni- and many seeded, much resembling in

the growth the beech drops, (Monotro. tor of the Connecticut Mirror, in that city, pa lanuginosa) but larger, and without observes: "Besides a vast many objects branches, the colour a pearly white, in- of curiosity and interest, a Solar Microsclining to yellow. It corresponds in cope, which magnifies a million and a half many of its characteristicks, with the times, has been added to the attractions Orobanche of England, but is different in of the Museum.-By its power, the smallmany respects; but we are disposed to est possible mite is made to assume the consider it one of the same family of appearance of formidable animal-the plants. It is one of the most interesting finest Flanders lace seems woven of trunks of all the parasitick plants. When exa- of moderately sized trees, with the bark mined it will be found to have united to on-a pigmite upon the most delicate the root by a granular process, causing an needle, "looks like a rat running up a enlargement not unlike the place where sign post”-and as for the minute ani. a scion is united to the stock, and may malculæ in vinegar or water, they appear fairly be considered a piece of natural as reptiles of a foot and a half in length, grafting.

and suggest to the visiter, as he marks The root of the oak will be found on their magnified circumgyrations, the idea examination to be sound and healthy, of immediate self-defence." even to the very point of union. This

The Month of July shines conspicuous parasitick plant does not appear to be in the Annals of Liberty. On the 26th furnished with any roots of its own, and July, 1581, was issued the Edict of the evidently receives its nourishment from Confederates of the Low Countries, by the root of the oak, which ending with which they renounced obedience to Phi. the plant gives it a very singular appear. lip Il. On the 11th of July, 1690, was ance. This would seem an exception to the battle of the Boyne, where James the the general rule " that plants do not take 2d was defeated, and lost forever the upon each other by grafting, unless they throne

of England. On the 4th of July, belong to the same class and order." Should this come under the observation clared their independence. On the 14th

1776, the United States of America de. of any Professor of Botany, who is ac

July, 1789, the Bastile was taken-and on quainted with this plant, we should be the 27th, 28th, and 29th of July, the Paris happy to receive and publish his observa

Revolution took place, which expelled tions upon it.-Genesee Farmer.

Charles the Tenth from the throne of 1 Solar Microscope.—Speaking of the France.-N. Y. Standard. Hartford (Connecticut) Museum, the edi.

Heligious Intelligence.



improbable that if circumstances be ena

couraging, he may afterwards visit some We are indebted to a friend in the last accounts it seems the Catholicks

parts of South America, Mexico, &c. By Philadelphia, for the following ex are about to prepare an edition of the tract of a letter to him, from a scriptures, as the people are becoming member of the Committee of the clamorous for a supply. The translation British and Foreign Bible Society, Mexican dialect, and it is in a state of for.

of St. Luke's Gospel is completed in the. dated 15th July, 1831. The infor- wardness in one or two other of the native mation it contains will prove highly dialects ; so that we are encouraged to gratifying, to those who take a believe the work will not be permitted to lively interest in the wide diffusion stand still. A measure has been lately of the Holy Scriptures.

adopted to promote the circulation in the

Indian Archipelago, in Siam, and the

countries adjoining, through the instru. “ You will be pleased to hear that it is mentality of Mr. Tomlin, who has already in contemplation, by the British and Fo- effected much in this way, combining reign Bible Society, soon to send out Mr. prudence with energy in his transactions. Jas. Thompson, their indefatigable agent, Dr. Pinkerton's establishment at Frank. to visit the different West India Islands, to fort appears so far to enjoy the smiles of promote the circulation of the scriptures divine providence, and promises to be ex. amongst the inhabitants, particularly the tensively useful in opening wider fields blacks and people of colour, and it is not for circulation in destitute parts of the

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European continent, as well amongst Pro. Indeed, in all the districts and villages in
testants as Catholics. In France there which the gospel has been statedly
has been a considerable demand for the preached to the natives, they have uni.
New Testament, amongst persons emi. formly endeavoured to establish schools
grating to Algiers, who have been sup- for the benefit of the native children, of
plied at very low prices. The subject al. whom several hundred, including both
luded to in my last has given rise to many sexes, have been usually under Christian
able defences of the original Constitution instruction. The distribution of the
of the Bible Society, and its friends feel Scriptures and tracts has been carried on
firm on the question: the association of to a wide extent, and there is reason to
opponents have not yet agreed on a long believe with good effeet; especially as
expected address in support of their tending to diminish the veneration of the
views, and it is understood find it difficult Hindoos for their own religious system,
to be of one accord.”

and promoting a spirit of inquiry among
themselves, as to the respective claims of
that system and Christianity.

It would require a volume to detail

and explain the numerous ways in which
(Concluded from p. 492.)

missionary operations have exerted a be.

neficial influence on the general state of In June, 1829, after twelve years' ap society, both European and native, in parently unproductive labour, a native this and other parts of the East Indies; church was at length formed in Calcutta suffice it to observe that, independently itself, composed of eight members. In of the direct personal benefit conferred 1829–30, that number was increased to by imparting the knowledge of Chris. sixteen, and subsequently it has advanced tianity to individuals, there can be no to twenty-four.

doubt that these operations have contriThe following is a statement of the buted to give a highly salutary impulse number of native converts baptized, and to the minds of the inhabitants-quickenwho have been united to the native ing the mental faculties-awakening rechurches at Calcutta and Kidderpore, in Aection.-stimulating inquiry_directing connexion with the society.

the attention to the acquisition and cir

culation of useful knowledge and the 1823


promotion of beneficial objects. Many 1823–24


important facts in the recent history of 1824-25


the East Indies, corroborative of the truth 1825—26

of this remark, which, however, we can. 1826–27


not here particularize, will, we doubt not, 1827-28


at once occur to the recollection of our 1828–29


readers. On the present occasion we 1829-30


shall content ourselves by giving the fol. 1830-31


lowing brief extract, relating exclusively
- 91

to the native population at Calcutta, taken
from a communication lately received

from our brethren in that city, dated 15th


November, 1830. a 1829-30


“The state of things in Calcutta is 1830–31


more promising than on any former oc24

casion. Nineteen or twenty societies for 115*

mental improvement have been establishWhile the labours of the missionaries ed in the Native Town, by the natives in preaching the Gospel have been con. themselves. Others meet once or twice tinued with diligence, the education of a week, discuss various subjects connectthe native children has engaged a large ed with Moral Philosophy, the customs of share of their attention. Several chil. their own nation, &c." The brethren dren and young persons who were bap- add, “ many respectable natives have protized with their parents on the above- fessed their belief of the truth of the mentioned occasion, had been previously, Christian system.” or were afterwards, placed, as their age At an early period of the mission, a somight be, under Christian tuition-and, ciety in aid of it was established, called

the “ Bengal Auxiliary Missionary So• This number includes the native con- ciety,” which has rendered very effective verts baptized at Rammal-choke, Gun- assistance, while the members composing gree, Kristnapore, and Taroleab; some it have been uniformly distinguished by of whom having joined the church at their Christian liberality and zeal. The Calcutta, and some that at Kidderpore. mission has also received considerable as.


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