תמונות בעמוד

weak, half-thinking mortals, be asserting in the middle of his reawiser than God? Hath he publish- soning upon the point, " Do we then ed it, and shall we throw a veil over make void the law through faith? it, to remedy the rashness of his God forbid : yea, we establish the proceeding? Do the Scriptures re- law."* veal, and are we backward to “tes In the prosecution of this subject, tify the gospel of the grace of God P” it will be necessary, first, in a few All the works of God are capable words, to state that doctrine against of being abused; that this may be which the objection is made. It so likewise the apostle supposes. may be delivered in Scripture lanIt is, however, not the less useful guage thus, “ That all have signed, or important; only let us endea- and come short of the glory of God. vour to vindicate it from the false - That every mouth must be stopcharge of favouring or encouraging ped, and all the world become guillicentiousness of life. This I would ty before God. Therefore by the willingly do in such a manner, as to deeds of the law, there shall be no assert while I defend it; to main- flesh justified in his sight.-But we tain the doctrine itself, while I show are justified freely by his grace, not only its innocence, but its use. through the redemption that is in fulness in practice.

Christ Jesus. Whom God has set The words of the inspired apos- forth as a propitiation, through tle are, “God forbid, how shall we faith in his blood, to declare his that are dead to sin, live any longer righteousness, for the remission of therein ?" In which he affirms, sins that are past, through the forthat the grace of God abounding in bearance of God.- Where is boastthe gospel, is so far from being an ing then? It is excluded. By what encouragement to sin, that it de- law? of works? Nay, but by the stroys the power of sin, and re law of faith.-Therefore we conmoves the inclination to it, so far clude, that a man is justified by as it prevails. The language is faith without the deeds of the law. very strong, “We that are dead to Moreover, the law entered, that the sin.”—It seems to put us in mind offence might abound; but where of the total effectual breach of rela- sin abounded, grace did much more tion between a dead man, and the abound; that as sin hath reigued objects with which he was formerly unto death, even so might grace connected in life: they are nothing reign through righteousness unto to him, nor he to them; he neither eternal life, by Jesus Christ our loves them, needs them, nor uses Lord." them. So in proportion as the The doctrine asserted in the grace of God offered through Christ above and other passages of Scripin the gospel is received and ap- ture may be thus paraphrased: that plied, sin is mortified in the heart; every intelligent creature is under thus says the apostle elsewhere, an unchangeable and unalienable “God forbid that I should glory, obligation, perfectly to obey the save in the cross of our Lord Jesus whole law of God: that all men Christ, by which the world is cru- proceeding from Adam by ordinary cified unto me, and I unto the generation, are the children of polworld."* This, which is indeed the luted parents, alienated in heart language of the Scripture through- from God, transgressors of his holy out, is not merely denying the ac- law, inexcusable in this transgrescusation, but establishing the con- sion, and therefore exposed to the trary truth, the influence of this dreadful consequences of his disdoctrine upon purity of heart and pleasure; that it was not agreeable life, which we find the apostle also to the dictates of his wisdom, holi• Gal. vi. 14.

• Rom. ii. 31.


ness and justice, to forgive their ness are not awakened, but strengthsins without an atonement or satis- ened and confirmed. For this purfaction: and therefore he raised up pose be pleased to attend to the folfor them a Saviour, Jesus Christ, lowing observations; in all of which who, as the second Adam, perfectly I desire it may be remembered, fulfilled the whole law, and offered even where not expressly mentionhimself up a sacrifice upon the ed, an opposition is intended becross in tweir stead: that this his tween the principles and views of a righteousness is imputed to them, believer in Christ, who rests his as the sole foundation of their jus- hope on his imputed righteousness, tification in the sight of a holy God, and those who act on any contrary and their reception into his favour: principle. that the means of their being inter

(To be continued.) ested in this salvation, is a deep humiliation of mind, confession of From the Christian Observer of June lasl. guilt and wretchedness, denial of themselves, and acceptance of par

God is faithful, who will not suffer you to don and peace through Christ Jesus, be tempted above that ye are able, but which they neither have contri will with the temptation also make a way buted to the procuring, nor can con to escape, that ye may be able to bear it."

1 Cor. x. 13. tribute to the continuance of, by their own merit; but expect the Oh! words of great and gracious power! renovation of their natures, to be

Blest safeguard in temptation's hour!

When all my feeble hopes depart, inclined and enabled to keep the This promise cheers my drooping heart. commandments of God as the work My steps may err, my courage fail, of the Spirit, and a part of the pur

And worldly lures my strength assail; chase of their Redeemer.*

Yet still it tells me, that the snare This short account of the doc- Shall not be more than I can bear. trine of the imputation of Christ's

Oft, when I feel disturbing doubt, righteousness will be further illus- Oft, when I mourn corroding sin,

Caus'd by a treacherous world without; trated and explained in the pro Deep in a guilty heart within; gress of this discourse, intended to Though hard the conflict to sustain, show, that in those who do cordially

Let me not tremble, or complain ; embrace it, the obligations to holí.

For that blest thought relieves my care,

It is not more than I can bear. • The intelligent reader will probably

When Pleasure's gay and glittering way

Invites my heedless feet to stray ; perceive, that I have expressed the above doctrine in such general terms, as not dis

When Passion's stormy waves molest tinctly to take a part in the differences

My aching heart and troubled breast; that are to be found among some authors, Temptations in each varied guise ;

When hourly round my path arise as to the way of explaining it, and partj. cularly as to the nature of faith. "The

What were my anguish, my lespair

To find them more than I can bear? reason of my doing so is, that I would willingly rather reconcile than widen Yet more they would be, blessed Lord, these differences; and because it is my

But for thy strength, thy arm, thy word; firm persuasion, that however some think

Yes ?tis thy hand supports my form it justest, or wisest, or safest, to express

Amid the sunshine or the storm: themselves one way, and some another, Thy voice, when sin and strife control, yet all who have a deep and real convic. Still whispers comfort to my soul : tion, that they are by nature in a lost Kneeling before thy throne in prayer, state, and under the wrath of God, and

I learn to trust, submit, and bear. that there is no salvation in any other but Away, then, vain and coward tears! in Christ, are, if they understood one Away, distrustful, impious fears! another, at bottom, or at least in all things Let me not rashly dare to say, any way material, entirely of the same That I am doom'd the tempter's prey. opinion. Accordingly the reader will, I Although awhile I own his art, hope, find that the reasoning in the fol. Though frail, though weak my rebel heart, lowing pages may easily be applied by The Lord that feeble heart will spare, them all without exception.

Nor try it more than it can bear. Vol. IX.- Ch. Adv.

3 U

Then deign, Almighty Guardian, still But grant that, in temptation's day,
The word of promise to fulfil;

I still may meekly, humbly say,
I would not crave release from strife “Thanks to my heavenly Father's care,
Or absence from the snares of life,

I feel not more than I can bear."

M. A.


together and read. I had now some SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF REV. JACOB

appearance of religion, and, as I GREEN, A. M.

supposed, carefully attended to its (Continued from page 468.)*

duties; and by degrees I obtained Soon after I began to learn Latin, more and more a hope that I might about two months after my dream, obtain mercy, and that my sin was I joined a society of religious young not unpardonable: but yet, at times, men, who met once a week to pray I had such views of my former sins,

and of my dream, as would almost A note appears at the close of that overwhelm me, and sink me into part of the narrative that was given in our last number, which is as follows. viz. 1739, in company with the mi

despair. The summer following, “ Thus far I wrote my life before I was inoculated for the small pox. But now

nister in whose house I lived, and being inoculated, and uncertain whether who taught me Latin, our converI shall live to write any more, I here ob. sation for once (for it was not comserve, that from the time of my dream, mon) turned a little upon religion ; till I went to college, in 1740, I had the form of religion, but knew nothing really by which he perceived I had some of the thing; but the first year that I was serious thoughts. The next Saturat college I met with something remark. day he came into my room, and able; and if I know any thing of true re. told me I must be prepared, for the ligion (as I hope I do) ihen I suppose was

next day he should propound me to the beginning of il- Whether I shall live to write the account I know not. This join with the church, as he perobservation I write the 27th day of Feb- ceived by conversing with me of ruary, 1777-I have for several years bad late, that I had thoughts of relisome thoughts of writing a skeich of my gion; and without saying more he life, but never made any attempt till left me. since I was sick last fill. All that pre: I hari no thoughts of joining the

I was thunder struck, for cedes this I have written within a few weeks this winter.” Under the above, church, as I did not conceive myin another note, he adds~" I shall let the above note stand, and proceed in my nar. ed, produced by the ravages of that rative; which I do May 1st, 1777, afier frigbttul malady, now so happily disarmed recovering from the small pox and other of its terrors by the fortunate discovery of weakness."

vaccination. The troops were distributed We shall here briefly state that in the in the dwellings of the inhabitants, and winter of 1776-1777, after the memorable the surgeons of the army inoculated both military maneuvres and battles of Tren. soldier's and citizens—the citizens without ton and Princeton, on which the success charge. The family of the writer's fa. of our revolutionary struggle apparently ther consisted of nine individuals; and as turned, General Washington cantoned his well as can be recollected, fourteen offi. whole army, not a large one, in Morris cers and soldiers were quartered in the county. The mall pox bad broken out same dwelling. All were inoculared among the troops, and prored exceed together, and all had the disease in a very ingly fatal --The church in which the sub- favourable manner. Indeed the disease ject of this sketch statedly preached was by inoculation was so light, that there used as an hospital, for those who had was probably not a day in which the army taken the disease in the natural way; and could not have marched against the cne. the present writer can never forget the my, if it had been necessary; but it pro. appalling scenes which he there witnesse videntally was not necessary.

self to be at all qualified for it. I Whitefield made his first visit to did not know what to do, but being New England, and preached at young and inconsiderate, I complied Cambridge, among other places. with his proposal, and was taken I heard him with wonder and afinto the church. But I had no sa- fection, and approved highly of his tisfaction in coming to the Lord's preaching and conduct: and when table from time to time; as might he went to the south I followed him well be the case, for I was a sad in September, 1740, attending his instance of the minister's careless- sermons, till he came to Leicester, ness in admitting members to his where I left him and went to see church, and of my own presump- my mother at Killingly- This prov. tion in consenting to his proposal. ed to be the last time that I ever My thoughts and exercises about saw her, for she died in the Decemreligion were indeed considerable, ber following. and eternal things had weight; but From Killingly I returned to colI knew i was not right, yet had a lege, where religion was certainly self-righteous hope, that by prayer at a very low ebb. There were and other means I should by de- about ten or a dozen scholars begrees get into a good state. My ex- longing to the college, who had ercises for a time were chiefly about formed a religious society and met my dream, and the sin that had occa once a week for religious exercises. sioned it being unpardonable, &c. To this society Ijoined myself; but But at length the weight seemed in so contemptible and persecuted a measure to go off'; and my thoughts were religion and religious persons, turned upon the sins of disobedi- that we dared not sing in our worence to my parents in my child- ship, por more than one or two go hood, as also some instances of ly- to, or return together, from the place ing when I was quite young. My where we met, lest our meeting mind was much exercised about should be discovered, and we not these things, and I bore them in only ridiculed but disturbed in our mind in prayer for several months, worship. But in less than six and then the burden seemed to go months religious affairs took a very off, and I hoped God had pardoned differen' turn: For in January, me.

1741, Mr. Gilbert Tennent came After this I was much exercised to Cambridge, in his preaching tour to know what repentance and faith through New England. The Spirit were. I read books on these sub- of God seemed to be mightily opejects, but after all I feared I did not rating, and Mr. Tennent's preachknow what they were; and the ing to be much blessed–This was truth was, I was as blind as a stone, what many called The new light for I knew not the things of the time. Religion seemed for some Spirit of God. But I was self-righ- time to get the upper hand, and teous, and by degrees I seemed to to bear all before it: And as I get considerable satisfaction about date my religion, if I have any, repentance and faith. Thus was I from this time, I shall endeavour exercised, and thus I went to col- to give some account of what I met lege, at Cambridge, in New Eng. with. land, in the summer of the year In order to this I must observe 1740.

that I had previously, some how or other, obtained a hope of my good

estate, and a hope much stronger Of my religious exercises and other than I imagined it to be before it circumstances, while I was at col- was tried and shaken. I often conlege.

demned myself, and considered my Soon after I entered college Mr. religious attainments as very im


perfect, but it seems I had a hope a little recovery, things came hardthat I was in a way that would end er and harder, and my hope shook well. I was a church member; I more and more-Thought I with was approved of by good people; myself, “ I cannot give up all hope" the religious societies seemed glad at which instant Mr. Tennent at my joining them; I approved of said, “Some of you may try to Mr. 'Whitefield and the most zea. maintain your old hope, though it lous sort of people; and my mother shakes and has no foundation, and had lately expressed her satisfac- you will flatter and deceive yourtion as to my religion. Such things selves; but your hope must come form a strong foundation for a self- down. I know (said he) it will be righteous person, and a false hope: like rending soul and body asunder, And though I had at times very se. but down it must come, or you must vere gripes of conscience about the go to hell with it.” The working unpardonable sin, yet in a short of my thoughts was just according time I got over them, and resumed to his preaching. I tried as long my hope. This was my situation as possible to keep my hopewhen Mr. Tennent caine to Cam- thought it would be dreadful to have bridge, which was on a Saturday, I no hope of my good estate, and nothink January 24th, 1740—on the thing to depend upon to keep me evening of which day he went into from going to hell. But in vain the college hall and preached his was my endeavour to keep my forfirst sermon there. The next day mer hope I was obliged to give it he preached three times in the house up, though it was, as Mr. Tennent of publick worship, at Cambridge. said, like giving up the ghost, or On the Saturday evening of his ar. rending soul and body asunder-I rival, it was reported in college was divested of all hope of being that another famous preacher, near- in a good state: And moreover saw ly or quite equal to Mr. White- myself

, more than I had ever done field, had arrived, and was about before-saw myself fit for hell. to preach in the hall. I had never The sinfulness of my heart and pabefore heard of Mr. Tennent, but ture appeared infinitely more dreadat the ringing of the bell I ran with ful than ever it had done before. I others to the place of worship, with had a new and dreadful sense of a light and cheerful heart, little my wickedness, and of God's holithinking what would be to me the ness and justice-especially of his consequence.

justice and equity in damning sinMr. Tennent came into the hall ners for their sins; and I saw and prayed—“There is nothing in myself altogether defiled. These this man—thought I with myself, views began to open wonderfully worth making a noise about in the before the sermon was finished. country;" and so I continued to When it was over, I left the ball, think for a little while in the fore and as soon as possible retired at part of his sermon, which was quite some distance to a solitary place, moderate. But before long, I ceased where I might pour out my soul thinking of the character of the with freedom. There I spent near preacher--I could attend to nothing an hour, though the weather was but my own case. Mr. Tenrent very cold. But the cold affected was preaching on a false hope; and me not-my exercises kept me trying his hearers to see if their warm. While in this retirement, I hope would stand the test. I tried heard a man (about one or two hun. for a while to agree with him, and dred yards from me, in a still more to maintain my hope; but at length retired part of the fields) crying, the battering was too severe, and groaning and praying aloud, in bitmy hope began to shake; and after terness of soul. I heard little of

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