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I have endeavoured in the pre- gospel have been often darkened ceding pages to show, that a disco and perplexed; particularly those very of the nature and glory of relating to the priority, or right of God, and of the infinite evil of sin, precedency, so to speak, between is absolutely necessary, in order to faith and repentance. Some make our either understanding or relish- repentance, that is, as they explain ing the doctrine of the cross. What it, sorrow for sin, ious resoluis this then, but a change begun? tions of forsaking it, and begun reMust not the dominion of sin in formation, the joint grounds
of our every such person have received a acceptance, with the merit of a mortal blow? Doth any thing more Saviour. These, with great plausidirectly tend to holiness, than to bility, state the matter thus: That see the power and glory of a holy our sincerity is accepted through God, and how “evil and bitter a the satisfaction of Christ, instead thing” it is to depart from him? of that perfect obedience to which On the other hand, is it not neces we cannot now attain; and, when sary to complete the change, that taken in a certain light, this asserthere be a sense of reconciliation tion is undoubtedly true. Others, and peace? "Can two walk to discerning the falsehood that may gether except they be agreed P” lurk under this representation, and Can any person live in the love and fearing the consequences of every service of God, while he conceives self-righteous plan, are tempted to him to be his enemy, and supposes go to the opposite extreme. That himself still the object of his wrath they might show salvation to be and displeasure? But supposing wholly of grace, some have even this reconciliation obtained, let me presumed to use this harsh and unboldly ask, What motive to holi- scriptural expression, that it is not ness in all manner of conversation, necessary to forsake sin in order to equal to the force of redeeming come to Christ. I could show a love? Judge, 0 Christian, will any sense in which this also is true, cold reasoning on the nature and even as it is not necessasy to forbeauty of virtue have such an effect sake your disease, in order to apply in mortifying corruptions, as a be- to the physician. But if it is not lieving view of a pierced Saviour? necessary to forsake it, I am sure Where shall we find so faithful, so it is necessary, in both cases, to active, so cheerful a servant of God, hate it, and desire deliverance as one who joins with the apostle from it. Paul in saying,
“ I am crucified This difficulty will be easily with Christ: nevertheless I live; solved from what has been said in yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: the preceding parts of this treatise, and the life which I now live in the and we may learn to preserve the flesh, I live by the faith of the Son truth, without exposing it to the of God, who loved me, and gave scorn or resentment of its enemies. himself for me."* Faith in Christ The reader may observe, then, that Jesus never can take place in any none can see the form or comeliheart, unless there has been an in- ness of a Saviour standing in the ternal work of the Spirit of God room of sinners, and purchasing testifying of him; and there is no forgiveness from a holy God, till effectual principle of new obedience, the glory of this God is discovered, but faith which worketh by love. till the guilt of sin lays hold of the
2. What has been said above, conscience, and its power is both will serve to explain some contro- felt and lamented. This may, perversies with which the truths of the haps be called repentance, and I
believe it is called so sometimes in * Gal, ii. 20.
the holy scriptures, particularly in
the following passage: “Repent the reconciliation of a sinner to ye, therefore, and be converted, God must be through the blood of that your sins may be blotted out, the atonement: “For other founwhen the times of refreshing shall dation can no man lay, than that is come from the presence of the laid, which is Jesus Christ.”* If Lord.”* But the sinner does not any man hold by, and build upon, so properly forsake sin in order to this great foundation, he shall be come to Christ, as he flies to him finally accepted, though many things for deliverance from its condemn- may be found in him justly blameing guilt and enslaving power. He worthy. Nor is it easy, indeed, to is so far from coming to God with say what degree of error and misa gift in his hand, even of his own apprehension concerning these prayers and penitential tears, that truths themselves, may be consisthis convictions continue to follow ent with abiding by the substance. bim, if I may speak so, through But certainly all who directly and every lurking place, till he is en- openly oppose them, may be said tirely subjected, till he is stript “to bring in damnable heresies, naked and bare, and deprived of even denying the Lord that bought every shadow of excuse. Then it them, and to bring upon themselves is that salvation through a despised swift destruction.”+ crucified Saviour becomes unspeak This may teach us, what judg. ably amiable in all its parts, sin ment Christians ought to form of becomes more perfectly hateful, the many parties and factions which and an assured prospect is obtain- divide the visible church. There ed of its immediate mortification, may be smaller differences, which and in due time, of its entire and keep them asunder on earth, while, complete destruction. Thus faith in faith and in love to an unseen and repentance are involved in one Saviour, they are perfectly united. another; they produce, and are We are told that God shall gather produced by one another. They his elect from the four winds, may be treated of distinctly, but and that “ many shall come from they cannot exist separately. So the east and west, and shall sit that whenever either of them is down with Abraham, and Isaac, found alone, or stands independent and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaof the other, that very thing is a ven.”I I always think with much sufficient evidence that it is false pleasure on the perfect union of and spurious.
this great and general assembly of 3. From what has been said on the church of the first born. Then, this subject, we may be enabled to all other distinctions, all other dejudge what are the fundamental signations, shall be abolished, and and essential doctrines of the gos- those shall make one pure and unpel, to which all others are but mixed society, who have received subordinate and subservient. Re- “a white stone and a new name,” generation, or the New Birth, we and “whose names are written in are warranted to say, after the ex- the Lamb's book of life.” The ample of our Saviour, is absolutely prospect of this should keep us necessary to salvation: “Excepta from immoderate resentment, at man be born again, he cannot see present, against any of whom we the kingdom of God.” If any man, have reason to think that they therefore, depart from this truth, hold the foundation, are acquainthe makes shipwreck of the faith, ed with real and practical religion, and will at last be found to fight or have had experience of a saving against God. It is also plain, that change.
• 1 Cor. ii. 11. † 2 Pet. ii. 1. • Acts iii, 19.
# Matt, viii, 11.
HYMN FROM THE FRENCH.
No man, indeed, can deny it to tant of all distinctions, that of saints be just, that every one should en-, and sinners. deavour to support that plan of the
(To be continued.) discipline and government of the church of Christ, and even the minutest parts of it, which appear to him to be founded upon the word of God. But still sound doctrine from the Evangelical Magazine for May. is more to be esteemed than any Cloth'd with thy Son, Thou glorious Maform. Still we ought to consider
jesty, the excellence of every particular A wretched sinner at thy feet U lie! form, as consisting in its fitness to T'avenge my guilt, should justice raise
the rod, promote or preserve the knowledge
It first must strike my Saviour, and my of the truth, and to carry on a
God. work of illumination, conviction, I do not plead, to gain thy clemency, and conversion, to the saving of the Ido not plead, to gain thy clemency, soul. Would any Christian show No: from the hateful sinner turn thine that he is of a truly catholick dis eyes, position, let him discover a greater Look on thy dying Son, accept his sa
crifice. attachment to those even of different denominations, who seem to In Him,-in Him alone, I put my trust, bear the image of God, than to pro- But, hateful as I am, and self-abhor'd,
My all is sin and mis'ry, guilt and dust; fane persons, be their apparent or
Receive, accept me, in my sinless Lord. pretended principles what they
B. H. S. will. Let us pay some regard to
The original of the above may be found other distinctions, but still the in a French collection of hymns, published greatest regard to the most impor- at Basle about the year 1814.
MEMOIR OF CAPTAIN BENJAMIN
and the character of his religious exercises, through the whole of this
period, were very much the same as (Concluded from page 254.)
those which have already been exCaptain Wickes continued in hibited—often, and even generally, the command of merchant vessels clouded by a greater or less degree for several years after the occur of melancholy, with a few bright, rence last recited. His voyages but short seasons, when hope beamwere mostly made to the East In- ed on his soul; and one or two, in dies, sometimes by the way of Eu- which, as we have heretofore rerope, and sometimes by a direct marked, hope rose to confidence, course from Philadelphia-His last and was even productive of ecstasy. voyage was to Canton. From nu In June, 1807, the subject of our merous letters to his friends, which memoir lost the wife of his youth. have been put into the hands of the She was the mother of eleven chil. writer, some interesting incidents dren, only three of whom, as almight be selected; but they are ready stated, survived their father. chiefly such as not unfrequently Three years after, June 1810, he occur in a sea-faring life, and our was again happily married to her,
requires that our memoir whom he has left, with one child, should be summary and brief. The a daughter, to mourn his loss, and to state of Captain Wickes' mind, be conforted by the remembrance
of his example and his prayers, and which he did not possess; and few by the joyful hope of meeting him indeed have ever manifested more where sorrow and sighing shall for- lowliness of mind. He was even
On his second mar. reluctant-unfeignedly reluctant riage, he took a final leave of a sea to receive the marks of honourable faring life. Through the recom- notice, and of high and affectionate mendation of numerous friends, he regard, which were frequently tensoon after obtained the appointment dered him; especially when he was of Clerk of the Navy Yard, in Phi. employed in carrying missionaries ladelphia; and in this office, as in to their stations, and in providing every other trust that he held for their comfort. He was, in every through life, his diligence was un- part of his character, "an Israelite wearied, and his fidelity exemplary. indeed, in whom there was While his strength lasted, he was guile.” In all his statements, no. ready, by night or by day, to per- thing was to be looked for but the form any service that his station simplicity of truth-no exaggeration could be thought to require, and to and no disguise. His word was many such services he was called. the same as his oath: and the offer The infirmities of age, however, of the world, as a reward for any gradually crept upon him; so that departure from strict integrity, he about three years before his death, would have rejected with instant he voluntarily resigned his office, abhorrence. We have before us and spent the remainder of his days the copy of a letter which he wrote in retirement. It is believed by to a merchant, who had engaged the writer, that the entire want of him to command a vessel destined some stated occupation, after having to a port in which he discovered, led so active a life as his had been, after he had negotiated for the had a tendency to increase that command, that some evasion of the constitutional gloom, under which measures there adopted to secure he had so long and so severely suf- revenue, might be expected from fered. Some intervals of spiritual him. His letter concludes thuscomfort, however, he experienced, "If in the prosecution of this voywhile his decaying strength, both of age, there is a chance of any cirbody and of mind, indicated his cumstances happening that a strict approaching dissolution. Without adherence to truth would endanger any marked disease, he gradually your property, do not entrust me became more and more feeble; with it; for was it my own, I would was first confined to his house, and not hesitate a moment to save it. then to his bed, till at length, ex
I have taken this method to express hausted nature could no longer my mind about this business, that sustain the vital functions, and he you might at once determine sunk into the arms of death, with whether I should proceed farther out a struggle or a pang, on the in it.” The result was, that he 17th of October, 1830, in the 84th lost the voyage, but saved his conyear
science. What a changed world In closing this memoir, it may be would be that which we see, if all useful to bring together some of the who inhabit it were like minded most prominent features in the with Capt. Wickes! There would character of Captain Wickes, and be no gibbets, or jails, or law suits, to accompany them with a few re or controversies about property, marks.
nor any need of nine-tenths of the 1. He was a man of great humi- Jaws which are now required to lity, simplicity, sincerity, and in- secure justice and equity. And tegrity. Never was a man more such would be the actual change, if free from all affectation of qualities genuine Christianity governed the Vol. IX.-Ch. Adt.
of his age.
hearts and lives of all men :-it is had occasion to remark, that with. something like this change which him the fear of Gud seemed to have we believe will be realized in the swallowed up every other fear. Millennial age.
This was truly the case; but in ad2. The subject of this memoir dition to what was a matter of prin: possessed, in an eminent degree, a ciple, he appears to have been conkind, benevolent, charitable, and stitutionally courageous and devoid liberal disposition. His kindness of fear. We have not inserted was manifested, not only in every among the incidents of his life, an domestick relation which he sus extended account of a command tained, but in his treatment of which was given him by the masters every human being. If in the ar of a little fleet of merchantmen, dour of feeling-for his feelings for their common defence against and passions were ardent--he an array of piratical cruisers in the thought he had spoken or acted Chinese seas; and of the prudence, amiss, a speedy and frank acknow- bravery, and success, with which ledgment was sure to follow. To he conducted the measures taken relieve distress was his delight; for their protection and defence. and he did it to the extent of his On that, and on all other occasions, means, and indeed beyond what when a cool fortitude in danger many would have considered as was requisite in the discharge of his prudent and proper. The writer duty, he never failed to exhibit it. is forbidden to verify this remark, He was equally remarkable for a by a specification of facts, which steadfast and persevering pursuit have come to his knowledge. While of any important object which he unwavering, as we shall presently sought to attain. He could not be see that he was, in his attachment diverted from it by difficulties, to the doctrines and order of the dangers, or discouragements, to church to which he belonged, he which the most of men would have was, notwithstanding, no bigot. He yielded and given up their efforts. was cordially attached to all with- This might seem to be inconsistent out distinction, who, he believed, with that habitual timidity and those were the real children of God, and frequent fluctuations in regard to desirous to promote his cause. He his spiritual state, of which so much could freely converse and commune appears in this memoir. But it was with them as brethren; and was not so.
He trembled before his careful to avoid every thing that God, but before none of his creawas calculated to disturb their feel- tures. He sunk down into helpings. He was as earnest and ac lessness, or rather he looked only tive in promoting the Baptist mis- to his Saviour, when the realities sions, as if they had been those of of eternity were in contemplation; his own church. This is the true but he was little moved by the spirit and character of a sincere good or the ill of the present life. and consistent Christian. Firm in Nor in this was he singular. It his own opinions, and decided in will generally be found that they his preferences; but yielding cheer- who have the most lively apprehenfully to others what he claims forsions of the majesty of God, and of himself; and delighting in those the happiness or misery of what lies who bear the Redeemer's image, beyond the grave, can meet withwherever he may find them, or out shrinking perils and hardships by whatever name they may be which terrify ordinary minds, and called.
which often show that to be a blas3. Captain Wickes was a man phemer and a coward, are features of great fortitude, resolution, and of character easily united. The perseverance. We have already truth is, that a Christian's visions