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to scenes like these—when they behold millions of their own countrymen, and hundreds of millions of the distant heathen, perishing for lack of vision—they feel as if, comparatively, nothing had been done, either by themselves or others to evangelize the world. But when they compare the present with the past—when they remember that by their own limited efforts during the last year, 233 Missionaries have been secured—350 congregations and destitute districts supplied 20 or 30 new churches organized—28 houses of worship erected-300 temperance societies—250 Bible classes and 500 Sabbath schools sustained and established 18,000 children brought under the influence of religious instruction-and above all, when they remember that 30 revivals of religion have been experienced under the labors of our Missionaries, and 1500 members added from the world, to the visible church of Christ--they are greatly encouraged, and desire to be found humbly and fervently ascribing unto God alone the honor and the praise.

It is, also, to your Board a source of additional encouragement, and a subject of devout thanksgiving, that the important work of Domestic Missions has been vigorously and successfully prosecuted during the past year, by a number of sister institutions in our own and in other denominations of christians in the land. We rejoice unfeignedly in their existence and prosperity, and we sincerely bid them God-speed in all their well directed efforts to save the souls of the perishing, and to extend the spiritual kingdom of our common Lord. The field yet to be occupied is extensive-the labors of all are needed, and were the operations of every Domes. tic Missionary Society in the land to receive at once a ten-fold increase, the wants of of the destitute would still be but very partially supplied. The harvest is plenteous, but the laborers are few, and the Board would fervently unite with the Assembly, with the churches, and with all who love to pray, in importunate persevering petitions for a rapid increase of laborers and the means of their support. “Send Lord, by whom thou wilt send,” only let the gospel be preached in its simplicity and purity to all men, that the desert may rejoice and blossom like the rose, and that the kingdom and the dominion under the whole heavens may be given to the people of the saints of the Most High.

In conclusion, your Board beg leave to say, that their attention has been very particularly directed, during the past year to the Great Valley of the Mississippi. From the post of observation which they have been permitted to occupy, they have kept their eyes steadfastly fixed upon the clustering millions which are rapidly overspreading that widely extended, and inviting region of our happy country, and laying the foundations of a mighty empire, which seems to be designed, in the providence of God, at no distant period of time, to exercise a controlling influence over the moral, civil, political, and religious character and destinies of these United States. With intense and glowing interest, your Board have watched the happy movements of the American Sunday School Union, in that magnanimous attempt which they are now prosecuting with such encouraging success; and with a view of aiding more efficiently than they have done in the achievement of this noble enterprise, and of permanently securing to the people of the West, the measureless benefits of Sabbath school instruction, and all the spiritual privileges which usually follow in its train, they have receutly adopted with entire unanimity, the following resolution, viz.

Resolved, in humble reliance on Divine Providence, That the Board of Missions of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States, will use their best endeavors to supply in the course of five years every vacant Presbyterian congregation and destitute district which may be disposed to receive aid from this Board, with a faithful and devoted minister of the Gospel of Christ; and they do hereby pledge themselves to extend prompt and efficient aid to all feeble congregations throughout the valley, which shall apply to them for assistance with suitable recommendations, and also to send into this particular field, every well qualified licentiate or minister of the Gospel, who may hereafter bewilling to engage in thiswork.

It would have been highly gratifying to your Board to have specified a much shorter period of time, for the accomplishment of the object they have in view, than that which is named in the foregoing resolution, but they have been restrained in their purposes by the present distressing want of suitable Missionaries for the work. They are encouraged however to believe, that in the course of five years at farthest, when the subjects of the present glorious revivals, in our schools, açademies, and colleges, shall have had time to prepare for action, this difficulty will be removed, and the way be fully prepared for the consummation of their ardent desire and sacred purpose. It affords the Board unmingled pleasure to assure the Assembly and the churches, that measures are already in a course of preparation

for occupying the field named, to great advantage. Two large and efficient Special Corresponding Executive Committees have been appointed and organised in the West; the one at Cincinnati, as the centre of operations for the states of Ohio, Indiaria, Illinois, Missouri and the adjacent Territories; aud the other at Louisville as the centre of operations for the states of Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana. An efficient General Agent has been successfully employed for several months in connexion with the Special Committee at Cincinnati, and his services have been permanently secured, and in a very few weeks a General Agent will be engaged in the other field of operations.

The Board take great pleasure also, in assuring the Assembly, that they do not entertain the slightest apprehension, that there will be any lack of the pecuniary resources, which may be necessary, for the perfect accomplishment of the great enterprise which they have here projected. By three benevolent friends of the present Board of Missions, the sum of fifteen thousand dollars, or one thousand dollars per year each for five years, if it be required, has already been pledged to the Board for the purpose, and they have no doubt there are other members of this Board, and other friends of missions, who will cheerfully iñitate their noble example.

RESOLUTIONS OF PRESBYTERIES. Presbytery of Hudson, N. Y. It is not to be denied, that as a PresbyMr. Russell. At the last meeting of tery we have been deficient in the perthe Presbytery of Hudson, a committee formance of our duty in this great departwas appointed to suggest the order which ment of christian enterprize, and are should be adopted concerning the recom- reaping our reward in the luke-warmmendation of the Board of Missions of ness of our churches. It is they only who the General Assembly" to all their feel for the desolations of Zion, and rechurches and judicatories. The follow-joice in the privilege of building up her ing report was presented and adopted, destitute places, that receive emphatiand the undersigned appointed to request cally the fulfilment of the gracious proits publication in the Missionary Re- mise “He who watereth others shall be porter” and “New York Observer,:'

watered also himself.” Your commitBy complying with this request you will tee would therefore recommend the confer a favour on, yours truly,

adoption of the following resolutions, viz: H.M.Koontz.

1. Resolved, That as a Presbytery we

cordially approve of the objects of the In the view of your committee, the ad- "General Assembly's Board of Missions” vancement of the cause of Home Mis- as identified with the best interests of sions, in a manner so unexceptionable and our church and country, and will cheerwhich recommends itself to the atten- fally sustain its operations by our inflution of every friend of the Presbyterian ence and exertions. church and of the best interests of socie 2. Resolved, That we recommend to ty, should receive our efficient and zeal-the congregations under our care, the ous co-operation. Every effort to sustain formation of “Home Missionary Associathis cause, is a new impulse to the pro-tions” auxiliary to the "General Assemgress of truth, in opposition to the inroads bly's Board of Missions” under the direcof error, which in the Southern and tion of the particular Sessions in each;Western portions of our land threaten not interfering at the same time with the to overturn every thing that is beautiful wishes of those who prefer the "Ameriand lovely in our religious institutions, can Home Missionary Society.” as the unless the evil be speedily counteracted channel of their exertions on this subject. by the exertions of christians to cast in 3. Resolved, That Pastors employ the pure leaven of the Gospel. This is their unwearied efforts in their respecan object identified with the best politi- tive charges, to enlighten their people cal interests of our country, as furnishing concerning the alarming moral desolathe only safe and permanent foundation, |tions of our country,—the benefits which on which can rest our civil institutions, have resulted froni missionary operations, or distinguish the fate of our republic --the need of more extended and zealous from that of others, which have been efforts in this cause, and to this end enoverturned by the anarchy and confusion deavour to promote the general circulawhich have followed in the train of gen- tion of such religious publications as will erally prevailing immorality, ignorance excite christians to the cheerful perforor superstition.

mance of their duty in this matter.

A true copy;

Presbytery of Mississippi.

Whereas, this Board is responsible to NATCHEZ, April 12, 1831.

the Assembly, and through it, to all the Dear Sir, —At a meeting of the Mis- churches under its government; and sionary Society of the Mississippi Pres

Whereas, this Presbytery cordially bytery, on the 2d inst. the following res- approves of the plans and operations of olutions were adopted viz:

the Assembly's Board, in reference to Resolved, That this Society regard the wants of our own country; and with great interest, the present exertions

Whereas, “concentrated' action is of the Board of Missions of the General powerful action,' Assembly; and that we cordially unite

Therefore, resolved, unanimously, in prayers for their success.

That the Missionary Society of this Resolved, That this Society do now Presbytery be, and hereby is, dissolved, become Auxiliary to the Board of Mis- and that this Presbytery become Auxsions,

iliary to the Board of Missions of the Resolved, That the attention of the General Assembly, on the plan proposed Board of Missions be respectfully solicit- by said Board, in their last annual report, ed to the importance of reviving to some and that Rev. G. Newton, Rev. Wm. extent, the plan of itinerancy; in as much | Eagleton, and elders Wm. D. Baird, B. as we deem it necessary to meet the M'Culloch, and James C. Mitchell, be wants of many portions of the Church.

appointed an Executive Committee,' to Resolved, That the Secretary be di- correspond with the Board, and take all rected to transmit a copy of these resolu- proper measures

further and accomtions to the Corresponding Secretary of plish the objects of their appointment. the Board of Missions. Respectfully yours,


Moderator. Rev. J.T.RUSSELL, Cor. Sec'y.

J. W. Hall, and General Agent.

Sated Clerk of Shiloh Presbytery.

The following is a resolution, which Presbytery of Shiloh, Tenn.

was subsequently adopted, in reference

to the above. PRESBYTERY OF SHILOK, IN SESSION, Resolved, that this Presbytery do

April 21, 1831. earnestly recommend to all the churches Mr. Alfred Hamilton, an Agent of the under their care, to unite immediately Board of Missions of the General. As- and efficiently, in co-operation with the sembly, having appeared in Presbytery, General Assembly's Board of Missions, and requesting the privilege of laying the and that each Minister, as soon as pracplans of said Board before Presbytery, ticable, make this resolution known to

On motion, it was resolved, that he be their respective charges. heard. After which, Messrs. Hall and

Ordered, that the Stated Clerk forEagleton were appointed a Committee ward a copy of this resolution to each to report a plan of co-operation with the vacant church, not represented at this Board, for which he is an Agent. And meeting of Presbytery. after mature deliberation, the Commit

A true copy,

J. W. HALL, tee reported the following preamble and

S.C. of Shiloh Presbytery. resolutions, which were accepted and unanimously adopted.

*of this Commitree, Wm. D. Baird is Treasurer, Whereas, the signs of the times, indi and Rev. Wm. Eagleton is Secretary. cate the near approach of the latter day glory; and

Presbytery of Oxford, Ohio. Whereas, the present state of the world, our own country, and especially Oxford Presbytery in Session,

An extract from the minutes of the our own bounds and vicinity, calls loudly for devoted and unwearied efforts for

April 7, 1831. moral and religious enterprize; and Resolved, That in the opinion of this

Whereas, the Ministry of the Gospel Presbytery, the managment of missionais the special means appointed of Hea- ry concerns belongs especially to the ven for advancing the triumphs of the Church in her distinctive character, and cross; and

that as a Presbytery, we have full confiWhereas, the General Assembly, in dence in the Board of Missions of the 1828, re-organized their Board of Mis-General Assembly, and cordially apsions, with the special design, to meet, | prove of its proceedings, so far as they speedily and efficiently, the wants of the have come to our knowledge. vacant churches, and wide spread deso

Adam B, GILLILAND, lations of our own Zion; and

Stated Clerk,

Resolutions of the Presbytery of Kas- || eyes nor their hearts will be pained at kaskia,

the wickedness and oppression of men? It has become my duty to inform you, the different Seminaries, from time to

Do the young brethren, who are leaving that “the following preamble and reso. lutions were adopted by our Presbytery, time, make this bargain with their masat its first meeting at Vandalia, on the ter: If they do, or if they are disposed 5th day of March, 1831, viz:

to do so, they had better go to heaven “Whereas, the churches under the l at once; or if they wish to live a little care of this Presbytery are aided by both longer on this earth, they had better the Board of Missions of the General | But, Sir, I hope they do not, nor dare

turn their attention to something else. Assembly, and the Home Missionary | not make such a bargain. The MinisSociety, therefore, Resolved, That Messrs. Spilman, try of the Gospel has always been

a post Baldwin, and McClung, be a Commit? of labour, of fatigue, of self-denial, and tee of Missions, to correspond with both hardship, And so it must be now. "Sir, those Boards, in accordance with their be conquered. The armies of the Prince

the time has come, when the world must respective plans of operation.

And further, resolved, That Messrs. of Peace are already in the field, and the Spilman, Messenger and Sim, be'a Com: standard bearers of the camp must lead

the van, Rivers must be crossed and mittee to correspond with the Board of Education, according to the plan of that must be traversed, and the terrors of the

mountains must be scaled. Continents Board,” A true extract.

ocean braved. The enemy's country BENJ, F. SPILMAN,

must be invaded, and every fortress and Clerk piro, tem.

citadel be reduced. Hunger and thirst must be endured, heat and cold, sunshine

and storm, must be sustained; the army A strong appeal for Tennessee.

must be kept in motion by night and by The following is an extract from a let- day; the banners must be nailed to the ter of an Agent of the Board, in Ten- staff, and the magnanimous resolution, to

conquer or die, be taken by every soul, nessee:

But, (metaphor aside,) ministers of the "I was very sorry, when I looked over gospel-and especially Presbyteriansthe Reporter for April, and discovered must be men of self-denial; men who can that no appointments had been made for and will endure hardships as good solTennessee, except that of Dr. C. Such diers of Jesus Christ. To the usual liteis the state of things in Tennessee, and rary and theological acquirements of indeed in almost all the South and South- Presbyterian ministers, inust now, more western States, that every delay is so than ever, be added a disposition and demuch direct loss. I am afraid there is a termination to "glory in tribulations.”. strong prejudice in the minds of most, if Their names seem to be a bye word, and not all the young brethren, against going the drunkard's song; and if they do good, to the South, &c. owing to the slavery it must be through obloquy and reproach, which exists. It is true, slavery does through mockery, suspicion, and conexist, and to a most lamentable extent; tempt. This was their master's fare, but are souls of masters and slaves to be and they must be content with it. lost together, without any one being wil With these things they will have to ling to endure the self-denial, of preach- contend too, in Tennessee. But, notwithing in such a country? Are not the souls standing, if ministers, who would be of slaves, as valuable, in the reckoning content to “glory in tribulations" of this of eternity, as those of their masters? kind, to fare hardly and endure much faAnd will not the star in the ministerial tigue, could be sent, I have little hesitacrown of rejoicing, shine as brightly tion in saying, that in a very short time, from the salvation of a poor, black, de- they would be instrumental in greatly spised slave, as in that of the more hon- enlarging the feeble churches which now oured master? Surely, then, this ought exist, and of organizing many new ones. to be no prevailing objection in the mind Although there seems to be a very strong of any one, who desires the salvation of prejudice every where against Presbytesouls? It is true, it may be disagreeable, | rians and Presbyterian ministers, yet, as and revolting to the feelings of the heart one of the brethren in Tennessee obserto dwell in such a land, but are ministers ved, “they are like United States paper, of Jesus Christ, to choose where they | very current, and much liked where will go; or are they to go no where, but they can be obtained.” where every thing will be pleasant and But the great difficulty is, ministers agreeable; where no self-denial will have cannot be obtained in sufficient numbers, to be exercised? and where neither their || to fill, at once, the wants of Tennessee.

Vo . IX.-Ch. Adv. 2T

and other destitute sections of the Val- | not amalgamate with the influx of Ameriley. Our church government does not can population. In various instances, admit of itinerancy precisely on the same they were not regularly supplied with plan of the Methodists, yet, from looking Catholic Priests, and a good opening was at the subject, I am fully persuaded, that made of introducing the French youth something similar must be adopted in into Sunday Schools, and something of Tennessee, if the interests of our church that kind was attempted with very flatare to be sustained throughout the State. tering prospects of success. About this The Methodists deserve praise for their time, or soon after, the Jesuits came indefatigable zeal in establishing their among us, and altered the whole proscircuits so as to embrace almost eve- pect; in some of the villages they pulled ry settlement, however inaccessible, down the churches that belonged to oththroughout the whole land.

er orders, and raised new churches and I think the Executive Committees of buildings entirely their own property, Presbyteries, are well qualified to assist and by these means, they have got the the Board in so locating their missiona- entire possession; except, perhaps, the ries, that whilst they would perform al- | church in St. Louis, the priest of which most all pastoral duties, in particular con- is a Dominican or Franciscan, or some gregations, they would, at the same time, other order. Froin the time of their be sufficiently itinerant to embrace a con- coming among us, unto the present day, siderable section of country. I would, the prospect is entirely changed; they therefore, earnestly recommend to the have entirely prohibited the French Board, to send, if possible, at least three youth from attending our Sunday Schools, or four, able, devoted, and prudent men yea, they have multiplied their nunneto each of the Presbyteries in Tennessee, ries and free schools, for the purpose of west of the Cumberland mountains, to entangling our American youth in their be directed in their field of labour by the foils, and not without success; they have Executive Committees.

gained over many; they appear extremeIn this way, many vacancies can be ly anxious to educate American youth, supplied, and much good done. The especially the female part, while it is Shiloh Presbytery is anxious for some ar- evident, 'the poor French, whom they rangement of this kind, and I do most have in perfect captivity, are growing up earnestly hope it may be adopted. in ignorance and idolatry; in many in

stances, I do believe, the poor beguiled A plea for the French Catholics in Mis- enter the tomb, than go to a Protestant souri,

Sunday School. If our charity would

give them the Scriptures of Truth, we The following communication to the dare not, as we are fully persuaded, they Board, was recently received from a

would be taken from them, and destroyhighly respectable layman, in the State ed by the Priests and Nuns.

Every way of entrance to the Roman of Missouri.

population appears to be effectually shut, In the multitude of the benevolent ob- and not only so, but the Jesuits have had jects of the present day, I have often had the boldness to raise their masked battemy mind turned to the present Canadi- ries of lies within our own lines. an French population, settled in the va That these poor deceived and abused rious villages along the banks of the Mis- people might be redeemed from the powsissippi, from New Madrid to St. Charles. er of priestcraft and papal darkness, has The number of this French population cost me many a thought; and among I could not give with any degree of cor- these, the only probable one I can conrectness, but I should judge them up-ceive of, is a mission established among wards of 15,000. Say about 1000 in St. them: if a French missionary could be Charles; 500 in Portage de Sioux; in procured to labour among them, of the St. Louis near 2000; in the Illinois Bot-right stamp, directly from France, possestom, from St. Louis to Kaskaskia, about sing excellent missionary talents, and 2000; in' Carondollet and other vil || sound piety, something might, with the lages, 1000; in Cape Girardeau, St. blessing of God, be done to recover this Genevieve, and the mining country, may poor degraded remnant out of the fangs be 5000 or 6000; New Madrid, and scat- of the Beast. Surely the pious French tered about in various other little settle- would be more anxious, if they knew ments in Missouri, about 2500 more.- their true situation, to send a mission From the time that Louisiana became among them, their brethren, who speak the property of the United States, till their own language, than to the wilds of about 1820, Romanismteclined, and their | Africa, or any other pagan land. I do language was the chief reason they did l humbly hope, the various Boards of Mis

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