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*virtually provided for ten Missionaries, by a resolution to raise one thousand dollars; and another in New Jersey has provided for six Missionaries, by a resolution to raise $600 in the course of twelve months. Should liberal individuals, churches, Sabbath school teachers and Fresbyteries generally, adopt this plan and prosecute it vigorously—the Treasury of your Board would soon be filled to overflowing-and its operations would cease to be limited by want of pecuniary resources,
Corresponding Executive Committees of Presbyteries. It is highly gratifying to your Board to be able to state, that the plan submitted to the Assembly in our last annual report, for bringing the Presbyteries, through the agency of Corresponding Executive Committees, into direct and immediate connexion and co-operation with the Board in the missionary work, has been very cordially adopted by a large number of those efficient judicatories, in different parts of the country-and that the beneficial results of this system of correspondence and co-operation, have been already extensively realized and acknowledged by such Presbyteries, and by many of the feeble congregations which have been brought under their particular supervision. From nearly one half of all the Presbyteries under the care of the Assembly, the Board have received satisfactory assurances of their entire approbation of this plan of correspondence, and of their disposition to aid the operations of the Board with their prayers, their counsel, their contributions, and their personal exertions. In the appendix to this report, a number of the resolutions which have been formally adopted on this subject, by several important Synods, Presbyteries, and Sessions, will be published. It is confidently believed that many more Presbyteries will soon adopt this plan of correspondence, and the Board deem it a matter of so much importanee to keep it distinctly before the churches, that they take the liberty of introducing in this place, a short extract from their last report, defining the powers and specifying the duties of Corresponding Executive Committees.
“It is proposed that each Presbytery shall appoint annually, from their own body, an Executive Committee on' Missions, whose duty it shall be to open a regular correspondence with the Assembly's Board; to be invested with the following powers:
1. To receive, generally, applications for aid, from feeble congregations (within the bounds of the Presbytery) which have pastors, or stated supplies, and to recommend the same to the Executive Committee of the Board of Missions,
2. To devise and execute plans for raising funds in the several congregations within their bounds, which funds shall be reported to the treasurer of the Assembly's Board, and be held subject to the orders of said Board.
3. To select and recommend to the Executive Committee of the Board of Missions, missionary fields, and missionary labourers, and also, to locate such missionaries as may be sent to them by the Board for specific instructions.
4. To suggest the amount of aid which they may deem indispensably necessary to be afforded to each congregation, which they shall recommend to the attention of the Board.”
The Board would again suggest, that it is a matter of great importance, that Corresponding Executive Committees should be composed of active and efficient men—that they should be located in the immediate vicinity of each other—that the number necessary to transact business should be small-and that a due proportion of each Committee should be ruling elders.
One of the prominent duties of such Committees is to prepare and communicate to the Board, a minute and accurate statement of the number, location, ard wants of the vacant and feeble congregations, and destitute districts, within their bounds, and the amount of aid which may be deemed indispensably necessary, to each, for the permanent support of the gospel among them. The success of the Board in procuring missionaries, for distant churches especially, depends materially on the official information which they are enabled to present to those who apply to them for commissions. They would, therefore, importunately request of all the Executive Committees in correspondence with them, a prompt and special attention to this part of their official duty.
Itinerant Labours, The particular attention of your Board has repeatedly been directed, within the last year, to the importance of Itinerant Missionary labours in the more destitute
districts, and new settlements of the country. Appeals of the most solemn and affecting nature have been made to them on this subject by influential and experienced ministers and laymen in the West; and they are now fully convinced, that immediate and persevering efforts are urgently demanded of them, to extend the blessings of the gospel, to organize congregations, and establish churches, in many portions of the land which have hitherto lain waste and neglected. To effect this highly important object in a systematic and economical manner, the Board have had it in contemplation to establish, in such destitute districts, regular circuits for preaching, embracing such a number of stations
as may be visited and supplied by the missionary with frequency and regularity. By some of our agents, and by one in particular, in the state of Indiana, successful efforts have already been made to organize circuits of this description, and the way has been prepared for sustaining several itinerant labourers, at the comparatively small expense to the Board of two hundred dollars a year. It is hoped, that the attention of Corresponding Ex. ecutive Committees of Presbyteries will be particularly turned to this subject, and that more extended efforts will hereafter be made, to enlarge, in this way, the boundaries of our church, and the visible kingdom of our Divine Redeemer. With a view to the same end, it would be gratifying to the Board to employ, more frequently than they have done, for short periods of time, settled pastors, who are surrounded by destitute districts of country; who, by devoting to such districts, two or three months in the year, might be instrumental in gathering congregations, planting new churches, and introducing missionaries into fields of permanent usefuiness.
Missionary Reporter and Education Register. The second volume of this monthly publication was commenced in September last, with some alterations in the plan of the work, designed to adapt it more fully to the purposes of the Monthly Concert. About 6000 copies of the present volume are circulated monthly, and distributed throughout almost every section of the church-and your Board regard it as a valuable ruxiliary to their operations. At the close of the present volume, a farther alteration is contemplated, with a view of rendering it entirely subservient to the cause of Foreign and Domestic Missions—and efforts will be made to furnish in a more condensed form, a greater variety of missionary and religious intelligence-together with occasional original essays, and addresses for the Concert of Prayer.
Although the payınents made directly into our treasury for this work have fallen somewhat short of the expenses incurred in its publication, yet it is fully believed that the entire income has considerably exceeded the expenditures from the commencement. A great many payments for the Reporter have been made immediately to Sessional Auxiliaries, and have been included in our acknowledgments of receipts from those Auxiliaries. Many members of Auxiliaries on the 50 cent plan have been induced to become contributors of one dollar a year, instead of 50 cents, in order to obtain the Reporter, and in this way, a considerable amount of money has been secured, which would not otherwise have come into our trea. sury-and information has thus been extensively circulated, which has a direct tendency to nurture and increase the missionary spirit. By continued efforts to extend far more widely the circulation of this very cheap and valuable periodical, on the part of agents, missionaries, and other friends of the Board, it is believed, an important service would be rendered to the missionary cause.
Results of Missionary labours during the last year, From a detail of their own past operations, and their plans for future usefulness, your Board now turn with peculiar pleasure to the contemplation of the many and gratifying proofs, with which they have been furnished, of the commendable zeal, fidelity, diligence and success of the 233 missionaries whom it has been their privilege to engage in the service of the churches. The true character of our missionaries, the nature of the service rendered, and the beneficial results of their consecrated labours, may be best illustrated by a brief and accurate detail of the various, and divinely-authorized means and instrumentalities used by them, for the purpose of training up the young, instructing the ignorant, relieving the oppressed, reforming the vicious, edifying the pious, and saving the perishing.
Preaching and distribution of the Scriptures. With very few exceptions, the missionaries employed by the Board, the past year, appear to have been truly diligent and abundant in the appropriate duties of the ininisterial and pastoral office. They have preached the word, in season and out of season-publicly, and from house to house. Family visiting has been very generally
attended to, and in several cases reported, the performance of this duty has been followed with the happiest consequences both to the missionaries and their people. In nearly all the congregations, the Monthly Concert, and other meetings for prayer, and religious conference, have been regularly maintained, and in some congregations special seasons of humiliation, fasting and prayer, and, in others, public meetings for several days in succession, have been observed; and these exercises have very generally been accompanied and followed with the manifest blessing of God. Most of our missionaries have been statedly employed in preaching and exhortation from three to six times every week, and many of the children committed to their charge have enjoyed the invaluable privilege of regular catechetical instruction, and in some instances such instruction has been advantageously afforded to adults. Many of our missionaries have faithfully explored the districts assigned them, and ascertained and supplied the destitute with copies of the sacred scriptures,
Sabbath Schools and Bible Classes. Special efforts have been made by our missionaries to revive, to enlarge, and to organize institutions of this description for the benefit of the young and rising generation—and in most instances, such efforts have been crowned with pleasing success. The number of Sabbath Schools, established by our missionaries, or brought under their general supervision, is estimated at 500, and the number of teachers employed in them is estimated at 2,500, and the number of learners at 18,000. Scarcely a congregation or destitute district of country is supplied by any of our Missionaries where one or more bible classes have not been established. The whole number in operation is estimated at 250. Many of them are in a flourishing condition, and the instructions imparted in some of them, have been signally owned and blest of God, for the awakening and hopeful conversion of the scholars.
The attention of our Missionaries in the West has been very particularly called to the benevolent enterprize, which originated in this city at the last anniversary of the American Sunday School Union, of establishing Sabbath Schools throughout the great Valley of the Mississippi. To encourage this good work, your Board gave a pledge, that each of their Missionaries in the Valley should establish within two years, from two to ten Sabbath Schools. By most of those Missionaries, this pledge has already been redeemed-and no doubt is entertained, that the anticipations of the Board, on this subject, will be fully realized before the close of another year.
Bible, Tract, Missionary and Education Societies. For the organization or enlargement of such Societies, increased exertions have been made, during the last year, by our Missionaries generally; and in most cases, these exertions have been crowned with success. By several of our Missionaries, particularly in the South and West, important aid has been afforded to the Managers of the American Bible Society, in the great work of supplying every destitute family in the United States with a copy of the bible.
In aid of the Tract cause, successful efforts have been made by most of our Missionaries. The plan of monthly distribution has been extensively adopted, and in a large number of the congregations served by our Missionaries, associations have been formed, and efficient measures adopted for carrying this plan fully into operation. Many hundreds of thousands of pages of religious Tracts have been put into circulation, the last year, by such associations, and by the direct agency of our Missionaries. Several gratifying instances have been reported of the good effected by these unobtrusive messengers of mercy, in arresting the attention of the thoughtless, in closing the lips of the profane, in turning the drunkard from his cups, in reclaiming the backslider from his guilty wanderings, and imparting consolation to the pious poor of Christ's flock.
In most of the stations occupied by our Missionaries, truly laudable efforts have been made, not only to aid the funds of your own Board, but also, to assist the
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions in their noble efforts to evangelize the heathen world. Very many of the congregations aided have been organized into Auxiliaries to the Board, and in some instances where appropriations of $100 have been made, the increase of strength and of liberality among the people has been such, that they have returned into our Treasury, before the close of the year, a fourth, and even a half of the amount appropriated by the Board.
In some of these congregations our Missionaries have established Societies auxiliary to the Assembly's Board of Education--and a lively interest has been manifested, by the Missionaries generally, and the people among whom they labour, in the operations and efforts of that Board. It is earnestly hoped, and confidently believed, that the exertions of our Missionaries, in the vitally important work of training up indigent and pious youth for the Gospel Ministry, will hereafter be greatly increased.
The cause of Temperance. The commendations bestowed upon our Missionaries in the last Annual Report, on account of their zeal and activity in promoting the cause of Temperance, might here be repeated with peculiar emphasis and propriety. It is believed by the Board, that all our Missionaries are the decided and consistent friends of this good cause, and that they have spared no efforts which were deemed reasonable and judicious, to organize and enlarge Temperance Societies, on the principle of entire abstinence. In some instances they have been called to encounter strenuous and even violent opposition to these measures, but in despite of the clamours of the intemperate, and the criminal indifference of some professed christians, they have succeeded in establishing, or in sustaining and increasing at least three hundred Societies of this descripti n. The whole number of the members of such Societies in the congregations and districts supplied by our Missionaries probably exceeds twelve thousand.
Churches formed and Houses of Worship erected. During the last year, between 20 and 30 new Churches have been collected and formed by our Missionaries, chiefly in destitute districts of country, where none had ever before existed, in connexion with the Assembly,
In the erection of Houses of Public Worship on Missionary ground, the zeal and liberality of the people, and the efforts of our Missionaries have been truly commendable and encouraging. Not less than twentijeight such buildings have been erected in the course of the last year—and are now regularly occupied by flourishjag congregations.
Revivals of Religion and additions to the Church. With unfeigned gratitude and devout thanksgiving to the Great Head of the Church, your Board would here record the loving kindness and abundant mercies of the Lord, towards most of their Missionaries, and the people whom they have serve ed in the Gospel during the past year. While the labors of all have been mani. festly useful, the ministrations some have been signally owned and blessed of God. In about ihirty of the congregations under the care of our Missionaries, special seasons of a wakening and refreshing from the presence of the Lord have been experienced. To the churches which have been thus graciously visited, unusually large additions from the world have been made. In some congregations ten, in others thirty, in others sixty, and in others nearly a hundred persons have hopefully been made partakers of the grace of God. Encouraging additions have been made to the great majority of the churches. The number added on profession to the churches supplied by 56 Missionaries who have reported particularly on this subject, is 726, and the whole number added on profession to all the churches supplied is estimated at 1500. The number added on certificate is estimated at 800. From these reports and estimates it appears that about 2,300 have been added to the churches supplied by our Missionaries during the last year.
Review and Conclusion, With a view of presenting in a condensed form, the results of the calculations and statements embraced in the reports of the Board for the last four years, and of exhibiting in a perspicuous light, the strict economy of the plan of appropriations
adopted-the Board beg leave, in this place, to introduce the following
Number of Missionaries reported
31 101 198 233 Number of years embraced in commissions reported
50 182 264 Average appropriation for each years ministerial labor
375 300 130 129 Receipts
2.400 8.000 $12.632.34/19,158.35 Appropriations, as presented in the reports 3.000 5.000 23.782.34/34,198.26
350 500 Congregations and destitute districts supplied not reporl not rep. 300 350
From the foregoing statements it appears, that the operations of the Board, since its re-organization in 1828, have been annually and rapidly extending, and that there has been a very encouraging increase from year to year, in the number of their permanent auxiliaries, of their Missionaries, and of the congregations and destitute districts supplied, and also in the amount of their receipts and appropriations. It is, also, apparent, from the same statements, that the average expense of each year's ministerial labor, according to the plan of appropriations exhibited, has been so much diminished-that the Board are able to sustain, on an average, 3 laborers on Missionary ground, for a smaller amount of money than was formerly appropriated for the support of one.
In view of these radical and beneficial changes in their system of operations, and of the vast amount of good which has been effected by the instrumentality of the Missionaries employed, during the year past, the Board do now, with increased confidence, and with enlarged expectations, make their appeal, in the name and as the servants of the Assembly, to all the Synods, Presbyteries, Sessions and Congregations in the United States, for that cordial and enlarged patronage and support, which seem to be demanded, by the relations they sustain to the Head of the Church universal, to the supreme judicatory of that particular branch of the Church with which they have entered into solemn covenant ; and to those destitute and perishing millions of American citizens, who are wedded to them by all the sacred ties which are created by a community of natural rights, civil liberties, and religious privileges.
As the Board of Missions are, under Providence, indebted solely to the General Assembly for their existence; and are directly responsible to them for all their acts; so are they wholly dependent on the Assembly, and on the Churches under their immediate supervision and control, for all the means and resources which are required to sustain their benevolent operations.-Under these circumstances, which, althcugh well understood by the Assembly, are not, we apprehend, sufficiently appreciated by the christian community at large, the Board confidently expect that their appeal will be fully sanctioned and approved by the Assembly.
In soliciting, however, of the churches their fervent prayers and their liberal contributions, they would enforce their appeal chiefly, by presenting to their view the amount of good which has already been accomplished, and by spreading out before them the work which remains to be done, and by putting them affectionately in remembrance of their sacred relations and infinite obligations to Him who died for their offences and arose again for their justification, who, though he was rich, for our sakes became poor, that we through his poverty might become richIf motives to action be needed, we would say to all expectants of immortality and life eternal, look ye to the manger, the wilderness, the garden and the cross-and let the love of Christ constrain you—Listen for a moment to the wailings of the lost, to the hossanas of the redeemed, and then turn an eye over the vast multitude of undying spirits, at home and abroad, which are pressing onward to the bar of God, regardless alike of the miseries of the former and the felicities of the latter ; and without an anxious thought concerning their own eternal destiny-See them covered with the deepening gloom of a moral midnight-crowding the broad avenues to the grave; and to the fathomless pit which lies beyond it-without a living teacher to warn them of their peril- without even a Bible to mark out be fore them the pathway to heaven. When the attention of your Board is directed