« הקודםהמשך »
foretold in the divine word. Sometimes
I have felt a wish to be spared, like We have the gratification of lay. blessed old Simeon, to see the new
light ing before our readers this month, and glory dawn on the nations of the original intelligence, (and as far as
earth. But the sight will probably be as we know, the most recent that has pleasant from the heavenly battlements,
as from this earthly house of our taberreached our country,) from one of nacle. the most interesting fields of mis. Our friend, Mr. Judson, left this stasionary labour in the world. We tion in April last, and after spending a publish the whole letter, because few weeks in Rangoon, proceeded up
the river as far as Prome, intending, I we admire the spirit and feelings of believe, after the rains, to proceed to the the writer in relation to himself Burman capital. Mr. Wade is at Ranand family, as well as rejoice in goon, where, for several months past, the the success and the prospects of the call for Christian Scriptures has been al. missionary corps to which he be- fifty in a day, from all parts of the coun
most unprecedented. Thirty, forty, or longs.
try, come soliciting books. In this way, hundreds and thousands of Tracts and
portions of the Christian Scriptures have Copy of a Letter from the Rev. George D. been distributed, within a few months,
Boardman, a Baptist Missionary in and the call seems as loud as ever A Burmah, to a gentleman in Philadelphia. few have been baptized, but the spirit
that has rested on the people, has been Maulmein, August 3, 1830. that of inquiry, rather than of immediate VERY DEAR AND RESPECTED SIR,
and obvious conversion. Your kind letter of May 12th, 1829, In this place is a native church of should not have remained so long unan about 50 members, and two small churches swered, but for the repeated attacks of among the English soldiers stationed illness with which it has pleased our here. These three churches depend on Heavenly Father to visit my beloved us entirely for instruction. In Tavoy, the wife and children; the necessary confu- station we recently left, there is a church sion attending on our removal from Ta. of 13 members, all wild men from the fovoy to this place; and, finally, my own rest, but I hope subdued by the power of long protracted illness, from which I have the gospel. The whole number baptized not yet recovered. Indeed, the physi- by all of us, since this mission was first cian says, I have no reason to expect a established in 1813, is about 120. Mr. total recovery. He, however, hopes that Bennett, our printer, who with his family after the present rains I may be better, sailed from your city last year, with our and if I can avoid the next annual return mutual friend Mr. Blaikie, is at this sta. of the rain, by going to a different cli- tion. He is very busily engaged in mate, my life may be prolonged a year or printing Tracts and portions of the sacred two. But I am not careful for my life, Scriptures, and before very long, if we live, except as the happiness of an affection
we hope to see the Burman nation well ate family, and the spread of the Re- supplied with copies of the New Testadeemer's kingdom, are more or less involved in it. For some time past, I have Our beloved wives are busily employed been almost ready to say, “I had rather in conducting schools, and in managing depart and be with Christ.”
the female part of the native church. Your account of the happy and wonder Our children, of whom we have two sons, ful progress of religion, the distribution and Mr. and Mrs. Bennett two daughters, of the sacred Scriptures, both in America are still small, but they claim a tender inand in Europe, and the increased atten. terest in our care and prayers. tion to the education of children, is truly Mrs. Boardman unites with me in most cheering. And yet, I feel inclined to respectful and affectionate regards to think that the spirit of benevolent opera. yourself
, and the members of your family. tion will be aroused and raised to a much i With much sincerity of respect and higher and holier pitch, as we advance Christian affection, I am, my dear Sir, ever nearer and nearer to the glorions days yours,
GEORGE D. BOARDMAX.
First Presbyterian Church in Phi
ladelphia, on the third Thursday, The General Assembly of the the 19th of the present month; to Presbyterian Church in the United be opened with a sermon, at 11 States, is expected to convene, o'clock A. M., by the Rev Dr. Ezra agreeably to adjournment, in the Fisk, the Moderator of the last
The Treasurer of the Trustees of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, ac
knowledges the receipt of the following sums, for their Theolngical Seminary at Prince
ton, N. J., during the month of April last, viz. Of Mr. John M‘Mullin, the annual collection in the Sixth Presbyterian Church for the contingent fund
$12 00 of the Rev. Samuel Lawrence, Greenwich, for do.
2 00 Of the Rev. John W. Scott, a quarter's rent, for do.
87 50 of the Rev. Joshua T. Russell, collected by him in New York for the Profes.
sorship to be endowed by the Synods of New York and New Jersey 130 00
View of Publick Affairs.
EUROPE. With the exception of Sweden and Denmark, if indeed they are to be excepted, there is not a state of Europe which has not been thrown into agitation by the last revolution in France. The most recent intelligence from Britain is of the date of the 31st of March, and from France, by the way of Britain, of the 30th of the same month.
Britain.-Very ardent debates have taken place in both houses of the British parliament, on the subject of reform. In the Commons, on the second reading of the reform bill, which had been prepared and submitted by the ministry, the opposition to the measure was found to be far greater than had been anticipated. Mr. Peel distinguished himself highly by a speech against the bill, although he declared that he was not opposed to all reform. On taking the question for a third reading, it was found that the ministry had a very slender majority. As the bill had not had its final reading in the Commons, at the date of the last accounts, it of course had not been formally submitted to the house of Lords. But the topick was so all engrossing, that it was brought forward informally in that house, when petitions were presented, as they constantly were, either in favour of reform, or against it. The debate was principally carried on by the Duke of Wellington against reform, and by Lord Grey in favour of the measure. Lord Chancellor Brougham made one speech, with his usual ability and eloquence. The London newspaper paragraphists are chiefly occupied with discussions, pro and con, in relation to this subject. The prevalent impression seems to be, that if the ministry do not carry the bill, without any material alteration, and by a considerable majority (of which there is apparently but little prospect) an appeal will be made to the sense of the nation, by a dissolution of the present parliament, and a new election of members. Many think and say, that there is no alternative but reform or revolution. Yet the opposition to reform appears to be greater, in the coun. -try at large, than we had apprehended. In Scotland, it is strenuously opposed. Among others, Sir Walter Scott, at a publick meeting, came forward in a decided and able speech against it. Still, we have no doubt, that a large majority of the nation, both in the north and south, are in favour of reform; and that however reluc. tant the present holders of power and influence may be to yield the point, they must do it, or that consequences more fearful even to them, than the measure which they hate so inveterately, will inevitably ensue. This we hope, and rather believe, they will at length perceive, and abate, if they do not withdraw their opposition. O'Con. nell is ardent in the cause of reform, and now uses all his influence to keep Ireland quiet, till the question shall be decided. He says, moreover, that the success of the
measure will insure permanent quiet in that country. Ireland, however, is as yet, far from being quiet; and it is stated, that a large body of troops is to be sent from England, to aid the civil authority in suppressing banditti
, and insurrectionary movements. There is a dreadful scarcity, amounting it is said to absolute famine, in some parts of this unhappy island. Britain has lately lost two men of great distinction in the religious and literary world-Robert Hall, of Bristol, and Andrew Thomson, of Edinburgh-lhe former a Baptist, the latter a Presbyterian minister of the gospel. We question if Mr. Hall has left in Britain a man of superior intellect to that which he possessed; and if not in Britain, we certainly know not where else to look for his rival. Nor was Dr. Thomson much bis inferior. Whether as speakers or writers, both were pre-eminent among the eminent: and both had consecrated all their powers to God and to the promotion of his cause. When such men die, in the zenith of their influence and their usefulness, the world sustains a loss beyond an estimate.
FRANCE.—There has been another change of ministry in the French cabinetCasimir Perrier is now president of the council. We regret to observe these frequent changes; they indicate a want of confidence in those who manage the helm of state in France. It appears also that the king is far less popular, with those who placed him on the throne, than he was at first-he is even suspected, and by some declared, to be in the interest of the exiled monarch. This we do not believe; but it is a bad indication that he and La Fayette appear to be no longer friends, although no open and apparent rupture has yet taken place. It is clear, however, that the views of La Fayette and those of the court, are widely different; parties run high, and are be. coming fixed. The king and his ministry wish for peace, but the disposition of the nation, and especially of that part of it which led the way to the late revolution, is for war; the provocation Jately given by the march of the Austrian troops into Italy, seems to render war almost inevitable. A London paper of March 31st, says: “We have received the Paris papers of Tuesday and Wednesday, the 29th and 30th. Their contents appear to us of considerable importance. The tone of all is decidedly warlike. The entry of the Austrians into Bologna is no longer doubtful; but France is said to have addressed a letter to that power upon the subject, the answer to which was anxiously looked for in Paris, as upon it hung the question of immediate hostili. ties, or an equivocal peace. Prince Metternich acts upon the principle that France is really afraid, or unable to take a single step in her own or any other nation's defence. This want of candour and generosity has roused the choler of Perrier, the irascible President of the Council, for be looks upon it as a sort of personal indignity; and coupled with some curious disclosures of plans of attack by Austria upon France, fostered long before the breaking out of the Italian insurrection, has decided him upon addressing a peremptory note to the Austrian Cabinet, calling upon it categorically to state what its intentions are with respect to Italy. But before taking his final resolve, the President wished to feel the puise of the English Ministry, and he has accord ingly sent his son to England with a mission, it is said, of satisfying our government, that if France should feel itself obliged to draw the sword, it would not be for pur. poses of territorial aggrandizement. A remark of the Minister in the Chamber of De. puties, that France was prepared at all events,' together with some movements amongst Excelmans, Clausel, and some of the French Generals, seem to strengthen the conviction that war is imminent.” We shall be agreeably disappointed if the ad. vices from France do not, within a month, announce the commencement of war with Austria; and if so, it will scarcely terminate, till Europe is drenched in blood.
Spain. We have no news of importance from Spain. The symptoms of insurrection, or revolution, which manifested themselves at Cadiz, have disappeared-effectual measures were taken by the government to suppress them-Several revolutionists were executed.
PORTUGAL.-How long that human monster, Don Miguel, will be permitted to masacre his subjects we know not. On the 10th of March, seven Constitutionalists were executed in Lisbon, in a manner too shocking for recital; and afterwards money was distributed to the troops, and the city was illuminated-Nero danced, while Rome was burning
Italy.—The wbole of northern Italy is convulsed. In Bologna there has been an organized revolution, and for a while the revolutionists carried all before them. The governing Duke narrowly escaped with his life. But powerful corps of Austrian iroops, we believe at the instance of the Pope, have been poured suddenly into the country, and the insurgents have fled to the mountains, and wait for succour from France, which we expect they will shortly receive, and thus war commence with Austria.
ROME.-A Pope has at length been elected. He takes the name of Gregory XVI., and is sixty-six years old. His name is, or was, D. M. Maurus CAPPELLARI, presiding Cardinal of the Propaganda in Rome; and of course he is not likely to lack zeal in sending Popery to other countries,We may look out for more Jesuits in the United States.
Austria, Russia, and Prussia.—These powers are likely to form a league, if it is not already formed, to endeavour to preserve their subjects from the infection of the revolutionary influenza, as they esteem it, which is pervading Europe; and to resist the first symptoms of it that shall appear. Between them and France, there is, as we have said, every appearance that a bloody conflict will soon commence-the result of which no human foresight can foretell.
BELGIUM and HOLLAND remain much in statu quo. Open and declared warfare be. tween them is predicted by some of the English Journalists--the former to be sus. tained by France, and the latter by Prussia and Austria. Belgium is still without a king, and is in great confusion. It is said that a Dutch and English fleet is to blockade Antwerp-England being offended because the Protocol of London, in regard to the choice of a reigning prince, was disregarded. If there is a general war in Europe, and England keeps out of it, we shall wonder.
POLAND.—The brave Poles have maintained their struggle for freedom with more than Roman courage and devotedness. We cannot give details; we can only say, that after a series of bloody conflicts, continued daily for more than a week, their invading foe found himself, though claiming a victory, in a most perilous situation, and obliged to fall back to secure his supplies and reinforcements. The elements have fought against the Russians now, as they did against the French, when Russia was invaded. The breaking up of the winter has operated to prevent both the advance of rein. forcements to the Russian army, and the operations which Diebitsch wished to prosecute, in the neighbourhood of Warsaw. Insurrections in several of the Russian provinces bordering on Poland have also begun to be manifested; so that although we bave still great fears that Poland will be subdued, we have more hope than we had some time since, that a favouring Providence will enable her to maintain her ground, and ultimately to achieve her independence.
Russia. Had the emperor Nicholas foreseen the desperate resistance to his arms which has been made in Poland, and the state of the conflict as it existed at the time of the last advices, we do not believe he would have engaged in the war into wbich he has rushed. He expected an easy conquest, and will now find bis honour concerned to effect what he has undertaken. But if the rumoured revolt of several of the provinces of his empire should really take place, he will be compelled to desist, and to patch up a peace in the best manner he can. We have long been looking to see the Russian empire fall to pieces. We do not think it can long exist as it has done for the last half century-if it should, it will be a new thing under the sun. It is more extensive than the Roman empire was in the height of its power.
TURKEY.—The Turk, we are told, is rejoicing that his old enemy, by whom he has lately been humbled, has found employment for his arms among his own subjects; and it is intimated that if Russia should be weakened in her present war with the Poles, or should be still farther committed for a conflict with France, the opportunity will be seized by the reigning Sultan, to endeavour to recover the possessions which have recently been wrested from him. We think, however, he will be cautious, and not make an attempt till he thinks he is sure of success. We see it stated in a recent account, that he has issued an explicit prohibition to his subjects, against continuing to call the Christians pods—the common appellation hitherto used by the Turks, when speaking both of Christians and Jews. Mabmoud appears to be desirous to introduce among his people the improvements of modern Europe; sensible that there is no other
way of raising them from that inferiority to their Christian neighbours, of which he seems to be very sensible.
ASIA. Asia has often been the theatre of war and carnage of the most desolating kind; but at present it is far more tranquil than Europe. Not long since, there was a rebel. lion in China, which threatened to be serious, but it appears to have been arrested ; and throughout the whole of this extensive and most populous section of our globe, there is at present no war-beyond some petty broils among subordinate chiefs. The missionary operations, too, of several Christian denominations, are proceeding in a very auspicious manner-May peace continue and Christianity extend-must be the wish of every philanthropist, and the prayer of every lover of the Redeemer. There has recently been a most terrifick storm of wind and rain, producing an inundation, and
occasioning considerable loss of property and of a number of lives, at Smyrna and its vicinity.
AFRICA. The Rev. Dr. Philip, by whose benevolent and active exertions the Hottentots in South Africa were, not long since, emancipated from the cruelty of their Dutch and English oppressors, has been himself most grievously persecuted, by those whose tyranny over the natives he was instrumental in circumscribing. He has been prosecuted in an English court at the Cape of Good Hope, and sentenced to pay an enormous fine. But his friends in England have determined to indemnify him; and he will doubtless proceed and persevere in his plans of humanity and Christian charity. The American colony at Liberia was never before in so prosperous a state, as it is represented to have been by the last accounts from that interesting establishment. Numerous comfortable dwellings have lately been built, agriculture is more generally attended to, commerce is extended, schools are established, and the neighbouring native princes are seeking the friendship and alliance of the American colonists. Yet the slave trade is still pursued, with little, if any diminution. A most desperate action lately took place, between a slaver and the boats of a British cruiser. The slaver was eventually captured, and 167 slaves were found in chains and liberatedWhen will this horrible traffick terminate! never, we fear, till Christian establishments on the whole slave coast shall render it impracticable, as has already been done at Liberia and its neighbourhood.
AMERICA. There is still nothing like stable peace in any of the republicks of Southern America. Some are less agitated than others; but it does not consist with our plan to say much of those ephemeral changes which are constantly taking place in this interesting, but at present unhappy portion of our continent. In general, their state is little differ. ent from that which we exhibited in our last number. There is more active hostility in Colombia, and less in Mexico, than we had heard of a month ago. The United Provinces appeared, by the last reports from that quarter, to be preparing for a ge. neral civil war, but it had not actually commenced, and some hopes were entertained that it might be avoided.
UNITED STATES.—The President of the United States has seen fit to change his whole cabinet, unless the attorney general be excepted—he has not yet resigned, but it is expected that he soon will. This is the first occurrence of the kind which has happened under the federal government; and it is our sincere prayer that it may prove auspicious, and not injurious to our beloved country. It does not appear that the President had lost his confidence in the integrity or capacity of any of his secretaries Other causes are assigned for the change-causes which the Christian Advocate thinks it beside his duty to canvass-into which he judges it not to be within his province even to inquire. Of every thing that has a direct bearing on the moral and religious interests of our country, he will always speak freely--and most readily when the evil, or the good, is seen in high places. But on matters merely political, or whose moral tendency is questionable, he believes that he will best subserve the interests which he seeks to promote, by entire silence, or by only stating facts without any comment.
THE NEXT GENERAL ASSEMBLY. There is reason to believe that the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, at its approaching Sessions, will be called to discuss and decide on questions and concerns deeply affecting not only the particular interests of the church of wbich it is the supreme judicatory, but those in which the cause of vital piety and the exten. sion of the Redeemer's kingdom in the world, are involved. Without wishing to say a single word to forestall the opinions of any one, we desire respectfully and affec. tionately to suggest to all our Christian brethren, the great importance of being much in prayer to God, that he would graciously preside over the deliberations of the Assembly, and guide them to the best issue. We are aware that in some congregations a season of special social prayer is set apart for the purpose we have mentioned; and we rejoice to see that the members of the Assembly themselves, are invited to a prayer meeting for the same purpose, immediately before the commencement of the sessions. But beside all this, there surely ought to be much private and family prayer, in which the Sovereign Disposer of all events and of all hearts, should be ear. nestly implored to take the management of the concerns that relate to his own cause into his own hands; and so to order every thing on which the Assembly is called to act, as that his glory and the good of souls may best be promoted-let the gratification or the disappointment of short sighted and erring mortals, fall bow or where