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the travelling preachers were horse to me by creditable and pious indijockies. In reply to the first of viduals. If facts are even highly these objections, our correspondent coloured, it is a fact of which I am remarks, and our own inquiries ful- not conscious. So far from doubtly confirm the justice of the re- ing a single statement made, I have mark, that “circuit riders" is the not heard an individual say a word appellation that is most commonly respecting them, who did not say given to their travelling or itinerant that they were similar to what he preachers, by the Methodists them was called to witness continually." selves: and on a careful review of This, it will be perceived, is in exthe papers in question, we find that act accordance with the reports the writer speaks of itinerant which, as we have stated, have been preachers, travelling preachers, cir- made to us from various quarters. cuit riders, and riders, promiscu. We are therefore perfectly satisously, as words of the same import.fied, that we have made no repre

The term rider, unconnected with sentations that need to be correctits adjunct, we did suppose was in- ed, qualified, or explained, beyond tended merely as an abbreviation, what is now before the reader. in places where it was frequently If we are still asked whether, asused; and we still think that such suming the facts to be unquestionwas the fact. But had we suspect able, there was a call to hold them ed that it would have been consi- up to publick view in the pages of dered as opprobrious, it should our work? We answer, we delinever have appeared with our con- berately believe there was a loud sent, in its solitary form; for every call to do this. Many of the doings thing that partakes of the nature of exposed in “Practical Methodism," reviling, we would most studiously have had a very ill influence, not exclude from our work. On the only on religion generally, but on subject of jockeying, the author of some parts of the Presbyterian “ Practical Methodism,” makes no church in particular. Mingled, as general charge against the Metho- they have been, with the appear. dist travelling preachers. All that ance, and often, we doubt not, with he says on the subject is in the fol- the reality, of zealous and fervent lowing words: “ Are their minis- piety, they have been first toleters less given to traffick, and to rated, and then, to a considerable the making of money? By no extent, approved, and even imimeans; some of them are consider- tated. In this way, they have aled decidedly the best jockeys, in ready done no inconsiderable inthe part of the country where I re- jury, and are threatening to do side.” Here, surely, is no general more, if not arrested. charge-it is confined to some, as to In the fact of which we are not ignumber, and to the part of the coun- norant, that there are Presbyterians try where the writer resides, as to who think and say, thatit were better place; and in regard to his state. not to expose the objectionable pracment thus limited, the writer de- tices of the Methodists, as has been clares that it is “ true to the letter.” done in the Christian Advocate, we He replies in detail to all the other see a palpable proof that these prac. items of complaint which were trans- tices are, to say the least, regarded mitted to him; but it is not neces with a degree of indulgence that sary to insert his particular replies, is inauspicious to our church. We since in relation to all he has writ- would respectfully and affectionten, he affirms—"No fact has been ately entreat Presbyterians of this stated, which I cannot substantiate. description, to consider the insiThe facts either passed under my dious nature of error, both in docown observation, or were narrated trine and practice. It almost al

ways comes in by slow advances; some instances to both, in the same and is always most dangerous when voyage, till the year 1810, when a it is connected with something that favourable change of circumstances, is commendable and especially enabled him to relinquish for ever when it is associated with religious the unsettled life of a mariner. zeal: and persons who are warm The limits to which this memoir hearted in religion, are most of all must be confined, do not permit a liable to be misled by errors thus detail of all the interesting ocdisguised. We thought, and still currences in the life of Captain think, it was our imperious duty, Wickes, during the ten years which to give the warning we have given. elapsed from the close of his first It has always been, we repeat, our missionary voyage, of which we sincere wish and endeavour, in have given an account, till the conducting the Christian Advocate, time when he ceased going to seato avoid offence to any, so far as We can only make a selection. this could consist with a good con

One occurrence, which we should science, and fidelity to the cause not notice, if occasion had not been of evangelical truth in its purity. taken from it to implicate his charFarther than this, no desire of acter, related to an action with a pleasing friends, or fear of of. French privateer, in concert with fending foes, ought ever to influ- the commander of another merence us to go, and we pray God chant vessel, in a voyage home that it never may.

from Calcutta. The report of this transaction, by Captain Wickes, to the owners of the ship which he

commanded, is as follows: MEMOIR OF CAPTAIN BENJAMIN

An Account of an Engagement between the (Continued from page 199.)

ship Criterion, of 14 guns and 30 men,

and the ship Louis, of 12 guns and 27 Captain Wickes earnestly desired

or 28 men, and a French ship, of 20 or to quit a sea-faring life, long before 22 guns, having to appearance many he found himself at liberty to abandon it. He had no other means of On the 2d day of January, 1800, we supporting himself and his family; left the Pilot at the mouth of the Ganges and therefore, though he deeply in company with the ship Louis, of Balti

and proceeded down the bay of Bengal, lamented the privation of the stated more, Captain Deale, bound 10 Madras, ordinances of the gospel, to which with whom we agreed to keep company this mode of life subjected him; a few days, for mutual defence. On the and in his letters to his friends fre. 4th, at day light, we saw a ship, that quently asked their prayers, not French privateer, we called to quarters,

gave us chase; expecting she was a only for special grace to enable and prepared for defence; observing she him to sustain bis Christian char. approached us fast, we took in our light acter while he was coinpelled to sails, spoke with Captain Deale, and follow the seas, but that it would made some arrangements, in case she

should attack us. When she drew near, please God to open for him some

we hoisted our colours at the mizen peak. other way to obtain a livelihood; The ship in chase then hoisted the nayet, till this should appear, he tional flag abaft, and a bloody flag at his judged it to be his indispensable main top gallant mast head. We were duty, to abide in the same calling close together, which was the way. !

at this time sailing before the wind, and in which he had been called. Ac- thought best to receive the enemy in; cordingly, he continued in his vo but Captain Deale wished to be by the cation as a commander of a mer

wind; and when the enemy approached chant vessel; making voyages some- pretty close, Captain D. requested we times to Europe, but more fre- agreed--the doing of which, brought the

would take that position, to which I quently to the East Indies, and in Louis the sternmost ship. The enemy



approaching within musket shot, Captain blame, if he had acted otherwise Deale observed they intended to lay him than he did. He conformed entire. on board, and bore up to give him his broadside; we also bore up, and attack. !y to the wishes of Captain Deale, ed the enemy with all our force. The in coming to action. He fought enemy poured a volley of musketry from “ with all his force,” till the Louis the fore-castle, into the Louis, and laid was taken by boarding, and her her on board; and attacked us with both cannon and small arms.

In boarding the guns turned upon himself. Was Loris

, the enemy carried away his bow. there the least probability that, by sprit; which brought his bow close to continuing the action, he could subthe Louis' quarter, and gave him easy due both vessels, and recapture his access into her. After a little time, we companion? If not (and none we observed the Louis' guns turned on us; think will affirm that there was) and as her colours were still flying, we could not determine whether it was error

then it surely was an indispensable or intention, until she repeated it; this duty which he owed to himself, and being an evidence that the enemy had to the owners of the vessel entrustpossession of her, we turned our attention ed to his care, to endeavour to es. to attempt an escape, which we had hopes cape. Most justly might they have of doing by hauling to the wind-expect: blamed him, and he have blamed ing that the enemy could not chase by the wind, wanting a bowsprit. The ene. himself, if he had been capturedmy observing our intention, quickly gave as there is every reason to believe us chase, with both ships. As we in- he would have been in a desperate creased our sail, the wind being pretty attempt to retake the Louis. We fresh, we found the Criterion so crank, that we found it necessary to cast over

are confident that if his vessel had the lee guns: we therefore cast over six been the prey of the marauder, and of our lee guns, and cut away an anchor the other had escaped, after fightfrom the lee fore chains, which so re. ing " with all her force, as long lieved the ship that we could make sail, and drew sensibly from both ships. The

as Captain Wickes actually did, he French ship had not chased far, before would never have uttered a comwe observed her fore-top.mast gone over. plaint, or indulged a hard thought board, which obliged him to give over the against Captain Deale. The truth chase; and his prize wore about, and is, the providence of God sent de. went to her. We now had time to look liverance to the ship commanded around, and see what damage we had sustained: and had to lament the first by Captain Wickes-enabling him, officer, Mr. Wm. Murdock, having re as the means of obtaining it, to act ceived a wound, of which he died in two with great self-possession, to disdays; a young man killed by a cannon

cern and seize the favourable moball, and one wounded by a musket ball; our rigging and sails were much cut and ment for escape, and to avail himtorn, BENJAMIN Wickes, Sen. self of his eminent skill as a sea

man, to effect his purpose. It appears that Captain Wickes

It was natural for Captain Wickes was severely censured by those to take a very deep interest in the who were losers in this unfortunate

success of the Baptist missionaries, affair, as not having acted with in India, after having carried so fidelity to his engagement with the many of them to their field of lacommander of the captured vessel. bour, witnessed their devoted piety, But assuming that his account is and received from them so many correct-and no man that ever warm expressions, as we have seen lived was a more scrupulous ob- that he did, of their respect and server of truth-it is hard to per- affection for himself. He made ceive how any one could, with the several voyages to Calcutta, after least show of justice, blame him for he left them there, in the close of any part of his conduct in this the year 1799; and when there, he whole transaction. On the con- derived, apparently, the greatest trary, it clearly appears to us, that pleasure of his life, from sceing he would have been greatly to their diligence and success, and

from his intercourse and Christian dollars to the missionaries at Calfellowship with them. He return cutta, or Serampore, but expressed ed from one of these voyages, by a doubt whether he was not, in prethe way of Europe, in the summer sent circumstances, bound rather of 1804; and when in London, he to give it for the benefit of the Inhad confided to his care a thousand dians on our own borders; and said guineas, to be sent to the missiona. he would do so, if it was the judgries in the following spring, to aid ment of the committee that such a in printing the sacred Scriptures change in the destination of his in seven of the languages of India, donation, was right and proper. into which translations of the Bible The committee, it is believed were then in progress. The money unanimously, advised the change, was lodged in the hands of Robert and it was accordingly made. Ralston, Esq.of Philadelphia ; and When Captain Wickes heard of Captain Wickes announced this this, as he shortly after did, he was fact in a publication, with his name greatly grieved; and meeting the affixed, and invited the Christian writer in the street, remonstrated community of the United States to with bim very earnestly, for having add to this sacred deposite, des- advised, or consented, to the alientined to enable the missionaries to ation of a sum of money destined give to the wretched idolators of to so noble a purpose as the transIndia, in their own languages, the lation of the Scriptures into the record of God's revealed will. languages of India, and with the

The success of this invitation was frankness which always charactereventually great; and it became ized him, intimated very plainly, so, by an incident, in which the that he feared sectarian feelings writer of this memoir had a con had had an undue influence in this cern; and of which the following affair. The writer vindicated the statement seems to be proper, in award of the committee; and in anorder to show how the providence swer to the suggestion about sectaof God effects its purposes, beyond rian feelings, expressed his present human designs and views. The readiness to favour the contribufacts were these. The late pious tions to the East India enterprise, and liberal Dr. Elias Boudinot was, by any means in his power. “ Then at that time, a member of the you can do it," was the short and Standing Committee of the Gene- earnest reply. “Tell me how, and ral Assembly of the Presbyterian it shall be done without delay," church, of which the writer was was the response.

“Go and write, the chairman. Dr. Boudinot, hav. and publish with your name, a reing seen or heard of the published commendation of the contributions invitation of Captain W., had made for the Baptist missionaries," said up his mind to give one hundred Captain W. “It shall be so done,” dollars to the Baptist missionaries. replied the writer. And so it was But in the mean time, when at. done. An earnest address to the tending the committee of which he publick was penned, and subscribed was a miember, he found that a mis- by the writer, and at his instance, sion to the Sandusky Indians of by eleven other clergymen, of vaour own country, of which the com rious denominations, in Philadel. mittee had the superintendence, phia. The result of the whole was in the most urgent need of was, that first and last, the sum of pecuniary aid, and that the funds 81357 65 was collected; which, from which it was expected and added to the deposite of Captain sought were exhausted.' He stated Wickes, made the amount of to the committee the purpose he $6024 25. Thus the fervent zeal had formed of giving a hundred and inflexible perseverance of this


excellent man, were made instru. to those of Asia a far larger sum mental, under the wise ordering of than they would otherwise have rethe providence of God, of appro- ceived. priating a hundred dollars to the

(To be continued.) benefit of American Indians, and



end of the second chapter, he toucheth

not the chief matter which he handleth EPISTLE TO THE GALATIANS.

in this epistle, namely, the article of jus. (Continued from page 203.) tification. Notwithstanding, this sentence We have been at a great loss in

of Paul's* ought to admonish us, that so selecting passages for our review many as think the pope to be judge of

the Scripture are accursed. Which thing from the commentary before us;

the Popish schoolmen have wickedly not because we could not find what

taugh!, standing upon this ground - The was excellent, but because there church hath allowed four gospels only; was so much of this character, and therefore there are but four; for if it bad so much that we wished to lay be

allowed more, there had been more. Now,

seeing the church might receive and fore our readers, that, being obliged allow such and so many gospels as it to quote sparingly, we found it would, therefore the church is above the hard to determine what we should gospel; a goodly argument indeed. I take, and what we should leave. approve the Scripture, therefore, I am Wę also wished that the few and

above the Scripture. John Baptist acshort extracts, of which alone our pointeth to him with his finger, therefore

knowledgeth and confesseth Christ, and space would admit, should exhibit he is above Christ. The church apthe perfect contrast which exists proveth the Christian faith and doctrine, between the theology of the refor

therefore the church is above them. For mation, and that of the New Haven

the overthrowing of this their wicked

and blasphemous doctrine; thou hast here school. The two systems certain a plain text like a thunder-bolt, wberein ly are, in several essential points, Paul subjecteth both himself and an angel as opposite to each other as the from heaven, and doctors upon earth, and poles-They directly contradict all other teachers and masters whatso. each other, in doctrine, argument, ture. For they ought not to be masters,

ever, under the authority of the Scrip. and almost in words. In proof of judges, or arbiters, but only witnesses, this, let the reader turn to the ex. disciples, and confessors of the church, tended extract we have heretofore whether it be the Pope, Luther, Augusgiven from the Christian Spectator. Neither ought any doctrine to be taught

tine, Paul, or an angel from heaven. and compare it, especially the first

or heard in the church, besides the pure paragraph, with the following ex word of God, that is, the holy Scripture. cerptions, from this commentary of Otherwise accursed be both the teachLuther. But let us, first of all,

ers and hearers, together with their doc

trine." see how he disposes, not only of the pope, and the schoolmen-the Luther's abhorrence was unmealatter the philosophers and meta- sured,

sured, of every exhibition of the physicians of the day-but of all sacrifice of Christ in which he was who teach any doctrine which is not pot represented as the proper subplainly revealed in holy Scripture. stitute of sinners, bearing by impu

tation all their sins, making a com“ The first two chapters (of this epis. tle to the Galatians) in a manner contain

plete satisfaction for them to the nothing else but defences of bis [the

law and justice of God, and furapostle's] doctrine, and confutations of errors; so that until he cometh to the

• Gal. i. 9.

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