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power, but by Jehovah, that the dark and it shall become like to yours in the affection filthy heart can be made good again. Faith

towards us, and that we also may compasis not general amongst us. Here and there sionate the little lauds nigh us here. one ; one part is regarding every vice, and

It is our true wish, therefore we pray will not cast away their sin. But we are

to our Lord that we may be saved, and praying to Jesus that he turn them also— that we may know the place prepared for their face and heart too. We feel a love to his people, and that we all may meet also ward you. Let not our faith faillet not there, and it will be good and that we yours. Let not our land be overgrown again may obtain the wages in the works that with evil— let not yours. May the church we do. It is the true resemblance of the in Borabora be as the tree by the river side, people whose hearts love their Lord ; they and may yours be flourishing.

desire that all the people in this world may “ Though we meet not in this world, may become brethren, like to you in affection we meet before Jesus with great joy, with towards us. It is your true desire that we the white robe made white in the blood of should become brethren for you, therefore the Son of God. May you who dwell in you have compassion towards us. Dear Britain, be saved by the true God in your friends, you know the state of your hearts vigilance concerning the word of Jesus our in love towards Jesus Christ our Lord. Lord, and our eternal Saviour. Write to You also know his great compassion to us us again, that we may know your words. all, and his cross (for crucifixion] upon

Pray for us, that Jehovah the Spirit mount Calvary for us all. He suffered may have mercy on us.

thus ; on account of his great compassion, May we all be saved by Jesus Christ. he died. But let us not know his word (Signed) KING MAI." only, like the land, like Capernaum, which

was exalted up to the heaven, and cast away down in the very depth of hell. But

may we know his word with the believing Letter of the Church at Raiatea, under the heart and good, and may it be great, our

care of the Rev. Messrs. Threlkeld and love towards Jesus Christ our Lord and Williams, Missionaries.

our God.

May you have peace through Jesus Raiatea, Monday, July 6, 1822. Christ, the true Lord. Dear Friends,-Peace be to you through Jesus Christ our true Lord, through whom

O UEVA, we have life, and dwell happily in this

O PAUMOUNA, world with length of breath. Dear bre:

Deacons. O ATIHUTA, thren, peace be to you in your affection

O TAMAURIT, towards us, and in your exciting us, and

O MATAUTI. in your sceking the means by which the compassion of Jesus Christ the Lord reach- Dear Sir,--The above is an almost pered us here, and your praying towards the fectly literal translation of the letter enLord that his word may grow in all the closed, written in answer to the letter ad lands, and your not withholding your mo- dressed by the congregation under your ney—it is let go for the causing to grow the pastoral care. We trust it will be inte. word of the Lord, and therefore the mis- resting, because it comes from those who sionaries reached to us, therefore we know have but just emerged from Pagan darkthe true life. And now, dear brethren, our ness through the mighty power of the gospel hearts are comforted through your coinpas.

of God our Saviour. sion and your love to us, who long lay in They, as well as us, will be exceedingly the darkness and in the shadow of death. happy to receive further communications You made known to us the way, and you tending to encourage us in our delightful did send the teachers, therefore they came work. Wishing you, dear Sir, every blessing among us here, therefore we know the great in all your engagements, and your congrelove of Jesus Christ our Lord, that the gation many, very many spiritual blessings word may grow in Tahiti, in Moorea, (i.e. through your instrumentality. in Eimeo,) in Huahine, in Raiatea; there.

We are, dear Sir, fore we have known the gospel of Jesus Christ our Lord. Be earnest in your pray

Yours very sincerely. ers to God, that the kingdom of Satan may

L. E. THRELKELD. flee away in these lands that these lands may belong to Jesus only, to the true Lord, Ratatea, Nov. 11. 1822. and that we may become true brethren for To the church of Christ under the pastoral you. And the thought in our heart that care of the Rev. J. Bennet, Rotherham.

VOL. XXIII. NO. XI.

us.

our little property for the spreading of the Later of the Church at Eimeo, under the word of God, till it reaches all lands in the

pastoral Care of Rev. Messrs. Henry world. : and Platt, Missionaries.

That all iniquity may be brought into

subjection to the Guspel of Jesus Christ, TAE church of Jesus Christ. Eimeo, to continut you to be active, dear friends, in the church of Jesus Christ, Masbro', near sending teachers to all the lands who are Rotherham, Yorkshire

dwelling in darkness and the shadow of Our elder brethren, beloved through death. Jesus Christ, and through the Gospel of 0, our elder brethren, watch over your His grace, with all the believers in Britain

younger brethren, lest they should be dis. beloved through him, on this account we do eased, and eat flesh and dirt ;* ye stretch love you in Jesus Christ.

forth the hand to embrace us, but your Our elder brethren that dwell in Bri. hands cannot reach to embrace us, but the tain with all the faithful, grace, mercy, arms of your love are embracing us-While peace, through the true God, and in Jesus

you pray to God for us, that he would Christ, who was sent into this world. We pour out his Spirit upon us and upon the are comforted with the letter you wrote to different islands around us, that we all

Our hearts were warmed with that may be taught the glorious Gospel of our word, and we love you as children love their and your Lord Jesus Christ. Praised and parents. We are collected together ander glorified be our God for ever and ever. two teachers here in Eimeo, who teach us Our elder brethren, what you say to the gospel of Christ. We were dwelling as about cultivating our land, because Satas orphans formerly, without knowledge, and will cause to grow his evil words and cus. without regard to any thing, when, behold, toms in the heart of the idle, is perfectly God caused thought to grow within you, agreeable to us. We are cultivating out and in the different churches in Britain, who laud that we may have plenty of food. We have sent us teachers to our ignorant land, are making our land neat, that our regard to teach us the glorious gospel of Jesus to the word of God may be manifest and Christ, and to feed us with the milk of the not hindered. word. And, lo! Satan's kingdom is fallen; We have sent two deacons and one there is no war ; there is no murder; there member of our church here, in Eimeo, ta are none of those abominable things which teach one island near to us, Rairavai 's itu destroy the soul (at least these things are name, (High Island), and that island aynot known.)

pears to learn at present. Our elder bite And now, our dear brethren, pray ear- thren beloved, that dwell in Britain, we nestly to God for us all, and that the growing remain your younger brethren in the love of Satan's kingdom may fall. Not only his of Christ our Lord. exterior reign on earth, but his reign also in Life, and every blessing to you through the heart; that his kingdom in this world Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Amel. may be upset, foundation and all, and that

Signed for the Church, the kingdom may become Jehovah's, the

MARE, true God, and Jesus Christ's, whom he

NARR,

Deacons hath sent into this world.

PATII, , If you had not sent us teachers to our March 22, 1823. ignorant and dark land, ve should have been nearly consumed, dying in ignorance with The above is a rough translation of the our sins and iniquities upon us. But, be accompanying letter, as literal as the time hold! the word of life came among us, and would allow, the vessel being nearly ready grew in our land, and we are formed into a for sea when I received it. There are : church. There are churches of Jesus Christ few expressions rather more forcible in the in these lands. We love you in your helping original than in the translation, such as of us we would also assist you. It is perfect- metomatou hui tuaana e," " our elder bris ly agreeable to us, what you say and exliort thren,” which is much more pathetic and us to, to strengthen and assist our teachers forcible than the English. Yours, to serve that word is completely agreeable to us. We in the work of the Lord. are assisting them, and we are subscribing

GEO, PLATT.

* Maco, alluding to a complaint incident to neglected, ill-pursed children, in which they have an inordinate desire to eat improper food, and filth, and dirt, &c. &c.

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LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

The valuable discoveries of Professor tised body, yet the attraction and repul. Barlow, respecting the local influencesion which it exercises are the same as if of iron on the magnetic needle, have open. its surface were only covered by a thin ed a wide and very interesting field. stratum of the two fluids. He also shows That very accurate experimentalist, M. that a small magnetic needle, placed in Gay Lussac, has recently determined, the centre of a hollow sphere, will not be that the mutual action of two magnetic subject to any magnetic action from other particles depends on the matter with which , magnets, nor even from that of the earth's they are incorporated. Thus, he found magnetism. The application of a ring or that a magnetic needle eight inches long, plate of soft iron, of any thickness, but of placed in the direction of the magnetic some considerable extent, will, therefore, meridian, made ten horizontal vibrations neutralize the local action of other bodies; in 131 seconds. A bar of soft iron, the as was shown previously by the profound same length, three-quarters of an inch researches of Mr. Barlow, of the Woolwide, and one-sixteenth of an inch thick, wich academy. Indeed, the inductions being placed below the middle about two of M. Poisson, though somewhat differinches, and parallel with the meridian, ent from those of Mr. Barlow, serve to the rapidity of the oscillations were establish more fully the theory suggested doubled, or about ten in sixty-five seconds. by that gentleman, and which he has alA similar bar of pure nickel was substi- ready reduced to practice in a manner no tuted for the iron bar; when the needle less creditable to his ingenuity as an arrequired seventy-eight seconds to make tist, than to his profound mathematical ten vibrations. On the bar of nickel knowledge. The local influence exercised being removed, the needle again returned by the iron of a ship on her compasses to its original intensity, making ten vi. has been known to be the immediate brations in about 130 seconds. These cause of many a valuable ship and crew experiments were made by M. Lussac at being consigned to the deep: but it is not the suggestion of M. Poisson, who has re- known, nor ever can be known, how many cently drawn up a most elaborate memoir melancholy instances of the kind have on the Theory of Magnetic Action. The arisen from this source. The deviation present paper of M. Poisson is rather even of half a point in a ship's course is confined to the natural state of the mag. a serious matter, especially when in the netic property in bodies, than to the ar vicinity of land. But independent of the tificial or acquired state, as in the magne- guns and the iron in a ship having a cer. tic needle. In a second memoir he pro- tain influence on her compass-needles, poses to apply the principles here demon. the lading of many of our outward-bound strated in solution of the phenomena at- merchant vessels contains a large portion tendant on artificial magnetism. Ac- of iron, either manufactured or in bars, cording to the theory of M. Poisson, a which must greatly derange the magnetic small cylindrical needle of soft iron con, needle, though it is usually disregarded. tains the boreal and austral fluids in equal Organic Remains.--The American naquantity throughout its whole length; turalists are daily tracing a conformity so that their action becomes neutralized, in geological deposition between the old and the bar exhibits no indication what. Continents and what has been improperever of magnetism. But if a magnet be ly called the Neu, or Western Continent placed near the centre of the needle, and of America. We have noticed many in. in the direction of the meridian, the two stances in our preceding numbers of the fluids of the iron needle will become de- fossil remains of the mammoth, elephant, composed, or separated from each other; and other large quadrupeds being found and each particle of north or south pola. in many different parts of America, more rity will be in a slight degree displaced particularly in the vicinity of the Missis. from its prerious station in the bar, or sipi and Ohio rivers. But the Philadeldrawn towards the ends. From this doc- phia Journ. Scien. states, that two travel. trine of magnetic equilibrium, M. Poisson lers, Messrs. Lewis and Clark, in a re.. infers that, notwithstanding the boreal cent expedition up the Missouri river, and austral fluids disseminated have discovered some remains of amphibia, throughout the whole mass of a magne- belonging to the genera sauri, which scen

are

to differ in character from all the other breaking down and expelling calculi :-A species previously known. These remains straight sound, made of silver, containing were found in a cavern a few miles south

a smaller sound sliding within it. The of the Missouri river, near a creek; and smaller sound near its inner extremity from the conformation of the dental bone, is divided into three arms, which spring Dr. Harlau proposes to give it the name

open when they pass through the end of of Saurocephalus lanciformis. It is proba- the exterior sound, forming a kind of ble that future research will reward the spring forceps. Through the inner tube, labours of the American naturalists with a steel rod, having a saw, a file, or a a rich harvest in the very interesting knife, at the extremity, is made to slide field of organic remains, particularly in with ease. The instrument being insert. the genus lacerta ; for as these animals ed through the urethra into the bladder, are known to abound, at the present day, the inner sound is moved about until the in the great rivers of both Americas, it forceps grasps a portion of calculus ; when is a fair presumption that fossil remains the operator, by partially withdrawing would be found to a much greater extent the inner sound, closes the forceps firm. in America, than in any part of Europe, ly on the stone ; in which situation, the where this family of the animal creation saw, drill, or file is made to act on it un. must have been extinct for ages-their til it becomes broken down in smaller remains not being found in any of the pieces the fragments of which are subse. British series of posterior formation to quently ejected by the urine, aided by: the blue lias.

copious injection of warm water to face A considerable number of the bones of litate the discharge. Although there must various wild animals, (among which can be considerable delicacy required, and some be traced those of the hyena, the fox, the degree of hazard attending this mode of wolf, and wild boar,) have also been found operating, yet M. Percy relates three in the limestone caves of Keat's Hole, cases, in which it was attended with com, near Plymouth: they were discovered by plete success. The first, a man thirty, T. Northmore, Esq., during some geolo- two years of age, underwent the operation gical researches. An early report on the three times before the stone waa completesubject from the Geological Society, as an ly removed, and was so little incommod. investigation of their species, has been ed, as to be capable of walkiugh the undertaken by Mr. Buckland, of Oxford, house of the operator. The second in. and other gentlemen.

stance, a small stone was broken dowi. Extract of Digitalis. — The essential and ejected, leaving for its nucleus “a matter of this powerful plant has been ob- white kidney-bean !" In the third case, tained in a very concentrated state by M. a stone as large as a pigeon's egg, Fas Royer, Bib. Univ., by digesting the dried completely broken down, and discharged

. plant in ether, then filtering and evapor- Comparative Anatomy. - Sir Everard ating the solution, re-dissolving the resi. Home, in the Croonian Lecture, read dur. due in water, and treating the solution ing the late sittings of the Royal Society, with oxyde of lead, again digested in while describing the comparatire volume ether, and evaporated. It presented a of the brain in the human subject, and brown substance, intensely bitter, and the lower orders of the animal kingdom, very deliquescent, and difficult to crys. states, “ that among the insect tribe, the tallize. The sedative properties of this humble bee has the largest brain in prosubstance was so powerful, that a grain portion to its size. In the moth, caterdissolved in 200 grains of water, and pillar, lobster, and earthworm, the structhrown into the abdomen of a rabbit, ture of the brain and medullary substance speedily diminished the circulation, and is similar to that of the bee. In the gar. the animal died without evincing pain, den-smail the brain is larger in proportion or any spasmodic action, though the nerves to the size of the animal than in the bee ; of a rabbit are very easily excited. Half but the bee is also furnished with gang. a grain dissolved in warer, was also in lions, which is not the case with the snail. jected into the veins of a cat, producing Sir E. observes, that in all the variety death in the short space of fifteen minutes. of animals he examined, the brain forms A grain and a half inserted into the ju. a distinct organ, though in some insects, gular vein

a dog produced death in fire scarcely visible to the naked eye; that minutes. The arterial blood of all the ani. there is also at some distance from the mals exhibited the deleterious agency of the brain a second substance of similar strucmedicine, both in colour and consistence. ture connected with the brain by two la.

Now operation on Urinary Calculi.- The teral chords from whence the nerves Ann. de Chemie contains a report from M. branch off to the different muscular struc: Percy, of the following operation for tures of the body. The ganglions, which form a chain so beautifully connected to Melting ice

0.

0. gether by a double nerve, must be consi. A well, 34 feet deep dered to have the same uses as the gang

(mean of six years lions, in the human body, being equally

observation)

.......... + 10.47 : + 9.64

13.8 composed of a congeries of nerves.” These A cellar.....

12.7 facts, if allowed to be clearly developed, The human body...... 32.7

29.8 form an addition to our ksłowledge, and Fusion of yellow wax 56.25 49.6 give confirmation to opinions not before Boiling alcohol, density satisfactorily established.

851, Barom. at 28 in. 75.6 63.5 Minerals' produced artificially. It has Boiling mixture of three been very often observed that the analyses parts of alcohol and of minerals are of comparatively little va- one of water, the mixlue, as long as we are not capable of re- ture used for Rean. producing by composition what had been

mur's thermometer, dissolved. Professor Mitschterlich has generally.....

80.

66.8 accomplished this important object. We

From the above discordance it seems have been gratified by the sight of beauti. ful and well-defined crystals of greyish no longer doubtful that alcohol and mer. white pyroxine, which had been obtained cury are not equally expanded and con. by mixing the constituent parts indicated tracted, by equal increments or decreby analyses in the necessary proportion, ments of caloric. And this divergence and exposing this mixture to the high de- appears to proceed in an increasing ratio, gree of heat of the porcelain furnaces at

ture.

as we recede from the point of zero. InSevres in France. By this means Pro. dependent, however, of this objection to fessor Mitschterlich has succeeded in ob- spirit thermometers, where very accurate taining several species that occur in nam observations are required, the sources of

He has likewise observed among error will of course be magnified, if ther. the different kinds of slags, more than inometers be filled with spirit of wine of forty species in a crystallized state, parti- different spec. grav. ; which is probably cularly of such minerals as are found in often the case in the ordinary manufac. primitive rocks, but also of a good many ture of these instruments. others which have not hitherto been ob.

New Optical Instrument, or Water-Te. served.-Dr. Brewster's Journal.

lescope. In the last number of the JourThermometers.--In Von Zach's Corr. nal of Science, the following account of an Astr., No. 5, a set of interesting oberva- ingenious invention is given :-An opti. tions appear on the comparative expan- cal instrument for seeing through water, sion of mercury and spirit of wine as ap- and exploring the bottom of rivers, has plicable to the thermometer. The obser- been.constructed by Mr. Keslie, of Lanvations were made by a very accurate ob- sonburgh, United States. It consists of server, M. Flanguergies of Viviers, with a conical tube of variable length, about great care, and are therefore entitled to an inch broad at the top, and ten inches considerable contidence. The spirit ther at the bottom. It is glazed at both ends, mometer was an excellent one, made under and when the broad end is immersed to the inspection of Reaumur himself; and some depth in water, and the eye applied the mercurial thermometers, of which at the narrow extremity, there is no in. there were several, were constructed by terruption to, or deflection of, the rays of the best artists. They were all similarly light coming from objects in the water to divided, according to the octogenial scale the eye; and if the water be clear, objects of Reaumur; and the experiments were may be distinctly seen to a considerable each frequently repeated, in order to ob- depth. The instrument is provided with tain an average or correct result.

lamps suspended near the lower or broad The effect produced by the following end, in an outer cylinder, which slides on freezing mixtures on each thermometer, over what may be termed the object glass

of the instrument. The light of the Two parts of pounded Spirit Mercury lamps being reflected towards the bottom,

ice, and one part by Ther. Ther. any object may be easily distinguished by weight of muriate of

night, if the water be clear. Two tubes soda, sunk the.......-17°.4 -16°.6 are attached to the cylinder, containing Two of ice and one of

the lamps; one to supply fresh air for the · muriate of ammonia-12.7 -12.4 combustion, and the other to carry off the Two of ice and one of

smoke and foul ar. The account does • crystallized sugar... - 5.

4.9 not state whether the glasses of this wa. Two of ice and one of

ter-telescope are plain or magnifiers. We • nitre ..................

3.5 -3.42 see no reason why convex glasses may not

was :

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