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view to publication. Here will be seen to equal advantage, the philosopher and the man of business, the moralist' and negotiator, the profound legislator, and the familiar friend, who opens his mind and delivers his sentiments with the same ingenuousness on matters of science and policy, the conduct of private life, and the interests of nations. The correspondence contained in this collection, is indeed a store of the soundest lessons of practical wisdom upon subjects of universal moment, and it is also a repository of information which will afford the best instruction to politicians, and will prove a sure guide to the future historian, who shall undertake the task of recording the several stages that have led to the establishment of American Independence, with the consequences of that event upon the states of Europe. The MEMOIRS OF THE LIFE, and the PRIVATE CorRESPONDENCE of DR. FRANKLIN, will show much more clearly the great chain on which the fate of nations depends, than the debates of senates, the cabals of cabinets, or the details of battles: and to an Englishman, the Letters, now for the first time
published, will be curious and important in a very high degree, as throwing a strong light upon the early part of the present reign, and upon the characters of those persons who had a principal share in the counsels which produced the dismemberment of the British empire, and the creation of a power, which, from being a dependent state, hasbecome its most formidable rival.
DR. FRANKLIN’S MEMOIRS Consist altogether of Six Volumes octavo. They are divided into Three Parts; each Part being published and sold separately; viz. ,,Vols. 1 and 2. Containing the Life.
Vols. 3 and 4. - Private Correspondence.
Vols. 5 and 6. — Select Works, most of which
are now published for the first time.
Private Correspondence.. :-;
Dr. Franklin to Rev. George Whitfield, Philadelphia, June
, 6, 1753. On faith and good works -
to Miss Stevenson, London, May 16, 1760. Advice
in reading . . .
to John Baskerville, Printer, 1760. '.' ' .
to John Alleyne, esq. Aug. 9, 176s. On early mar.
to Michael Collinson, esq. 1768 or 69. Respecting
Mr. Peter Collinson ·
to Michael Hillegas, esq. March 17, 1770. On
covering houses with copper! i
to Samuel Rhoads, esq. Juve 26, 1770.. Containing
the method of covering houses with copper !..
to Governor Franklin, Aug. 19, 1772. On exercise
- of the body
: : : :* - 15
to Mr. Anthony Benezet, Aug. 22, 1772. On the
to Dr. Priestley, Sept. 19, 1772. Moral Algebra,
or method of deciding doubtful matters with
to the Rev. Dr. Mäther, July 7, 1773. Dissenters'
petition-- America known to the Europeans bei
- fore Columbus .
to Samuel Danforth, esq. July 25, 1773
to His Most Serene Highness Don Gabriel of Bour-
bon, Philadelphia, Dec. 12, 1775. On receiving
his version of Sallust -
Dr. Franklin to Dr. Priestley, Paris, Jan. 27, 1777. Phi-
losopher's stone--State of affairs in America -
to Mrs. Thompson, (at. Lille ) Feb. 8, 1777
to Dr. Cooper, (Boston) May 1, 1777
to Mr. Winthrop, (Boston) May 1, 1777
to Mr. Cushing, (Boston) May 1, 1777 ...32
to Mr. Thomas Viny, (Tenterden, Kent) Passy,
near Paris, May 4, 1779 ai e
to Mrs. Wright, (London) May 4, 1779
to General Beckwith, May 17, 1779. Discourag-
ing his going to the United States under the
expectation of being employed in its armies - 35
to Sir Edward Newenham, bart. (Dublin) May
27, 1779. Respecting Irish emigrations to the
United States ,
'to General Gates, June 2, 1779. ' Relative to the
Chevalier De Ramondis-Capitulation of Sara-
toga--Dissensions in America - -
to Richard Bache, esq. (bis son-in-law) June 2, 1779.
Respecting Dr. F.'s enemies in America-His
to Mrs. Bache, (his daughter) June 3, 1779. Va-
rious matter -
to Mr. Bridgèn, (London) Oct. 2, 1779. On cop
per coinage for the United States
: to B. Vaughan, esq. Nov. 9, 1779. On his edition
of some of. Dr. Franklin's Writing: -
to Francis Hopkinson, esq. June 4, 1779 -
to Pere Beccaria Nov. 19, 1779
" to Dr. Price, Feb, 6, 1780 ...
: to Dr. Priestley, Feb. 8, 1780, On true science
Reflections on the inconveniences 'attending all
situations in life. . .
to General Washington, March 5, 1780. Relative
to the Marquis De la Fayette—Invitation to
to the Chevalier De la Luzerne, March 5, 1780.
i Various matter
. to F. Hopkinson, esq. March 16, 1780. Political
squibs-Dr. Ingenhausz's experiments on the
leaves of trees-A new telescope for ascertaining
distances . -
: - 57
to Dr. Bond, March 16, 1780. Letter of friendship 58
Dr. Franklin to Dr. Cooper, March 16, 1780. Relative;
,"to his grandson-The alliance with France, &c. - 59
; - to C. Griffin, esq. March 16, 1780' 7
to William Carmichael," esq. (Madrid) June 17,
as 1780. Relative to Sir J. Dalrymple--The Mar-
. quis de la Fayette-Report of the siege of
Charlestown being raised - Riots in London
The ephemera . . .-. i. - 61
• to Dr. Fothergill, June 19, 1780. Letter of friend
* to Mr. Small, July 22, 1780. Friendship, gout,
. &c. -
+10 to Miss Georgiana Shipley, Oct. 8, 1780
**97 to Dr. Price, Oct. 9, 1780. On the British par-
10 liament- Religious tests, &c. onio
- to Sir Grey Cooper, bart. Nov. 7, 1780. Respect-
:.! ing Mr. President Laurens .loo? ! :
Sir Grey Cooper to Dr. Franklin, Nov. 29, 1780. In an-
si swer to the foregoing :
Dr. Franklin to Sir Edward Newenham, bart. Feb. 12, 1781.
* Passport for provisions and clothing sent to the
- “West Indies - -
- 1 . - 71
· to Monsieur Nogaret, March 8, 1781. Respect-
- ing the French translation of a Latin line com-
plimentary to Dr. Franklin . . .
trto the President of Congress, March 12, 1781. Re-
!! quests being recalled, and some appointment for
: his grandson W. Temple Franklin ! "? - 73
His Ex. J. Jay, esq. to the President of Congress, April 21,
' 1781. On the subject of Dr. Franklin's requests
Col. J. Laurens to Dr. Franklin, June 9, 1781.' On Dr.
in Franklin's wish to retire and his grandson - 77
Dr. Franklin to Col. Laurens, Nov. 8, 1781. In answer to
the foregoing -
to the Marquis de la Fayette, March 14, 1781. Re-
in s pecting Dr. Franklin's enemies in America,
* The English nation-Monsieur La Motte Piquet
to Mr. Hodgson, April 1, 1781. Abominable con-
:)" duct of a Mr. Digges-Peace --Proposals of
.. - 79
to W. Carmichael, esq. April 12, 1781. Respect-
ing Dr. Franklin's enemies in America ; and
5 various matter .
to Mops. Court de Gebelin, May 7, 1781. On
How the Indian language-The mariner's compass, &c. 83