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dancy, whose management for a time he had ostensibly renounced.
Legislative Union could not be forced upon Ireland in health, vigour and harmony. It could only be imposed upon her, in the fatal hour of exhaustion, debility and discord. The power and influence, which Mr. Pitt possessed (especially by the coalition of the Whig party in England) in 1794 and 1795 gave him more facilities to carry the whole question at that time, than he commanded of passing the previous concessions in 1793. It is impossible, that the mind of Mr. Pitt should not have been equally open to the merits of the question, in the years 1795, 1799 and 1801. Had it been acceded to in 1795, it would have prevented a rebellion ; in 1799 it would have enabled Ireland to resist external Union; and in 1801 it would have preserved the country from the still unmeasured evil of ministers successively pledged by official tenure to thwart her wishes, damp her energies, and perpetuate her proscription. Without fathoming private motives, historical evidence demonstrates, that Mr. Pitt as fully knew the fate of the Catholic question in 1800, when by the delusive prospect of its success he cajoled the Catholic into a support of the Union, as he did in 1301, when, by anticipating its failure, he took that pretext for retiring from office. It can never be forgotten, that in the papers written by Mr. Pitt and Lord Cornwallis given by the latter to Dç. Troy and Lord Fingall on the same day, Mr. Pitt assured the Catholics, that he would do his utmost to establish their cause in the public, and prepare the way for their finally attaining their objects. And Lord Cornwallis reminded them to be sensible of the benefit they possess, by having so many characters of eminence pledged not to embark in the service of government, except on the terms of the Catholic privileges being obtained:
They both did embark in the service of government, and the Catholic privileges have not been obtained. Mr. Pitt, as
The generality of Orangemen were indivi
Orangedually adverse to the Union. They foresaw in men na
turally the absorption of their country's power the final
against extinction of that very monopoly, by which they Union. subsisted. The Lord Lieutenant having successfully treated with Lord Clare and Mr. Beresford, found himself strong enough to resist the exorbitant demands of Mr. Foster, and bad defiance to his powerful opposition to the measure of Union. The Orangemen came to an understanding with the Chief Governor, that provided they were formally permitted to make Protestant ascendancy (in other words, future resistance to Catholic concession) not only the bond and ostensible test of their union, but the condition and measure of their allegiance, they would abstain, as a body, from opposing the Union, and so model and moderate the rules and regulations of their Society, that no upright Protestant should in future be shocked with the oath of extermination, or deterred from entering into their Society by any pledge, obligation or oath unpalatable to the most tender Protestant conscience. In pursuance of this understanding, the following advertisement appeared in all the public prints.
the first minister of the Crown opposed them when brought forward. Lord Cornwallis never once stood up to support them.
GRAND LODGE. advertize. ment not to ioter
To the Orangenien of Ireland. fere with Union.
Dublin, Jan. 21, 1800. The Grand Lodge of Ireland observe with heartfelt satisfaction, that their former recommendation to their brethren to abstain, as Orangemen, from any discussion of the question of Union has had the happiest effects, in as much as it has disappointed the sanguine and malignant hopes entertained by the enemies to religion and good order, that such discussion would be productive of discord amongst Orangemen, They now feel it their duty to offer some further observations on the present juncture of affairs..
Orangemen in different capacities, as Members of Parliament, Grand Jurors, Freeholders and Members of Corporate Boilies, have opportunities of debating the important question of an Uni:)n. But it is the earnest entreaty of the Grand Lodge, that as a Society, they will continue silent. For as every Orangeman, however zealous, may, and no, doubt will from local circumstances conceive different ideas of the subject, the discussion of a question of such
magnitude involving not only great imperial topics, but also matters of local advantage and local disadvantage must unavoidably create a division in opinion, and an house divided against itself cannot stand. It is therefore recommended to all Orangemen to keep in mind the great object, for which they have associated, to wit. “ We associate to the utmost of our power to
support and defend his Majesty King George " the Third, the constitution and laws of this
country, and the succession to the throne in his Majesty's illustrious house being Protestants, for the defence of our persons and properties, and to maintain the peace of our country: and for these purposes we will be at all times ready to assist the civil and military
powers, in the just and lawful discharge of " their duty,” and to avoid as injurious to the institution all controversy upon subjects not connected with our principles.
THOMAS VERNER, Grand Master.
Shortly before this time the Orangemen, then New rules organized into a very numerous Society, had re- and reguvised their statutes and ordinances, and reduced the Societhem into a more plausible and more insidious form. ty of
OrangeAs secrecy however was the soul of their institu- men.
tion, these new rules and regulations, by which the Society has from that time been governed, though printed, were most cautiously kept from the unhallowed eye of their proscribed neighbours. As the subsistence of this Society appears to be an irremoveable obstacle to the
permanent peace and prosperity of Ireland, we have found it a duty of allegiance to place before the eyes of government and the public a full and authentic copy
of those rules and regulations, by reference to which the foregoing details will be fairly considered and finally and impartially judged of.
Conclu. sive observation.
One observation occurs upon the following rules and regulations, which without further comment we recommend to the sympathetic reflection of the reader; more particularly so, should these sheets chance to fall under the
any gentleman, on whom rests a public duty to watch and preserve the tranquillity and welfare
of the country
As the Orangeman's oath is expressed and administered, it is at common law unlawful, illegal, and even treasonable, and by an existing Statute felonious. The Author therefore challenges every loyal subject, who by having taken it, or otherwise has obtained more certain knowledge, than he has, of the party and other mischievous purposes of their oath and association to come for