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parts of the world speak. The entire afternoon was devoted to entertainment, socials, sports, excursions, and most important of all to private conferences between delegates and leaders of conviction. Then came the hill-top life-work meeting followed by another platform session similar in nature to that of the morning's. Camp prayer marked the end of a perfect day.

The conference date last summer was from June 11th to June 21st which, to my opinion, was a little too early as some, if not most, of the Middle Western Colleges and Universities then had not yet closed for summer vacation. In spite of this handicap, however, delegates were able to come from almost all institutions in this section of the country, totalling to over one thousand, leaders and all. Of the dozen or more foreign delegations, the Chinese again headed the list, with the Philippine and the Japanese second and third respectively.

It is not out of proportion, I believe, to describe here the doing of the Chinese delegation more in detail. The thirty-six Chinese students who constituted the delegation represented twelve institutions of this territory. The State University of Illinois and Grinnell College of Iowa had the honor of sending more delegates than any others. These thirty-six students of China, meeting at Lake Geneva among streams of other delegations, organized themselves immediately to function as a unit in this great gathering. We hoped also that by means of organization we could get the most out of the conference. Mr. K. W. Wang, of Illinois State was Chairman of the Chinese Delegation. Constantly with us either as leaders, speakers, advisers, or merely helpers, besides the regular conference officers and speakers to whom we could all go for personal interview, we had Mr. P. C. Chang, General Secretary of the Peking Y. M. C. A., Mr. M. Y. Liu of the Tientsin Y. M. C. A. and Dr. K. S. Latourette of Denison University and formerly of “Yale in China.” Dr. Latourette led the Bible Class for the Chinese Delegation using “The Christian Basis of World Democracy,” by himself as text. A more fitting teacher could not have been found. Then visiting us later in the conference as our special guests were Dr. F. S. Brockman, Associate Secretary of the Y. M. C. A. International Committee and formerly the General Secretary of the National Committee of China, and Mr. William Hung.

The discussion period in the morning was utilized by the Chinese delegation in informing one another of the recent developments in China, in pointing out things that have been a drawback to our country, in trying to formulate, heads together, means by which these drawbacks might be removed. Here every one took part, but Mr. Chang was really the guiding spirit.

Another event that disclosed the immediate effect of the conference and marked the highest spot in the doings of the Chinese delegation was the baptism of Messrs. H. K. Li and S. D. Tung, both of the state University of Illinois, by Dr. Baker on the last Sunday.

As it were, we all went a-hunger and returned fully satisfied.

But I can not conclude without relating also the mixed feeling which all the Chinese delegates and many friends of China commonly experienced when Mr. Shelton, a Medical Missionary to Thibet, told of his dealings with the local bandits in a platform meetings. I said mixed feeling because we felt ashamed that such conditions existed as told by Mr. Shelton, and were grateful and certainly sympathetic for the sufferings he had endured for China. May God help him and us!

Recording Secretary of
the Mid-Western Department.



Japan, Britain and China, By Anthony Chyne
The Living Age, Sept. 18, 1920, pp. 694697.

“There is room for two Great Powers in the East, Britain and Japan, and the interest of both is to co-operate in the enlightenment and development of China."

La Situation Politique et Economique De l'Extreme Orient

Apres La Guerre De 1914-1918 By Auguste Gerard Revue economique internationale (Brussels)

August, 1920

By 1914 Japan and China had given up their isolation so far as to join one after another the world war. Japan took the German fortress of Kiaochow, helped to drive the German warships out of the Pacific, furnished food and munitions to Russia, and made loans to Allies. China and Siam both joined the Allies. The Russo-Japanese War gave Japan some political advantages, but no economic advantage. The war of 1914-1918 put Japan on a sound economic basis, exports increased from 592,000 yen in 1914 to 1,603,000,000 yen in 1917, number of industrial corporations increased from 4,961 with a capital of 814,304,000 yen in 1913 to 5,942 with 1,057,108,262 yen in 1916. China, too, derived many commercial advantages from the war and some economic and political advantages from the Versailles treaty, which she ought to have signed. The situation in the Far East demands that Japan and China and also Japan and United States preserve their friendly relations in order that the allied and associated powers of the recent war may co-operate to bar the Bolshevists, the pangermanists and the panturaruanists from China.

The Hegemony of the Pacific

By Victor Pacificus
Living Age, September 18, 1920, pp. 688—694.

Japan needs more colonies. China is thickly populated; in Korea and Manchuria, the Japanese meets the competition of cheaper labor; hence, Japan turns to Australia and New Zealand where the population is only two per square mile. She has got control of Micronesia; Formosa is only two days from the Philippines, the Hawaiian archipelago is populated chiefly by Japanese; merchants from Japan are already controlling the market of the Pacific Islands; Indian nationalists are favorable to Japanese hegemony; thus Japan is fast preparing to wield the hegemony of the Pacific and to invade Australia. The white race has two weapons: (1) the hatred of the Chinese for the Japanese and (2) Anglo-American co-operation.

A Political Upheaval in China

By John Dewey The New Republic, Oct. 6, 1920, pp. 142–144. The defeat of Ausu Club at the height of its power is another demonstration of the force of public opinion and moral considerations in China. The conflict brought out a new leader, General Wu Pei Fu, who is sincerely working for civilian control instead oi military control of government.

My Village of Facing-Light”

By Moon Kwan

Asia, October, 1920. A vivid description of the writer's native town, Chu-YangLi, “the village of Facing-Light”—his family, his early education, his youthful companions, and his departure for the “Golden-Hill,” the Chinese term for California, where he remained for many years, and received his Western education.

Les Rapports Economique De La Chine Et Des Etrangers

By Yues-Guyot Wio, pp. 27—57 This is a resume of China's resources, monetary system (or lack of system) the early contacts between the Chinese and the Europeans, the opening of China, the struggle for concessions, China's foreign trade, Sino-American relations, and the economic progress of the Chinese in the future. It is seen how the foreigners have habitually treated China. They have desired to partition it. They have subordinated economic questions to political ends. They have tried to act in regard to China with diplomatic means, resorting even to Olucanery, threat and force. The foreigners have used, with the Chinese, a peace loving people, the methods of a military civilization; their relations with China will not be normal until they have been replaced by relations based on honest exchange of products and services characteristic of an economic civilization.

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