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M. Cabet is a man of about five feet four, rather thick set, with broad features, lighted up by kindness, intelligence, and habitual good spirits. His hair and beard are white with age, and give him a venerable aspect. He speaks with great distinctness and with Auency, and when dwelling on his favourite subject sometimes rises to eloquence. His disciples listen to him with profound respect and attachment. The Icarians address him as · Father,' though he claims over them no other authority than that accorded by their affection.

On some points he is as sound as the stanchest Conservative could desire. I remember asking him one day what share women would have in the management of affairs in Icaria, and especially whether they would vote. • Vote?' was the reply; .by no means. A great part of them could not leave the care of their children and household matters for that purpose, and it would not be fair for a portion alone to enjoy the privilege. Beside, it would be of no use for them to go to the polls, as they would vote according to the opinions of their husbands, or fathers, or brothers, or sweethearts.'

P.S.-Since the above was written we learn that M. Cabet with his entire company have gone to Iowa to settle, having purchased a large tract of land at Fort Madison, near the junction of the Des Moines River with the Mississippi. Several of the Community died of cholera on the passage from New Orleans, but we hear that those who remained were in high health and spirits, as they approached their new home. From the New York Weekly Tribune.


OR THE PLEASURES OF CONVERSION IN COVENTRY. The above title is taken from a provincial paper. The Birmingham Mercury of Saturday last gleans from the Coventry Herald of Friday the following particulars of the amiable temper in which some divines carry on the work of conversion. I give the account in the language of the newspaper,

• Whilst Mary Ball was lying in her condemned cell at Coventry, the Rev. Richard Chapman, who was chaplain of the gaol, burnt her hand with a lighted candle, for the purpose, as he informed her, of giving her a foretaste of what hell was. The following are the particulars as given in evidence:-On Saturday afternoon, the 4th of August, the governor of the gaol, Mr. Stanley, had occasion to go to Birmingham, on returning, shortly after six o'clock the same evening, he was informed by Miss Winter, the assistant matron, that during his absence the chaplain had visited the prisoner, Mary Ball, then under sentence of death, and by force, in her presence, bad held the condemned woman's hand over a lighted candle, thereby burning and blistering it. Mr. Stanley immediately ran to the cell, when the prisoner showed him her hand, which he found to be blistered as he had been informed ; the prisoner expressing herself glad that he had come, and complaining of the Rev. Mr. Chapman's treatment. Susanna Winter also informed the magistrates that it was about half-past five o'olock on the Saturday afternoon that the chaplain visited the prisoner, and immediately on entering the cell he

called for a lighted candle, which was brought to him. He then took the candle in one hand, and with the other laid hold of the hand of the prisoner, Mary Ball, which he held over the candle, and asked her if she felt it. After a time she snatched her hand away, having previously endeavoured to withdraw it, saying at the same time that she did feel it. The chaplain asked her what that would be compared to the torments of bell, where her whole frame would be burning for a hundred years ? Whilst the chaplain held the prisoner's hand over the candle, she tried hard to get it away. Miss Winter gives it as her opinion, to the best of her judgment, that the hand of the prisoner was held over the candle two minutes. The candle was first held at a distance from her hand, and brought nearer to it gradually. She tried hard to get it away whilst it was being held. After Mary Ball got her hand away, Mr. Chapman told her not to think he was actuated by any motives of cruelty towards her, and that his design was, to give her some idea of what the torments of hell were. These statements having been made before the magistrates, in the presence of Mr. Chapman, he admitted that they were substantially correct. He added that he was actuated by the best of motives; and that what he did was to facilitate her notion of pain. We are glad to say that the magistrates have suspended this ignorant savage until the next general quarter sessions, when of course he will be discharged.'

G. J. H.


SIR-I was much pleased with the letter of your correspondent in Paris, who extends the application of Mr. Cobden's speech. That millionaires lent money to foreign despots, and thus enabled poor tyrants to go to war, I learned from what Mr. Cobden said ; but I did not see, before Mr. Search pointed it out, the • Influence which the Jews had on despotic wars, and how they thus avenge themselves upon Christians for bygone injustice. Several newspapers have commented on Mr. Cubden's speech, but I have not seen the same idea expressed elsewhere. Do insert the following fact from the Jewish Chronicle, which shows further that the great friends of liberty are becoming alive to the eminent influence of this proscribed order of men :—Some time ago Kossuth presented himself in the Synagogue of Grosswarden, to thank the Jews for their devotion to the national cause. He asked pardon of the people of Israel for the persecutions of past times, and concluded his address by a solemn promise that, in future, the Jews should enjoy the same rights as the other inhabitants of Hungary.

R. K. D.




If a sup

WORKING FRIENDS. In the distribution of Weekly Bills of Contents of the Reasoner through the London agents, we find that many agents never get

them. ply is sent to provincial agents who supply others in their districts, the supply is often imperfect through accident, deficiency, or pressure of business. The only remedy is to forward a weekly bill to each agent.

To accomplish this we want one active friend in each town, who will walk through it and take note of all the newsvendors in it, and who will, on condition of receiving the necessary supply, deliver one weekly to ach vendor. Where the town is 100 large for one person to walk through it, a selection of the most likely and most public vendors could be made. Every person who will serve us in this way, even to a small extent, will save us important expense, and render equally important service to our circulation. We shall be glad to receive a line from any friends who will so assist us.


The newspapers of rival sects have commented largely on the late expulsions made by the Methodist Conference, but we see nothing in them different from the conduct of all religious bodies—as far as the disposition to crush adverse inquiry is concerned. Besides, the expelled ministers made inaccurate charges against Bunting, and conducted their written opposition without dignity-thus giving an easy triumph into the enemy's hands. This fault has belonged to all opposition to Methodism arising within its own ranks—meaning good, but through passion impotent to accomplish it.

G. J. H. LET ENGLAND REMEMBER. And true to the pledge of her youthful

fame, Air-'Let Erin remember the days of old.' Lead the world again to glory! Let England remember the days of yore, Let her sons advance in the teeth of time Of her old heroic story,

Where their rights, or the world's, The days of Nasebg and Marston-Moor may need 'em,

slime And Worcester's crowning' glory! In the track once mark'd by a faith subWhen the people's will and the people's In God and in human freedom! right

SPARTACUS. Made a traitor monarch heed 'em ; When the Commons dared or speak or

A GLEE. fight,

AirWhen Arthur first at court began.' For the sake of the common freedom.

When Royalty for change began Let England think of the men of old,

To wear wide laughing-sleeves, Of the chiefs of her hero-story, It entertain'd three serving-men, Of Eliot brave and Hampden bold,

And all of them were thieves. And Cromwell-England's glory!

The first he was a bishop proud; When England'sstrength w

was a righteous

The next a rascal peer ; sword,

The third he was a parliament-man : Abroad or at home to defend her;

And all were rogues, I hear.
When glorious Milton's banner'd word
Lent farthest lands her splendour.

The bishop stole for love of God;

The peer for love of plunder; Is England's heart grown senseless pow, The parliament-man as go-between,

Or her fame dim-eyed and hoary, His fellow vagabonds under. Or does she repent of the hero-vow

The first was damn'd for blasphemy; Of the men of the days of glory, That the commonweal is a fearful word And the People took charge of the par

The next hang'd for a thief; To the slaves that are trampling on

liament.man : her; That a coward's trick is her only sword,

So that Royalty died of grief.

SPARTACUS. And a trading lie her honour? May England retrieve her hero-name,

* We suppose the poet means Truth-as a defi.

nite idea is required by the purport of the song. Resuming her olden story ;


Illustrative Notices.

CHARGES have been preferred against General Belknap, commanding officer of Fort Gibson, because he refused to let the chaplain preach over an hour. The Chicago Journal says, 'We wish General Belknap had commanded up this way.'

Justices Patteson and Coleridge are reported to have withdrawn their names from the Church Union Society.

The Institution of Progress, George Street, Chelsea, requires the assistance of friends : all residing in the vicinity should at once volunteer their co-operation.

Tindal has asked—'What worse opinion can we have of the Divine Goodness than to imagine a mean denial of our reason, or wretched affectation of believing any point too hard for our understandings, can entitle us to the favour of God ?'

Athens now boasts of twenty-two journals; a greater number, in proportion to its population, than any other city in the world. Of these, sixteen are political, one legal, one medical, and two literary.

There is a record in the parish register of Tannadice, near Forfar, of the closing of the church on a certain Sunday, because the minister had to go elsewhere to superintend the burning of a witch.

A new volume has been issued by W. J. Fox, M.P., 'On Religious Ideas.'

Mr. Ironside has been appointed by the Sheffield Town Council to represent them at the Paris Peace Congross.

From Mr. Vale's New York Monthly Beacon, No. 12, we learn that our old acquaintance, the Rev. George Montgomery West, has been debating with Mr. Vale, and boasting of his victories over the sceptics of England. We perceive no variation in the Doctor's tactics, nor improvement in his tone of speech. We have forwarded to New York the account of M.:. Holyoake's debates with the Doctor, in Rochdale and Ashton-under-Lyne, last year, for the exlification of our New York friends.

The Democratic Review for August contains a letter by the editor to the Working Classes—a soug‘For Rome,' by our correspondent, Spartacus'-examples of Mangan's poems, and various democratic matters.

Louis Blanc's Monthly Review, which is published in English and French simultaneously, abounds in his characteristic excellences. It appears to be almost entirely written by himself,

We learn that the New Sanctuary of Thought and Science,' by our friend the Student in Realities, is announced at 3s. 6d.

The People's Provident Magazine' is a new Journal devoted to Assurance, Benefit, Building, and Friendly Societies' matters, and seems to contain a desirable digest of that important branch of information. But as so many of the Working Classes must take these things on trust, we should like to see the names of those who are responsible for this paper's contents, published.

Professor Maurice-Mr. Holyoake announced on Sunday evening-continues his meetings with the people. At first they were meetings with working mennow the speakers are of a class somewhat higher.

Mr. Dean, of the Hall of Science Band, gives a Vocal, Instrumental, and Elocutionary Concert there on Monday evening, September 3rd. Mr. Thomas Cooper will preside, and deliver an introductory address.

Ten Thousand of the Tracts by the Finsbury Tract Society, entitled 'What is a Chartist ? are being issued by our publisher, and we call upon the friends of political reform to aid their distribution,

Mr. W. Knowles writes— The following Bill has been posted on the walls of our neighbourhood (Hyde) this week, August 4:—"A Miracle. The Deaf Hear and the Dumb Speak in the Latter Day Saints' Meeting Room, Newton Green, on Thursday evening, August 2, 1849, at half-past 7 o'clock." We attended (Mr. Hunt and myselt), but the Miracle-man was absent, and the president said he would inquire about the reason of his not appearing according to promise. The room was well filled.'

G. J. H.


APIER'S ILLUSTRATED EDITION. Just LITERARY & SCIENTIPIC INSTITUTION, John Street, Fitzrov Square.- Aug. 24, [8] Mr. Bronterre Engravings, Price 6d., or by post 12 stamps, an O'Brien, Progress of Democracy at Home and Illustrated Guide to Badajoz, a Grand Pictorial Abroad.'. 26th, (75) Thomas Cooper, ' Administra. Model at the Royal Surrey Zoological Gardenstion of Pitt, and its Influence on our own Times.'

containing a complete historical account of the ECLECTIC INSTITUTE, 72, Newman Street, Or. Sieges it stood during the Wars of the Peninsulaford Street - August 26, (8) J. B. O'Brien, B.A., with sketches of Napoleon, Wellington, and Soult * The Application of Scriptural Truths to the Praca -plars and views of the city and fortifications, and tical Business of Life.'

of the last memorable siege. SOUTH LONDON HALL, Webber Street, Black *An excellent little illustrated Guide to Badajoz' friars Road.-August 26, (8) Mr. W. Cooper, The -Sun. Character and Writings of William Cobbett.'

Also, the Penny Illustrated Guide to Badajoz, Ellis's Rooms, George Street, New Road.Aug. 26, [83], Mr. Ellis, On the Science and Art account of the final storming of the city in the last

with sengravings, a sketch of the war, and a graphic of Infant Education.'

siege. By post 3 stamps. South Place, Moorfields. - 1st and 3rd Sundays of every month, w. J. Fox, M.P. will lecture ; 49, Paternoster Row, and all booksellers.

G. Vickers, Holywell Street, Strand, J. Gilbert; other Sundays, Mr. Travers.

(We intimated some time ago that a dificulty existed as to the announcement of the week's lectures,


, in future they will be continued SPORRIS TEMPERANCE COFFEE HOUSE, cerned. The directors of the John Street Institu. accommodated upon the most reasonable terms. tion, and also Mr. Bendall, proprietor of the Hall J. S. informs his friends and others who are about of Science, have made arrangements for the inser

to Emigrate, either to the Canadas or United tion of notices of the lectures in their respective States, that he has entered into arrangements with Halls, which notices, therefore, will so far be oil.cial.] furnish information as to cost of passage, time of

a respectable shipping house, and is prepared to THE SOCIETY OF FREE INQUIRERS.

sailing, &c., &c. The Society of Free Inquirers now meet

All communications must be post-paid, and Every Friday evening, at Mr. Ellis's School contain a postage stamp, or they will not be an. Rooms, 8, George Street, Euston Square, where swered. it is particularly requested that all Books, &c. which may have been lent from the Library, may be immediately sent.

By order of the Committee, The Reasoner is sent free by Post, the Quarter's
R. MILLS, Sec.

Subscription 48. 4d., on thin paper 38. 3d.,

and issued in Monthly Parts and Half-yearly SHILLING LIST.

Volumes. Acknowledged in No. 0

31 J. M. C......................

10 6 Willis Knowles.........

O RECEIVED. - Dublin Commercial Journal and W. D. Saulle...

90 Family Herald, Nos. 32-4.-J. S. S. (Our corThe Author of the Schoolmaster


respondent 'Spartacus' is the same whose name J. S. B.

06 formerly appeared in the Nation.) - Sheffield

Independent, No. 1633.- Manchester Spectator, THE ROMAN FUND.

from w. F. – Democracy,' by Frank Grant.-I. Robert Rouse and Friends as follow :-R. R. 58.,

Ironside.-F. L. H. G." (The erratum is not J. G. 58., W. H. Neuber 18., F. M. Is. 6d., G. M. legible.)- Spectator, 1102.-Hugo. (The pecu. 18., H. B. P. Is. 6d., T. W. Is., G. J. 18., R. F. 18.,

liarities of Pantheism,' as distinguished both C. E. ls. Total 19s.

from Christianity and Deism, were illustrated' in Reasoner No. 2, new series, in the review, by Panthea, of Professor Newman's work on the

Soul. The lecture by Thomas Cooper to which SOCIETY, 3, Parliament Street, London.

Hugo probably alludes is in Reusoner No. 69; BANKIRS: Messrs. Cocks, Biddulph, and Co., but it was the editor, not the lecturer, wbo applied Charing Cross.

to it the term of Pantheism. The lecture is VALUABLE NEW PRINCIPLE.–Payment of Pre entitled Divinity & Truth hitherto Misrepremiums may be occasionally omitted without for

sented by Priests.') feiting the Policy, on a new and valuable plan,

Wm. adopted by this society only, as fully detailed in the

W. Bendall, for Carlile monument, 10s. Prospectus. Every information, free of expense, Quirk, for the Hungarians, Is. can be obtained at the office, from

In the month of September, a Secular Infant A. SCRATCALEY, Actuary and Secretary School, tor children of both sexes between the ages

of two and seven, will be opened at 8, George-street, Now reads, Price 6s., 8vo. (Copyright), Euston-square.

Under the superintendence of A PRACTICAL TREATISE ON BENEFIT Mrs. Ellis. Terms : 6d. weekly, 68. quarterly. BUILDING SOCIETIES, with Rules and Tables,

*** Next week we shall give an article on the intended for the use of Officers and Members. By Factory Question, by Eugene. Also, How a 4. SCRATCHLBY, M.A., Actuary to the Western woman was fetched out of Hell,' from the Par. Life Assurance Society, 3, Parliament Street, doner.' Westminster. London: John W. Parker, West Strand.

London :-Printed by A. Holyoake, 54, Exmouth

Street, Clerkenwell, and Published by J. Watson, • Mr. Saull subscribes £1 annually for the two

3, Queen's Head Passage, Paternoster low. yearly volumes : the surplus this year is acknow. ledged as above.

Wednesday, August 22, 1849.

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