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him a little more particularly under those several Respects and Capacities, in which his Up- a fe rightness is principally seen and expreft.

And here we must consider him with re® fpect. to God, and with respect to Men. Under the former Consideration we are to view it his Religion, under the latter his Civil Conversation,

And none ought to be surpriz'd, that in the Character of an Upright Man, we take notice and of his Religious Carriage towards God. For in truth, that is a Point which is Essentially at

necessary to Uprightness. He (faith Solomon) ma Prov.14.2..that walketh in Uprightness feareth the Lordi for

Indeed, take away Religion and the Fear of
God, and the Foundation of Uprightness is de- ain
stroy'd. For all the Principles of Conscience, he
and all the. Obligation to live up to those
Principles, is thereby taken away. He that
hath no Sense of God and Religion, can never
think himself bound to observe any Rules in
his Actions and Behaviour, but what are sub-
servient to the carrying on his private sensual
worldly Interest: And consequently, whatever
is inconsistent with that, be it never so base,
and vile, and injurious, he cannot take himself
in point of Duty oblig'd to stick at it, when
he hath the least Temptation to it. The
result of which is, That he may commit all the

Villainies in the World, and yet think him-
self as Innocent, and his Actions as Com-
mendable, as if he had been never so Honeft
and Virtuous.


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: He therefore that is an Upright Man, hath a serious and hearty Sense of God and Red ligion upon his Spirit, and is above all Things careful to preserve and increase that Sense. But then his Conduct in this Affair is much different from that of ordinary Pretenders to Religion.

For he is a Man that doth not content himself with a mere speculative Belief, or an outward Profession of the Truths of Religion but doth fo far impress them on his Heart, that they influence his whole Life and Converfation. He doth not think it fufficient to be orthodox in his Opinions; or to be a Member of a true Church ; or to be zealous in maintaining and promoting the right Way": But he takes Care to live as he believes' ; to practise suitably to the Proféffion he makes. As he holds fast the Form of Godliness ; so he never fails to express the Power of it, in an innocent and a virtuous Life.

He is a Man, that in the whole Conduct of his Religious Affairs, minds Conscience more than

any selfish Consideration. He takes not up his Principles, either out of Humour, or Passion; to advance his Interest, or to please a Party : But he believes a Thing, because it is true, and profeffeth it, because it is his Duty. In Matters of Religion, he hath the Indifference of a Traveller, whofe great Concernment is to arrive at his Journey's End 2 but for the way that leads thither, be it high or low, all is one to him, so long as he is but. certain that it is the right Way.



And as he doth not chuse his Religion out of worldly Considerations ; fo neither doth he quit it upon such. But is : resolute and conftant in bearing Witness to the Truth, against all Opposition whatsoever. As he doth not make Shew of his Religion the mone when it is in Fashion, and when it may prove, Advan tageous to him; So neither doth he practise it the less, when it may prove Ignominious for Dangerous. He is.obftinately tenacious of his Principles, when he knows them to be good; and prepared to endure the utmost Extremities, rather than violate the Laws and Didates of his Conscience.

He is a Man that thinks Religion too Sacred à Thing, to be prostituted to mean Purposes;

therefore he never useth it as an Inftrument for the serving a Turn; never makes it a : Cloak for the covering a private End, though he were sure he could compass his De signs by it. He knows that the greatest Impostures have laid hid under this Mask, and by luch Artifices God hath been often made a Patron of the most horrid Villanies.

Ed He is a Man that doth not place his Reli, gion in outward Forms and Services ; on in little cheap Duties that cost him nothing. He hath a nobler Sense of God, than to think that such Things can alone recommend us to him: And therefore his principal Concernment is

about the great indispensable Duties of ChriMat. 23. ftianity. The weightier Matters of the Law

, Yuffice, and Mercya and Faith. He hath the Everlasting Notions and Differences of




and Evil deeply engraven in his Heart; and in the practising or the avoiding them, he chiefly, lays out himself.

He is a Man,, that doth not pick and chuse out of God's Commandments which to ob serve[to the Neglect of the rest : But endea yours uprightly and sincerely to obferve them all. He calls no Sin little, because his Temper inclines him to it, or the Course of his Life leads him more frequently into the Temptations of it ; :; but he hath an hearty uniform Averfion to every iThing that is Evil. He holds no secret Friendship or Correspondence with

any Enemy of God; but fights as refoluțely against his most agreeable and most gainful Sins, as those that he hath less Temps tations to upon those Accounts.

Do He is a hearty Enemy to all Factions in Religion, as knowing the Life’and Soul of ChriNianity is often eaten out by them. All die viding Principles he abhors; and as much as he loves Truth, he is not less concerned for Peace. And he is better pleased with one Inftance of his Charity in Composing, or his Zeal in Suppressing Religious Differences, than with Twenty of his Skill and Abilities in disputing them. For he knows that LOVE is more acceptable to God than a right Opinion and rend' the Church, is not less glorious than Else

2 and to be a Martyr, rather than divide Dionys: to be a Martyr for refusing to offer Sacrifice to Idols.

bastly, He is a Man Religious without Noife, and uses no little Arts to make his



Piety taken Notice of in the World. For he seeks 'not the Praise of Men in any Thing he doth, but studies to approve himself to God only. And therefore he is as careful of his Thonghts, as of his Actions; and hath the same Fear of God, and Regard of his Duty, when'no Man sees him ; as when he is in the most publick Places.

These are the great Strokes of Uprightness, as to Religion. And whoever makes good these Characters, may unquestionably conclude of himself, that he is an honest Man to God-ward, a true Israelite indeed, in whom there is no Guile.

Come we now, in the Second Place, To take a View of the Upright Man in his civil Conversation : To give some Account of him, with Reference to his Carriage and Demeanour amongst Men. And here again we must consider him under two Capacities ; as a private Person, and as a Magistrate.

And First, as a private Person, The General Rule by which he frames and models his whole Conversation, is such a prudent and diligent Care of himself, and his own Good, as is not only consistent with, but doth effe&ually tend to promote the Good and Happiness of all others that he deals with. This is the Fundamental Principle which he lays down to observe in all his Commerce with Mankind. For he considers that every Man in the World hath a Right to be happy as well as himself: And he considers, that, as Things are so contriv'd, that he cannot be happy without the


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