« הקודםהמשך »
we are not responsible for; and I should LUTHERANISM AND FREE THOUGHT. be very sorry if it were supposed for a — Rationalism has penetrated Lutheran moment that, in our desire to co-operate Denmark. The ideas of certain English with Christians in the far East, we were writers—such as Darwin, Mill, and neglectful of our more intimate relations Spencer-have obtained great acceptance with our fellow-Christians who live among the young men at the University. nearer to us.”
The party has found a leader in a Dr.
Braudes, a writer on æsthetics of great CHANGES IN RELIGIOUS OPINION ÎN learning and reputation. The Professor PROTESTANT CHRISTENDOM. In the of Mathematics in the Copenhagen course of an article on the Disestablish- University, Dr. A. Steen, has lately ment Movement in the Fortnightly Re- come to the front as a champion of proview for March, the Rev. R. W. Dale gress. On the occasion of the annivermakes the following remarks:—“During sary of the Reformation, held last Nothe last three hundred years a great vember, he gave an address before the change has passed upon Prostestant University, in which he called in quesChristendom. The change amounts to' tion the propriety of regarding that revolution—not in religious faith, but great movement as having anything to in religious opinion—a revolution which do with true intellectual liberty. He in some of its aspects is quite as grave as argued that the Reformation was simply that which divided Western Christendom an exchange of bondage—from the authoin the seventeenth century. Orthodox rity of the Church to the authority of Protestant theologians retain the sub- the Bible. This oration, since published, stance of the creed of the Reformers, but has occasioned a warm controversy, in the definitions of nearly all the principal the course of which it has become clear articles of that creed have been re-cast. that the party of progress, while proThe method of theology has been gra- testing against the paralyzing influence dually modified, and whenever there is of the Church upon University teaching, modification of scientific method there has begun to cherish the hope of destroywill be modifications of scientific results. ing the no less hurtful action of the Contrast the sermons, the theological Church in the State. Professor Steen's treatises, the commentaries produced by charge against the Church is, that she every school in the English Church has, by the teaching of a rigid and unduring the Carolinian and Elizabethan scientific theology, placed herself in col. periods, with the works written by the lision with the progressive scientific theologians of every school in the Eng- teaching of the University. The conlish Church in our own time, and it will troversy between science and the Bible be obvious that English theology has is thus being pursued, and men in their not escaped from the influences by which unwisdom, instead of seeking a wiser the theology of Continental Protestant- interpretation, reject the "oracles of God.” ism has been transformed. Evangelicals This result is to some extent chargeable do not write about free-will, original sin, upon the Church. Doctrines and pracand the atonement, in the way in which tices opposed to enlightened reason and the Calvinistic reformers in the reign of sound morals lose their hold upon inElizabeth wrote about the same doctrines. structed minds, and in their exposure The Evangelicals write in another way and rejection is danger of the loss of because they think in another way. faith in revealed religion. Broad Churchmen stand on different ground altogether from that on which PROGRESS OF THE DOCTRINES OF THE the Latitudinarians of the seventeenth NEW CHURCH.—The Messenger of Febcentury stood, and even if it were not ruary 9th says: “The evidence is conso, Latitudinarianism had nothing to do stantly increasing that the writings of with shaping the Book of Common the New Church are beginning to attract Prayer. The High Anglicans and Ritu- the favourable attention of both minisalists approach, no doubt, very near to ters and people in the various denomithe position of the Laudian divines; but nations of the Christian Church. We the divines of the sixteenth century, to have heard, within a few weeks, of whom we owe the Prayer Book, would seven ministers, who belong to the have regarded both Laud and the Ritu. Episcopal, Methodist, and Presbyterian alists with dismay and horror."
Churches respectively, who are earnestly reading our writings, and with general wun) to have been pronounced like the acceptance. Some of these have reached same letters in bone, stone, &c., and as we the point where they can see that they still sound it in al-one, on-ly, and, I must soon openly avow their belief in venture still to think, in at-one. them. Within three weeks Swedenborg “As to the verb attune, I can find no and his writings have been mentioned evidence of its having existed in our with approval in two pulpits by popular language till Milton introduced it, preachers in New York. There has many years after King James's Version never been a time when there was such was made; nor have I met with any a widespread and deep interest in the passage where attone contains even apdoctrines of the New Church as there is parently a musical allusion.” now.”
DEATH AND BURIAL.–Under this ATONEMENT. — A reviewer in the title the Rev. J. Llewellyn Davies has Nonconformist having offered a novel an article in the March number of Good etymology of this word, the following Words, in which are many sentiments letter by the Head-Master of Mill Hill closely akin to the teaching of the New School (R. F. Weymouth) appeared in a Church respecting the resurrection. subsequent issue of the
Whilst we are living our bodies are not “The interest which every reader of durable. Every day we are parting with our English Bible must feel in the ques- something from our tissues, and adding tion—what is the true signification of something to them. The resemblance our word atonement ?—will, perhaps, of death to sleep is only an appearance. suffice as my excuse for calling attention The body does not wake, but passes to to the remark of a reviewer in your decay. “The body,” says Mr. Davies, .current number (p. 1208, col. 1), who "is evidently mortal, in the fullest sense speaks of the derivation of the word of mortality; but we believe man to be from at-one-ment, as an etymology immortal. We are thus constrained to abandoned by nearly all philologists now distinguish between a man and his dein favour of the far more probable origin caying body. There are powerful inof the word from at-tone, to attone, or to stincts in human nature which refuse to harmonize two instruments in discord.' admit that a man is nothing more than
“No doubt your reviewer has some his body of flesh and blood. The human grounds for his assertion, but the only race in general has believed in immormodern authorities whose opinion I can tality; and as this faith has been find distinctly stated (Halliwell, Latham, prompted by the more spiritual affecWedgwood)maintain the old derivation; tions, we do not wonder to observe that and indeed' I am at a loss to know how the belief in immortality, whilst it has any scholar who is at all familiar with been refined, has been also deepened and our early literature can have any doubt strengthened by the moral growth of on the subject.
humanity.” Christianity gives us “ The fact is, at one is an adverbial firm assurance of an existence over phrase which has been recognised in our which death has no power.
“But our language for many centuries in the sense faith in immortality being thus spiri. of agreed or reconciled. (See Stratmann, tual, we ought not to pledge it to Hearne’s ‘Robert of Gloucester,' p. 620, physical ideas which are proved to be and my edition of Bishop Grosseteste’s untenable. When we have learned that • Castle of Love,' Glossary, s.V., where our bodies of flesh and blood are not the origin of the phrase is explained.) stable, even whilst we live, for an hour, From this the verb to at-one was very and that what happens to be the body naturally formed, apparently in the at the moment of death quickly passes Elizabethan period; for is seems to occur into other forms, in which it mingles first in Shakespeare.
with the soil and the air, and enters “ The occasional late misspelling with into vegetation, and through the air and tt, which we find both in the verb and vegetation into other animal bodies, our in the adverbial phrase, is an argument conclusion ought to be that we must of no weight whatever; and as to pro. not lodge our hopes of immortality in nunciation, the rhymes of Chaucer and the body of corruption. It is made all our early poets show the numeral one clear to us by these observations that (notwithstanding our now calling it the immortal man does not reside in
these mortal remains. . The truth and unmistakable distinctions between appears to be, that the living person the New Church and modern Spiritual8.ieds off the body in which he goes ism were clearly pointed out, and the through the change called death as impossibility of the union of the two completely and finally as he has shed off systems made clearly manifest. To this parts and particles of his body through- letter a reply is published on the side of out his life.”
Spiritualism. In the course of this What, then, is the spiritual body in reply is the following admission :which we survive death and appear in "Spiritualists are of all shades of relithe world beyond ? The author's answer gious opinion,-- from the most orthodox to this question is very indefinite, and type of Evangelicalism to the most wild can scarcely, we think, satisfy a thought- and fanatical shapes of fantastic Nationful inquirer. “How the living person alism which home-made creed construcis to be conceived of,” he says, apart tion can produce. But in all cases the from the form of flesh and blood through religious or irreligious creed depends which his fellow-mortals have known upon the man himself, his life, his him, is one of those questions on which character, his training, associations, a spiritual faith ought not to be too traditions, tendencies, and all other ineager to pronounce with confidence. fluences which belong to the recognized Let us always remember how little we psychology of religion, and not upon can know of a world and state of exist- Spiritualism.” What then is the value ence different from those by which all of a system which exercises no influence our conceptions have been moulded. in the formation of consistent Christian The idea which seems to me to have character ? Is it desirable that memmost to commend it is, that the living bers of the New Church should relinbeing who deserts the tenement of clay quish the clear light of sound doctrine is not strictly incorporeal. Invisible he for the uncertain glimmer of an ignis is, certainly, and not subject to the fatuus which shines only to deceive ? cognizance of any of our senses. he may still be clothed with some un
“THE Two DESTINIES.”—The emi. known kind of form in which living nent novelist Mr. Wilkie Collins, in his powers are held together. And the newest work of fiction, “The Two Des. word soul may be so understood as not tinies,” the publication of which comto exclude from its meaning such an menced in Temple Bar magazine for invisible imperceptible body. But how January 1876, introduces his readers, in is either our imagination or our lan- his second chapter, to a lady, whose guage to put into intelligible shape the “nobler superstition formed an integral inhabitant of another world? No won- part of her religious convictions-conder if we fail in the attempt. The victions which had long since found being whom it is important to us to their chosen resting place in the mystic know as surviving death is not he who doctrines of Emanuel Swedenborg. The occupies space, or puts forth modifying only books which she read were the energy upon the elements surrounding works of the Swedish Seer. She mixed hirn, but he who loves and fears, and up Swedenborg's teachings on angels and hopes and knows, who enjoys and departed spirits, on love to one's neighsuffers.” Surely the Bible opens to us bour and purity of life, with wild fancies a better assurance in its revelation of and kindred beliefs of her own, and the "spiritual body," and the appear- preached the visionary religious docance, in all the perfection of the human trines thus derived.' Will members of form, of those who had departed from the New 'Church recognise themselves earth.
or their New Church acquaintances in
the above description? Where do the SPIRITUALISM.
1.—The Nonconformist New Church people reside of whom it newspaper closed an article a short time can be truthfully said, the only books since on the “Phenomena of Spiritual. they read are those of the Swedish Seer? ism” with the inquiry, “Why do not We have never met with them. Spiritualists become Swedenborgians ? To this a New Church writer replied, in
RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE. The an able letter which occupied a column growth of high ecclesiastical pretensions and a half of the paper. The prominent in the Church of England has of late
years led to extreme oppression, and dwelt at some length on the religious often open persecution, of the members belief of New Churchmen, and the prinof dissenting churches. In many of ciples upon which their doctrines were the villages the squire and the parson founded. At the conclusion of the are paramount, and they exercise their address, several texts of Scripture, someauthority in a high-handed manner. times raised in opposition to these doc
recent address, the ev. Gervase trines, were referred to by some of those Smith, President of the Conference, after present, and explained by Dr. Brereton. dwelling on the progress of the truth at The meeting, which was of a pleasant home and abroad, and referring to the and sociable character, was brought to a kindness of the Duke of Bedford and close shortly after 10 o'clock. others in aiding Methodist objects, understand that it is the intention of stated that there were 2000 villages in the New Church Society of Sydney, by England in which perfect religious free. means of a legacy of a sum of money dom did not exist, and where Methodists, left them, and, with the assistance of as such, could not exercise their reli. the Brisbane Society, to send home for gious privileges. In many cases Method- a missionary, whose services will be ists had had their names placed on the divided between the two colonies.” lists of nomination for high civic offices, and their names had been struck out of MISSIONARY OPERATIONS IN YORKthose lists simply because they were SHIRE. — We have been favoured by Rev. Methodists. On the same ground, W. O'Mant with the following report Methodist farmers had been driven away of Mission work at Harrogate and Midfrom their farins, and Methodist shop- dlesboro', which we have much pleasure keepers had been compelled to close in laying before our readers :their shops, orders having gone forth “Since my first visit to Harrogate, that nobody was to trade there. He already reported in the Intellectual, could fill pages of the Times newspaper Mr. Rendell and I have projected and with accounts of cruelty and oppression carried out a course of eight lectures on of the like kind. The time had come, the leading doctrines of the New Church. he said, when they ought to speak out We had considerable disadvantages at plainly on this subject.
the commencement, on account of hav.
ing no one on the spot that was acTESTIMONIAL TO REV. E. D. REN- quainted with our doctrines and that DELL.—The sub-committee appointed could render help. But we overcame by the Sunday School Union to solicit these trifling inconveniences, and went subscriptions for a testimonial to the on our way. At the close of each lecture Rev. E. D. Rendell, has great pleasure questions were invited, according to anin stating that the handsome sum of nouncement on the hand-bills, and on over £270 has been realized-greatly ex• every occasion the privilege was appreceeding their most sanguine expecta- ciated ; thus giving us an opportunity tions. A detailed list of contributions of entering more fully into some of the will be found in this month's issue of difficult points which needed further exthe Juvenile Magazine.
planation. It was pleasing to discover
that some of the leading secularists of BRISBANE. — The Brisbane Courier of the town were very much interested in Wednesday, October 27, 1875, contains what was advanced. One of them inthe following: -“ Dr. Brereton, the vited Mr. Rendell and me to his house leading member of the New Church for long conversations on the new docSociety of Sydney, who is now in Bris. trines, and he said to me more than bane on his return from a trip to the once, 'I never heard religious doctrines North, was last night entertained by the put in so rational a light before. The members of that Church in this city, at same gentleman proposed that in the a tea meeting held at M‘Leod's dining- summer we should visit Harrogate and rooms, Edward Street. Over forty per- address the people in the open air. He sons sat down to tea. After tea Mr. said that a large and orderly congregaGarsden, the leader of the Society in tion might be secured any evening when Brisbane, took the chair. After a few the weather is fine. I hope to carry out general remarks, he introduced the that suggestion. We found also that guest, who, in addressing those present, the Spiritualists were decply interested
in the truths set forth. Many questions “ It would take up too much of your were asked by them, and they discovered space to relate some of the encounters that the philosophy of Swedenborg was with men of devout and earnest mind sufficiently large to include within its that I met with at railway stations, who range the strange phenomena with which ascertained that I was an advocate of they were already familiar. This, with the doctrines of Swedenborg.
I wish out preaching up the practice of Spiri- here to acknowledge iny obligations to tism ; on the contrary, showing that the Manchester Tract Society for a supvast stores of new truth, such as the ply of suitable tracts for distribution on most earnest and devout among them these occasions. I found them very were in search of, are at hand and for- useful.” mulated in a standard literature. This led to the sale of books, generously sup- SWEDENBORG SOCIETY-Apocalypse plied by the promoter of these lectures, Revealed.—This work is now complete viz., Mr. Joseph Allison of Middlesboro', in one handsome volume, and ready for who also bore the local expenses of the presentation and sale.
The circulars lectures. We sold about two or three offering it to the clergy of the Uniteil dozen of the Silent Missionaries, includ- Kingdom are being issued. A number ing Dr. Bayley's Brighton Lectures, Mr. of applications have already been made, Giles' Spiritual World, and Swedenborg's and copies supplied.
The Rev. A. Heaven and Hell (small ed.). We also Clissold's concise outline of the subjectsold one T. C. R., one E. V., and one matter of the work, which forms part of "Connexion between the Soul and the the circular, is well adapted to call the Body. I also visited Middlesboro' on attention of its readers to the basis upon the 16th and 17th of February, at the which a true understanding of the request of our New Church friends resi: wondrous symbolism employed by the dent there. The religious public had sacred writer rests, and to show the been stirred up by some lectures given relationship existing between it and the by the Secularists—Mr. Watts among present state of the religious world as them, -and, on the opposite side, by à regards many of its fundamental docDr. Harrison from Manchester. It was trines. That a new spiritual day is thought a good opening for the presenta- dawning upon the world is perhaps at tion of the light of the New Church, the present moment felt rather than that it might be thrown upon the dark seen, and it is a knowledge of the spiri. ness that prevails even on both sides as tual sense alone which can give eyes to thus represented. We must feel that the blind who truly desire to receive much of the boasted triumph of the their sight. To help the accomplishSecularists over Christians is owing to the ment of so great a blessing is the aim of irrational positions which are often taken the Committee in giving the “Apocaby such advocates of revelation. Acting lypse Revealed” the widest possible ciron this conviction, our New Church culation. The Committee has fixed the friends invited me to go and give two price of the work at 2s. 6d., at least for lectures, in which Atheism and Secular- the present—a price which does not ism should be exposed by the stronger repay its cost, but the Committee is light that has been given to us through determined to utilize what remains of Swedenborg We believe the effort Mr. Attwood's noble gift, and the was not in vain. We had about 100 on generous additions since made to it by the occasion ; and, although Secularists the Rev. A. Clissold and Miss Clissold, were present and questions were invited, by placing this important work in the no one came forward. But the next hands not only of the clergy, but of all evening the audience seemed more other religious readers, at a price which courageous, for they kept on with their should as far as possible be within the questions for two hours after the lecture, means of all. All this was gratifying to us, as it showed that great interest was felt, even BATH.—The New Church Society in if much was said in opposition.
this city is gradually recovering from "Our friends at Middlesboro'expressed the shock which it experienced in the a wish that I should pay them another unexpected departure of its minister, visit shortly. I have promised to do the Rev. James Keene, to the spiritual
world on last Christmas Day. During