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Last Winter sweeps along with tardy Pace ;
Shak, Troil. & Cres.
The Down of Manhood on his Face appears,
Which from decrepid Age will fly,
That Youth, unfowr'd with Sorrow, bears;
With Sickness and unwieldy Years.
The pleasing Whisper in the Dark,
The Laugh that guides thee to the Mark.
And hides but to be found again,
In Youth alone unhappy Mortals live ;
Remain for latter Years to drink;
(Cowl. The Vessel breaks, and out the wretched Reliques run at lait.
* The Rose is fragrant, but it fades in time,
Youth is seen ;
ZEAL. Zeal is the pious Madness of the Mind. Dryd. Tyr. Love.
And Confidence in Sin, when mix'd mith Zeal,
And as five Zones th'Æthereal Regions bind,
F 1 N I S.
Quelque sujet qu'on traite, ou plaisant ou sublime,
a la bien chercher d'abord on s'evertue,
pour ratraper, le sens court apres elle.
THIS Di&ionary contains a Collection of such Words
only, as both for their Sense and Sound are judg'd
molt proper for che Rhymes of Heroick Poetry. For which Reason are omitted:
I. All Burlesque Words, and such whose Signification can be employed only in Subjects of Drollery.
II. Al uncommon Words, and thaç are of a generally un. known Signification; as the Names of Distempers that are unusual; mok of the Terms of Arts and Sciences; all proper Names both of Persons and Places ; together with all Bedantick hard Words, whose Sound is generally as harsh and unplealing as their Sense is dark and obscure.
III. All Base, Low Words ; By which I mean such as are never met with but in the Mouth of the Vulgar, and acver us'd, either in Conversation or Writing, by the better and more polite Sort of People. The French call chem Des Mots Bas, but our Language scarce allows us a Term to distinguish them. And if any such are inserted, the Reason is, because they are us'd in a Figurative, as well as in their proper Signification: Thus Starch properly fignifics only that which Landresses use, to stiffen Linnen : In which Sense, it can hardly find Place in an Heroick Poem; but in its Figurative it may : For 'cis us’d to express an A&tion done with Affectation, and we say a Starcb'd, for a formal, stiff, affected Perfon. Therefore I have not omstred ir, nor any of the like Naturc.
IV. Ai Obsolete, Spurious, and Miscompounded Words, which are unworthy the Dignity of Style requir'd in an Heroick Poem ; Cujus Dictio debet effe perfekta, o absoluta.
V. All the words that ought not có enda Verse; as the Particles An, And, As,of, The, &c. together with all the Words of more than three Syllables that have their Accent upon the fourth Syllable from the laft; as Diffoluteness, Niggardliness, Vine dicated, and the like, whose Accent being so far removed from their final Syllable, they ought never to end a Verfe in any Sort of Poetry whatsoever.
VI. The Terminations that have not more than one Word that can be employed to end a Verse in Heroick Poetry. Thus because there are no Words that rhyme to Badge but Fadge and Cadge; the first of which is a Low Word, and the last very uncommon, being a Term in Falconry, and known but to a few, the Termination ADGE is intirely omitted. VII. All the Words that end in Mace E, preceded by the
Liquid L and another Consonant; as those in BLE, CLE,DLE, &c. For, besides that most of them are double Rhymes, all which, as shall be said hereafter, are excluded this Dictionary, the Sound of their last Syllable is so very weak and languishing, that the Verses that end in any of them can never be graceful in the Delivery, nor pleasing to the Ear.
VIII. Almost all the words that are compounded with any of the Particles, Out, Re or Un ; for they may not only be easily form'd from their Simples, which are to be found under their respective Terminacions, but are so very numerous in our Language, that to have inserted them, would have increas'd this Diētionary to a far greater Bulk than the Volume would permit: For this last Reason, and for that they are seldom imploy'd at the End of Verses, most of the Polysyllables in AL, ANCE, ANT, ATE, ENCE, ENT, ESS, OUS, and Y preceded by a Consonant, which are the Terminations with which our Language most abounds, have found no Place here. As have not likewise, because they are all double Rhymes, any of the Words in ION, or of the Polysyllables in ING, of both which there is an infinite Number. This Di&tionary would likewise have been swell'd to a much larger Volume, had the same Word been inserted several cimes, according to its different Significations ; As Beam, a great piece of Timber in Building, Beam of a Coach or Waggon ; Beam of a Stag; Beam of a Ballance ; Beam or Ray of Light, &c. But fearing to be too prolix in a Work of this Nature, I have not done ic. How. ever, the Words, which, tho' written alike, differ both in Sense and Sound, are inserted severally, according to their various Pronuntiations. Thus Bow is plac'd twice under the Termination OW: First among the words whose W is filent, as Crow, Grow, &c. And then among those whose W is found. ed; as Covo, Vox, &c. Among the first 'tis a Noun, and signifies the Weapon fo call'd ; and several other things. Among the last, a Verb, to Bow or Bend.
IX. All the Terminations that contain only Derivative Words. Thus because there are no Words that end in AILD, but the Participles of the Verbs in AIL, the Termination AILD is omitted; it being easy to find all the Words of those Rhymes by looking for the Termination of their Primitives: For Example, to find the Rhymes to Prevaild, consider it to be the Participle of the Verb Prevail, whose Termination is AIL. See AIL, and you shall find Hail, Sail, Bewail, and all the other Verbs of that Rhyme, whose Participles are the only Words that rhyme to Prevail d.
X. Lastly, the Terminations ASM, ISM, and OSM; not on. ly because they contain none but uncommon Words, deriv'd from the Greek, but also because they properly belong to the double Rhymes; all which, as well as most of the treble,