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A bungalo of this sort, in my garden, seventy feet in length, and fifty in breadth, is now employed with every advantage ; and contains a complete establishment, as I have placed in it an upper servant, with a dozen children under his direction, a schoolmaster to teach the children to read, write, and keep accounts, and a silk. wea
Some of the children are not more than three years old, and yet they feed the worms, and remove them from their litter, with the utmost care and attention, --so prevalent is the force of imitation on innocent minds.
The businefs of managing the worms, and winding the silk, requires no farther attention from me; as the latter is so well executed, that the silk weaver has reeled it off again, on bobbins, and spun it into thread.
I therefore recommend that you cause a similar lodgement to be erected, and a similar establishment made, at every one of the mulberry plantations, although I am sorry to observe a total neglect of the wells of water, the attention to which I so earnestly recommended.
doc. Fort St. George, Dec. 6. 1791.
To be continued occasionally..
A PLAN FOR RELIEF OF THE INDIGENT BLIND.
The following plan for affording relief to a numerous class of men, who
are incapable of earning their bread in the common way, seems to be so well calculated for effecting the objects in view, that the Editor most chearfully lends his. aid to render it as generalli known as possible ;; and begs leave to recommend it to his benevolent readers as an object highly, meriting their attention. Any hints tending to rer.der the plan suill more perfect, will be thankfully received.
Of all the objects which daily call for the exercise of: compassion, there are none more deserving of it than the indigent blind. Their uncomfortable situation being the immediate hand of God, is the more entitled to pity. Can we conceive a reasonable creature in more deplorable cirecumstances than to live in constant darkness; to want daily bread ; to have no friend to give them lodging or support ; and to be obliged to have recourse to begging. for the mere necessaries of life? Can those who enjoy the inestimable blessings of sight, reflect for a moment on. such a forlorn condition, and not have their gratitude awakened, and all their tender feelings excited ? Can any thing possibly be done, to alleviate the affliction of those of their fellow creatures who are deprived of sight ; and who would not be happy to contribute towards it?. Must it not be the most sublime pleasure which the mind can feel, to administer to the comfort of so unfortunate a class. of the human species ? Institutions have been set on foot in different places, both at home and abroad, for the relief of the INDIGENT BLIND; and it is proposed to establish. something of the same kind in the city of Edinburgh, which, it is not doubted, will meet with universal approbation, and to which numbers only wish for an opportuni-ty to contribute.
Three objects are to be aimed at in affording relief to the poor
blind : : ist, to furnish them with some employment which may prevent them from being a burden to sociey: 2dly, that the employment be such, as gently to engage the mind, without fatiguing it, and by diverting their at. tention, to make them less a burden to themselves : and, 3dly, that they be taught the principles of the Christian religion, which are so nobly adapted to afford consolation under their hard lot, and to render them easy and contented.
To answer these benevolent - views, it is proposed to open a school for instructing the blind in music, if they fhall be found capable of learning it; and for teaching all of them the art of making whips, or some branch of the
cotton or linen manufactory, and instructing them in the doctrines and duties of Christianity.
As many may be disqualified, by age and infirmity, from learning any of these arts, and are incapable of doing any thing for their subsistence, it is proposed to afford them some pecuniary aid; in the distribution of which, particular attention will be paid to the moral character of the objects.
As soon as a fund can be raised, an advertisement fhall be inserted in the newspapers, to call the indigent blind of this city and suburbs together, and ask which of them will accept the offer'; and to distribute them into classes of learners of music, learners of mechanic arts, and such as are disqualified for any art.
That several rooms be engaged, one for the blind to be instructed in music, and the rest for those who are taught the other arts.
That those be selected who are likely to learn music, in such a degree as to earn their bread by it, or to teach others.
'That spinets and fiddles be hired, during one quarter, for the blind to practise in their own houses, and a piano forte be procured for the room' in which they are taught": after the first quarter, that spinets and fiddles be purchased for as many as are found capable of making proficiency, to be lent them till they have learnt their art, and then to be given them.
That when they are thoroughly instructed in musić, and begin to gain a livelihood by it, it is proposed to give them a suit of clothes, and decent linen.
That ome person who lives in family with the blind be taught to read and write music.
That the masters who are so generous as to offer their labour gratis, be paid something for their trouble ;, and it is to be hoped that that pay will increase, when the good effects of the institution are seen.
That the musical pupils be likewise taught some mechanical employment, as an agreeable variety, and that they may earn something during the time they are learnirg music.
That all the blind be taught church music who are capable of it; and it is proposed to have a sermon annu. ally for the support of the charity, when the blind musicians and singers will display to their benefactors, their musical proficiency.
That the blind be supplied with work by the managers of the institution ; who are to pay to each artificer the whole gains arising from his labour.
That the most diligent receive rewards as an encouragem ment, such as clothes, doc
That prayers be composed for the use of the blind, adapted to their peculiar situation ; and that they be taught these prayers, and other duties, every Saturday: that seats be provided for them, in one of the churches, where they may attend divine worship.
That after learning their trades for six months, the blind be incorporated into a society, each of whom is to contribute twopence weekly from his gains, as a provision for himself in old age or sickness; that he may, when sixty years old, or disabled by disease, receive three or four shillings weekly, as the association box will afford. By an example of this kind, it is hoped that those lazy slothful poor, who enjoy the sense of seeing, and yet choose to live meanly on common alms, will be covered with kame, and excited to industry.
That an annual report be made of the expenditure of the money, and the good effected during the year; and when the institution is established, that their proceedings be published.
That the money collected be laid out on proper security, and trustees appointed for the management of it.
This establishment is intended for relief to the youngest of the blind, as soon as they can learn music, which perhaps may be at nine or ten years of age ;-to the middle aged, by teaching them some art by which to entertain their minds, and to gain an honest living ;-and to the old, who are unable to learn any thing, by affording them some assistance in clothes and money. One great object of the institution is to attend to the morals of the blind of all ages, especially the young,
Of late, an institution of this kind has been founded at Liverpool, where forty-three blind poor, of both sexes, have been engaged in different branches of manufactures, and earn, weekly, from 35. to 6s. each. They appear very happy in this new method of spending their time. Eight are employed in making hunting, jockey, and ladies whips, which are sold for the benefit of the charity : thirteen blind women spin linen yarn, and reel it; another, totally blind from infancy, cuts out the cloth into shirts, 'fheets, and sacks, and makes it up; four blind girls and a boy learn to play upon the harpsichord ; two make woollen mops ; eight old people pick oakhum for caulking ships ; six make baskets and hampers, and cover bottles for exportation.; and two make rope bears. Thus a class of our fellow-creatures, who were burdensome to their friends or the public, and unhappy because unemployed, are rendered useful members of society, and made happy in themselves, by being relieved from extreme poverty; and