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THE MOURNING MOTHER.
For the Bee.
The eye of mercy beams upon the blest,
And view the anguish of a parent's breast.
Yet rather turn from misery and woe,
Thou dearest offspring of connubial love; Nor let a mother's wretchedness below,
One moment dash thy happiness above. Oh nature ! thou my aching bosom arm,
With force of soul to play my trying part; Thou who with magic hand hast fix'd the charm,
That twists a child so strongly round the heart.
What scenes of fancied pleasure would I trace,
Thy little race of prattlers to attend ; And pass the short remainder of my days,
A grandchild's parent, and a daughter's friend.
Delusive dreams! return to glad my years ;
O rise again in all your form so fair! Dejection now for happiness appears,
And grief array'd by solitude and care.
Pardon jus: heav'n! But where the heart is torn,
The human drop of bitterness will stel; Nor can we lose the privilege to mourn, Till we have lost the faculty to feel.
Religioa come! thou sister of the skies,
And quickly lift thy salutary rod;
Too boldly tax the justice of my God.
Thy awful fiat humbly to receive ;
Which feels as mortal, and as such must griève.
And you, ye dames! your soft’ning tears employ,
You who can paint the sorrows of the blow;
Can guess the depth, the wildness of her woe. W. W.
EPITAPH ON LADY ABRVY.
THOUGHTS ON THE PRODUCTION OF NITRE. Few phenomena have occurred that are more unaccount: able than those which relate to the production of nitre ; and the experiments that have been made on this subject have afforded results extremely different, in circumstances that seemed to be essentially the same.
Hence it happens that the same process which produces abundance of nitre in one country, will yield: none at all in another, though conducted with equal care.
I have never yet heard of an attempt to account for: this singular peculiarity. It is in general. supposed that: nitre is a fofsil production ; that it is generated in greatest abundance in fat vegetable mould, which has been imprego nated with animal substances; but though rich vegetable. mould, impregnated with animal substances, yields nitre on some occasions in abundance, in other situations it: has been found to afford none at all. This seems to afaford a satisfactory proof that animal impregnation alone is not the essential. circumstance for the production of nitre..
Vegetable mould is originally generated by the decay. ing of vegetable substances in it. This position I believe will not be disputed. If so, as there are a variety of ve. getables that possess qualities extremely different from: each other, it ought to follow that the soil which has been. generated by the decayed vegetables of one kind, may be very different, in certain respects, from the soil that has: been produced by the decomposition of vegetables of an. other class, though they may be both equally capable of rearing the common kinds of plants that grow in Europe. Two soils, therefore, may be equally rich, considered as to their vegetative power, which are extremely dissimilar: in other respects..
On this principle I think it is possible to account for the phenomenon already remarked. Nitre may be produced by the decaying of certain plants, and not by others. Some light is thrown upon this subject by the ollowing remarks and experiments, published in the fourth volume of the Memoirs of the Imperial Academy of Sciences and Belles Lettres, of Brussels, by M. Van Bochaute.
• It is well known,' he observes, that borrage, buglofs, parietaria, and sunflower, often contain a good deal of salt petre; but this is afforded in still greater quantities by several kinds of cbenopodium, as appears by the follow-ing experiments :
"Two years ago,' says he, I made the analysis of a plant of the class pentandria, order digynia, which is called by some chenopodium ambrosioides Mexicanum, and by others botrys ambrosioides Mexicanum. Having visited the extract made from it in the balneum marie, some days af: terwards, we were surprised to find the surface of that extract altogether covered with oblong chrystals, which upon examination with a glass, we found to be prismatic; like that of the best salt petre. They detonated when thrown upon a burning coal, and fused. We put some of the extract upon a red hot shovel ; it detonated and fused also, leaving behind it a good deal of fixed vegetable alkali. We even went farther : we put some of the dried plant upon the same shovel ; it fused and detonated also. We tried in the same manner the botrys ambrosioides vulgaris; and this plant fused and detonated the same as the Mexi
In fine, we procured the same plant from different apothecaries, they all fused and detonated equally with the other. From hence, adds he, we have concluded, that these two plants are very nitriferous ; and that their conomy is a natural nitrerie, (nito e work.) This, says
he, is the more certain, as the botrys vulgaris is known to grow for ordinary, upon a dry sandy soil, which does not appear to contain saltpetre.?
The author recommends these plants to the attention of chemists, as deserving farther investigation. It is experience alone that can ascertain whether these plants could be cultivated with profit only for this purpose.
In the mean while I cannot help thinking it natural to conclude, that if these plants had long been suffered to be decomposed in the soil, the mould might thus become im. pregnated with saltpetre, from which it may be extracted by a proper process.
INTELLIGENCE RESPECTING ARTS, AND AGRICULTURE:
Sheep of Colchis. COLONEL FULLERTON, so well known for his active exertions in the military line in India, has, for some time past, become a peaceful citizen, applying his active talents to the improvement of agriculture and manufactures, About two years ago, he imported from. Colchis that breed of sheep so long famed in story for their fleece. It appears, from his experience that this fleece is more to be valued on account of the quantity than the quality of the wool. It is of the long combing sort. The animals themselves are strong made and hardy. Their lambs in particular are found to thrive better, and to fatten more easily, than those of
other breed with which he had an opportunity of comparing them.
New improvement in the iron manufacture. He has also discovered an improvement in the process of smelting iron, that promises to prove highly beneficial to that manufacture in this country. Its effects are, that it will considerably diminish the quantity of fuel consum