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his fellow-beings, he will seek to adorn with flowers the rugged path of poverty and toil, and cause to spring up refreshing influences by the way-side of him who labours for his daily bread. Schools of Design
nd for instruction in music are now becoming general, and music has already raised her voice beneath a thousand lowly roofs, and as a means of social enjoyment it is perhaps natural that it should have attracted more attention than her silent sister; but though less apparent to general observation, the cultivation of the art of painting or drawing opens as deep a spring of mental and spiritual enjoyment; and in its effect upon the character, no pursuit has a more refining influence. To the educated eye, every variation of colour, every change of light and shadow, every new combination of form and expression, on the earth or in the heavens, present new and endless beauties, creating within the soul a hidden life of calm and blissful emotions in an undisturbed world of bright and beautiful imaginings.
“ Heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard
Such a mind cannot pass through the commonest details of life without finding something to gratify this fine perception of beauty-and not only in things visible,-a spirit so attuned is peculiarly alive to the intimate connection which subsists between our material and moral existence, and the harmony of the one is brought out and illustrated by the vivid realities of the other.
We think Mr. Reeve has been successful in nearly the whole of these sketches; and if in the Michael Angelo we turn involuntarily to the recollection of his own beautiful sonnets, we would give none the less praise to the effective lines before us. The Raphael, Claude, Cuyp, Domenichino, Rubens, and Pietro Perugino, strike us as the most expressive verses; but such opinions, we are well aware, can be only arbitrary, as they must depend in a great measure on incidental associations. The poem, if a few lines may be so designated, of the "Two Angels” is complete in its style and beautifully imagined. The Rembrandt appears to us unequal to its design, and the Murillo cannot we think have been inspired by the finest of the exquisite productions of that master.
The following specimens will, we hope, give to our readers a favourable impression of this elegant and pleasing little volume:
• The calm of moonlight and the pomp of day
'A mother's beauty when her babe is waking,
Were his least gifts,-his fine terrestrial part.
Clasp, clasp thine awful babe in tender pride ;
And man was all transfigured into Love." Would that our modern artists sometimes asked themselves what inspirations could be gathered from their pictures! There is not so great deficiency in poetical idea as in the artistic power of rendering painting itself a poetic medium, through which the subject is conveyed to the mind of the beholder in its original, or rather with added, beauty. Some of Martin's pictures might be instanced as examples, in looking at which the genius of the painter is felt not to be commensurate to the subject of his pencil,
To make many extracts from so limited a number of pieces as the volume contains would be scarcely fair; but we are tempted to add these musical lines on Domenichino, and the very characteristic ones on Cuyp.
“O'er the calm mirror, whose cærulean breast
Might float a spirit in her charmed nest,
Unearthly passion gems that Sybil-eye,
“The moistened lowlands, delicately clear,
Through the thin haze and morning gleam appear ;
COLONIE AGRICOLE DE METTRAY. Deuxieme Compte Rendu Des Travaux de la Société Paternelle.
Tours : 1841. Amidst the gloom which seems to hang over this country just now, we turn with perhaps more eagerness to any bright spots which present themselves elsewhere, especially if their happier aspects and influences appear capable of adaptation to the wants of the most suffering classes of our own community.
With this feeling we are tempted to lay before our readers some extracts from the Second Report of an Agricultural Colony in France, for the benefit of a class, who, before all others, ought to excite our sympathy, and our exertions; but for whom we have as yet done little,-we fear we might say almost nothing, —the helpless class of Juvenile Delinquents. They are indeed most helpless,—for they have no moral strength, no moral knowledge, often no moral perceptions. They cannot help themselves,—and we will not help them,—at least we do not. Yet they might be aided most effectually, other Nations have tried and succeeded in this highest work of Mercy, though we have not made the trial. In America there are Schools of Reformation for juvenile Criminals in most of their large towns, whose efficiency has been proved by the subsequent respectability of their inmates. The subject of the Report before us is an Institution at Mettray, in the Department of Indre a Loire. It owes its existence to private enterprize and philanthropy. The great public doubted and held back.
“ But we did not doubt, because we knew the men who devoted themselves to this generous mission; we believed as they did; we were convinced that if the great experiment could succeed, it would be by their hands, by their intelligence, by their ardent faith ; we adopted their views, and the Société Paternelle' gave them the first means of carrying them into execution.”—p. 4.
This Society was formed June 1839; the first prisoners were received only in January 1840; the address from the President is dated May 1841; yet they could then say :
“ Its success is no longer contested.” “Government, which
ought to lend itself to no hazardous project, nor endanger existing order by Utopian schemes, but whose province it is to aid realized attempts, can no longer withhold from us its cooperation."
“ Already this establishment is imitated in various parts of the kingdom by pious and charitable men; the reform extends, and must ere long become general,—for a comparison of the fate of children enjoying such benefits, with those who are deprived of them, would be a contrast too odious to be suffered long to exist.”—p. 5.
They received support and assistance from the Royal Family of France, the Ministers, many of the Provincial Governments, and numerous individuals; but the plans must have long remained very imperfect, had it not been for the munificence of one who seems to understand the real value of riches, M. le Comte d'Ourches, who gave them a sum of 140,000 f. (£5,600.) It is with much pleasure we observe among the “ Founders.” the names of two Englishwomen, already known in their own country by their exertions for the young, the destitute, and the prisoner ;- but Christian Mercy is of no Country, and, in the spirit of the Saviour's prayer, desires for the Human Brotherhood “that they may be one."
The establishment is intended for three hundred children, and already contains one hundred and sixty. The first care is the health of the pupils :
“ The physical state of these poor children is not the least of the subjects of our solicitude, and often of our embarrassment. Most of them have derived existence from such impure sources that their blood has been vitiated from their birth, and their regimen has but aggravated the fatal predisposition. Almost all we have yet received have been more or less decidedly scrofulous.”-p. 9.
“ The Physician of the establishment, of whose zeal we cannot speak too highly, has thought that successfully to combat these affections, it would be indispensable to give them more of an animal diet than they had received in the prisons.”
“ In the year which has elapsed since the arrival of the first children, there has been a complete transformation in their health,- if we except those who, being in an almost desperate state when they arrived, have not yet quitted the Infirmary.”—
“ Our object is to return to society not only honest men, but robust men.
It has been said that the experience which teaches a people to make themselves wise, will also teach them to make themselves healthy. It is certain that one of these