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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:

INCLUDING
AN ACCOUNT OF THE LATE WAR;

AND OF THE

THİRTE EN COLONIES,

FROM THEIR ORIGIN TO THAT PERIOD.

By. WILLIAM GORDON, D.D.

QUID VERUM **** CURO, ET ROGO, ET OMNIS IN HOC SUM.

Horat. 1 Ep. ; Lib.

IN FOUR VOLUMES.

VOL. IV.

LONDON:
PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR;
AND SOLD BY CHARLES DILLY, IN THE POULTRY; AND
JAMES BUCKLAND, IN PATER-NOSTER-ROW.

MPςς LXXXVIII.

THE GENERAL CONTENTS OF THE SEVERAL LETTERS

IN VOL. IV.

LETTER I. P. 1-16. THE French and Spanis fleets, in the West Indies, form a

1 junction; but effect no capital operation, p. 2. Their combined fleets in Europe intercept the East and West India convoy, p. 3. Mr. Laurens is taken in his passage to Holland, P. 5. Sir Joseph Yorke leaves the Hague, p. 6. Hurricanes in the Weft Indies, p. 7. The new parliament meets, p. 10. The kindness of the Spaniards to the British prisoners, p. 14. The inquisition abolished in the duke of Modena's dominions, p. 15.

LETTER II. P. 16–67. The Pennsylvania line revolts, p. 16. Sir H. Clinton sends agents to treat with them, two of whom are hanged, p. 20. Part of the Jersey brigade revolts, p. 22. Lieut. colonel Fahn Laurens chosen by congress special minister to the court of Veres failles, and general Washington's hints to him, p. 23—the gene. ral writes to Dr. Franklin, p. 25. The Virginia house of dele gates' resolve respecting Gates, p. 26. The returns of Greene's force in South Carolina, and his concluding on a partisan war, p. 27-his letter to lord Cornwallis, p. 28--he divides his force, p. 30. Lieut. colonel Tarleton is detached after general More gan, by whom he is defeated, p. 33. Lord Cornwallis pursues. Morgan, p. 37. General Greene arrives, and takes the com-. mand of Morgan's troops, p. 38. The Americans retreat, and safely cross the Dan into Virginia, though pursued by his lordship with the utinoft eagerness, p. 39. Greene recrosses the Dan, p. 47. General Pickens and lieut. colonel Lee cut in pieces a large body of royalists, p. 48. Cornwallis attempts to furprise the American light infantry, p. 50. Greene determines upon fighting his lordship, p. 53. His lordihip attacks and defeats him, p. 54. His lord hip retreats toward Cross Greek, and Greene pursues him to Deep river, p. 57. General Arnold fails for and lands in Virginia, p. 59. General Washington lays a plan for catching him, p. 60. Sir H. Clinton sends gen. Phillips, with more troops, to take the command in Virginia, p. 62. Acts of congress, p. 63. Mr. Robert Morris chosen financier, p. 64. The Maryland delegates empowered to fubscribe the confederation, which is thereby completed, p. 65. General IV ashington gives his decisive opinion upon the necessity of a timely and powerful aid from France, p. 67,

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LETTER III. P. 61-80. The attempt of the baron de Rullecourt on the Isle of Jersey frustrated by major Pierson, p. 68. Lord George Gordon tried and acquitted, p. 70. Gibraltar relieved by the British fleet under admiral Darby, p. 1. The Spaniards commence a heavy fire upon the fortress, which is returned, p. 73. Sir George Rodney and general Vaughan take St. Eustatia, St. Martin, and Saba, p. 74. The property in Statia confiscated, and many of the inhabitants reduced to penury and transported to St. Kitt's, p. 76. Demarara and I fequibo surrender, p. 78.

LETTER IV. · P. 80—147. General Greene leaves North Carolina and niarches toward Camden, p. 80mis defeated by lord Rawdon at Hobkirk's hill, p. 83–his letter to Rawdon, p. 86m-to governor Reed of Pennsylvania, p. 87. Lord Rawdon evacuates Camden, p. 89. The British posts are taken by the Americans in quick succession, idem. Greene marches against the garrison at Ninety Six, p. 92

is obliged to abandon the siege, and is pursued by Rawdon, p. 96. He pursues his lordship and offers him battle, idem. Greene's letter concerning Gates, p. 98. The miseries attending the war in South Carolina, p. 99. Extracts from letters.of lord George Germaine, p. 100. The affair of colonel Hayne, who is executed by the joint order of lord Rawdon and colonel Balfour, p, 102. The operations in Virginia under generals Phillips and Arnoid, p. 107. The marquis de la Fayette makes a rapid march from Baltimore to Richmond, p. 109. Lord Cornwallis joins the British in Virginia, p. 111~is disconcerted in his attempts to crush the maiquis, p. 112. The marquis joined by the Pennsylvania line under general Wayne, p. 115. His lordship commences a retrograde movement, p. 116. Wayne attacks his lordship, and extricates himself by means of it, p. 117. General Washington's army in want of provision, p. 119. Count de Barras arrives at Boston to take the command of the French squadron at Newport, p. 120. Washington meets Rochambeau at Weathersfield, idem. Washington's letters intercepted and conveyed to New York, p. 122. The French troops join the Americans under Walisington, p. 123. The plan of operations changed, and the allied troops march for Philadelphia, p. 126. The behaviour of the French troops while at Newport, and on their march to join general Washington, p. 128. Don Galvez completes the conquest of West Florida, p. 129. Sir Samuel Hood and count de Grasse engage, p. 132. Tobago taken by the French, p. 133. A subscription for a loan opened by congress for the support of the South Caro

linians

linians and Georgians driven from their country by the enemy, p. 136. The heroism of the whig ladies in Charlestown, p. 138. The treatment of the gentlemen removed from Charlestown to St. Auguftine, p. 139–of the continental officers, p. 141. Complaints of severities exercised toward the American marine prisoners at New York, p. 143. The particular evils produced by the paper currency, p. 144—the extinction of it occasions no convulsion, p. 145. A number of the ships from Statia taken by the French, p. 146.

LETTER V. P. 147-162. Commodore Johnstone is attacked by Mr. de Suffrein, p. 148 - the commodore takes several large Dutch East India ships, p. 150. Admirals Hyde Parker and Zoutman engage on the Dogger-bank, p. 152. Minorca is attacked by the Spaniards and French, p. 158. The combined fleets cruise at the mouth of the British channel, idem. Extracts from some letters to Mr. Vergennes, p. 161.

LETTER VI. P. 163-212. Acts of congress, p. 163. General Greene demands from the British commanders, the reasons for the execution of Hayne, Balfour's answer, and Greene's reply, p. 165. Greene engages lieut. colonel Stewart at the Eutaw Springs, p. 168. Stewart abandons the Eutaw, p. 170. Governor Rutledge retaliates for Balfour's conduct, p. 172. A fpirit of mutiny among Greene's troops, p. 173-his letter to general Gould, p. 174. He marches toward Dorchester, and by his maneuvres induces the British garrison to abandon the place, p. 176. General Pickens's expedition against the Cherokees, p. 177. ' Arnold's enterprise against New London, p. 178. De Barras fails from Rhode Island, p. 181. Sir Samuel Hood arrives at Sandy Hook, p. 181. De Graffè arrives in the Chesapeak, and engages admiral Graves, p. 182. De Barras arrives in the Chesapeak, p. 184, Lord Cornwallis repairs to York Town and Gloucester, p. 185. The allied troops arrive at the Head of Elk, p. 186-join the troops under the marquis de la Fayette, p. 187-march and inveit York Town, p. 188. Washington's letter to de Gralle, p. 189. The trenches-opened by the combined armies before York Town, p. 191. A capitulation settled, and the posts of York Town and Gloucester surrendered, p. 195. The British feet and arıny destined for the relief of lord Cornwallis arrive off Chesapeak after his surrender, and therefore return, p. 198. De Grasse fails for the West Indies, p. 199. Acts of congress on their hearing of the reduction of the British army, p. 200,

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