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soon as my Leisure would give me leave to write them. I promised her Ladyship to peruse it, and send her my Opinion of it, which you will find in the next Letter, and in another dated January 23. As to all her Obje&tions, but the first, for Answer to which I referred to my Apologetical Vindication, I told her, that each of them would require a particular Conference, in which I hoped, by God's Allistance, to answer them all fairly and fully to her Satisfaction; adding, that I would allot her times for as many Conferences as she should appoint, at which I desired that the Gentleman, who then attended her might be present ; saying again, that by God's Blesling I hoped she would receive fatisfačtion ; but to this she returned no encouraging Answer, seeming to doubt of what I hoped. The Paper she left with me is this, which I present to the World entire, with all its strength of Reason, force of Argument, correctness, and charming Sweetness of Stile, and other not common Beauties and Embellishments, which perhaps do not shew themselves to so much Adyantage in my Answer to it ; wherein I was forc'd to divide it into Parts, into Periods, and now and then into Half-periods, as well as into Paragraphs, and sometimes into half Paragraphs. But here it lies whole, and open to the Reader's view, without any discontinuance or disjointments; and after he hath read it, perhaps he will be of my Opinion, that he hath read few controversial Papers like it, unless it be the Author's Defence of it, which follows in the Lady's Letter, dated February 2. 1707.

That

That the Doctrines declared by the Coun

cil of Trent to be de Fide are ancient, thothe Form of profesing them, callid, The Creed of Pius IV. be New. In Answer to some Passages in Dr. George Hickes's Book.

PART I.

W

E are taught by St. Judė the Apostle

Ver. 3. To contend for the Faith once deliver'd to the Saints. -- Now I pray let me ask who were those Saints, that Body of Men to whom the Apostle affirms, the Faith was once delivered ? Most certainly it was that Body of Men signified by the oth Article of the Creed, The Holy Catholick Church; to these the Faith was once delivered, and for this Faith we are commanded to Contend, as necessary to Salvation. Not that every Doctrine of this Faith was ever thought necessary to be known by every Christian; but when known, was necessarily to be believed. Wherefore there being this material difference among the Doctrines of Faith, that some are necessary to be known by every Christian, and others not: The Apostles first, and after their Example the Pastors of the Catholick Church in succeeding Ages, gathered together Doctrines necessary to be known by all Men. into a certain Form call'd a Creed. But neither the Apostles, nor the Nicene Fathers, made it an Article of their Creed, that the whole Faith once delivered to the Saints is contained therein. For Example, Neither what a Sacrament is, nor the number of Sacraments is expressed in those Creeds, and yet these are of the Faith once delivered to the

Saints.

an.

Saints. So also the Doctrines concerning Divine Grace pertain to the Faith once delivered to the Saints, tho' the two Creeds mention'd say nothing of them: Wherefore these Greeds were not composed to contain the whole Faith, but so much of it as is necessary to be known by every Christi

But what if Errors arise, destructive to other Doctrines of Faith, which are not expressed in these Creeds, must the Saints to whom the Faith was once deliver'd, or their Successors, facrifice Divine Doctrines to Error, and not contend for them ; because they are not expressed in those Creeds which we know neither do, nor ever were intended to contain the whole Faith once deliver'd to the Saints? Wherefore as Errors arise from time to time, we are to propose that Doctrine of Faith once delivered, which impugns the Error. Now the proposing a Doctrine once delivered to the Saints against an emerging Error, can't be said to be the Coyning of a Doctrine, but the Use of that Faith once delivered. I hold it as an Article of my, Faith, that no Authority on Earth can set up new Doctrines of Faith, but it is as much an Article of my Faith, that we must contend for the whole Faith once deliver'd to the Saints ; of which many Doctrines are not expressed in the mentioned Creeds, and yet held to be of Faith by Proteftants, as that Baptism and the Lord's-Supper are Sacraments, and necessary to Salvation. The mic Itake of Protestants, in imputing to Catholicks that they coin new Do&trines, proceeds from this, That in Cases of Debate, the Catholick Church assembled by its Representatives in a Council, decides the Dispute, by proposing the Doctrine once deliver'd to the Saints against a new Error : So that tho' the declarative Sentence of the Catholick Church be New, as the opposite Error is New which oceafion'd it; yet the Doctrine then declar'd, is that which the Father's brought to the Council, to which

they

they come as Witnesses and Reporters from their several Churches, and consequently the Doctrine not New. It is evident, that Protestants hold many Doctrines not expressed in the mentioned Creeds, and therefore ought not to find fault with Catholicks on that score. In fine, we must contend for the Faith once deliver'd to the Saints, and in disputes about it; for Heresies will be: We must have recourse to the Saints to whom it was deli. ver'd; to wit, the Holy Catholick Universal Church assisted by the Spirit of Truth, and with the Presence of J. C, always to the end of the World.

None can deny but new Errors, Heresies will, or may arise in all Ages: In which Case what is to be done by that Authority which Christ has establish'd in the Holy Catholick Ghurch, to maintain and uphold every Doctrine of that Faith once deliver'd to the Saints? Must not the Successors of the Apostles convene from all parts of the Catholick World, as in Alts 15. 6. The Apostles and Anci-, ents assembled to consider of this Word? And these, as often as new Errors arise, declare against them, as the Apostles did Ver. 28. It hath seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us. For unless this Apoftolical Authority, of declaring what is Faith be continu'd in their Successors, the Holy Catholick Church is left helpless against emerging Errors and Heresies. Now these declarations are indeed New, as the Errors are New, against which they are made: But the import of them, or Doctrine proposed to the Church by them, is as ancient as the Faith once deliver'd to the Saints : And these declarations of the Ancient, are immediately register'd into the Catholick Creed, and become so many Articles: So that as new Errors spring, new declarations are made by Apoftolick Authority, and these new declarations are so many new Articles; yet the Doerine imported by these is always attested by

Catholick

Catholick Authority to be the Faith once deliver'd to the Saints, for which we must contend: Wherefore the talk of new Articles is but a Bugbear to frighten Men from receiving ancient Faith. The Apoftolick declaration of a Doctrine, which is the Article registred in the Catholick Creed is New, as the Error it condemns is New : But the Doctrine no other than the Faith once deliver'd to the Saints, and to be found in the Writings of the ancient Fathers

And now to speak to the Challenge, p. 190. " Where was the Church and Trent Doctrine be“fore Luther? I answer, It was where it is, viz. In the Mouth and Practice of the visible Apoftolick Catholick Church of all Ages, as the Writers in every Age testify; fome mentioning this Trent Do&trine, and others another. The World is fill'd with the Quotations of such Writers, and in pradice, Altars were every where erected for Chrifti. an Sacrifice ;' People in all Nations ador'd Jesus Christ in the Sacrament, anointed the Sick, prayed for the Dead, ask'd the Prayers of glorified Saints, just as they did at Trent, if you will believe the ancienc Fathers, whose Writings are express and many. An Author, p. 190. must appear rash to his own Party, who calls God and his Angels. to witness, that the Trent Faith and Doctrine was far from the knowledg of Jesus Christ and his Apostles : He had need to have been an Eye-Witnefs of all that Jesus Christ and his Apostles did, and himself to have heard all they taught, to make. fo bold with God and his Angels, as to call them to witness what he affirms without being able to offer the least positive Proof; nay, one would think him frantick against himself, when he wishes all: the Anathema's of the Council of Trent to fall on his Head, if the Roman Faith have Antiquity, Uni

• Sir H. Linde.

verfality

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