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you ask what

and knows not what Church the Bishop means ; but asks HER! what her doth he mean? Although all the

2 Bishop had to say of him was, as he tells him, for the Service he had done the Church Catholick, yet this great

Doctor is at a loss to know, what Her the Bishop means. Sir, say you with great Eloquence, it is to that Her, to which the Bishop said you had done Service, and which he stiles L'Eglise catholique, the Church Catholick. Why then will HER the Bishop means? Then, Sir, you proceed to shew, that by the Catholick Church the Bishop of Meaux means not the single Church of Rome; · but the single Church of Rome, and those which

adhere to her: All which, say you, united with the Roman Church, are the Catholick Universal Church of all Nations under one supreme Vicar of Jesus Christ. Such a Church of all Nations, and the Catholick Church are convertible Terms, and no other; and therefore the Bishop of Meaux in his Question, asked not whether the Roman singly, but whether the Roman Church, and those that adhere to her, be the Catholick Church? Sir, I must observe here two great Impertinencies and one false Definition you are guilty of in these few Lines. First then you impertinently suppose that Bishop Bull,

in saying Monsieur de Meaux seems to think the Roman and the Catholick Church to be convertible Terms; meant by the Roman Church the single Diocesan Church of Rome, which is very absurd as well as false; First, Because by the Church of Rome in all controversial Writings it is well known we mean the Church of Rome, with all the Churches, whether National Churches as you speak, or Churches oppress’d in Nations, that adhere to her. . And, Secondly, because Bishop Bull faith, that by the Catholick Church Monsieur de Meaux did doubtless mean the present Church of Rome, in the Communion whereof he himself liv'd: Which cannot be

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understood of the Diocefan single Church of Rome, but of his own, and all other Churches of the Roa man Communion; in the Communion of all which he lived, as well as in that of the single Church of Rome. The other great impertinence, Sir, of which I accuse you, is your supposing the Bishop of Rome to be the supreme Vicar of Jesus Christ; (for it is still begging the Question) which if you can prove with as much Clearness, as with Confidence you assert, and suppose to be true, then I will grant you that all the Churches united with the Roman Church under that supreme Head, are the Catholick Universal Church; and that the Roman Church and Catholick Church are convertible Terms, and like the Definition and the thing defined, may be affirmed of one another. This false supposition invites me to observe your Definition of the Catholick Church, which is this: The Catholick Church is the Universal Church of all Nations united under one supreme Vicar of Jesus Christ. But, Sir, the newness and falsness of this Definition, which you borrowed from Canisius and Bellarmin, is largely and most learnedly exposed by Dr. Lannoy, a Divine of your own Communion, in his

Epistle to Nicolas Gatineus; and to him in that elaborate Letter, I send you for better Instruction, and with Canisius and Bellarmin to be chastised. If instead of this fietitious supreme Vicar of Jesus Christ, you had put in Jesus Christ alone, it had been a tolerable definition of the Catholick Church; which indeed is nothing but Cætus fidelium, the Congregation of all faithful Churches united into one Apostolical Communion of Do&trine , Worship and Government, under one supreme Head Jesus Chrift. How absurd also it is in your Writers by the Ca

a

Johan.Launoii Epist.omnes. Edit. Cantabrigiæ. MDCLXXXIX. P. 762.

tholick,

tholick, or Universal Church, or Holy Catholick Universal Church, always to understand the Church of Rame, and the Churches in Communion with it, I have shew'd in the fifth Chapter of the Book of the several Letters which passed between me and my Adversary: And therefore, Sir, let me tell you, it is assurance in you to the last degree, to suppose your Church and the Catholick Church to be the same in your Answer to my Challenge, who had prov'd the contrary; and so often chastifed him for his great absurdity in begging this Question, and supposing what he could not prove. In that Chapter I have shewed, that the Church of Rome in the ancient Times, was never consider'd but as a part of the Catholick Church, and that it was never understood by the Holy Catholick Church in the Creed; but the whole Cætus fidelium, or the Congregation of all faithful Churches united into one Communion, under its one Head and High-Priest, our common Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. But it is the manner of your Writers to misrepresent the Catholick Church, as depending, for her Catholicism and Unity, upon the single Church of Rome and her Bishop; whom you affirm to be the universal Bishop, and supreme Vicar of Jesus Christ. She must, right or wrong, be the Mother and Mistress of all Churches, and he as her Head and Lord, supreme Head, and Lord of them all. In short, he must be Head and Principle of Unity to the whole Episcopal College: And as the “ Marquis of Worcester said to King Charles I. she is causally called Catholick because the infuseth Universality into the whole body of the Catholick Church. Wherefore being a center and beginning of Ecclefiaftical Communion, and infusing Unity, which is the form of Universality into the

Answer to Certamen Religofum. By C. C. p. 32.

Catholick

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Catholick Church, she may be called Catholick. These are the zealous Marquis's words borrowed from Cardinal Perron; to which he adds, That all other particular Churches are Catholick by participation, because they agree, and participate in Doctrine and Communion with the Catholick, meaning the causally Catholick Church of Rome. To this the learned King reply'd, That in this sense of Catholick, other Churches might be called Catholick as well as the Roman; and particularly the Greek Church, Which, faith his Majesty, bath infused as much Universality into the whole body of the Catholick. Church, as the Church of Rome hath done, and was both Center and Circumference as much as ever she was. The truth, Sir, is, that in the more Primitive Times of Chriftianity, when all Churches were in mutual Communion with one another; and as so many particular Members made up a Catholick or pure universal Church, it might be truly said of every Mother Church, as well as of that of Rome : As for Example of the single Church of Antioch, that she and all the Churches that were in Communion with her, were the Catholick Church. Other Churches then were no more, or in any other manner in

, Communion with the Church of Rome, than the was with them, and every one of them ; nor was any one of them then esteemed the Center or Beginning of Ecclesiastical Communion, that infused Unity into all the rest.

To draw to a Conclusion. Give me leave, Sir, to resolve all that you have said, and all that I have cited to the fame purpose, relating to the Roman Catholick Church into Propositions.

I. The single Church of Rome, and all Churches

now adhering to her, are, exclusively of all others, the Holy Catholick Church.

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II. The Union of the Holy Catholick Church is

an Union of all Churches with the single Church of Rome, under one a supreme Vicar

of Jesus Christ. III. The Bishop of Rome is that supreme Vicar. IV. The Roman Church consisting of the single

Church of Rome, and all Churches now united with her under that supreme Vicar, and the Holy Catholick Church are convertible

Terms. v. The single Church of Rome infuseth Unity

and Universality into the whole Body of the

Catholick Church. VI. All other Churches are Catholick only by

participation in Doctrine and Communion with the single Church of Rome.

Sir, my Challenge to my former Adversary, which you undertook to answer, was to Thew me Antiquity, Universality, and Succellion for the Trent-Do£trines; and now I challenge you to shew me the same concurrent Evidence for these Popish Propositions, and then I promise you I will be your Convert; and not only believe, but profess the Church of Rome to be the one Holy, Catholick, Apoftolick and Universal Church. But then, Sir, as these Propositions, if they are true, lay a mighty and strict Obligation on the Consciences of the Churches of the World, and all and every Christian in them: So they will require as clear and certain

* This was such a strange Notion to the Christians of Malabar, that when the Portuguese asked them if the Pope was not the Head of the Church, they answered, That lie was the Head of the Church of Rome, or of St. Perer's Church, but not the Head of the Church of St. Thomas; always asserting the Patriarch of Babylon to be Head of their Church : And that their Church, and that of Rome, were particular Churches independent one of the other. Monumens Authentiques de la Religion des Grecs. p. 84.

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