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Thou interposest, that my sudden hand,
To whom thus the portress of hell-gate replied :-
Megæra a pest; also Virgil, the harpies. Æn., III. 215.—739. Spares, forbears. - 741. Double-formed. How? —745. Than. See l. 299.- 748. The universal experience; fair at the time, foul afterwards. — 752. On a sudden, etc. As Minerva ( wisdom) sprang into life from the brain of Jove, so Sin from the head of Satan. See Class. Dict. — 755. Left side. Why left! — 768. Fields, battles.
Through all the empyrean. Down they fell,
So in Shakes. — 771. Empyréan (Gr. év, in, trûp, fire ; čutrupos, in fire), the highest portion of space supposed to be pervaded by the pure element or essence of fire. See note on I. 117.-772. Pitch (Old Fr. pic, high place; akin to peak; or fr. old pike), height.-787. Made. He? or dart ? — 801. Conscious. Meaning ?- 803. Opposition, front?--808. Bane. Because my death must end him? -. 813. Dint (' Dint, dent, dunt, all imitative of the sound of a blow.' Wedgwovd), stroke, blow. – 814. Save he. So Shakes., “All the conspira
She finished, and the subtle fiend his lore
815 Soon learned, now milder, and thus answered smooth :“Dear daughter ! — since thou claimst me for thy sire, ... I come no enemy, but to set free From out this dark and dismal house of pain Both him and thee, and all the heavenly host Of spirits that, in our just pretences armed, 1825 Fell with us from on high. From them I go This uncouth errand sole, and one for all Myself expose, with lonely steps to tread The unfounded deep, and through the void immense To search with wandering quest a place foretold 830 Should be, and, by concurring signs, ere now Created vast and round; a place of bliss In the purlieus of heaven; and, therein placed A race of upstart creatures, to supply Perhaps our vacant room, though more removed, 835 Lest heaven, surcharged with potent multitude, Might hap to move new broils. Be this, or aught Than this more secret, now designed, I haste To know; and, this once known, shall soon return, And bring ye to the place where thou and Death 840 Shall dwell at ease, and up and down unseen Wing silently the buxom air, imbalmed With odors. There ye shall be fed and filled Immeasurably; all things shall be your prey."
tors, save only he,” Jul. Cos. V. 5; "Save thou,' sonnet 109 ; save 1, Twelfth Night, III. 1. 172. Save (except that) he can, who, etc. — 815. Lore (A. S. loer, learning ; loeran, to teach), lesson. — 825. Pretences, claims. So used in Shakes. — 827. Uncouth, as in l. 407. – 829. Unfounded (Lat. sine fundo, without bottom; Fr. sans fond). Bottomless ? or without foundation, treacherous ? Deep. Hell ! or Chaos ? See note on 1. 405. — 833. Purlieus. Fr. pur, free; lieu, place; purlieu, a place free from trees (purus ab arboribus), the outskirts of a forest; or Fr. pour aller, for to walk ; purlieu, land once part of a royal forest but separated from it by perambulation (pour-allée) granted by the crown. Placed, etc. A race that has been placed therein ? 842. Buxom (A. S. beogan, bugan, to bow, to yield), yielding. Horace has cedentem aera, yielding air. Sat. II. 2, 13. — 843. Fed. “Death shall feed on
He ceased; for both seemed highly pleased, and Death Grinned horrible a ghastly smile, to hear
“The key of this infernal pit, by due,
them.” Ps. xlix. 14. — 846. Grinned. Ajax (11. VII. 212), smiles with horrible countenance'; Minos (Dante's Inferno, V. 4) 'Standeth horribly and snarls'; Grantorto (Faerie Queene, V. XII. 16) is .grinning griesly'; Sylvester's dead are 'grinning ghastly'; Statius's Tydeus (Thebais, viii. 582) is
smiling dreadfully,' formidabile ridens ; Cowley's devils (Davideis), .with a dreadful smile deformedly grin’; and in Horace (Odes, III. XI. 21) Ixion and Tityos smiled with unwilling look.' Shakespeare has tried his pencil at the picture, and with what startling power!
“Within the hollow crown
Richard II., III. II. 160–163. 847. Maw (Dutch maag, Ger. magen, stomach). Blessed, meaning he blessed his maw? or his maw should be blessed ? - 868. Gods who live at ease.
At thy right hand voluptuous, as beseems
Thus saying, from her side the fatal key,
Homer has deol seia twórtes, theoi reia zoöntes, gods living at ease, Il. VI. 138 ; Odys. V. 122, iv. 805. Tennyson in Lotos-eaters makes Ulysses' crew propose to live thus 'like gods.' — 869–70. Right hand ... daughter and darling. Just as the Messiah reigns at the Father's right hand, son and wellbeloved! – 874. Portcullis (Fr. porte, Lat. porta, gate; coulisse, groove, grooved timber, or something that slides down ; couler, to slide, slip), a harrowlike gate of timbers framed and iron-pointed, hung over the entrance to a castle, and capable of being let slide down instantly. — 875. Which, but herself, etc. Allegory ? Meaning ? — 876–7. Turns. Unless we interpret “wards' to mean sliding bolts (a sense which Shakes. gives to 'ward,' Lucrece, 305), we may interpret 'turns,' 'passes round or by with the key '; just as we speak of “turning a corner,' 'turning the enemy's flank,' etc. There is no need of supposing, with Keightley and the locksmiths, that Milton made a mistake here. — 879–883. This is a famous passage. Observe closely the analogy which voice and movement bear to the things described. Contrast, VII. 205–7,
“Heaven opened wide
On golden hinges moving." Erebus, the realm of darkness, hell. — 883-4. Opened; but to shut excelled, etc. “Because none but God can put an end to the evils caused by sin.” Keightley. Is this explanation valid ? Wide, etc. “For wide is the gate.” Matt. vii. 13. — 885. Wings. What?-889. Redound.