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Poured never from her frozen loins to pass
lous North, what Sir William Temple calls the northern hive,' whence Goths, Franks, and Vandals came swarming. – 353. Rhene (Lat. Rhenus, Rhine). So Spenser, Faerie Queene, IV. XI. 21. Danaw (Ger. Donau, Danube). –355. Beneath (like Lat. infra), south of. In 429 A. D. the Vandals pushed their conquests into Africa ? Libyan. African. — 356. Squadron (Lat. quatuor, four; quadra, square ; Fr. escadron. Note that our military terms are almost all from the French). Same as “squared regiment,' l. 758 ?-360. Erst. Etymology ? — 361. Though of their names, etc. In Ps. ix. 5, 6, we read, “Thou hast put out their name forever and ever. . . . Their memorial is perished with them.” In Rev. xx. 12, “ And the books were opened. And another book was opened, which is the book of life.” See Rev. iii. 5. There is a peculiar solemnity in the Miltonic idea that these names shall nevermore be pronounced in heaven! See Par. Lost, V. 659, 660. -- 365. New names. The Christian Fathers believed that the heathen gods were devils in disguise. Milton gives this belief 'an ingenious poetic turn,' says Masson. “In the course of ages . . . they got them new nanies." “It is by these names that they must, though by anticipation, be called in the poem." — 369, 370. Invisible glory. See the eloquent statement in Rom. i. 23; also Ps. cvi. 20;
And devils to adore for deities :
The chief were those, who, from the pit of hell
And with their darkness durst affront his light.
Exod. xxxii. - 372. Religions (Lat. religiones), religious rites.- 373. Devils. See Levit. xvii. 7; Deut. xxx. 17; Ps. cvi. 37 ; also, especially, 1 Cor. X. 20. See Hymn on the Nativity, st. 19-25. — 375. Idols (Gr. etdwra, idola, images). - 376. Then. When? . Who first, who last. So in the Iliad, V. 703, “Whom first, whom last did Hector lay low?” So Æneid, XI. 664. — 378. Emperor. Other names and titles of Satan in this book?-382. Roaming, etc. • As a roaring lion, walketh about,' etc., 1 Peter v. 8.-384. Their altars. So Manasseh built them, 2 Chron. xxxiii. 3-7. See, too, Ezekiel xliii. 8. — 387. Between the cherubim. “This is incorrect. The throne is . . . borne by the cherubim." So says Keightley, who ailels that Milton was led into error hy the Eng. translation of Ps. Ixxx. 1, etc., " where between is inserted." Keightley confounds that throne, which is calleil the 'mercy-seat,' with the tying throne seen by Ezekiel 'in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar'? See Ezekiel i. 26; Exod. xxv. 22, xxxvii. 7 ; 1 Kings vi. 27, viii. 6; Par. Lost, XII. 253, 254•; also XI. 2, where mercy-seat above' is God's throne in heaven. – 389. Abominations, 'abominations in the house calleil by my name,' Jer. vii. 30; Ezek. vii. 20. -- 391. Affront, confront, face, insult (Lat. frons, forehead; Fr. affronter ; It. affrontare). So repeatedly in Shakes. · as, 'that he may ... affront Ophelia,' Hamlet, 111. 1. 30, 31. - 392. Moloch (Heb. Molech, king).
Of human sacrifice, and parents' tears,
He personifies destructive fire? See the allusions to the horrible sacrifices to him in Lev. xviii. 21; Jer. xxxii. 35; Ps. cvi. 37, 38. —- 395. Passed through fire. “They kindled it (the hollow brass image of Moloch) with fire, and the priest took the babe and put it into the hands of Molech, and the babe gave up the ghost. And why was it called Tophet and Hinnom? Because they used to make a noise with drums (tophim), that the father might not hear the cry of his child and have pity on him. [Tophet is otherwise rendered, 'place to be spit on,' or 'place of burning.') Hinnom, because the babe wailed (menahem).” Kimchi. Gehenna, valley of Hinnon, the deep narrow glen south of Jerusalem. – 397. Rabba, on the river Jabbok, was the capital city of the Ammonites, called 'city of waters' in 2 Sam. xii. 27. Moab was the settled and civilized half of the nation of Lot, and Animon formed its predatory and Berlouin section. Smith's Bib. Dict. Down to about the middle of the second century B. C., the Ammonites are in close alliance with the Moabites. This alliance, and their nomadic character, abundantly acquit the poet of any slip of memory'in confusing the territory of the Ammonites with that of the Moabites or Amorites. (Ben-Animi was son of Lot by his younger daughter, as Moab was by the eliler.) — 398. Argob and Basan, districts lying easterly from the Sea of Galilee and the Jordan. -- 399. Arnon, a small stream running west into the Dead Sea. See map of Palestine. — 400. Neighborhood. Nearness to what? Wisest heart. Hypallage ? — 401. Led by fraud. Explained, 1 Kings xi. 3, 4, 7, etc. — 403. Opprobrious hill. In 2 Kings xxiii. 13 it is called Mount of Corruption, or Mount of Destruction, or of a Snare. Keightley says, “We know not what led Milton to use the term 'opprobrious.?” Dr. Smith (Bib. Dict.) says, “The most southern portion of the Mt. of Olives is that usually known as the Mount of Offence. ... The title was bestowed on the supposition that it is the Mt. of Corruption on which Solomon erected the high places for the gods of his foreign
Next, Chemos, the obscene dread of Moab's sons,
wives." Grove. In the old heathen religions groves play a prominent part. Pliny tells us that the first temples were trees. But the word rendered 'grove' may have designated the emblematic carved pillar' in the worship of some of these gods. — 406. Chemos, deity of the Moabites, often identified with the obscene Greek god Priapus, but sometimes with Adonis, Pluto, Mars, Saturn, Bacchus, etc. See Num. xxi. 29 ; Jer. xlviii. 13; 1 Kings xi. 7; 2 Kings xxiii. 13. He is called god of the Ammonites in Judges xi. 24. — 407-11. Aroer, on the river Arnon. Nebo (or Pisgah ?), part of the mountain range called Abarim (opposite Jericho). Hesebon (Heshbon), Sibma, Elealè, easterly from Abarim. Horonaim, site unknown, but near by. Seon (Sihon), king of the Amorites, had driven the Moabites south of the Arnon before the Israelites reached the promised land. See a map showing Abarim, Nebo, Heshbon, etc., mentioned in Num. xxi. Isa. xv., Jer. xlviii., etc. Asphaltic pool (Lacus Asphaltites), the Dead Sea, abounding with asphaltus or bitumen. — 413. Sittim (Heb. Abel-Hasshittim, meadow of acacias), in the land of Moab.–414. Do . . . rites (Gr. sepà pé(elv, hiera rezein ; Lat. facere sacra). Woe. Twenty-four thousand deaths. Num. xxv. 9. — 415. Orgies (Gr. čpyov, ergon, work; or, better, ópyń, orge, violent passion), bacchanalian rites, licentious or drunken transports. -- 416–17. Hill, the opprobrious hill,' l. 403. Lust hard by hate. Never was weightier moral condensed into four words. — 418. Josiah drove, etc. How he did it, is shown in 2 Kings xxiii. ; 2 Chron. xxxiv. Reigned B. C. 641–672? — 419-20. Bordering flood, the eastern boundary of the Promised Land. “To thy seed have I given this land from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates.” Gen. xv. 18. old. Mentioned as early as Gen. ii. 14. Brook. Besor, perhaps, 1 Sam. xxx. 9; or the Wady-El-Arish, the ancient
Egypt from Syrian ground, had general names
These feminine: for spirits, when they please,
Rhinocolura ? — 422. Baälim (Heb. Baal, master, the supreme male deity