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"The following table gives similar information with respect to Sunday Schools:

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Number of Sunday Schools and of Scholars.


of Seholen

ja s Selcol




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229 54,157 5,96 / 6,314 108



21 198 60

2,052 1,710 1,150

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was absolutely ascertained by the National Society; but the num. ber of departments or schools was not ascertained ; in order, however, to find it with proximate accuracy, the proportion of evening scholars to each ovening school existing in the ten specimen districts has been applied to the ascertained number, 54,157,"

† “ The numbers of the Calvinistic Methodist schools and scholars have been taken from the Census Returus of 1851. Circulars and forms in the Welsh language were issued from the Office of the Elucation Commission ; but the Returns were so imperfect that it has been thought advisable to adopt the numbers of the Census Returns."--p. 81-2.

95 '80,966

hools is esti d and Wales

ART. III. — Lectures on the History of the Eastern Church. By Arthur

Penrhyu Stanley, D.D., Regius Professor in the University of Oxford, and Canon of Christ Church. London: John Murray, 1861.

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ROFESSOR STANLEY would be sorely puzzled to

write his own biography. A profound artist of men and manners, a graphic delineator of the dress which nature puts on in her different latitudes, and of the gorgeous colours—the grim or sombre features--that distinguish it: enough of a philosopher to be able to dive below the surface of events, and to bring to light their hidden connexion or unlooked for parallelism, he would still be at a loss to paint his own portrait, either sober like Raphael, or intoxicated (allegorically, that is) like Fuller. He may have not yet realized his own principles—perhaps indeed he has not yet come to the end of them. Possibly be has never yet looked at them in one group, weiglied the force, calculated the proportions, estimated the bearings of each abstractedly, and so determined what their relative effects should be amongst themselves, and upon the whole man. Possibly he may not yet have come to his full growth either as a thinker or a writer; and his instincts tell him that he is daily taking up new matter into his intellectual system, which is to become part of his being: If the venerable Lord Lyndhurst, brought into accidental connexion with the works of St. Augustine, at the close of his long legal and parliamentary career, could be roused into a glowing eulogy of the talents and acquirements of that distinguished Father, with whom he had only then for the first time made acquaintance: what are the effects likely to be produced in a clerical professor, with the rare candour and high-mindedness of Dr. Stanley, who, in the prime of his faculties, and in virtue of his office, is just entering upon a career of study, which, if conscientiously pursued-as it assuredly will be by him—will oblige him to throw himself into the feelings and actions of the saints and martyrs of antiquity, and to live in the writings of ss. Athanasins and Augustine, of SS. Bernard and Thomas Aquinas? Does Dr. Stanley, in his heart, expect to learn nothing from communion with minds like these? And when lie has become fully conscious of the actual obliga

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Church. By Arthur

the University of 03: John Murras,

sorely puzzled to nd artist of men the dress which s, and of the gorares-ihat distin able to dive belox ight their hidden e would still be at ber like Rruplael

, Fuller. He may


3~perhaps indeed

Possibly be lius up, weighed the ed the bearings of shat their relatire id upon the whole come to his full and his instructs matter into his part of his being ht into accidental

tions of Christendom, past and present, to these its suc-
cessive champions, its guardians, its interpreters, will he
acknowledge in them no more moral weight or value than
that of the mere historical witness : no more authority in
all that concerns religion, than he is willing to attribute to
the mere popular divine, or philosopher, or historian, or
public character, of all ages?' Will he decide that those
who have lived and died for Christ exclusively, are to be
deemed to know Christ 110 better, than those who have
merely lived for themselves: that those who have made
Christianity their exclusive study and rule of life, are to be
supposed no better judges of its genius, its iuterests, its
requirements, than those who have occupied their whole
Jives in the pursuit of physical science, or of the laws which
govern man in his individual or social state? Will he
decide that popular instincts avail everything for and
against social institutions, but are never to be taken into
account, where religion might cite their testimony ; that
the political yearnings and cravings of the masses are to be
studied, sympathized with, and eventually satisfied, as
founded in reason ; while their religious aspirations are to

spurned as so many fond superstitions? Will the popil-
lar doctrine, Vox populi, vox Dei,' be without meaning
for Professor Stanley, in explaining religious phenomena,
whether past or present?

We will not anticipate what time--what each successive volume-will unfold, let it suffice to have observed that the proverb, "noscitur a sociis," affords no guarantee for the future in partnerships of intellect. Arnold, Whately, Newman, and Keble, were once associates ; Lacordaire, Montalembert, and Lamennais were fellow-workers. Professor Stanley has appeared on behalf of Essays and Reviews, or at least of two papers-perhaps the most important-in that now world-wide series. But a subtle intellect, like that of Professor Jowett, and a practical intellect like that of Dr. Temple, and the warm heart and vivid imagination of Dr. Stanley, will sooner or latter experience their points of divergence. They cannot long be companions in the same train of thought; they cannot weigh men in the same balance ; they cannot attach the same importance to events, observances, or speculative principles. One revolution made Fox and Burke the closest of friends, another reut them sunder as the poles. But we must not allow ourselves to be drawn into prophecy, still less into

lle, at the close of could be roused acquirements of had only then for Ľ are the effects for, with the ran nley, who, in the his office, is just f conscientionsly will oblige him 10 of the saints and

writings of SS. ard and Thomas t, expect to leam ke these? And he actual obligs

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a hasty criticism of two characters, upon whom we are not now engaged. All that we mean is that Professor Stanley will never be the subtle metaphysician that Professor Jowett is, nor a first-rate schoolmaster like Dr. Temple. He will never be able to abstract himself sufficiently from men and manners to be the first, nor will bis physical frame fit him to join in the games of cricket and foot-ball with sufficient " elan " to be the second. Hence, the deeper they plunge into their respective subjects, the wider will be their divergence, when they come to compare notes. Professor Stanley is a little man, as, we learn from his descriptions, were two of his grandest characters, the Apostle Paul and S. Athanasius. He resembles them in this one further respect, that he is in heart and soul a genuine Christian. He has a genuine love for Christianity, and for the ideal excellencies of its Divine Founder. He has searched history in vain for a religion capable of exalting our nature and adding to the well-being of man, even upon earth, in the same degree. He has studied heroes, ancient and modern, but has never found a perfectly faultless character save One, or any approaching perfection that did not resemble that One, The principles which he holds dearest and most ennobling, he can trace to no other source than to the New Testament. Peace with all men-love towards all men, humanity, active charity, purity of heart, elevation of mind, progress towards something better than we are or can be in the present world-and, conversely, what his own loving nature shrinks from most, war, slavery, distinction of caste, cruelty, selfishness, debauchcry, degradation of mind and of man, he can find no where else so emphatically reprobated, or consistently disavowed. Professor Stanley, therefore, cannot fail to have realized that the history of civilization is essentially bound up in that of revealed religion ; he may not yet have realized, with M. Guizot, that the obligations of Europe are due, not to mere Christianity, but to the Christian Church. When he is as familiar with the under-currents of medieval history as he is now with the surface; when he has collected his materials for sketching the Lateran Councils as graphically as that of Nicæa, the character of Innocent III. as that of Constantine; when he has sounded the depthis of that chaos, from which the Church, and she alone, extricated society between the 7th and the 14th centuries; when he has dived into the inner lives of colossal saints

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like St. Anselm and St. Francis, and pondered over the
spiritual works of Thomas a Kempis and St. Francis of
Sales ; when he has duly meditated on the genius of those
days that erected so many gorgeous cathedrals, and
founded so many princely colleges and universities; then,
perhaps, the professor will feel bound to acknowledge that
Holy Scripture has been interpreted both by actual events
and in living agents, to a degree compared with which all
critical interpretations of the letter of the New Testament
are beggarly, and all modern realizations of its spirit un-
deniable shortcomings. His conclusions will differ little
from those of Hurter, Ozanam, and Montalembert, or we
are much mistaken.

But, to the work in question. Comparing it with his
last work on Sinai and Palestine, however characteristic
this has been supposed to be of his peculiar genius, we do
not hesitate to say that he appears here to infinitely greater
advantage. With all his turn for geography, with all his
undeniable talent for extricating moral and religious,
political and social, considerations out of rocks and woods,
plains and rivers, mountains and seas, in the unravelling
of the threads, or adjustment of the links, of history, it
cannot fail to strike the attentive reader of his works that
he is only so far great, as he has brought these topics to
bear upon personal or national character-for the same
reason that Holman Hunt is great in his splendid picture
of " The Finding of our Lord in the Temple”-and from
their due grouping and working up, has rendered his por-
traits so pre-eminently truthful, as well as so doubly

Professor Stanley would never furnish us with the exact bearings, the latitude and longitude, of every village in Palestine, as Professor Robinson has done; nor should we ever think of quoting him upon climatology in the same breath with Baron Humbold. On ethnology and philology we might not be disposed to pay much heed to his judgment; and even for the dry facts of ecclesiastical history, such as could only be gained by laborious research, we should apply to Gieseler or Hurter in preference. But, as a biographer, brilliant and truthful at the same time, Professor Stanley stands unrivalled; no man ever succeeded better in catching the salient parts of a character, in penetrating to its inmost feelings and predilections, iu dressing it up in the exact costume of its age, and

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