Possible Paradises: Basque Emigration to Latin America
From Columbus's first voyage to "the Indies" in 1492, Basques participated in Spain's American enterprise. Supported by centuries of experience as mariners, shipbuilders, traders, miners, and ironworkers; encouraged toward emigration by restrictive inheritance laws and a land-poor territory; and conditioned by a culture that prized hard work and social solidarity, the Basques were poised to play a significant role in the exploration and development of the New World. The first Basques arrived with Columbus, and well into the twentieth century they continued to arrive seeking livelihood and refuge.
Possible Paradises, José Manuel Azcona Pastor's engaging and meticulously researched study of Basque emigration to the Americas, is a path breaking work of monumental importance. Ranging over the entire former Spanish American empire from Tierra del Fuego to the U.S. Southwest and covering over five centuries of history, Azcona examines the roles and fates of the Basques who came to the New World. He also studies the impact of the New World on the Basque Country, from the importance in the modern Basque diet of such American foodstuffs as corn and beans to the encouragement given to traditional Basque industries by the colonizers' demand for ships and iron tools. He considers the role of Basques in the Spanish imperial expeditions of exploration and conquest; their participation in transatlantic commerce and communication.
The Basque diaspora, although worldwide in dimension, has had its greatest presence and importance in the Americas. Azcona's pioneering study views the Basque presence in the New World through the broadest possible lens, linking Basque communities and activities from Argentina to the North American West.
Foreword by William A. Douglass. Translation by Roland Vazquez.
מה אומרים אנשים - כתיבת ביקורת
לא מצאנו ביקורות במקומות הרגילים
of Peru 17351803
in the Basque Country 15411980
Basque Country 15411980
מהדורות אחרות - הצג הכל
activity administration Aguirre Alonso America Andalusian Antonio Araba Argentina arrived Basque and Navarrese Basque Center Basque colony Basque Country Basque emigrants Basque presence began beginning Bilbao Bizkaia Buenos Aires Cadiz capital captain Caracas Carlist Castile Chile Colombia Columbus commerce Consulate Crown Cuba destination Diego Domingo Donostia economic eighteenth century emigracion established European expedition founded France Francisco Gipuzkoa governor Guatemala Ibarra Ignacio immigrants important Indies industry Iparralde Irala island Jose Juan la Plata land large number Laurak Bat Lima Madrid Manuel Maria married Martin Martinez mercantile merchants Mexico City migratory Miguel Monarchs Montevideo natives Navarre Nevertheless nineteenth century Nueva Espana participation Pasaia passengers patacones payable Pedro percent Peru pesos Plata political population port province Puerto region residents Royal Basque Society sailors Santa Santiago settled Sevilla ships sixteenth social Spain Spaniards Spanish territory tion transport Uruguay Uruguayan vascos Venezuela viceroyalty viceroyalty of Peru Vitoria-Gasteiz voyage World