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CHAPTER

PAGE

I CHARACTER AND CAREER . . . . . . . . . 1

Arnold's Main Task-Biographical Sources—His

Father and Mother-Influence of Natural Sur-

roundings-Education-Attitude toward Oxford

-Poetic Ambition-Secretary to Lord Lans-

downe-Reading the Classics-Marriage and
Domestic Temper-Trials of an Inspector of
Schools—Poetry Composed under Difficulties-
Secret of His Melancholy and His Serenity–His
Religious Temper-Habit of Self-Discipline-
Cultivation of Purposefulness and Gaiety-Key-
notes of Literary Work-Compensations in His
Avocation-Friends in France: Sainte-Beuve,
Renan, Scherer-Inculcating Intelligence-Fruits
of Oxford Professorship-Appetite for Fame
and Influence-Acquaintance with English Ce-
lebrities — Disraeli's Encouragement - Attitude
toward Contemporary Men of Letters in Eng-
land - Success of Culture and Anarchy - In
Charge of an Italian Prince-Death of Three
Sons—Criticism of Church, Theology and Re-
ligion-Miscellaneous Political Essays and Re-
turn to Literature-First Visit to America-De-
fects and Virtues of American Life-Growing
Old-Official Business in Germany–Becomes a

Grandfather and Revisits America-Death.

II POEMS OF THE PERSONAL LIFE . . . . . . . 52

Arnold Compares Himself with Tennyson and

Browning-The Main Movement of Mind in

His Time-His Personal Reflections of the

Time-Spirit-Conflict of Reason and Tradition,

Emotion and Intelligence - Disillusion about

Love and Human Relationships : "Switzerland,"

“Faded Leaves”-The Center of His Being :

“The Buried Life"-Religious Disillusion : "The

Grand Chartreuse,Dover Beach," "Empedocles
on Etna"-Disillusion about Poetical Powers:
“Austerity of Poetry," "Growing Old,” “De-

CHAPTER

PAGE
spondency," "The Progress of Poesy"_Center
of Indifference-Enduring Life: “Resignation"

-Immorality of Nature: "To a Preacher”—
Consolations of Nature: “Thyrsis," "Scholar
Gipsy”—Lessons of Nature: “A Summer
Night," "Quiet Work”—The Law for Man:
"Morality," "East London,” “The Better Part”-

The Sources of Moral Energy: “Rugby Chapel.”

III POEMS OF THE EXTERNAL WORLD . . . . . . 92

Conception of the True Poet: "Resignation"-

"Empedocles" Condemned-Classical Doctrine

on the Choice of Poetical Subjects—Classical

Intention in the Long Poems—Counter-claims

of Reason and Passion in "Tristram and Iseult"

-Classical Balance in "Sohrab and Rustum”-

Arnold on “Balder Dead;" Defects of the Sub-
ject-Sophocles and “Merope”—“The Forsaken

Merman."

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VI POLITICS AND SOCIETY . . . . . . . . .

Relation of Arnold's Political and Social

Thought-His Political Independence-His In-

*ternal Equilibrium-Criticism of Whigs and
Tories-His Mediation Between Carlyle and J.
S. Mill—"Numbers"-Equality and Rights-
“Democracy”—The Virtues of an Aristocracy-
Escape from Democratic Vulgarity by State Ac-
tion—The State in France and Germany: Their
Superior Organization of Institutions-Arnold's
Master Thought in Politics—Meaning of Civili-
zation or Culture-A Social Gospel-Enemies of
Culture-English Faith in Machinery,Doing as
One Likes—Meaning of the State-Inadequacy
of All the Classes—The Barbarians—The Philis-
tines—The Populace-The Saving Remnant-
Genius and Humanity—The Dæmonic-Disci-

CHAPTER

PAGE

pline-Carlyle's John Bull Unsatisfactory-In-

adequacy of the Puritan Ideal of Perfection-

Hebraism and Hellenism.

VII RELIGION . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270

Arnold a Friend to Religion-Adverse Com-

ments-His Reluctance to Enter the field of

Religious Controversy–His Conviction that a

Revolution Had Been Accomplished—Signs of

the Revolution-His Belief in a National Church

-Recasting Religion-A Verifiable Basis for

the Bible-His Literary Approach-Rejects the
God of Miracles-Rejects the God of Meta-
physics-Sets up the God of Experience-Prot-
estant and Catholic Miracles-Christian and
Pagan Miracles-Protestant and Catholic The-
ological Doctrine–The Mass and the Three
Lords Shaftesbury—The Law of Man's Being-
Arnold's Psychology: the Doctrine of the Two
Selves—God Defined-Religion Defined-Con-
duct Three-Fourths of Life-Illustrations of
Morality Touched with Emotion—Value of Old
Testament - Desiccation of Judaism - Method
and Secret of Jesus—Divinity of Christ-Power
of Jesus Founded on Human Nature-Paul and
the Theologians—The Worth of a Religious
Teacher-Paul a Great Realistic Moralist-His
Religion Psychologically Sound-Resurrection

Spiritually Interpreted-Immortality.

INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317

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