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the latter ; suppose he had preferred (as he justly might) a loving heart, before all outward works whatever; yet it would not follow that we were to reject cither one or the other. No; God bath joined them together from the beginning of the world; and let not man put them asunder.

4. But“ God is a Spirit, and they that worship him, must worship him in spirit and in truth.” And is not this cnough? Nay, ought we not to employ the whole streugth of our mind herein ? Does not attending to outward things clog the soul, that it cannot soar aloft in holy contemplation? Does it not damp the vigour of our thought? Has it not a natural tendency to encumber and distract the mind? Whereas St. Paul would have us to be without carefulness," and to "wait upon the Lord without distraction."

I answer, God is a Spirit, and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth. Yea, and this is enough : wc ought to employ the whole strength of our mind therein. But then I would ask, What is it to worship God, a Spirit, in spirit and in truth ? Why, it is to worship him with our spirit; to worship him in that manner which none but spirits are capable of. It is to believe in hin, as a wise, just, holy Being, of purcr eyes than to behold iniquity; and yet merciful, gracious, and longsuffering; forgiving iniquity, and transgression, and sin; casting all our sins behind his back, and accepting us in the Beloved. It is, to love him, to delight in him, to desire him, with all our lieart, and mind, and soul, and strengt! ; to imitate him we love, by purifying ourselves even as He is pure; and to obey him whom we love, and in whom we believe, both in thought, and word, and work. Consequently, onc branch of the worshipping God in spirit and in truth, is the keeping his out svard commandments. To glorify him therefore with our bodies, as well as with our spirits; to go throngh outward work with hearts lifted up to him; to make our daily employment a sacrifice to God; to buy and sell, to cat and drink, to his glory;--this is worshipping God in spirit and in truth, as much as the praying to him in a wilderness.

5. But if so, then contemplation is only one way of irorshipping God in spirit and in truth. Therefore, to give ourselves up entirely to this, would be to destroy many branches of spiritual worship, all equally acceptable to God, and equally profitable, not hurtful, to the soul. For it is a great mistake 10 suppose that an attention to those outward things, whereto the Providence of God hath called us, is any clog to a Christian, or any hinderance at all to his always seeing Him that is invisible. It does not at all damp the ardour of his thought; it does not encumber or distract his mind; it gives him no uncasy or hurtful care, who does it all as unto the Lord; who hath learned, whatsoever he doeth in word or deed, to do all in the name of the Lord Jesus; having only one eye of the soul, which moves round on outward things, and one immoveably fixed on God. Learn what this meaneth, ye poor recluses, that

you may clearly discern your own littleness of faith : Yea, that you may no longer judge others by yourselves, go and learn what that meaneth :

« Thou, O

ord, in tender love
Dost all my burdens bear;
Lift my heart to things above,

And fix it ever there.
('alm on tumult's wheel I sit;
Midst husy multitudes alone ;
Sweetly waiting at thy feet

Till all thy will be done."
6. But the grand objection is still behind.

“ We appeal," gay they, ' to experience. Our light did shine; we used outward things many years; and yet they profited nothing. We attended on all the ordinances; but we were no better for it; nor indeed any one else : nay, we were the worse; for we fancied ourselves Christians for so doing, when we knew not what Christianity meant."

I allow the fact: I allow that you, and ten thousand more, have thus abused the ordinances of God; mistaking the means for the end ; supposing that the doing these, or some other outward works, either was the religion of Jesus Christ, or would be accepted in the place of it. But let the abuse be taken away, and the use remain. Now use all outward things, but usc them with a constant eye to the renewal of your soul in righteousness and true holiness.

7. But this is not all: They asfirm, “Experience likewise shows, that the trying to do good is but lost labour. What does it avail to feed or clothe men's bodies, if they are just dropping into everlasting fire ? And what good can any man do to their souls? If these are changed, God doeth it himself. Besides, all men are either good, at least desirous so to be, or obstinately evil. Now the former have no need of us ; let them ask help of God, and it shall be given them: and the latter will VOL. I. No. 7.


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receive no help of us. Nay, and our Lord forbids to cast our pearls before swine.'”

I answer, 1. Whether they will finally be lost or saved, you are expressly commanded to feed the hungry and clothe the naked. If you can, and do not, whatever becomes of thein, you shall go away into everlasting fire. 2. Though it is God only changes heurts, yei he generally docth it by man. It is our part to do all that in lis lies, as diligently as if we could change them ourselves and then to leare the event to him. 3. God, in answer to their prayers, builds up his children, by cach other, in every good gift; nourishing and strengthening the whole “ body, by that which every joint supplieth.” So that “ the eye cannot say to the band, I have no need of thee; no,

" the head to the fect, I have to uced of you." Lastly, How are you assured, thiat the persons before you are dogs or swine? Judge them rot, until you have tried. “How knowest thon, Oman, but thou mayest gain thy brother,”but thou mayest, under God, sare his soul from death? When he spurns thy love, and blasphemes the good word, then it is time to give him up to God.

We have tried; we have labonred to reform sinners ; and what did it avail? On many we could make no impression at all : and if some were changed for a while, yet their goodness was but as the morning dew, and they were soon as bad, nay, worse than ever: so that we only hurt them, and ourselves tjo; for our minds were hurried and discomposed, perhaps filled with anger instead of love: Therefore we had better have kept our religion to ourselves."

It is very possible this fact also may be true; that you have tried to do good and have not succeeded ; yea, that those who seemed reformed, relapsed into sin, and their last state was worse than tlic first. And what marrel? Is the servant above his laster? But how often did llc strive to save sinners, and they would not hcar; or, when they had followed him awhile, they turned back as a dog to liis vomit! But he did not therefore desist from striving to do good: no more should you, whatever your success be. It is your part, to do as you are commanded: the event is in the hand of God. You are not accountable for this : leave it to Him, who orders all things well. “ In the morning sow thy seed, and in the evening withhold not thy hand: for thou knowest hot whether shall prosper." (Eccles. xi. 6.)

But the trial hurries ar frets your own soul, Perhaps it

did so for this very reason, because you thought you was accountable for the event, which no man is, nor indeed can be ; -or perhaps, because you was off your guard; you was not watchful over your own spirit.

But this is no reason for disobeying God. Try again; but try more warily than before. Do good (as you forgive) “not seven times only; but until seventy times seven.” Only be wiser by experience: attempt it every time more cautiously than before. Be more humbled before God, more deeply convinced that of yourself you can do nothing. Be more jealous over your own spirit ; more gentle, and watchful unto prayer. Thus “cast your bread upon the waters, and you shall find it again after many days.

IV. 1. Notwithstanding all these plausible pretences for hiding it, “Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in hearen.” This is the practical Application which our Lord himself makes of the foregoing Considerations.

“Let your light so shine:"-Your lowliness of heart; your gentleness, and meckness of wisdom; your serious, weighty concern for the things of cternity, and sorrow for the sins and miseries of men; your earnest desire of universal holiness, and full happiness in God; your tender good will to all mankind, and fervent love to your supreme Benefactor. Endeavour not to conceal this light, wherewith God hath enlightened your soul; but let it shine before men, before all with whom you are, in the whole tenor of your conversation. Let it shine still more eminently in your actions, in your doing all possible good to all men; and in your suffering for righteousness' sake, while you“ rejoice and are exceeding glad, knowing that great is your reward in heaven.”

2. “Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works :”-So far let a Christian bc from ever designing, or desiring to conceal his religion ! On the contrary, let it be your desire, not to conceal it; not to put the light under a busbel. Let it be your care to place it “on a candlestick, that it may give light to all that are in the house." Only take heed, not to seek your own praise herein, not to desire any honour to yourselves. But let it be your sole aim, that all who see your good works, may “glorify your Father which is in heaven.”

3. Be this your one ultimate end in all things. With this view, be plain, open, undisguised. Let your love be without dissimulation : why should you hide fair, disinterested love?

is in you.

Let there be no guile found in your mouth: let your words be the genuine picture of your heart. Let there be to darkness or reservedness in your conversation, no disguise in your behaviour. Leave this to those who have other designs in view; designs which will not bear the lighi. Be ye artless and simple to all mankind; that all may see the grace of God which

And althouglı some will harden their hearts, yes others will take knowledge that ye have been with destis, and, by returning themselves to the great Bishop of their souls, "glorify your Father which is in heaven."

4. With this one design, that men may glorify God in you, go on in liis name, and in the pourer of his might. Be 1100 ashamed cren to stand alone, so it be in the ways of Coc. Let the light, which is in your heart, shine in all good working both works of piety and works of mercy, Aid in order to enlarge your ability of doing good, renounce all superfluities. Cut oil til unnccessary expense in food, in furniture', in apparel. Be a good steward of every gift of God, eren of these his lowest gifts. Cut off all unnecessary expense of time, all needless or useless employ!ueuts; and “whatsoever thy land findeth to do, do it with thy might." In a word, be thou full of faith and love; do good: sufler evil. And herein be thon" steadfast, unmoveable ; [yea,) always abonnding in the work of the Lord; förasmuch as thou know'est that thy labour is not in vuia ils the Lord."

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