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tive stations, join heart and hand to discourage vice in every form, and to promote the interests of pure and undefiled religion in our land. Unless we do this, our national fast, instead of ascending to God with acceptance, will sink down into the measure of national guilt, and will only hasten the execution of that fatal sentence, “ Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe, the press is full, and the fat overflows, for their wickedness is great.” On the other hand, by turning to God through Jesus Christ, and bringing forth fruits meet for repentance, we may not only avert those heavy judgments with which we are threatened, but on scriptural grounds may take encouragement to hope, that God will return in mercy to Zion, and will yet make our Jerusalem a praise on earth. Amen.
Preached before the Managers of the Orphan Hospital of Edin
burgh, August 7, 1775.
1 CORIN. iv. 7.
Who maketh thee to differ from another ? and what hast
thou that thou didst not receive?
It is not to be supposed, that any person endowed with reason can be in suspense for a moment about an answer to these questions. I am confident that there is not one in this assembly who is not ready to reply, It is God alone who maketh me to differ from any other; and I
bave nothing which I did not receive from his bountiful
bless. E ing we possess is the gift of God, and that we have nothing which we did not receive from him.
That this is the case with respect to natural endow. ments, will readily be admitted. Men are apt enough to boast of the improvement of their faculties; but the faculties themselves are universally acknowledged to be P the gifts of God. “ There is a spirit in man,” said Elibu in the book of Job, " and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth him understanding.” A quick apprehension, a retentive memory, a lively imagination, and other mental powers, these are favours which the great Author of our being dispenseth to whom, and in what measure it pleaseth him; and never was any man so arrogant as to pretend, that he bestowed these qualities upon himself.
It is no less evident, that the light of divine revelation is an additional blessing, which flows immediately from the same fountain of beneficence; according to that grateful acknowledgment of the Psalmist, “He shew,
1 eth his word unto Jacob, bis statutes and bis judgments
unto Israel: He hath not dealt so with any nation.” And we must be sensible, that it is purely owing to “ the ten. der mercy of our God, that the day.spring from on high hatb visited us, to give light to us, whose fathers sat in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.”
Nay, we are taught, that the virtue and efficacy of this external light must be wholly attributed to the blessing of God. This is plainly and strongly asserted at the 6th and 7th verses of the preceding chapter: "I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase. So then, neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that wateretb; but God that giveth the increase.” -6 It pleased God,” saith our Apostle, speaking of himself, (Gal. i. 15.) “ who separated me from my mother's womb, and called me by his grace, to reveal his Son in me.” And in another part of his writings, "By the grace of God I am what I am.". Nor did these expressions of humility take their rise from the peculiar circumstances of his own conversion; for he applies the same principle to the Christians at Corinth, and urgeth it as an argument against every degree of boasting or self-attribution, (1 Cor. i. 26. &c.) “For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many poble, are called. But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world, to confound the wise; and God bath chosen the weak things of the world, to confound the things which are mighty; and base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are: that no flesh should glory in his presence." And then adds, “ But of bim are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righte
ousness, and sanctification, and redemption: that, ac. cording as it is written, He that glorieth, let bim glory in the Lord.”
Were it necessary to descend to other particulars that might be named, it would be easy to show, that all our advantages, of what kind soever, whether they belong to the body or outward estate, are equally derived from God, and dependant upon him. Hear what God said to Moses, (Exod. iv. 11.) “Who hath made man's mouth? or who maketh the dumb, or deaf, or the seeing, or blind? have not I the Lord ?” How snblime, and how just were the sentiments which Hannah expressed ! (1 Sam. ii. 3. &c.) “ Talk no more so exceeding proudly, and let not arrogancy proceed out of your mouth: for the Lord is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed. The Lord killetb, and maketh alive: He bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up. The Lord maketh poor, and maketh rich; he bringeth low, and lifteth up. He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth op the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory; for the pillars of the earth are the Lord's, and he hath set the world upon them.” And with what humble, but elevated devotion did David, in the height of his prosperity, ascribe all that be possessed to the free bounty of God, when he blessed the Lord, and said before all the congregation of the cbildren of Israel, “ Tbine, O Lord, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty; for all that is in the heaven, and in the earth, is thine; thine is the kingdom, O Lord, and thou art exalted as head above all. Both riches and honour come of thee, and thou reigneth over all; and in thing hand it is power and might, and in thine hand it is to make great, and to give strength unto all. Now there
fore, our God, we thank thee, and praise thy glorious name. But who am I, and what is my people, that we should be able to offer so willingly after this sort? for all things come of thee, and of thine own have we given thee. O Lord our God, all this store that we have prepared to build thee an house for thy name, cometh of thine own hand, and is all thine own."
I might quote many other passages to the same pur. pose; but you have heard enough to satisfy you that I am supported by the highest authority when I say, that all the blessings we possess are the gifts of God, the effects of his free and unmerited liberality.
This doctrine, as I observed in the entrance, bath none of the charms of novelty to recommend it. But is it on that account less needful to be insisted upon? Most assuredly it is not. I believe we shall find, upon inquiry, that the most obvious truths are universally the least res garded, and therefore have most need to be frequently brought in view, that men may be constrained to bestow some attention upon them, and to consider the influence they ought to have upon their temper and conduct. I am afraid that we judge of spiritual things in the same absurd manner that we judge of temporal things; I mean, that we put a fanciful value upon them, and do not rate them according to their iotriosic worth and real useful.
We see every day, that earthly things are estimated, not by their use, but by their scarcity; insomuch that, in common language, the words rare and precious are convertible terms; though, in fact, the things that are truly precious, because most necessary, instead of being rare, are scattered abroad with the greatest profusion. Tbus doth God dispense temporal benefits; the best, that is, the most useful, aré universally given out in